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Dining EtiquetteDining Etiquette
GreetingsGreetings
When meeting someone…When meeting someone…
– rise if you are seated.rise if you are seated.
– smile and extend your hand.smile and extend your hand.
– repeat the other person’srepeat the other person’s
name in your greeting.name in your greeting.
 A good handshake isA good handshake is importantimportant
—it should be firm and held for—it should be firm and held for
three-four seconds.three-four seconds.
 In the today’s business world itIn the today’s business world it
is not necessary to wait for ais not necessary to wait for a
female to initiate the handshake.female to initiate the handshake.
Females & malesFemales & males should both beshould both be
ready to initiate the handshake.ready to initiate the handshake.
The Name TagThe Name Tag
 Name Tag should be placed on theName Tag should be placed on the right handright hand sideside
of your front shoulder areaof your front shoulder area
 The logic: When shaking hands it allows for aThe logic: When shaking hands it allows for a
natural progression for the eyes to the name tagnatural progression for the eyes to the name tag
Formal DinnersFormal Dinners
Table SettingTable Setting
Silverware will be arranged precisely in the right orderSilverware will be arranged precisely in the right order
that it is to be used for the meal. General rule -startthat it is to be used for the meal. General rule -start
with outer utensils and work your way toward thewith outer utensils and work your way toward the
service plate.service plate.
*Tip…..The word “*Tip…..The word “leftleft” has four letters, so does the” has four letters, so does the
word fork. The word “word fork. The word “rightright” has five letters, so do” has five letters, so do
the words knife & spoon. This is a great way tothe words knife & spoon. This is a great way to
remember that the fork is on your left and the kniferemember that the fork is on your left and the knife
& spoon are on your right.& spoon are on your right.
Place SettingPlace Setting
Start from the outside and work your way in
SilverwareSilverware
 If a piece of silverware drops, leaveIf a piece of silverware drops, leave
it and ask for a replacement fromit and ask for a replacement from
your server.your server.
 Silverware should not touch theSilverware should not touch the
tablecloth once used.tablecloth once used.
 Place knife at the top of the dinnerPlace knife at the top of the dinner
plate, facing in, after use.plate, facing in, after use.
 When you are finished, place yourWhen you are finished, place your
knife and fork in the center of yourknife and fork in the center of your
plate.plate.
 Once seated place theOnce seated place the
napkin, unfolded, onnapkin, unfolded, on
your lap and leave ityour lap and leave it
there until you arethere until you are
finished.finished.
 Once you are finishedOnce you are finished
place the napkin foldedplace the napkin folded
loosely to the left ofloosely to the left of
your plate.your plate.
NapkinNapkin
How to use napkins
As soon as you are seated, remove the napkin from your place setting
unfold it, and put it in your lap. Do not shake it open. At some very formal
restaurants, the waiter may do this for the diners, but it is not
inappropriate to place your own napkin in your lap, even when this is the
case.
The napkin rests on the lap till the end of the meal. Don't clean
the cutlery or wipe your face with the napkin. NEVER use it to wipe your
nose!
If you excuse yourself from the table, loosely fold the napkin and place it
to the left or right of your plate. Do not refold your napkin or wad it up on
the table either. Never place your napkin on your chair.
At the end of the meal, leave the napkin semi-folded at the left side of the
place setting. It should not be crumpled or twisted; nor should it be
folded. The napkin must also not be left on the chair.
When to start eating
In a restaurant:
Wait until all are served at
your table before
beginning to eat.
At a private dinner party:
When your host or hostess
picks up their fork to eat,
then you may eat. Do not
start before this unless the
host or hostess insists that
you start eating.
Posture and ElbowsPosture and Elbows
 Sit straight and try not toSit straight and try not to
lean on the table.lean on the table.
 Keep your elbows off theKeep your elbows off the
table and close to the bodytable and close to the body
when you are eating.when you are eating.
 However, when you stopHowever, when you stop
to talk, it is okay to restto talk, it is okay to rest
your elbows on the tableyour elbows on the table
and lean forward.and lean forward.
How to eat foodHow to eat food
 Bring food to your mouth, not your mouth to yourBring food to your mouth, not your mouth to your
foodfood
 Chew with your mouth closedChew with your mouth closed
 Cut your food into small pieces…take small bites soCut your food into small pieces…take small bites so
you can carry on a conversationyou can carry on a conversation
 Do notDo not smoke, use a toothpick, chew gum, applysmoke, use a toothpick, chew gum, apply
make-up at the tablemake-up at the table
Serving food
Food is served from the left. Dishes
are removed from the right.
Always say please when asking for
something. At a restaurant, be sure
to say thank you to your server and
bus boy after they have removed
any used items.
Butter, spreads, or dips should be
transferred from the serving dish to
your plate before spreading or
eating.
Passing dishes or food
Pass food from the left to the right. Do not stretch across the table,
crossing other guests, to reach food or condiments.
If asked for the salt or pepper, pass both together, even if a table mate
asks for only one of them.
Set any passed item, whether it's the salt and pepper shakers,
a bread basket, or a butter plate, directly on the table instead of
passing hand-to-hand.
Never intercept a pass. Snagging a roll out of the breadbasket or taking
a shake of salt when it is en route to someone else is a no-no.
Always use serving utensils to serve yourself, not your personal
silverware.
DiningDining
 Wait until everyone is seatedWait until everyone is seated
before eating.before eating.
 When dining with others,When dining with others,
everyone should start and finisheveryone should start and finish
at the same time. If you are a fastat the same time. If you are a fast
eater try to pace yourself. Youeater try to pace yourself. You
could make the others feelcould make the others feel
uncomfortable if you finishuncomfortable if you finish
before they do. before they do. 
 When you are finished eating doWhen you are finished eating do
not push your plate away fromnot push your plate away from
you.you.
 Take small bites, keep yourTake small bites, keep your
mouth closed and finishmouth closed and finish
chewing before continuing yourchewing before continuing your
conversation.conversation.
 Try not to gulp your food, itTry not to gulp your food, it
isn't very attractive.isn't very attractive.
 Do not blow on food that isDo not blow on food that is
hot. Wait until it cools or eathot. Wait until it cools or eat
from the side of the bowl, whenfrom the side of the bowl, when
having soup.having soup.
 Loud eating noises such asLoud eating noises such as
slurping and burping are veryslurping and burping are very
impolite. The number one sin ofimpolite. The number one sin of
dinner table etiquette!dinner table etiquette!
 Bread and rolls should be broken with yourBread and rolls should be broken with your
fingers, in small pieces and buttered one piece atfingers, in small pieces and buttered one piece at
a time.a time.
 Cut several pieces of meat(or main course) at aCut several pieces of meat(or main course) at a
time.time.
 Turn your head from the table when you coughTurn your head from the table when you cough
or sneeze.or sneeze.
 Always taste your food before seasoning it. It is very rudeAlways taste your food before seasoning it. It is very rude
to add salt and pepper before tasting the food.to add salt and pepper before tasting the food.
 Do not "play with" your food or utensils. Do not holdDo not "play with" your food or utensils. Do not hold
food on the fork or spoon while talking, nor wave yourfood on the fork or spoon while talking, nor wave your
silverware in the air or point with it.silverware in the air or point with it.
 Try to pace your eating so that you don’t finish beforeTry to pace your eating so that you don’t finish before
others are halfway through. If you are a slow eater, try toothers are halfway through. If you are a slow eater, try to
speed up a bit on this occasion so you don’t hold everyonespeed up a bit on this occasion so you don’t hold everyone
up. Never continue to eat long after others have stopped.up. Never continue to eat long after others have stopped.
 Once used, your utensils, including the handles, must notOnce used, your utensils, including the handles, must not
touch the table again. Always rest forks, knives, andtouch the table again. Always rest forks, knives, and
spoons on the side of your plate.spoons on the side of your plate.
 If the food served is not to your liking, it is polite to atIf the food served is not to your liking, it is polite to at
least attempt to eat a small amount of it. Don't make anleast attempt to eat a small amount of it. Don't make an
issue if you don't like something or can't eat it - keepissue if you don't like something or can't eat it - keep
silence.silence.
 Turn off your cell phone or switch it to silent or vibrateTurn off your cell phone or switch it to silent or vibrate
mode before sitting down to eat, and leave it in yourmode before sitting down to eat, and leave it in your
pocket or purse. It is impolite to answer a phone duringpocket or purse. It is impolite to answer a phone during
dinner. If you must make or take a call, excuse yourselfdinner. If you must make or take a call, excuse yourself
from the table and step outside of the restaurant.from the table and step outside of the restaurant.
 Say "Excuse me," or "I'll be right back," before leavingSay "Excuse me," or "I'll be right back," before leaving
the table. Do not say that you are going to the restroom.the table. Do not say that you are going to the restroom.
 Whenever a woman leaves the table or returns to sit, allWhenever a woman leaves the table or returns to sit, all
men seated with her should stand up.men seated with her should stand up.
 Do not push your dishes away from you or stack them forDo not push your dishes away from you or stack them for
the waiter when you are finished. Leave plates and glassesthe waiter when you are finished. Leave plates and glasses
where they are.where they are.
Wine
Never turn a wine glass upside down to decline
wine. It is more polite to let the wine be poured
and not draw attention. Otherwise, hold your
hand over the wine glass to signal that you
don't want any wine.
Hold your wine glass by the stem, not the rim.
Where a different wine is served with each
course, it is quite acceptable to not finish each
glass.
Eating Bread
• Take one piece of bread, place it onto the
bread plate and pass it counterclockwise.
• Break bread into moderately sized pieces with
your fingers – do not cut it.
• Spread enough butter, using the butter knife,
onto the piece you have broken right before
you eat it.
• Do not butter the whole piece of bread first.
• Do not bite bread
Eating Bread cont.
In the absence of bread plate and butter knife
• Place bread on your service plate
• Use your knife at your place setting to retrieve
butter from butter plate. Place on your plate.
• Butter pats in foil….remove foil, using your
knife, slide butter onto your plate.
• Fold foil and place it under the rim of your
plate.
What to do when finished with
your meal
• Leave your plate where it is, do not push it
away.
• Place knife & fork horizontally or diagonally
in the plate.
• Place the napkin to the left or right of your
plate.
And…Whoever extended the invitation to
dinner should pay the bill.
More Important Tips….
• Always be on time. If you are late, call the
host/hostess.
• If you are uncertain about how or when to use a
certain utensil, watch others and do what the
majority of them do.
• If a little bowl of water is on the table, or appears
with the dessert, wash tips of your fingers in it.
Dry them on your napkin.
• Meat ordered with bones, should be eaten with
knife & fork. Never use your fingers.
More Important Tips….
• To eat soup, dip the spoon into the soup, then remove it
by going away from your body, not toward it. Sip, (not
slurp) the soup off the side of the spoon, instead of
placing the whole spoon in your mouth.
• Eating peas from a dinner plate use knife to push peas
onto plate. Eating out of a bowl, use spoon.
• Never discuss controversial issues (religion, politics)
Thank You

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Business dining

  • 2. GreetingsGreetings When meeting someone…When meeting someone… – rise if you are seated.rise if you are seated. – smile and extend your hand.smile and extend your hand. – repeat the other person’srepeat the other person’s name in your greeting.name in your greeting.  A good handshake isA good handshake is importantimportant —it should be firm and held for—it should be firm and held for three-four seconds.three-four seconds.  In the today’s business world itIn the today’s business world it is not necessary to wait for ais not necessary to wait for a female to initiate the handshake.female to initiate the handshake. Females & malesFemales & males should both beshould both be ready to initiate the handshake.ready to initiate the handshake.
  • 3. The Name TagThe Name Tag  Name Tag should be placed on theName Tag should be placed on the right handright hand sideside of your front shoulder areaof your front shoulder area  The logic: When shaking hands it allows for aThe logic: When shaking hands it allows for a natural progression for the eyes to the name tagnatural progression for the eyes to the name tag
  • 5. Table SettingTable Setting Silverware will be arranged precisely in the right orderSilverware will be arranged precisely in the right order that it is to be used for the meal. General rule -startthat it is to be used for the meal. General rule -start with outer utensils and work your way toward thewith outer utensils and work your way toward the service plate.service plate. *Tip…..The word “*Tip…..The word “leftleft” has four letters, so does the” has four letters, so does the word fork. The word “word fork. The word “rightright” has five letters, so do” has five letters, so do the words knife & spoon. This is a great way tothe words knife & spoon. This is a great way to remember that the fork is on your left and the kniferemember that the fork is on your left and the knife & spoon are on your right.& spoon are on your right.
  • 6. Place SettingPlace Setting Start from the outside and work your way in
  • 7. SilverwareSilverware  If a piece of silverware drops, leaveIf a piece of silverware drops, leave it and ask for a replacement fromit and ask for a replacement from your server.your server.  Silverware should not touch theSilverware should not touch the tablecloth once used.tablecloth once used.  Place knife at the top of the dinnerPlace knife at the top of the dinner plate, facing in, after use.plate, facing in, after use.  When you are finished, place yourWhen you are finished, place your knife and fork in the center of yourknife and fork in the center of your plate.plate.
  • 8.  Once seated place theOnce seated place the napkin, unfolded, onnapkin, unfolded, on your lap and leave ityour lap and leave it there until you arethere until you are finished.finished.  Once you are finishedOnce you are finished place the napkin foldedplace the napkin folded loosely to the left ofloosely to the left of your plate.your plate. NapkinNapkin
  • 9. How to use napkins As soon as you are seated, remove the napkin from your place setting unfold it, and put it in your lap. Do not shake it open. At some very formal restaurants, the waiter may do this for the diners, but it is not inappropriate to place your own napkin in your lap, even when this is the case. The napkin rests on the lap till the end of the meal. Don't clean the cutlery or wipe your face with the napkin. NEVER use it to wipe your nose! If you excuse yourself from the table, loosely fold the napkin and place it to the left or right of your plate. Do not refold your napkin or wad it up on the table either. Never place your napkin on your chair. At the end of the meal, leave the napkin semi-folded at the left side of the place setting. It should not be crumpled or twisted; nor should it be folded. The napkin must also not be left on the chair.
  • 10. When to start eating In a restaurant: Wait until all are served at your table before beginning to eat. At a private dinner party: When your host or hostess picks up their fork to eat, then you may eat. Do not start before this unless the host or hostess insists that you start eating.
  • 11. Posture and ElbowsPosture and Elbows  Sit straight and try not toSit straight and try not to lean on the table.lean on the table.  Keep your elbows off theKeep your elbows off the table and close to the bodytable and close to the body when you are eating.when you are eating.  However, when you stopHowever, when you stop to talk, it is okay to restto talk, it is okay to rest your elbows on the tableyour elbows on the table and lean forward.and lean forward.
  • 12. How to eat foodHow to eat food  Bring food to your mouth, not your mouth to yourBring food to your mouth, not your mouth to your foodfood  Chew with your mouth closedChew with your mouth closed  Cut your food into small pieces…take small bites soCut your food into small pieces…take small bites so you can carry on a conversationyou can carry on a conversation  Do notDo not smoke, use a toothpick, chew gum, applysmoke, use a toothpick, chew gum, apply make-up at the tablemake-up at the table
  • 13. Serving food Food is served from the left. Dishes are removed from the right. Always say please when asking for something. At a restaurant, be sure to say thank you to your server and bus boy after they have removed any used items. Butter, spreads, or dips should be transferred from the serving dish to your plate before spreading or eating.
  • 14. Passing dishes or food Pass food from the left to the right. Do not stretch across the table, crossing other guests, to reach food or condiments. If asked for the salt or pepper, pass both together, even if a table mate asks for only one of them. Set any passed item, whether it's the salt and pepper shakers, a bread basket, or a butter plate, directly on the table instead of passing hand-to-hand. Never intercept a pass. Snagging a roll out of the breadbasket or taking a shake of salt when it is en route to someone else is a no-no. Always use serving utensils to serve yourself, not your personal silverware.
  • 15. DiningDining  Wait until everyone is seatedWait until everyone is seated before eating.before eating.  When dining with others,When dining with others, everyone should start and finisheveryone should start and finish at the same time. If you are a fastat the same time. If you are a fast eater try to pace yourself. Youeater try to pace yourself. You could make the others feelcould make the others feel uncomfortable if you finishuncomfortable if you finish before they do. before they do.   When you are finished eating doWhen you are finished eating do not push your plate away fromnot push your plate away from you.you.
  • 16.  Take small bites, keep yourTake small bites, keep your mouth closed and finishmouth closed and finish chewing before continuing yourchewing before continuing your conversation.conversation.  Try not to gulp your food, itTry not to gulp your food, it isn't very attractive.isn't very attractive.  Do not blow on food that isDo not blow on food that is hot. Wait until it cools or eathot. Wait until it cools or eat from the side of the bowl, whenfrom the side of the bowl, when having soup.having soup.  Loud eating noises such asLoud eating noises such as slurping and burping are veryslurping and burping are very impolite. The number one sin ofimpolite. The number one sin of dinner table etiquette!dinner table etiquette!
  • 17.  Bread and rolls should be broken with yourBread and rolls should be broken with your fingers, in small pieces and buttered one piece atfingers, in small pieces and buttered one piece at a time.a time.  Cut several pieces of meat(or main course) at aCut several pieces of meat(or main course) at a time.time.  Turn your head from the table when you coughTurn your head from the table when you cough or sneeze.or sneeze.
  • 18.  Always taste your food before seasoning it. It is very rudeAlways taste your food before seasoning it. It is very rude to add salt and pepper before tasting the food.to add salt and pepper before tasting the food.  Do not "play with" your food or utensils. Do not holdDo not "play with" your food or utensils. Do not hold food on the fork or spoon while talking, nor wave yourfood on the fork or spoon while talking, nor wave your silverware in the air or point with it.silverware in the air or point with it.  Try to pace your eating so that you don’t finish beforeTry to pace your eating so that you don’t finish before others are halfway through. If you are a slow eater, try toothers are halfway through. If you are a slow eater, try to speed up a bit on this occasion so you don’t hold everyonespeed up a bit on this occasion so you don’t hold everyone up. Never continue to eat long after others have stopped.up. Never continue to eat long after others have stopped.
  • 19.  Once used, your utensils, including the handles, must notOnce used, your utensils, including the handles, must not touch the table again. Always rest forks, knives, andtouch the table again. Always rest forks, knives, and spoons on the side of your plate.spoons on the side of your plate.  If the food served is not to your liking, it is polite to atIf the food served is not to your liking, it is polite to at least attempt to eat a small amount of it. Don't make anleast attempt to eat a small amount of it. Don't make an issue if you don't like something or can't eat it - keepissue if you don't like something or can't eat it - keep silence.silence.  Turn off your cell phone or switch it to silent or vibrateTurn off your cell phone or switch it to silent or vibrate mode before sitting down to eat, and leave it in yourmode before sitting down to eat, and leave it in your pocket or purse. It is impolite to answer a phone duringpocket or purse. It is impolite to answer a phone during dinner. If you must make or take a call, excuse yourselfdinner. If you must make or take a call, excuse yourself from the table and step outside of the restaurant.from the table and step outside of the restaurant.
  • 20.  Say "Excuse me," or "I'll be right back," before leavingSay "Excuse me," or "I'll be right back," before leaving the table. Do not say that you are going to the restroom.the table. Do not say that you are going to the restroom.  Whenever a woman leaves the table or returns to sit, allWhenever a woman leaves the table or returns to sit, all men seated with her should stand up.men seated with her should stand up.  Do not push your dishes away from you or stack them forDo not push your dishes away from you or stack them for the waiter when you are finished. Leave plates and glassesthe waiter when you are finished. Leave plates and glasses where they are.where they are.
  • 21. Wine Never turn a wine glass upside down to decline wine. It is more polite to let the wine be poured and not draw attention. Otherwise, hold your hand over the wine glass to signal that you don't want any wine. Hold your wine glass by the stem, not the rim. Where a different wine is served with each course, it is quite acceptable to not finish each glass.
  • 22. Eating Bread • Take one piece of bread, place it onto the bread plate and pass it counterclockwise. • Break bread into moderately sized pieces with your fingers – do not cut it. • Spread enough butter, using the butter knife, onto the piece you have broken right before you eat it. • Do not butter the whole piece of bread first. • Do not bite bread
  • 23. Eating Bread cont. In the absence of bread plate and butter knife • Place bread on your service plate • Use your knife at your place setting to retrieve butter from butter plate. Place on your plate. • Butter pats in foil….remove foil, using your knife, slide butter onto your plate. • Fold foil and place it under the rim of your plate.
  • 24. What to do when finished with your meal • Leave your plate where it is, do not push it away. • Place knife & fork horizontally or diagonally in the plate. • Place the napkin to the left or right of your plate. And…Whoever extended the invitation to dinner should pay the bill.
  • 25. More Important Tips…. • Always be on time. If you are late, call the host/hostess. • If you are uncertain about how or when to use a certain utensil, watch others and do what the majority of them do. • If a little bowl of water is on the table, or appears with the dessert, wash tips of your fingers in it. Dry them on your napkin. • Meat ordered with bones, should be eaten with knife & fork. Never use your fingers.
  • 26. More Important Tips…. • To eat soup, dip the spoon into the soup, then remove it by going away from your body, not toward it. Sip, (not slurp) the soup off the side of the spoon, instead of placing the whole spoon in your mouth. • Eating peas from a dinner plate use knife to push peas onto plate. Eating out of a bowl, use spoon. • Never discuss controversial issues (religion, politics)