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BUFFALO BREEDS
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Tribe: Bovini
Genus: Bubalus
•The domestic buffalo is descended from
the wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee)
•Now designated an endangered
species.
• Buffalo have been bred, predominantly
in Asia, for thousands of years for use by
humans.
Introduction (cont….)
•Water buffaloes Milk production.
•Local buffaloes For power in rice cultivation
•Introduced Indian breeds Milk production
Cross breeding
Buffalo Breeds
•Local buffalo
•Nili Ravi
•Murrah
•Surti
LOCAL BUFFALO
• Origin – Sri Lanka
• Morphology – Small in body size
• Dark grey in color and posses
light grey markings in front of
the neck called chevrons
• Habitat – found in rural areas such as
Jaffna and Mannar
• Milk production – 350 – 390 Kg per
lactation
• They are kept for power in rice cultivation
to plough and harrow the field.
Nilliravi
Scientific name
Bubalus bubalis
Biological classification of Nilliravi
buffalo
• Kingdom - Animalia
• Phylum - Chordata
• Class - Mammalia
• Order - Artiodactyl
• Family - Bovidae
• Genus - Bubalus
• Species - Bubalis
Distribution
• Mainly Lahore, Sheikhupura,
Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Multan and
Bahawal Nagar districts in punjab
province.
Morphological characters
• Nilliravi buffalo is a milk type of buffalo
breed.
• Their colour is mainly Black & some are
brown.
• They have a wedge shape.
• Massive frame.
• Small curly horns and wall eyes.
• They often have white markings on
the forehead, face, muzzle, and legs.
• White switch of tail.
• They have large, strong udder and are
generally docile.
• White markings extending above
hock, knee and over the neck and
body.
Female Male
Maturity age 36 months 30 months
Average weight 525 kg 800 kg
Appearance
Milk yield
• May be range from 90 to 18kg
per day producing about
1600kg in a lactation period of
250 days
Surti
Other names
• Gujarati
• Deccani
• Nadiadi
• Surati
• Country of origin - India
• Breed of water buffalo
• found in ,
Charottar of Gujarat between the Mahi
and Sabarmati rivers
Characteristics of Surti
buffalo
• The Surti buffaloes are of medium size
and docile temperament.
• Horns are sickle-shaped and flat which
grow in a downward & backward
direction and then upwards at the tip
forming a hook.
• The breed has got a fairly broad and long
head with a convex shape at the top in
between horns.
• The skin color is black or brown.
• Surti breed has got an unique straight
back.
• Good specimen have two white collars.
• Coat - rusty brown or silver-grey
Male Female
Average weight 499 Kg 408 Kg
Average height 130 cm 125 cm
Performance of Breed
Average milk production:-
i)Ist Lactation:-1500-1600 Kg
ii) Other than Ist Lactation:- 1900-2000 Kg
• Age at 1st calving:- 45 to 47 months
• Calving interval:- 400 to 425 days
• Body weight at maturity:- 350 to 375 Kg
• Breeding period:- Seasonal (Sept. to April)
• Fat:- 7 to 7.5%
• SNF (Solid Not Fat):- 9 to 9.15%
MURRAH
ORIGIN
• The origin places of Murrah buffalo are
India.
Pakistan.
DISTRIBUTION
• The Murrah buffalo is originally
from Rohtak, Jind and Hisar
districts of Haryana; Nabha and
Patiala districts of Punjab states of
India; and in Pakistan, but has been
used to improve the milk
production of dairy buffalo in other
countries, such as Italy, Bulgaria,
Egypt and Pakistan.
MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES
• Body : Sound built, heavy and wedge shaped.
• Head : Comparatively small.
• Face : Comparatively long.
• Neck : Comparatively long.
• Body colour : Jet-black.
• White markings on face and leg extremities may be
there (2, 3), but are not generally preferred.
• Tail : Long reaching up to fetlock joint (2, 3, and 6)
with black or white switch up to (maximum) 8.0
inches (4).
• Horns :short, tight, turning backward and
upward and finally spirally curving inward.
The horns should be somewhat flattened. As
the age advances the horns get loosened
slightly but spiral curves increases.
• Limbs : Comparatively short but strong built.
• Skin : Soft, smooth with scanty hairs as
compared to other buffaloes.
• Udder : Fully developed, drooping.
• Teats : Equally distributed over the udder but
hind teats are longer than fore teats.
• Loin : Broader and sliding forward.
Male Female
Average weight 550 Kg 450Kg
Height 142 cm 132cm
MILK PRODUCTION
• The onset of lactation is with the birth of the calf.
• The highest yield is reached after five to six weeks of
lactation and maintained for some weeks.
• Thereafter the yield decreases until the end of
lactation.
• The lactation ends as the dry period starts.
• Lactation and milk yield depend on both genetic and
non-genetic factors.
• The genetic influence is due to species, breed, and
individual.
• The non-genetic factors are management, amount
and quality of feed and skill of the farmer to detect
heat and illnesses.
• Factors which are outside the farmer’s control such as
climate, temperature, humidity etc. also influence
lactation and milk yield.
FEED FOR MURRAH BUFFALO
Feed for buffaloes goes as below:
• (1) Total feed should be 10 % of their body
weight, assuming a buffalo is of 500 Kgs,
they should get 50 kgs of feed.
• (2) 35 kg Green fodder, 10 kg dry fodder
and 5 kg concentrate feed, dry fodder is to
fill their stomach, and min 40 - 50 lts of
water.
• Concentrate feed should be calculated on the
basis of how much a buffalo produces milk like
500 grams of concentrate should be give for
each its of milk produced by a buffalo, and
similarly 4-5 its of water per leter of milk
should be given.
Diseases
Bacterial Diseases
 Bovine brucellosis
 Tuberculosis
 Paratuberculosis
 Haemorrhagic septicaemia
 Chlamydiosis
 Leptospirosis
Viral Diseases
 Foot-and-mouth disease
 Rinderpest
 Malignant catarrhal fever
 Blue tongue
 Bovine viral diarrhea
 Rabies
 Ephemeral Fever
Parasitic Diseases
 Trypanosomiasis
 Ascaridiosis
 Fasciolosis
 Babesiosis
 Strongilosis
 Coccidiosis
 Echinococcosis/hydatidosis
Buffalo breeds in Sri Lanka

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Buffalo breeds in Sri Lanka

  • 2. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Subfamily: Bovinae Tribe: Bovini Genus: Bubalus
  • 3. •The domestic buffalo is descended from the wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) •Now designated an endangered species. • Buffalo have been bred, predominantly in Asia, for thousands of years for use by humans.
  • 4. Introduction (cont….) •Water buffaloes Milk production. •Local buffaloes For power in rice cultivation •Introduced Indian breeds Milk production Cross breeding
  • 5.
  • 6. Buffalo Breeds •Local buffalo •Nili Ravi •Murrah •Surti
  • 8. • Origin – Sri Lanka • Morphology – Small in body size • Dark grey in color and posses light grey markings in front of the neck called chevrons
  • 9. • Habitat – found in rural areas such as Jaffna and Mannar • Milk production – 350 – 390 Kg per lactation • They are kept for power in rice cultivation to plough and harrow the field.
  • 12. Biological classification of Nilliravi buffalo • Kingdom - Animalia • Phylum - Chordata • Class - Mammalia • Order - Artiodactyl • Family - Bovidae • Genus - Bubalus • Species - Bubalis
  • 13. Distribution • Mainly Lahore, Sheikhupura, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Multan and Bahawal Nagar districts in punjab province.
  • 14. Morphological characters • Nilliravi buffalo is a milk type of buffalo breed. • Their colour is mainly Black & some are brown. • They have a wedge shape. • Massive frame. • Small curly horns and wall eyes.
  • 15. • They often have white markings on the forehead, face, muzzle, and legs. • White switch of tail. • They have large, strong udder and are generally docile. • White markings extending above hock, knee and over the neck and body.
  • 16. Female Male Maturity age 36 months 30 months Average weight 525 kg 800 kg Appearance
  • 17. Milk yield • May be range from 90 to 18kg per day producing about 1600kg in a lactation period of 250 days
  • 18. Surti
  • 19. Other names • Gujarati • Deccani • Nadiadi • Surati
  • 20. • Country of origin - India • Breed of water buffalo • found in , Charottar of Gujarat between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers
  • 21. Characteristics of Surti buffalo • The Surti buffaloes are of medium size and docile temperament. • Horns are sickle-shaped and flat which grow in a downward & backward direction and then upwards at the tip forming a hook.
  • 22. • The breed has got a fairly broad and long head with a convex shape at the top in between horns. • The skin color is black or brown. • Surti breed has got an unique straight back. • Good specimen have two white collars. • Coat - rusty brown or silver-grey
  • 23. Male Female Average weight 499 Kg 408 Kg Average height 130 cm 125 cm Performance of Breed Average milk production:- i)Ist Lactation:-1500-1600 Kg ii) Other than Ist Lactation:- 1900-2000 Kg
  • 24. • Age at 1st calving:- 45 to 47 months • Calving interval:- 400 to 425 days • Body weight at maturity:- 350 to 375 Kg • Breeding period:- Seasonal (Sept. to April) • Fat:- 7 to 7.5% • SNF (Solid Not Fat):- 9 to 9.15%
  • 26. ORIGIN • The origin places of Murrah buffalo are India. Pakistan.
  • 27. DISTRIBUTION • The Murrah buffalo is originally from Rohtak, Jind and Hisar districts of Haryana; Nabha and Patiala districts of Punjab states of India; and in Pakistan, but has been used to improve the milk production of dairy buffalo in other countries, such as Italy, Bulgaria, Egypt and Pakistan.
  • 28. MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES • Body : Sound built, heavy and wedge shaped. • Head : Comparatively small. • Face : Comparatively long. • Neck : Comparatively long. • Body colour : Jet-black. • White markings on face and leg extremities may be there (2, 3), but are not generally preferred. • Tail : Long reaching up to fetlock joint (2, 3, and 6) with black or white switch up to (maximum) 8.0 inches (4).
  • 29. • Horns :short, tight, turning backward and upward and finally spirally curving inward. The horns should be somewhat flattened. As the age advances the horns get loosened slightly but spiral curves increases. • Limbs : Comparatively short but strong built. • Skin : Soft, smooth with scanty hairs as compared to other buffaloes.
  • 30. • Udder : Fully developed, drooping. • Teats : Equally distributed over the udder but hind teats are longer than fore teats. • Loin : Broader and sliding forward.
  • 31. Male Female Average weight 550 Kg 450Kg Height 142 cm 132cm
  • 32. MILK PRODUCTION • The onset of lactation is with the birth of the calf. • The highest yield is reached after five to six weeks of lactation and maintained for some weeks. • Thereafter the yield decreases until the end of lactation. • The lactation ends as the dry period starts.
  • 33. • Lactation and milk yield depend on both genetic and non-genetic factors. • The genetic influence is due to species, breed, and individual. • The non-genetic factors are management, amount and quality of feed and skill of the farmer to detect heat and illnesses. • Factors which are outside the farmer’s control such as climate, temperature, humidity etc. also influence lactation and milk yield.
  • 34. FEED FOR MURRAH BUFFALO Feed for buffaloes goes as below: • (1) Total feed should be 10 % of their body weight, assuming a buffalo is of 500 Kgs, they should get 50 kgs of feed. • (2) 35 kg Green fodder, 10 kg dry fodder and 5 kg concentrate feed, dry fodder is to fill their stomach, and min 40 - 50 lts of water.
  • 35. • Concentrate feed should be calculated on the basis of how much a buffalo produces milk like 500 grams of concentrate should be give for each its of milk produced by a buffalo, and similarly 4-5 its of water per leter of milk should be given.
  • 37. Bacterial Diseases  Bovine brucellosis  Tuberculosis  Paratuberculosis  Haemorrhagic septicaemia  Chlamydiosis  Leptospirosis
  • 38. Viral Diseases  Foot-and-mouth disease  Rinderpest  Malignant catarrhal fever  Blue tongue  Bovine viral diarrhea  Rabies  Ephemeral Fever
  • 39. Parasitic Diseases  Trypanosomiasis  Ascaridiosis  Fasciolosis  Babesiosis  Strongilosis  Coccidiosis  Echinococcosis/hydatidosis