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HISTORY OF AYURVEDA
HISTORY OF AYURVEDA
Introduction:
• The evolution of the Indian art of healing and living a healthy
life comes from the four Vedas namely : Rig veda , Sama veda
,Yajur veda and Atharva veda. Ayurveda attained a state of
reverence and is classified as one of the Upa-Vedas - a
subsection - attached to the Atharva Veda.
• The origin of Ayurveda could be roughly traces back to 5,000
years old
• The Atharva Veda contains not only the magic spells and the
occult sciences but also the Ayurveda that deals with the
diseases, injuries, fertility, sanity and health.
• The knowledge we have now is by three surviving texts of
Charaka, Sushruta and Vaghbata.
Components/Branches/Divisions of
Ayurveda:
Eight branches/divisions of Ayurveda (Ashtang
ayurveda):
1. Kaya-chikitsa Tantra(Internal Medicine)
2. Shalakya Tantra (surgery and treatment of head
and neck, Ophthalmology and ear, nose, throat)
3. Shalya Tantra (Surgery)
4. Agada Tantra (Toxicology)
5. Bhuta Vidya (Psychiatry)
6. Kaumara bhritya (Pediatrics)
7. Rasayana (science of rejuvenation or anti-ageing)
8. Vajikarana (the science of fertility and
aphrodisiac)
SCHOOLS OF AYURVEDA
PURARVASU ATREYA DIVODASA DHANWANTRARI
(the school of physician) (the school of surgeons)
Charaka
• Charaka was said to have
been in the court of the
Kushana king, Kanishka
(1st century A.D.) wrote
Charaka Samhita (samhita-
meaning collection of verses
written in Sanskrit)
• Charaka’s School of
Physicians.
• Dridhabala in the 4th
century revised the
Charaka Samhita.
Sushruta
• Sushruta was a surgeon in
the Gupta courts (4th
century A.D.) wrote his
Samhita i.e Sushruta
Samhita.
• Sushruta’s School of
Surgeons
• The texts of Sushruta
Samhita were revised and
supplemented by Nagarjuna
in the 6th century.
Vagbhatta
• Most influential classical writers
of ayurveda
• lived in Sind (today in Pakistan),
and son of Simha Gupta and pupil
of Avalokita.
• Vagbhatta was a disciple
of Charaka.
• Ashtanga Hridayam (Concise
version of charaka & sushruta)
were originally written in Sanskrit
with 7000 sutra(scripture).
• According to Vagbhata, 85% of
diseases can be cured without a
doctor; only 15% of diseases
require a doctor.
THUSTHE THREE MAINANCIENT AYURVEDATEXTS
STILLIN USE ARE:
1. Charak samhita
2. Sushrutha samhita &
3. Ashtanga hridayamsamhita
-these books are 1,200 years old
THANK YOU

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Brief history of ayurveda

  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. HISTORY OF AYURVEDA Introduction: • The evolution of the Indian art of healing and living a healthy life comes from the four Vedas namely : Rig veda , Sama veda ,Yajur veda and Atharva veda. Ayurveda attained a state of reverence and is classified as one of the Upa-Vedas - a subsection - attached to the Atharva Veda. • The origin of Ayurveda could be roughly traces back to 5,000 years old • The Atharva Veda contains not only the magic spells and the occult sciences but also the Ayurveda that deals with the diseases, injuries, fertility, sanity and health. • The knowledge we have now is by three surviving texts of Charaka, Sushruta and Vaghbata.
  • 5. Components/Branches/Divisions of Ayurveda: Eight branches/divisions of Ayurveda (Ashtang ayurveda): 1. Kaya-chikitsa Tantra(Internal Medicine) 2. Shalakya Tantra (surgery and treatment of head and neck, Ophthalmology and ear, nose, throat) 3. Shalya Tantra (Surgery) 4. Agada Tantra (Toxicology) 5. Bhuta Vidya (Psychiatry) 6. Kaumara bhritya (Pediatrics) 7. Rasayana (science of rejuvenation or anti-ageing) 8. Vajikarana (the science of fertility and aphrodisiac)
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  • 9. SCHOOLS OF AYURVEDA PURARVASU ATREYA DIVODASA DHANWANTRARI (the school of physician) (the school of surgeons)
  • 10. Charaka • Charaka was said to have been in the court of the Kushana king, Kanishka (1st century A.D.) wrote Charaka Samhita (samhita- meaning collection of verses written in Sanskrit) • Charaka’s School of Physicians. • Dridhabala in the 4th century revised the Charaka Samhita.
  • 11. Sushruta • Sushruta was a surgeon in the Gupta courts (4th century A.D.) wrote his Samhita i.e Sushruta Samhita. • Sushruta’s School of Surgeons • The texts of Sushruta Samhita were revised and supplemented by Nagarjuna in the 6th century.
  • 12. Vagbhatta • Most influential classical writers of ayurveda • lived in Sind (today in Pakistan), and son of Simha Gupta and pupil of Avalokita. • Vagbhatta was a disciple of Charaka. • Ashtanga Hridayam (Concise version of charaka & sushruta) were originally written in Sanskrit with 7000 sutra(scripture). • According to Vagbhata, 85% of diseases can be cured without a doctor; only 15% of diseases require a doctor.
  • 13. THUSTHE THREE MAINANCIENT AYURVEDATEXTS STILLIN USE ARE: 1. Charak samhita 2. Sushrutha samhita & 3. Ashtanga hridayamsamhita -these books are 1,200 years old