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BY:
Pragya
prgyaratan1@gmail
.com
1
 BRICS stand for Brazil, Russia, India, China,
South Africa.
 BRICS is international political organization of
leading emerging economies its Five members are
all developing and newly industrialized countries.
Agreements between group of countries within
a geographic region To reduce & ultimately
remove the tariff and non- tariff barriers to the
free flow of the goods, Services and Factors of
production between each other
2
OBJECTIVE OF BRICS NATIONS.
 To achieve regional development
 To remove trade barriers.
 Economic development.
 Optimum use of resources.
 Building relationship.
3
ABOUT BRICS FORUM
 The BRICS Forum was formed in 2011
 It is an independent international organization
that works for a structured social, economic
and environmentally sustainable BRICS block.
 Currently the forum is working on building
partnerships and collaborating with member
state institutions.
4
FOCUS OF BRICS FORUM
 To establish a development bank to balance the influence of
the World Bank and IMF, as well as creating a joint foreign
exchange reserve.
 Business
 Competitiveness
 Governance & Leadership
 Science & Technology
 Poverty
 Private Sector & Prevention of Corruption
 Investment Landscape
 Innovation in building Infrastructure
 Trade
 Healthcare 5
BRAZIL
 10th fastest growing economies in the last centuries.
 Extremely rich in resources such as coffee, sugarcane,
crude oil and iron etc.
 Focus on equitable development has resulted in
significant poverty reduction.
 Textiles, chemicals , iron ore , steel and motor vehicles
industries.
 Brazil today is the most popular of the BRICs so far as
foreign direct investment is concerned.
6
RUSSIA
 Russia has capability in high-technology sectors
 Accounts for around 20% of the world’s oil and gas
reserves.
 Fall in the number of people living below the poverty line.
 Consumer market of over 140 million people.
 68% of people comes under middle income group.
 Highly educated workforce.
 Third largest exporter of steel and aluminium
7
 1.2 billion people
 2nd largest labour force
 Holds second place followed by China in BRICS
 Democratic country.
 Broad knowledge economy.
8
 18Th fastest growing economy.
 Third largest country in land size.
 Biggest of all BRIC nations GDP wise.
 13% of people comes under middle income group..
 Holds more than $3 trillion forex reserves.
 Largest exporter/ importer for 32 and 34 countries respectively.
 Cheap labour work force 9
 The South African economy is now the 23rd largest in
the world
 Inflation is below 6.6% and falling.
 25% of goods produced in South Africa are for export
 Richest in terms of its mineral reserves.
10
POTENTIAL MEMBERS
 Indonesia, Turkey, Mexico and Germany hav
e
been mentioned as candidates for full
membership of the BRICS,
while
 Egypt, Argentina, Iran, Nigeria, Syria and
most recently Bangladesh have expressed
interest in joining BRICS
11
FEW FACTS ABOUT THE BRICS
 The BRICS countries make up 21 percent of global GDP.
They have increased their share of global GDP threefold in
the past 15 years.
 The BRICS are home to 43 percent of the world's population.
 The BRICS countries have combined foreign reserves of an
estimated $4.4 trillion.
 Intra-BRICS trade flows reached $282 billion in 2012 and are
estimated to reach $500 billion by 2015. In 2002, it was
$27.3 billion.
12
SUMMITS
13
14
TARGET SECTORS FOR BRICS TRADE
 Manufacturing, services and agriculture
 Energy, infrastructure, mining beneficiation
and healthcare
 Construction and water provision
 The green economy and tourism
15
CHALLENGES
 Development of BRICS bank
 Reducing the rural/urban income gap
 Maintaining macroeconomic stability
 Inadequate Financial reforms
 Managing Supply Chain
16
ADVANTAGES
 India is also expected to grow faster than China after
2020
 Rising incomes in the BRICs nations will create a new
middle consumer class
 Featured as- “Roadmap For Contribution”
 Important drivers for growth in the global economy.
 Expansion of their consumer markets and the rise of
multinational companies.
 The establishment of a “positive multipolarity" in
international affairs 17
DISADVANTAGES
 Lost speed and altitude over the past two years
 Chances of Intra Trade Disputes are high
 Difficulties of articulating their conflicting interests
in some sort of common vision became more evident.
 Different viewpoints and influence in the
international arena.
18
CONCLUSION
We believe the BRICS markets retain strong
characteristics that attract equity investors.
We can count here a strong economic growth,
favorable demographics, rich natural
resources, and strong finances.
The worries and uncertainty will likely continue
to create some angst in the global market,
But
we firmly believe that these markets should do
well in the long-term
19
20

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Brics- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa

  • 2.  BRICS stand for Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa.  BRICS is international political organization of leading emerging economies its Five members are all developing and newly industrialized countries. Agreements between group of countries within a geographic region To reduce & ultimately remove the tariff and non- tariff barriers to the free flow of the goods, Services and Factors of production between each other 2
  • 3. OBJECTIVE OF BRICS NATIONS.  To achieve regional development  To remove trade barriers.  Economic development.  Optimum use of resources.  Building relationship. 3
  • 4. ABOUT BRICS FORUM  The BRICS Forum was formed in 2011  It is an independent international organization that works for a structured social, economic and environmentally sustainable BRICS block.  Currently the forum is working on building partnerships and collaborating with member state institutions. 4
  • 5. FOCUS OF BRICS FORUM  To establish a development bank to balance the influence of the World Bank and IMF, as well as creating a joint foreign exchange reserve.  Business  Competitiveness  Governance & Leadership  Science & Technology  Poverty  Private Sector & Prevention of Corruption  Investment Landscape  Innovation in building Infrastructure  Trade  Healthcare 5
  • 6. BRAZIL  10th fastest growing economies in the last centuries.  Extremely rich in resources such as coffee, sugarcane, crude oil and iron etc.  Focus on equitable development has resulted in significant poverty reduction.  Textiles, chemicals , iron ore , steel and motor vehicles industries.  Brazil today is the most popular of the BRICs so far as foreign direct investment is concerned. 6
  • 7. RUSSIA  Russia has capability in high-technology sectors  Accounts for around 20% of the world’s oil and gas reserves.  Fall in the number of people living below the poverty line.  Consumer market of over 140 million people.  68% of people comes under middle income group.  Highly educated workforce.  Third largest exporter of steel and aluminium 7
  • 8.  1.2 billion people  2nd largest labour force  Holds second place followed by China in BRICS  Democratic country.  Broad knowledge economy. 8
  • 9.  18Th fastest growing economy.  Third largest country in land size.  Biggest of all BRIC nations GDP wise.  13% of people comes under middle income group..  Holds more than $3 trillion forex reserves.  Largest exporter/ importer for 32 and 34 countries respectively.  Cheap labour work force 9
  • 10.  The South African economy is now the 23rd largest in the world  Inflation is below 6.6% and falling.  25% of goods produced in South Africa are for export  Richest in terms of its mineral reserves. 10
  • 11. POTENTIAL MEMBERS  Indonesia, Turkey, Mexico and Germany hav e been mentioned as candidates for full membership of the BRICS, while  Egypt, Argentina, Iran, Nigeria, Syria and most recently Bangladesh have expressed interest in joining BRICS 11
  • 12. FEW FACTS ABOUT THE BRICS  The BRICS countries make up 21 percent of global GDP. They have increased their share of global GDP threefold in the past 15 years.  The BRICS are home to 43 percent of the world's population.  The BRICS countries have combined foreign reserves of an estimated $4.4 trillion.  Intra-BRICS trade flows reached $282 billion in 2012 and are estimated to reach $500 billion by 2015. In 2002, it was $27.3 billion. 12
  • 14. 14
  • 15. TARGET SECTORS FOR BRICS TRADE  Manufacturing, services and agriculture  Energy, infrastructure, mining beneficiation and healthcare  Construction and water provision  The green economy and tourism 15
  • 16. CHALLENGES  Development of BRICS bank  Reducing the rural/urban income gap  Maintaining macroeconomic stability  Inadequate Financial reforms  Managing Supply Chain 16
  • 17. ADVANTAGES  India is also expected to grow faster than China after 2020  Rising incomes in the BRICs nations will create a new middle consumer class  Featured as- “Roadmap For Contribution”  Important drivers for growth in the global economy.  Expansion of their consumer markets and the rise of multinational companies.  The establishment of a “positive multipolarity" in international affairs 17
  • 18. DISADVANTAGES  Lost speed and altitude over the past two years  Chances of Intra Trade Disputes are high  Difficulties of articulating their conflicting interests in some sort of common vision became more evident.  Different viewpoints and influence in the international arena. 18
  • 19. CONCLUSION We believe the BRICS markets retain strong characteristics that attract equity investors. We can count here a strong economic growth, favorable demographics, rich natural resources, and strong finances. The worries and uncertainty will likely continue to create some angst in the global market, But we firmly believe that these markets should do well in the long-term 19
  • 20. 20

Editor's Notes

  1. Currently the forum is working on building partnerships and collaborating with member state institutions to provide cutting edge information for businesses and industry alike
  2. 2.BUSINESS The forum will work with business units in the member states to form effective standards for information exchange. This would facilitate better access of information and avenues of growth. 3. COMPETITIVENESS The forum will develop indicators of competitiveness specific to the BRICS nations which helps in understanding the markets better 4. GOVERNANCE N LEADERSHIP The forum will work with state units as well as private sector to develop better practices that would help the BRICS in building a sustainable bloc 5. SCINCE N TECHNOLOGY The forum has identified Science & Technology as a key area for the BRICS to focus on. With emphasis on academic network alliances between the member states, cutting edge practices in the field will be used to handle the focus areas. 6. POVERTY The forum realizes the importance of poverty reduction in the member states and will work with various private organizations and entrepreneurs to use technology to reduce poverty and increase awareness of literacy
  3. KEY ADVANTAGES : One of the fastest growing economies in the last centuries Brazilian economy becoming less dependent on imports Extremely rich in resources such as coffee, sugarcane, crude oil and iron etc. Focus on equitable development has resulted in significant poverty reduction. CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE: Overburdened and ineffective judicial system. Industrial output is weak
  4. KEY ADVANTAGES 1.15 billion people 2nd largest labour force Approximately 2.5 million college graduates per year. Democratic country. CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE Improving basic educational achievement Improving infrastructure and electrical capacity Expanding technology industry
  5. KEY ADVANTAGES Broad expansion of educational achievement Rapid economic growth Third largest country in land size CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE Support to rural areas and less-developed regions Bank of China sees inflation as a bigger risk Need to improve the investment
  6. KEY ADVANTAGE The South African economy is now the 23rd largest in the world Inflation is now below 5% and falling. 25% of goods produced in South Africa are for export CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE: The economy is growing but not fast enough Lack of skills, particularly in IT. 48% of the population is living below the poverty line
  7. The BRICS leaders in 2014. Left to right: Putin, Modi, Rousseff, Xi and Zuma
  8. China’s economy is driven by its exports of manufactures and central role in the global value chains; but its domestic consumption is still very limited, which creates a current account surplus for China. There is China’s currency manipulation, where the pegging of the renminbi to the US dollar gives China an unfair trade advantage by making its exports cheaper. The currency issue is and will continue to be a source of tension in the BRICS unless it is dealt with effectively. India’s economy, on the other hand, is driven by strong capital imports and, because of its flexible exchange rate olicy , it is plagued by current account deficits. Brazil and South Africa are also experiencing current account deficits.
  9. . Emerging countries’ abilities to balance growth, inflation and global competitiveness will be a crucial factor in this. Even if their overall growth this year may be a little lower than in recent years, most of these economies are still expected to grow faster than those of developed nations.