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Bullying
Loo
k
Loo
k By
By
ELIDRISSI HICHAM
AMAY HICHAM
Are incidents of bullying
increasing?
Are incidents of bullying
increasing?
PLAN
 What is Bullying ?
 Different Types Of
Bullying :
 Effects of Bulling :
 Tips to help : Victim -against bullying :
 Factors Associated with Bullying :
Bullying
Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly
and over
time, to negative actions on the part of one or more
other persons .”
.
Different Types Of
Bullying
Physical Bullying :
Verbal Bullying :
Cyberbullying :
.
1 Physical Bullying
Includes any physical contact that would hurt or injure a
person like hitting, kicking, punching, etc. Taking something
that belongs to someone else and destroying it would also
be considered a type of physical bullying.
.
Verbal Bullying
is name-calling, making offensive remarks, or joking about a
person's religion, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or the way
they look.
.
Cyberbullying
Is when a person threatened, harassed, humiliated,
embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another person using
the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile
phones.
1
.
What A Bully Looks
For ?
Physical
effects
.
Effects of Bulling :
Psychological
effects
black eyes
.
1 Physical effect
knife wounds.
Stomach aches
headaches
bloody noses
cuts,
.
2
Psychological
effects
Stress
Severe anxiety
Mood swings
Irritability
Panic attacks
Loss of self-esteem
Depression
Suicidal thoughts
.
Tips to help against
bullying:
As Victim
As community
1 As Victim
. ACT CONFIDENT ;
TELL AN ADULT,TEACHER OR
PARENT ;
DON’T REACT-WALK AWAY ;
BE WITH OTHERS ;
TRY TO TALK TO THE BULLY.
. RESPECT DIFFERENCES ;
TELL AN ADULT,TEACHER OR
PARENT;
DON’T REACT-WALK AWAY;
BE WITH OTHERS;
TRY TO TALK TO THE BULLY.
2 As
Community
.
2 As
Community
1
.
1
.
1
.
.
Tips to help against
bullying:
As Victim
As community
1
.
1
.
1
.
1
.
1
.
What is
Bullying?
What is
Bullying?
Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly and
over
Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly and
over
time, to negative actions on the part of one or more
other
time, to negative actions on the part of one or more
other
persons
.”
persons
.” Examples include: saying hurtful things, mean nicknames,
teasing,
Examples include: saying hurtful things, mean nicknames,
teasing,
excluding someone, hitting, shoving, pulling hair, spreading
false
excluding someone, hitting, shoving, pulling hair, spreading
false
rumors and mean
gossip.
rumors and mean
gossip.
Trends:
Cyber
Trends:
Cyber
Bullying
Bullying
Cyber
Bullying:
Cyber
Bullying:
"Cyber bullying" is when
a
"Cyber bullying" is when
a
child, preteen or teen is
tormented,
child, preteen or teen is
tormented,
threatened, harassed,
humiliated,
threatened, harassed,
humiliated,
embarrassed or otherwise
targeted by
embarrassed or otherwise
targeted by
another child, preteen or teen using
the
another child, preteen or teen using
the
Internet, interactive and digital
technologies
Internet, interactive and digital
technologies
or mobile
phones.
or mobile
phones.
Cyber bullying can happen in
many
Cyber bullying can happen in
many
different arenas such
as:
different arenas such
as: e-
mails,
e-
mails,
Web
sites,
Web
sites,
text
messaging,
text
messaging,
cell
phones,
cell
phones,
three-way
calling,
three-way
calling,
video,
video,
blogs and any other form
of
blogs and any other form
of
communication that
occurs
communication that
occurs
electronically
.
electronically
.
Cyber bullies sometimes, but
not
Cyber bullies sometimes, but
not
always, know their victims in
real
always, know their victims in
real
life.
life.
Cyber victimization has
been
Cyber victimization has
been
shown to
cause:
shown to
cause:
poor
grades,
poor
grades,
emotional
spirals,
emotional
spirals,
poor self-
esteem,
poor self-
esteem,
repeated school
absences,
repeated school
absences,
depressio
n,
depressio
n,
and in some cases
suicide.
and in some cases
suicide.
These outcomes are similar to
real-
These outcomes are similar to
real-
life bullying outcomes, except
for
life bullying outcomes, except
for
that with cyber bullying there
is
that with cyber bullying there
is
often no escape. School ends
at 3
often no escape. School ends
at 3
p.m,. while the Internet is open
for
p.m,. while the Internet is open
for
business year
round.
business year
round.
Trends: Mean
Girls
Trends: Mean
Girls
Recently, there has been a
significant
Recently, there has been a
significant
statistical and anecdotal
increase in
statistical and anecdotal
increase in
bullying and violence among
young
bullying and violence among
young
girls across the
country.
girls across the
country.
Female youth are more likely
than
Female youth are more likely
than
males to report being the
targets of
males to report being the
targets of
rumors and sexual
comments.
rumors and sexual
comments.
female youth most often bully
other
female youth most often bully
other
girls, using more subtle and
indirect
girls, using more subtle and
indirect
forms of aggression than
boys.
forms of aggression than
boys.
Acts of relational aggression are
common
Acts of relational aggression are
common
among girls in American
schools.
among girls in American
schools.
Specific acts can
include:
Specific acts can
include:
rumor
spreading
rumor
spreading
secret-
divulging
secret-
divulging
alliance-
building
alliance-
building
backstabbi
ng
backstabbi
ng
ignoring
ignoring
excluding from social
groups
excluding from social
groups
and
activities
and
activities
verbal
insults
verbal
insults
and hostile body
language
and hostile body
language
such as eye-rolling
and
such as eye-rolling
and
smirks.
smirks.
Trends: Gun
Violence
Trends: Gun
Violence
Between 1994 and 1999,
there
Between 1994 and 1999,
there
were 220 school associated
violent
were 220 school associated
violent
events resulting in 253 deaths
- -
events resulting in 253 deaths
- -
74.5% of these involved
firearms.
74.5% of these involved
firearms.
Handguns caused almost
60% of
Handguns caused almost
60% of
these deaths. (Journal of
American
these deaths. (Journal of
American
Medical Association,
December
Medical Association,
December
2001
)
2001
)
In 1998-99 academic year,
3,523
In 1998-99 academic year,
3,523
students were expelled for
bringing
students were expelled for
bringing
a firearm to school. This is
a
a firearm to school. This is
a
decrease from the 5,724
students
decrease from the 5,724
students
expelled in 1996-97 for
bringing a
expelled in 1996-97 for
bringing a
firearm to school.
(U.S.
firearm to school.
(U.S.
Department of Education,
October
Department of Education,
October
2000
)
2000
)
The National School
Boards
The National School
Boards
Association estimates that
more
Association estimates that
more
than 135,000 guns are brought
into
than 135,000 guns are brought
into
U.S. schools each
day.
U.S. schools each
day.
When does Bullying
and
When does Bullying
and
Victimization
start?
Victimization
start?
Bullying can start at a very young
age
Bullying can start at a very young
age
with biting, pinching and
scratching.
with biting, pinching and
scratching.
Teasing, taunting and glaring follow
as
Teasing, taunting and glaring follow
as
students get older, along with
shoving,
students get older, along with
shoving,
pestering and
fighting.
pestering and
fighting.
Boys generally threaten, fight,
name
Boys generally threaten, fight,
name
call, and
steal.
call, and
steal.
Girls generally exclude others,
gossip,
Girls generally exclude others,
gossip,
and undermine
friendships
and undermine
friendships
Factors Associated with
Bullying
Factors Associated with
Bullying
and School
Crime
and School
Crime
Schools with low academic performance, have
higher
Schools with low academic performance, have
higher
crime
rates.
crime
rates.
Schools with more certified teachers have lower
crime
Schools with more certified teachers have lower
crime
rate
s.
rate
s.
Data shows that schools that more
communally
Data shows that schools that more
communally
organized, and that have more highly
qualified
organized, and that have more highly
qualified
teachers to interact positively with the
students
teachers to interact positively with the
students
reduces the school crime and
victimization.
reduces the school crime and
victimization.
Other Factors Associated
with
Other Factors Associated
with
Bullying and School
Crime
Bullying and School
Crime
Communities at an economic disadvantage are strongly
linked
Communities at an economic disadvantage are strongly
linked
with student crime and weapon
carrying.
with student crime and weapon
carrying.
Communities with little involvement or willingness to
intervene
Communities with little involvement or willingness to
intervene
with delinquent behavior show more student
crime.
with delinquent behavior show more student
crime.
Other Factors
Associated
Other Factors
Associated
with Bullying
and
with Bullying
and
School
Crime
School
Crime
Students of single parent homes are more likely to
carry
Students of single parent homes are more likely to
carry
an gun to school, or participate in
victimization.
an gun to school, or participate in
victimization.
Students who have a closer relationship with
their
Students who have a closer relationship with
their
parents are less likely to participate in this
type of
parents are less likely to participate in this
type of
behavio
r.
behavio
r.
Generally speaking, students who have a
greater
Generally speaking, students who have a
greater
commitment to school and a higher
level of
commitment to school and a higher
level of
performance are less likely to disregard
others.
performance are less likely to disregard
others.
Effects of Bulling
Effects of Bulling
Affects both young
and
Affects both young
and
old
.
old
.
Male and
female.
Male and
female.
Any ethnic
group
Any ethnic
group
Variety of
illnesses.
Variety of
illnesses.
Backaches,
headaches,
Backaches,
headaches,
stomachach
es.
stomachach
es.
Psychological
problems
Psychological
problems
Anxiety, mood
swings,
Anxiety, mood
swings,
irritability.
irritability.
One of four in grades 6-
10.
One of four in grades 6-
10.
77% of kids are mentally, verbally, and physically
bullied.
77% of kids are mentally, verbally, and physically
bullied.
By high school more violent and more likely to involve
weapons.
By high school more violent and more likely to involve
weapons.
Once every seven
seconds.
Once every seven
seconds.
Physical Effects
Physical Effects
They get black eyes, bloody noses, cuts, and even
gunshots,
They get black eyes, bloody noses, cuts, and even
gunshots,
knife
wounds.
knife
wounds.
Stomach aches, and
headaches.
Stomach aches, and
headaches.
Psychological Effects
Psychological Effects
Stres
s
Stres
s
Severe
anxiety
Severe
anxiety
Mood
swings
Mood
swings
Irritability
Irritability
Panic
attacks
Panic
attacks
Loss of self-
esteem
Loss of self-
esteem
Depressi
on
Depressi
on
Suicidal
thoughts
Suicidal
thoughts
.
What to do for
schools:
What to do for
schools:
Workshops, assemblies, a school campaign, and a school
policy
Workshops, assemblies, a school campaign, and a school
policy
of zero tolerance needs to be
implemented.
of zero tolerance needs to be
implemented.
A school campaign can
include:
A school campaign can
include:
having a school-wide student contract outlining positive
school
having a school-wide student contract outlining positive
school
behaviors along with consistently enforced
consequences for
behaviors along with consistently enforced
consequences for
bullying
behavior.
bullying
behavior.
Posters
,
Posters
,
student
presentations,
student
presentations,
art work,
art work,
and written work can highlight positive character traits
to be
and written work can highlight positive character traits
to be
exhibited in and out of
school.
exhibited in and out of
school.
Assemblies and
Programs
Assemblies and
Programs
• Educators for Social
Responsibly
Educators for Social
Responsibly
works with educators to create a safe,
respectful and
works with educators to create a safe,
respectful and
productive learning environment. Their online teacher center provides resources
related to
productive learning environment. Their online teacher center provides resources
related to
safety, conflict resolution, peacemaking, and violence
prevention.
safety, conflict resolution, peacemaking, and violence
prevention.
• Pierro
t
Pierro
t Production
s
Production
s
offers an anti-violence themed program in the form of circus
acts. The
offers an anti-violence themed program in the form of circus
acts. The
four C’s of conflict resolution (cool down, communicate, compromise and
celebrate) are
four C’s of conflict resolution (cool down, communicate, compromise and
celebrate) are
stressed and study guides are also
available.
stressed and study guides are also
available.
• Cary
CaryTrianovic
h
Trianovic
h
entertains elementary, middle and high school students as he
brings forth
entertains elementary, middle and high school students as he
brings forth
messages about self-esteem, character development, and dealing
with bullies.
messages about self-esteem, character development, and dealing
with bullies.
• In Charge of
Me
In Charge of
Me
is a theatrical assembly program focusing on bullying, respect,
and peer
is a theatrical assembly program focusing on bullying, respect,
and peer
pressur
e.
pressur
e.
What to
do…
What to
do…
What to Do – The Bully
What to Do – The Bully
Building student competence
and
Building student competence
and
confidence is one of the first
steps in
confidence is one of the first
steps in
developing positive character
traits.
developing positive character
traits.
Interventional school and
community
Interventional school and
community
services can be provided both
for
services can be provided both
for
focusing on academic development
and
focusing on academic development
and
social
development.
social
development.
Differentiated instruction should
be
Differentiated instruction should
be
provided so as to motivate and
yield
provided so as to motivate and
yield
more involved
students.
more involved
students.
Cooperative group work, paired
work
Cooperative group work, paired
work
and peer tutoring can foster
academic
and peer tutoring can foster
academic
achievement and positive
social
achievement and positive
social
interactio
n.
interactio
n.
– Providing time for the teacher
to
Providing time for the teacher
to
communicate with students will
allow
communicate with students will
allow
students to express fears, emotions,
and
students to express fears, emotions,
and
concerns
.
concerns
.
What to Do – The Victim
Victims of bullying also need to
build
positive self esteem and positive
social
skills. Victims are often students
who
don’t make friends easily and
are
frequently loners. The steps
listed
above to help a bully are often the
ones
suggested in helping the victim to
get
along well with others and
develop
friendship
s.
What you can do as a Teacher:
What you can do as a Teacher:
Create a Positive
environment:
Create a Positive
environment:
A positive school environment will promote respectful
treatment
A positive school environment will promote respectful
treatment
of others. All students benefit from development of
self
of others. All students benefit from development of
self
confidence and social
skills.
confidence and social
skills.
A classroom that demonstrates respect and includes
praise will
A classroom that demonstrates respect and includes
praise will
help build confidence and self-esteem. Focus on students’
doing
help build confidence and self-esteem. Focus on students’
doing
the right
thing.
the right
thing.
Reinforce positive behaviors and work from students’
strengths.
Reinforce positive behaviors and work from students’
strengths.
– Be a positive role model. Students will emulate teacher’s
treatment
Be a positive role model. Students will emulate teacher’s
treatment
of and reactions to students. hen a teacher reacts in a
positive
of and reactions to students. hen a teacher reacts in a
positive
manner to students, other students will exhibit similar
behavior.
manner to students, other students will exhibit similar
behavior.
When teachers value the contributions of students,
students will
When teachers value the contributions of students,
students will
value the contributions of other
students
value the contributions of other
students
Cont
…
Cont
…
• Establish a classroom environment that allows students to
voice their
Establish a classroom environment that allows students to
voice their
opinions
.
opinions
.
• Enforce the concept that each student is allowed to have his/her
opinion
Enforce the concept that each student is allowed to have his/her
opinion
and can agree or disagree with the thoughts of
others.
and can agree or disagree with the thoughts of
others.
• Provide a forum for students to express their
thoughts.
Provide a forum for students to express their
thoughts.
• Encourage many solutions to problem
solving.
Encourage many solutions to problem
solving.
• Enable students to express feelings through speaking, writing, art,
music,
Enable students to express feelings through speaking, writing, art,
music,
dance, and
dramatization.
dance, and
dramatization.
• Develop an appreciation of diversity in population and
thoughts.
Develop an appreciation of diversity in population and
thoughts.
• Provide opportunities for cooperative group work, peer tutoring,
and peer
Provide opportunities for cooperative group work, peer tutoring,
and peer
mediation
.
mediation
.
Confront
Bullying
Confront
Bullying
• Introduce and develop sharing of ideas
about
Introduce and develop sharing of ideas
about
bullying with discussions, books, audio
CDs,
bullying with discussions, books, audio
CDs,
videos, DVDs and current
events.
videos, DVDs and current
events.
• Conduct role play activities in which
students
Conduct role play activities in which
students
are confronted by a bully and
methods of
are confronted by a bully and
methods of
dealing with the
situation.
dealing with the
situation.
• Provide discussion time for identifying ways
in
Provide discussion time for identifying ways
in
which students can cope with and
diffuse a
which students can cope with and
diffuse a
situation involving
bullying.
situation involving
bullying.
• McGruff
McGruff, the crime dog, encourages
students to
, the crime dog, encourages
students to
take an active role in defusing bullying.
He
take an active role in defusing bullying.
He
suggests having a group of students
remove the
suggests having a group of students
remove the
victim from the situation and walk away
from
victim from the situation and walk away
from
the bully together. Then students should
report
the bully together. Then students should
report
the incident. The victim of bullying can try
to
the incident. The victim of bullying can try
to
talk it out, walk away from the bully, stick
with
talk it out, walk away from the bully, stick
with
friends and report the bullying to an
adult.
friends and report the bullying to an
adult.

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bullying-presentation-1228961817917113-1.pptx

  • 2. Are incidents of bullying increasing? Are incidents of bullying increasing?
  • 3. PLAN  What is Bullying ?  Different Types Of Bullying :  Effects of Bulling :  Tips to help : Victim -against bullying :  Factors Associated with Bullying :
  • 4. Bullying Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons .”
  • 5. . Different Types Of Bullying Physical Bullying : Verbal Bullying : Cyberbullying :
  • 6. . 1 Physical Bullying Includes any physical contact that would hurt or injure a person like hitting, kicking, punching, etc. Taking something that belongs to someone else and destroying it would also be considered a type of physical bullying.
  • 7. . Verbal Bullying is name-calling, making offensive remarks, or joking about a person's religion, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or the way they look.
  • 8. . Cyberbullying Is when a person threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another person using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones.
  • 9. 1 . What A Bully Looks For ?
  • 10. Physical effects . Effects of Bulling : Psychological effects
  • 11. black eyes . 1 Physical effect knife wounds. Stomach aches headaches bloody noses cuts,
  • 12. . 2 Psychological effects Stress Severe anxiety Mood swings Irritability Panic attacks Loss of self-esteem Depression Suicidal thoughts
  • 13. . Tips to help against bullying: As Victim As community
  • 14. 1 As Victim . ACT CONFIDENT ; TELL AN ADULT,TEACHER OR PARENT ; DON’T REACT-WALK AWAY ; BE WITH OTHERS ; TRY TO TALK TO THE BULLY.
  • 15. . RESPECT DIFFERENCES ; TELL AN ADULT,TEACHER OR PARENT; DON’T REACT-WALK AWAY; BE WITH OTHERS; TRY TO TALK TO THE BULLY. 2 As Community
  • 17. 1 .
  • 18. 1 .
  • 19. 1 .
  • 20. . Tips to help against bullying: As Victim As community
  • 21. 1 .
  • 22. 1 .
  • 23. 1 .
  • 24. 1 .
  • 25. 1 .
  • 26. What is Bullying? What is Bullying? Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly and over Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons .” persons .” Examples include: saying hurtful things, mean nicknames, teasing, Examples include: saying hurtful things, mean nicknames, teasing, excluding someone, hitting, shoving, pulling hair, spreading false excluding someone, hitting, shoving, pulling hair, spreading false rumors and mean gossip. rumors and mean gossip.
  • 27. Trends: Cyber Trends: Cyber Bullying Bullying Cyber Bullying: Cyber Bullying: "Cyber bullying" is when a "Cyber bullying" is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. or mobile phones. Cyber bullying can happen in many Cyber bullying can happen in many different arenas such as: different arenas such as: e- mails, e- mails, Web sites, Web sites, text messaging, text messaging, cell phones, cell phones, three-way calling, three-way calling, video, video, blogs and any other form of blogs and any other form of communication that occurs communication that occurs electronically . electronically . Cyber bullies sometimes, but not Cyber bullies sometimes, but not always, know their victims in real always, know their victims in real life. life. Cyber victimization has been Cyber victimization has been shown to cause: shown to cause: poor grades, poor grades, emotional spirals, emotional spirals, poor self- esteem, poor self- esteem, repeated school absences, repeated school absences, depressio n, depressio n, and in some cases suicide. and in some cases suicide. These outcomes are similar to real- These outcomes are similar to real- life bullying outcomes, except for life bullying outcomes, except for that with cyber bullying there is that with cyber bullying there is often no escape. School ends at 3 often no escape. School ends at 3 p.m,. while the Internet is open for p.m,. while the Internet is open for business year round. business year round.
  • 28. Trends: Mean Girls Trends: Mean Girls Recently, there has been a significant Recently, there has been a significant statistical and anecdotal increase in statistical and anecdotal increase in bullying and violence among young bullying and violence among young girls across the country. girls across the country. Female youth are more likely than Female youth are more likely than males to report being the targets of males to report being the targets of rumors and sexual comments. rumors and sexual comments. female youth most often bully other female youth most often bully other girls, using more subtle and indirect girls, using more subtle and indirect forms of aggression than boys. forms of aggression than boys. Acts of relational aggression are common Acts of relational aggression are common among girls in American schools. among girls in American schools. Specific acts can include: Specific acts can include: rumor spreading rumor spreading secret- divulging secret- divulging alliance- building alliance- building backstabbi ng backstabbi ng ignoring ignoring excluding from social groups excluding from social groups and activities and activities verbal insults verbal insults and hostile body language and hostile body language such as eye-rolling and such as eye-rolling and smirks. smirks.
  • 29. Trends: Gun Violence Trends: Gun Violence Between 1994 and 1999, there Between 1994 and 1999, there were 220 school associated violent were 220 school associated violent events resulting in 253 deaths - - events resulting in 253 deaths - - 74.5% of these involved firearms. 74.5% of these involved firearms. Handguns caused almost 60% of Handguns caused almost 60% of these deaths. (Journal of American these deaths. (Journal of American Medical Association, December Medical Association, December 2001 ) 2001 ) In 1998-99 academic year, 3,523 In 1998-99 academic year, 3,523 students were expelled for bringing students were expelled for bringing a firearm to school. This is a a firearm to school. This is a decrease from the 5,724 students decrease from the 5,724 students expelled in 1996-97 for bringing a expelled in 1996-97 for bringing a firearm to school. (U.S. firearm to school. (U.S. Department of Education, October Department of Education, October 2000 ) 2000 ) The National School Boards The National School Boards Association estimates that more Association estimates that more than 135,000 guns are brought into than 135,000 guns are brought into U.S. schools each day. U.S. schools each day.
  • 30. When does Bullying and When does Bullying and Victimization start? Victimization start? Bullying can start at a very young age Bullying can start at a very young age with biting, pinching and scratching. with biting, pinching and scratching. Teasing, taunting and glaring follow as Teasing, taunting and glaring follow as students get older, along with shoving, students get older, along with shoving, pestering and fighting. pestering and fighting. Boys generally threaten, fight, name Boys generally threaten, fight, name call, and steal. call, and steal. Girls generally exclude others, gossip, Girls generally exclude others, gossip, and undermine friendships and undermine friendships
  • 31. Factors Associated with Bullying Factors Associated with Bullying and School Crime and School Crime Schools with low academic performance, have higher Schools with low academic performance, have higher crime rates. crime rates. Schools with more certified teachers have lower crime Schools with more certified teachers have lower crime rate s. rate s. Data shows that schools that more communally Data shows that schools that more communally organized, and that have more highly qualified organized, and that have more highly qualified teachers to interact positively with the students teachers to interact positively with the students reduces the school crime and victimization. reduces the school crime and victimization.
  • 32. Other Factors Associated with Other Factors Associated with Bullying and School Crime Bullying and School Crime Communities at an economic disadvantage are strongly linked Communities at an economic disadvantage are strongly linked with student crime and weapon carrying. with student crime and weapon carrying. Communities with little involvement or willingness to intervene Communities with little involvement or willingness to intervene with delinquent behavior show more student crime. with delinquent behavior show more student crime.
  • 33. Other Factors Associated Other Factors Associated with Bullying and with Bullying and School Crime School Crime Students of single parent homes are more likely to carry Students of single parent homes are more likely to carry an gun to school, or participate in victimization. an gun to school, or participate in victimization. Students who have a closer relationship with their Students who have a closer relationship with their parents are less likely to participate in this type of parents are less likely to participate in this type of behavio r. behavio r. Generally speaking, students who have a greater Generally speaking, students who have a greater commitment to school and a higher level of commitment to school and a higher level of performance are less likely to disregard others. performance are less likely to disregard others.
  • 34. Effects of Bulling Effects of Bulling Affects both young and Affects both young and old . old . Male and female. Male and female. Any ethnic group Any ethnic group Variety of illnesses. Variety of illnesses. Backaches, headaches, Backaches, headaches, stomachach es. stomachach es. Psychological problems Psychological problems Anxiety, mood swings, Anxiety, mood swings, irritability. irritability.
  • 35. One of four in grades 6- 10. One of four in grades 6- 10. 77% of kids are mentally, verbally, and physically bullied. 77% of kids are mentally, verbally, and physically bullied. By high school more violent and more likely to involve weapons. By high school more violent and more likely to involve weapons. Once every seven seconds. Once every seven seconds.
  • 36. Physical Effects Physical Effects They get black eyes, bloody noses, cuts, and even gunshots, They get black eyes, bloody noses, cuts, and even gunshots, knife wounds. knife wounds. Stomach aches, and headaches. Stomach aches, and headaches.
  • 38. .
  • 39. What to do for schools: What to do for schools: Workshops, assemblies, a school campaign, and a school policy Workshops, assemblies, a school campaign, and a school policy of zero tolerance needs to be implemented. of zero tolerance needs to be implemented. A school campaign can include: A school campaign can include: having a school-wide student contract outlining positive school having a school-wide student contract outlining positive school behaviors along with consistently enforced consequences for behaviors along with consistently enforced consequences for bullying behavior. bullying behavior. Posters , Posters , student presentations, student presentations, art work, art work, and written work can highlight positive character traits to be and written work can highlight positive character traits to be exhibited in and out of school. exhibited in and out of school.
  • 40. Assemblies and Programs Assemblies and Programs • Educators for Social Responsibly Educators for Social Responsibly works with educators to create a safe, respectful and works with educators to create a safe, respectful and productive learning environment. Their online teacher center provides resources related to productive learning environment. Their online teacher center provides resources related to safety, conflict resolution, peacemaking, and violence prevention. safety, conflict resolution, peacemaking, and violence prevention. • Pierro t Pierro t Production s Production s offers an anti-violence themed program in the form of circus acts. The offers an anti-violence themed program in the form of circus acts. The four C’s of conflict resolution (cool down, communicate, compromise and celebrate) are four C’s of conflict resolution (cool down, communicate, compromise and celebrate) are stressed and study guides are also available. stressed and study guides are also available. • Cary CaryTrianovic h Trianovic h entertains elementary, middle and high school students as he brings forth entertains elementary, middle and high school students as he brings forth messages about self-esteem, character development, and dealing with bullies. messages about self-esteem, character development, and dealing with bullies. • In Charge of Me In Charge of Me is a theatrical assembly program focusing on bullying, respect, and peer is a theatrical assembly program focusing on bullying, respect, and peer pressur e. pressur e.
  • 41. What to do… What to do… What to Do – The Bully What to Do – The Bully Building student competence and Building student competence and confidence is one of the first steps in confidence is one of the first steps in developing positive character traits. developing positive character traits. Interventional school and community Interventional school and community services can be provided both for services can be provided both for focusing on academic development and focusing on academic development and social development. social development. Differentiated instruction should be Differentiated instruction should be provided so as to motivate and yield provided so as to motivate and yield more involved students. more involved students. Cooperative group work, paired work Cooperative group work, paired work and peer tutoring can foster academic and peer tutoring can foster academic achievement and positive social achievement and positive social interactio n. interactio n. – Providing time for the teacher to Providing time for the teacher to communicate with students will allow communicate with students will allow students to express fears, emotions, and students to express fears, emotions, and concerns . concerns . What to Do – The Victim Victims of bullying also need to build positive self esteem and positive social skills. Victims are often students who don’t make friends easily and are frequently loners. The steps listed above to help a bully are often the ones suggested in helping the victim to get along well with others and develop friendship s.
  • 42. What you can do as a Teacher: What you can do as a Teacher: Create a Positive environment: Create a Positive environment: A positive school environment will promote respectful treatment A positive school environment will promote respectful treatment of others. All students benefit from development of self of others. All students benefit from development of self confidence and social skills. confidence and social skills. A classroom that demonstrates respect and includes praise will A classroom that demonstrates respect and includes praise will help build confidence and self-esteem. Focus on students’ doing help build confidence and self-esteem. Focus on students’ doing the right thing. the right thing. Reinforce positive behaviors and work from students’ strengths. Reinforce positive behaviors and work from students’ strengths. – Be a positive role model. Students will emulate teacher’s treatment Be a positive role model. Students will emulate teacher’s treatment of and reactions to students. hen a teacher reacts in a positive of and reactions to students. hen a teacher reacts in a positive manner to students, other students will exhibit similar behavior. manner to students, other students will exhibit similar behavior. When teachers value the contributions of students, students will When teachers value the contributions of students, students will value the contributions of other students value the contributions of other students
  • 43. Cont … Cont … • Establish a classroom environment that allows students to voice their Establish a classroom environment that allows students to voice their opinions . opinions . • Enforce the concept that each student is allowed to have his/her opinion Enforce the concept that each student is allowed to have his/her opinion and can agree or disagree with the thoughts of others. and can agree or disagree with the thoughts of others. • Provide a forum for students to express their thoughts. Provide a forum for students to express their thoughts. • Encourage many solutions to problem solving. Encourage many solutions to problem solving. • Enable students to express feelings through speaking, writing, art, music, Enable students to express feelings through speaking, writing, art, music, dance, and dramatization. dance, and dramatization. • Develop an appreciation of diversity in population and thoughts. Develop an appreciation of diversity in population and thoughts. • Provide opportunities for cooperative group work, peer tutoring, and peer Provide opportunities for cooperative group work, peer tutoring, and peer mediation . mediation .
  • 44. Confront Bullying Confront Bullying • Introduce and develop sharing of ideas about Introduce and develop sharing of ideas about bullying with discussions, books, audio CDs, bullying with discussions, books, audio CDs, videos, DVDs and current events. videos, DVDs and current events. • Conduct role play activities in which students Conduct role play activities in which students are confronted by a bully and methods of are confronted by a bully and methods of dealing with the situation. dealing with the situation. • Provide discussion time for identifying ways in Provide discussion time for identifying ways in which students can cope with and diffuse a which students can cope with and diffuse a situation involving bullying. situation involving bullying. • McGruff McGruff, the crime dog, encourages students to , the crime dog, encourages students to take an active role in defusing bullying. He take an active role in defusing bullying. He suggests having a group of students remove the suggests having a group of students remove the victim from the situation and walk away from victim from the situation and walk away from the bully together. Then students should report the bully together. Then students should report the incident. The victim of bullying can try to the incident. The victim of bullying can try to talk it out, walk away from the bully, stick with talk it out, walk away from the bully, stick with friends and report the bullying to an adult. friends and report the bullying to an adult.