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Bold Alligator 2012 and the Future
of the Expeditionary Strike Group

  Leveraging the Present and Preparing
              for the Future



               Second Line of Defense    1
Prologue
• Bold Alligator 2012 was the largest Amphibious
  exercise in more than a decade.
• Because it is called an amphibious exercise, outsiders
  who attended the exercise tended to focus upon
   –   the amphibious ships themselves,
   –   the landing ships,
   –   the vehicles
   –   and the assault on the beach.
• The reality was that this was a power projection
  exercise; it was a maneuver of forces from the sea
  inland and out again.
                          Second Line of Defense           2
A Shift Towards a New Paradigm




            Second Line of Defense
                                     3
The Littoral Engagement Zone

          Second Line of Defense
                                   4
D-Day Assault Fleet
The Front Edge of the ESG




                            Second Line of Defense
                                                     5
The USS Enterprise on D-Day
An Extended Range Support Asset




                        Second Line of Defense
                                                 6
Glimpses of the Future (1)
• An assault raid was conducted from the
  seabase deep inland (180 miles) aboard the
  Ospreys with allied forces observing or
  participating.
• The Osprey was the key element operating in
  this exercise, which was not there during the
  last big "amphibious" exercise.


                   Second Line of Defense
                                                  7
Assault on Fort Pickett
“There is a Tsunami of change coming,” Lt. Col. Boniface, Osprey
Squadron Commander.


                           Second Line of Defense
                                                                   8
Glimpses of the Future (2)
• The BAC1-11 aircraft carrying the F-35 combat systems
  and see many capabilities coming soon to the ESG;
• What I saw on the BAC1-11, I have exponentially
  greater ability to scan and “see” the battlespace with
  exponentially greater fidelity than ever before, locating
  and positively identifying everything from air to sea
  targets. I can look at the battlespace with the
  radar, the DAS, a host of other sensors and basically
  can bring all that information together into one data
  system, fuse that information — which makes it a
  flying sensor. (General “Dog” Davis, CG, 2nd MAW).

                        Second Line of Defense
                                                          9
F-35 Bravo Aboard the USS Wasp, October 2011
The F-35 community of users – sea based and land based — will be able
to create a pretty tight air grid over the top of the distributed battle space
so we can share information very freely out there.

                            Second Line of Defense
                                                                                 10
Glimpses of the Future (3)
• The coalition element has become central to
  most operations and the BA-12 exercise
  reflected this evolving con-ops foci; Coalition
  has become a new definition of joint
• A core focus of the exercise planners has been
  upon sorting out to more effectively managing
  information, distributing information and
  operating with a common operational picture.

                    Second Line of Defense
                                                11
Lt. Commander George Pastoor, Chief Planner for the
Bold Alligator Exercise, 2012 and a member of ESG-2
The default for future operations will need to be CENTRIX or the NATO
standard. During the exercise CENTRIX was used as the coin of the realm.


                          Second Line of Defense
                                                                           12
Glimpses of the Future (4)
• The French amphibious ship Mistral was the
  centerpiece of a physical allied contribution.
• But the Mistral was not just a solo French
  contribution. It represented an entire class of
  ships of various sizes being built by allies –
  Spain, Italy, South Korea, Australia, etc. – that
  will carry significant aviation assets evolving
  over the years ahead and give this capability
  longer reach and impact.

                     Second Line of Defense
                                                      13
The Mistral in the Bold Alligator 2012 Exercise
The F-35B will be added to several decks, the Osprey, the Tiger and X-3
helicopters, the CH-53K, the NH-90, unmanned aerial vehicles of various sizes
and kinds. In short, the future belongs to clusters of these types of ships.


                             Second Line of Defense
                                                                                14
Glimpses of the Future (5)
• The surface and subsurface assets can be
  organized around the Large Deck Amphibious
  ships in a new approach to sea basing operations.
• The Mistral deploys with other ships, notably
  frigates which provide for air defense. Images
  could be seen if one looked of ships like the Aegis
  which engaged and deployed to provide a
  protective cover along with the Big E and its
  deployed assets.
                     Second Line of Defense
                                                    15
The amphibious dock landing ship USS Oak Hill and the
guided-missile cruiser USS Anzio operate in formation
during Bold Alligator 2012.

USS Oak Hill and the guided-missile cruiser USS Anzio
operate in formation during BA-12
“Aegis can be my wingman” as the F-35B is added to the large deck
amphibious ship.


                          Second Line of Defense
                                                                    16
Glimpses of the Future (6)
• Images of the Harriers operating off of the
  Kearsarge raised another prospect of capabilities
  and changes.
• The Harriers based on the USS Kearsarge worked
  closely with land-based air to provide for a
  significant air combat capability to shape the
  battlespace.
• The organizer of the spear cab be on the sea-
  base. This capability can be conjoined with the
  various air combat centers based ashore, allied or
  American.
                     Second Line of Defense
                                                   17
Operating off of the Kearsarge during BA-12
Some 16 Harriers operated off of the large deck amphibious ship, in an
approach which was very un-ARG like. This exercise worked at a much
more aggregated level with many more ships.

                           Second Line of Defense
                                                                         18
Glimpses of the Future (7)
• The MV-22 landed on a T-AKE ship.
• This means that this new aviation asset can
  connect supply ships with combat ships to
  potentially allow a much more efficient use of
  the combat ships.
• The ship-to-ship connection capability is a key
  part of the evolving sea basing concept.
• It is about sustainable maneuver warfare from
  the sea.
                    Second Line of Defense
                                                19
The Osprey landing on the USNS Robert E. Peary
The new VM-22 T-AKE combination is a potential war winner.




                         Second Line of Defense
                                                             20
Glimpses of the Future (8)
• A clear message from the past decade is that one
  needs to define, respond and anticipate
  asymmetrical threats.
• The images of various assets dealing with the
  counter-mine threat, whether they be French
  special forces or SEALS in the water, the Canadian
  counter mine vessel, the riverine forces, or the
  mammal insertion from the virtual engagement
  of West Coast USN teams were prevalent and
  clear.
                     Second Line of Defense
                                                   21
French special forces involved in clearing the path.
A seabase will not survive if the asymmetric threats are not taken into
account.


                           Second Line of Defense
                                                                          22
Conclusions
• Re-shaping maneuver warfare from the sea by
  encompassing allied and US land-based air and other
  support and strike capabilities is a crucial element of
  the way ahead.
• New uses of the sea base new capabilities deployed
  from the sea base will allow the U.S. and its allies to
  deploy scalable forces and to shape a force appropriate
  to the mission.
• An economy of force approach can be shaped to
  ensure that mission and forces match, but, with
  scalability, other capabilities can augment the force to
  ensure mission success.

                       Second Line of Defense
                                                         23
Credits
•   Page 3: Second Line of Defense
•   Page 4 Virginian Pilot
•   Page 5 USMC
•   Page 6 USMC
•   Page 8 USN
•   Page 10 Second Line of Defense
•   Page 12 Second Line of Defense
•   Page 14 Second Line of Defense
•   Page 16 USN
•   Page 18 USN
•   Page 20 USN
•   Page 22 Second Line of Defense


                            Second Line of Defense
                                                     24

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Bold Alligator 2012 and the Expeditionary Strike Group

  • 1. Bold Alligator 2012 and the Future of the Expeditionary Strike Group Leveraging the Present and Preparing for the Future Second Line of Defense 1
  • 2. Prologue • Bold Alligator 2012 was the largest Amphibious exercise in more than a decade. • Because it is called an amphibious exercise, outsiders who attended the exercise tended to focus upon – the amphibious ships themselves, – the landing ships, – the vehicles – and the assault on the beach. • The reality was that this was a power projection exercise; it was a maneuver of forces from the sea inland and out again. Second Line of Defense 2
  • 3. A Shift Towards a New Paradigm Second Line of Defense 3
  • 4. The Littoral Engagement Zone Second Line of Defense 4
  • 5. D-Day Assault Fleet The Front Edge of the ESG Second Line of Defense 5
  • 6. The USS Enterprise on D-Day An Extended Range Support Asset Second Line of Defense 6
  • 7. Glimpses of the Future (1) • An assault raid was conducted from the seabase deep inland (180 miles) aboard the Ospreys with allied forces observing or participating. • The Osprey was the key element operating in this exercise, which was not there during the last big "amphibious" exercise. Second Line of Defense 7
  • 8. Assault on Fort Pickett “There is a Tsunami of change coming,” Lt. Col. Boniface, Osprey Squadron Commander. Second Line of Defense 8
  • 9. Glimpses of the Future (2) • The BAC1-11 aircraft carrying the F-35 combat systems and see many capabilities coming soon to the ESG; • What I saw on the BAC1-11, I have exponentially greater ability to scan and “see” the battlespace with exponentially greater fidelity than ever before, locating and positively identifying everything from air to sea targets. I can look at the battlespace with the radar, the DAS, a host of other sensors and basically can bring all that information together into one data system, fuse that information — which makes it a flying sensor. (General “Dog” Davis, CG, 2nd MAW). Second Line of Defense 9
  • 10. F-35 Bravo Aboard the USS Wasp, October 2011 The F-35 community of users – sea based and land based — will be able to create a pretty tight air grid over the top of the distributed battle space so we can share information very freely out there. Second Line of Defense 10
  • 11. Glimpses of the Future (3) • The coalition element has become central to most operations and the BA-12 exercise reflected this evolving con-ops foci; Coalition has become a new definition of joint • A core focus of the exercise planners has been upon sorting out to more effectively managing information, distributing information and operating with a common operational picture. Second Line of Defense 11
  • 12. Lt. Commander George Pastoor, Chief Planner for the Bold Alligator Exercise, 2012 and a member of ESG-2 The default for future operations will need to be CENTRIX or the NATO standard. During the exercise CENTRIX was used as the coin of the realm. Second Line of Defense 12
  • 13. Glimpses of the Future (4) • The French amphibious ship Mistral was the centerpiece of a physical allied contribution. • But the Mistral was not just a solo French contribution. It represented an entire class of ships of various sizes being built by allies – Spain, Italy, South Korea, Australia, etc. – that will carry significant aviation assets evolving over the years ahead and give this capability longer reach and impact. Second Line of Defense 13
  • 14. The Mistral in the Bold Alligator 2012 Exercise The F-35B will be added to several decks, the Osprey, the Tiger and X-3 helicopters, the CH-53K, the NH-90, unmanned aerial vehicles of various sizes and kinds. In short, the future belongs to clusters of these types of ships. Second Line of Defense 14
  • 15. Glimpses of the Future (5) • The surface and subsurface assets can be organized around the Large Deck Amphibious ships in a new approach to sea basing operations. • The Mistral deploys with other ships, notably frigates which provide for air defense. Images could be seen if one looked of ships like the Aegis which engaged and deployed to provide a protective cover along with the Big E and its deployed assets. Second Line of Defense 15
  • 16. The amphibious dock landing ship USS Oak Hill and the guided-missile cruiser USS Anzio operate in formation during Bold Alligator 2012. USS Oak Hill and the guided-missile cruiser USS Anzio operate in formation during BA-12 “Aegis can be my wingman” as the F-35B is added to the large deck amphibious ship. Second Line of Defense 16
  • 17. Glimpses of the Future (6) • Images of the Harriers operating off of the Kearsarge raised another prospect of capabilities and changes. • The Harriers based on the USS Kearsarge worked closely with land-based air to provide for a significant air combat capability to shape the battlespace. • The organizer of the spear cab be on the sea- base. This capability can be conjoined with the various air combat centers based ashore, allied or American. Second Line of Defense 17
  • 18. Operating off of the Kearsarge during BA-12 Some 16 Harriers operated off of the large deck amphibious ship, in an approach which was very un-ARG like. This exercise worked at a much more aggregated level with many more ships. Second Line of Defense 18
  • 19. Glimpses of the Future (7) • The MV-22 landed on a T-AKE ship. • This means that this new aviation asset can connect supply ships with combat ships to potentially allow a much more efficient use of the combat ships. • The ship-to-ship connection capability is a key part of the evolving sea basing concept. • It is about sustainable maneuver warfare from the sea. Second Line of Defense 19
  • 20. The Osprey landing on the USNS Robert E. Peary The new VM-22 T-AKE combination is a potential war winner. Second Line of Defense 20
  • 21. Glimpses of the Future (8) • A clear message from the past decade is that one needs to define, respond and anticipate asymmetrical threats. • The images of various assets dealing with the counter-mine threat, whether they be French special forces or SEALS in the water, the Canadian counter mine vessel, the riverine forces, or the mammal insertion from the virtual engagement of West Coast USN teams were prevalent and clear. Second Line of Defense 21
  • 22. French special forces involved in clearing the path. A seabase will not survive if the asymmetric threats are not taken into account. Second Line of Defense 22
  • 23. Conclusions • Re-shaping maneuver warfare from the sea by encompassing allied and US land-based air and other support and strike capabilities is a crucial element of the way ahead. • New uses of the sea base new capabilities deployed from the sea base will allow the U.S. and its allies to deploy scalable forces and to shape a force appropriate to the mission. • An economy of force approach can be shaped to ensure that mission and forces match, but, with scalability, other capabilities can augment the force to ensure mission success. Second Line of Defense 23
  • 24. Credits • Page 3: Second Line of Defense • Page 4 Virginian Pilot • Page 5 USMC • Page 6 USMC • Page 8 USN • Page 10 Second Line of Defense • Page 12 Second Line of Defense • Page 14 Second Line of Defense • Page 16 USN • Page 18 USN • Page 20 USN • Page 22 Second Line of Defense Second Line of Defense 24