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Bullying Awareness, Prevention and
Intervention: A “Rite of Passage “ Program




                            Linda Jackson
                          February 22, 2011
Mission Statement
We the parents, educators and members of a community recognize that
bullying and teasing in the school setting, creates a hostile learning
environment in which children cannot reap the full benefit of their education.
That the emotional and psychological damage inflicted as a result of teasing
and bullying impedes the healthy social, emotional, and psychological
development of children, which may have negative long-term affects for some
children. We are a multi-ethnic community comprised of parents, community
partners, students, school district administrators and staff who are committed
to ensuring that bullying and teasing in any form does not occur in the school
setting, and that each child and adult learns to identify discrete, and open and
intentional forms of bullying, know how to prevent it, and what to do when it
occurs. Through the development and implementation of a bully awareness,
prevention and intervention “Rite of Passage” program which incorporates
practices skills and an established curriculum in the school setting, we will
develop young men and women who are assets to the communities. Our
children and students and grades K-8, and the adults that support them will
learn to embrace their unique talents and abilities, demonstrate empathy, be
intellectually stimulated, develop pride in themselves, and treat others in a
humane, thoughtful and respectful manner at all times, thereby ending the
long-term, social, emotional, and psychological damage caused by bullying.
Few school go beyond establishing district policies to address student
discipline problems

Bully results in long-term psychological and psychological damage

The right to be treated fairly and free from fear while in the school
environment is a human right, access to a quality and equal education is a
civil right.

Students cannot learn or benefit from the education if they are fearful of
being teased or bullied

A bully awareness “Rite of Passage” program would ensure children are
both safe and educated while in the school environment.
U.S. Department of Education Bureau of Statistic reports
   between the 83,000 schools they are responsible for, twenty-four percent of the student report being bullied one or more times
during the 2005-2006 academic year. Bullying can displayed as overt of covert behaviors, regardless of race, sex, age or economics.
 The Department of Education reports that when free and reduced lunch eligibility are used to indirectly measure poverty, schools
            which provide fifty-percent of more free lunches have increased bullying episodes and gang related activity.




Boys may bully using physical
                                                                    Girls tend to bully by manipulating
behaviors:
                                                                    others emotions
Hit                                                                 Name calling
Kick                                                                Avoidance
Push                                                                Rumors
Punch
Verbal abuse
Name calling
Racial name calling
EMPIRICAL RESEARCH: A COMPARISON OF THREE
  STRATEGIES


• Treatment as usual (TAU)
•Creating a Peaceful School Learning Environment (CAPSULE)
•School Psychiatric Consultation (SPC) to address mental health issues related to
aggression in students in grades 3rd through 4th.


The conclusion; Overt and covert forms of bullying are associated with
low empathy. The finding imply that when students are taught to show
empathy significant positive behavioral changes occurred as reported by
students and observed by teachers and training researchers.
The “Steps to Respect,” one year model (Hirschenstein, 2005) and
follow-up study (Hirschenstein, 2007)
Teachers play a critical role in implementing the “Step to Respect program components after receiving
instruction which helps them to operationally define bullying , engage students in role play scenarios,
supervise and guide students through conflicts with each other, discourage active and passive
bystander behavior, and use academic curriculum which has been proven effective in reducing
bullying behavior while teaching student’s pro-social skills and empathy.
The SGVNAACP as a Community Member
                        Equal Access to Education
Historically advocates for the civil rights of all person residing within the
                               United States
 Seeks to reduce bullying in the school environment by implementing a
bully awareness, prevention and intervention programs on the local, state
           and national level. Has a “Rite of Passage” program
                         and the ACT-SO program.
    Each chapter adopting a poorly performing (R. Jones, & N. Miller,
              personal communications, January 14, 2011).
•   Donate time, money, and materials for the
                               “bullying awareness “Rite of Passage”
What can the community         program
do to help? Dare to Care   •   Volunteer at your local school
                           •   Write grants, lend expertise in grant writing,
                               and do fundraising
                           •   Mentor a child
                           •   Establish a committee and advocate for
                               Bullying awareness, prevention and
                               intervention programs in the school and
                               community centers
                           •   Advocate for legislation that prohibits
                               bullying, and mandates schools document
                               each reported instance of bullying,
                               immediately address the situation in an
                               unbiased manner, and take steps to prevent
                               it from happening again.
                           •   Teach children to understand what bully is,
                               not to be spectators, and encourage them
                               to report it safely.
A “Rite of Passage” program builds strong children and
communities.
Empathy can be taught and incorporated into the school curriculum as a
bullying awareness, “Rite of Passage” program which is supported by the
community.
References



       Fonagy, P., Twemlow, S.W., Vernberg, E.M., Mize Nelson, J., Dill, E.J., & Little, T.D., & Sargent, J.A.
(2009). A cluster randomized controlled trial child-focused psychiatric consultation and a school systems-focused
intervention to reduce aggression. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(5), pp 607-616. doi:
101111/j.1469-7610.2008.02025.x.
       Hirschstein, M.K., Van Schoiack Edstrom, L., Frey, K.S., Snell, J.L, MacKenzie, E.P., Committee for Children.
(2007). Walking the talk in bullying prevention: Teacher implementation variables related to initial impact of the Steps
to Respect program. School Psychology Review, 36(1), pp. 3-21. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere.
       Hirschstein, M.K., Van Schoiack Edstrom, L., Frey, K.S., Snell, J.L, MacKenzie, E.P.. & Committee for
Children. (2005). Reducing playground bullying and supporting beliefs: An experimental trial of the Steps to Success
program. American Psychological Association, Developmental Psychology, 41( 3), pp. 479-491. Retrieved from
Academic Search Premiere.
       U.S .Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, & U.S. Department of Justice
Programs. (2008). Indicators of school crime and safety: 2007. 2005-06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS),
2006: Institute for Education Sciences, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCES 2008-021, NCJ 219553. Retrieved on
February 6, 2011, from
               http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2008/2008021.pdf
       MS Word Graphic on Cover page, downloaded January 18, 2011
       MS Word Excel Graphics, I have to go back and figure out how to credit

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Bullying Prevention A Rite Of Passage Program

  • 1. Bullying Awareness, Prevention and Intervention: A “Rite of Passage “ Program Linda Jackson February 22, 2011
  • 2. Mission Statement We the parents, educators and members of a community recognize that bullying and teasing in the school setting, creates a hostile learning environment in which children cannot reap the full benefit of their education. That the emotional and psychological damage inflicted as a result of teasing and bullying impedes the healthy social, emotional, and psychological development of children, which may have negative long-term affects for some children. We are a multi-ethnic community comprised of parents, community partners, students, school district administrators and staff who are committed to ensuring that bullying and teasing in any form does not occur in the school setting, and that each child and adult learns to identify discrete, and open and intentional forms of bullying, know how to prevent it, and what to do when it occurs. Through the development and implementation of a bully awareness, prevention and intervention “Rite of Passage” program which incorporates practices skills and an established curriculum in the school setting, we will develop young men and women who are assets to the communities. Our children and students and grades K-8, and the adults that support them will learn to embrace their unique talents and abilities, demonstrate empathy, be intellectually stimulated, develop pride in themselves, and treat others in a humane, thoughtful and respectful manner at all times, thereby ending the long-term, social, emotional, and psychological damage caused by bullying.
  • 3. Few school go beyond establishing district policies to address student discipline problems Bully results in long-term psychological and psychological damage The right to be treated fairly and free from fear while in the school environment is a human right, access to a quality and equal education is a civil right. Students cannot learn or benefit from the education if they are fearful of being teased or bullied A bully awareness “Rite of Passage” program would ensure children are both safe and educated while in the school environment.
  • 4. U.S. Department of Education Bureau of Statistic reports between the 83,000 schools they are responsible for, twenty-four percent of the student report being bullied one or more times during the 2005-2006 academic year. Bullying can displayed as overt of covert behaviors, regardless of race, sex, age or economics. The Department of Education reports that when free and reduced lunch eligibility are used to indirectly measure poverty, schools which provide fifty-percent of more free lunches have increased bullying episodes and gang related activity. Boys may bully using physical Girls tend to bully by manipulating behaviors: others emotions Hit Name calling Kick Avoidance Push Rumors Punch Verbal abuse Name calling Racial name calling
  • 5. EMPIRICAL RESEARCH: A COMPARISON OF THREE STRATEGIES • Treatment as usual (TAU) •Creating a Peaceful School Learning Environment (CAPSULE) •School Psychiatric Consultation (SPC) to address mental health issues related to aggression in students in grades 3rd through 4th. The conclusion; Overt and covert forms of bullying are associated with low empathy. The finding imply that when students are taught to show empathy significant positive behavioral changes occurred as reported by students and observed by teachers and training researchers.
  • 6. The “Steps to Respect,” one year model (Hirschenstein, 2005) and follow-up study (Hirschenstein, 2007) Teachers play a critical role in implementing the “Step to Respect program components after receiving instruction which helps them to operationally define bullying , engage students in role play scenarios, supervise and guide students through conflicts with each other, discourage active and passive bystander behavior, and use academic curriculum which has been proven effective in reducing bullying behavior while teaching student’s pro-social skills and empathy.
  • 7. The SGVNAACP as a Community Member Equal Access to Education Historically advocates for the civil rights of all person residing within the United States Seeks to reduce bullying in the school environment by implementing a bully awareness, prevention and intervention programs on the local, state and national level. Has a “Rite of Passage” program and the ACT-SO program. Each chapter adopting a poorly performing (R. Jones, & N. Miller, personal communications, January 14, 2011).
  • 8. Donate time, money, and materials for the “bullying awareness “Rite of Passage” What can the community program do to help? Dare to Care • Volunteer at your local school • Write grants, lend expertise in grant writing, and do fundraising • Mentor a child • Establish a committee and advocate for Bullying awareness, prevention and intervention programs in the school and community centers • Advocate for legislation that prohibits bullying, and mandates schools document each reported instance of bullying, immediately address the situation in an unbiased manner, and take steps to prevent it from happening again. • Teach children to understand what bully is, not to be spectators, and encourage them to report it safely.
  • 9. A “Rite of Passage” program builds strong children and communities. Empathy can be taught and incorporated into the school curriculum as a bullying awareness, “Rite of Passage” program which is supported by the community.
  • 10. References Fonagy, P., Twemlow, S.W., Vernberg, E.M., Mize Nelson, J., Dill, E.J., & Little, T.D., & Sargent, J.A. (2009). A cluster randomized controlled trial child-focused psychiatric consultation and a school systems-focused intervention to reduce aggression. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(5), pp 607-616. doi: 101111/j.1469-7610.2008.02025.x. Hirschstein, M.K., Van Schoiack Edstrom, L., Frey, K.S., Snell, J.L, MacKenzie, E.P., Committee for Children. (2007). Walking the talk in bullying prevention: Teacher implementation variables related to initial impact of the Steps to Respect program. School Psychology Review, 36(1), pp. 3-21. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere. Hirschstein, M.K., Van Schoiack Edstrom, L., Frey, K.S., Snell, J.L, MacKenzie, E.P.. & Committee for Children. (2005). Reducing playground bullying and supporting beliefs: An experimental trial of the Steps to Success program. American Psychological Association, Developmental Psychology, 41( 3), pp. 479-491. Retrieved from Academic Search Premiere. U.S .Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, & U.S. Department of Justice Programs. (2008). Indicators of school crime and safety: 2007. 2005-06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006: Institute for Education Sciences, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCES 2008-021, NCJ 219553. Retrieved on February 6, 2011, from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2008/2008021.pdf MS Word Graphic on Cover page, downloaded January 18, 2011 MS Word Excel Graphics, I have to go back and figure out how to credit

Editor's Notes

  1. Mission Statement
  2. While civil rights prohibit discrimination based on age, sex, race, disability, the human rights of all children while in the school environment should be protected from the psychological and psychological damage that results from bullying. To reduce incidents of bullying, schools should be mandated to imbed within the academic curriculum a bullying awareness, prevention and intervention program to ensure that children are safe and smart.
  3. The U.S. Department Education reports that twenty-four percent of student reported bullying (i.e., defined) during the 2005-2006 academic year. Since overt and covert forms of bullying occur in the public and private school sector regardless of sex, age, and economics it is the schools responsibility to take address the incident immediately and precautions to prevent future occurrences.
  4. Empirical research and data can be used to aid professionals in evaluating the effectiveness of the TAU, CAPSULE, and SPC protocols which have been tested that address bullying awareness, prevention and intervention programs and treatment strategies used to address aggression in students on nonpublic school campus who display emotional disturbances.
  5. According to the initial study and follow-up study of the “Steps-to-Respect” program conducted by Hirschestein (2005) when teachers and students learn to operational define bullying an awareness and change in perceptions develop. While nationally schools recognize that bullying has increased, in a school in Washington state, trained supervising adults played a critical role in the reduction of bullying episodes after coaching students through “Steps to Respect “curriculum and a positive change in the attitudes of students and school staff.
  6. The NAACP historically advocates for the civil rights of all person residing within the United States, and seeks reduce bullying in the school environment by implementing a bully awareness, prevention and intervention programs on the local, state and national level by adopting a poorly performing school thus reducing the barriers and promoting equal access education.
  7. The community can support the bullying awareness “Rite of Passage” by providing funding, materials, and the expertise of the members of the community to the schools and individual students, so that the community and students both benefit.
  8. The “Rite of Passage” program components will aid communities in reducing the negative effects of bullying, while fostering resiliency and empathy in students and adults, and assist our children in becoming empathetic individuals filled with unique talents and abilities, eager and confident in their ability to face the world as adults.
  9. References