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BLOOD COMPOSITION AND ITS
FUNCTIONS
BLOOD COMPOSITION
AND ITS FUNCTIONS
BLOOD COMPOSITION
• BLOOD: blood is the main circulating fluid in
the human body.
• Study of blood is called HAEMATOLOGY.
• It is a fluid connective tissue derived from
mesoderm.
• Bright red in colour, slightly alkaline(pH 7.4),
salty, and heavier than water.
• The adult has 5lit of blood which constitute
about 8% of the total body weight.
Blood is divided into two constituents,
1.cellular composition
2.non-cellular composition
Blood
Cellular
composition
Blood
corpuscles
RBCs WBCs
Granulocyte
Neutrophil Eosinophil Basophil
Agranulocyte
Monocyte Lymphocyte
platelets
Non-cellular
composition
Plasma
Cellular
composition
RBCs WBCs platelets
ERYTHROCYTERBCs:
• Erythrocytes are also called as red blood
corpuscles.
• They are circular , biconcave , enucleated cells.
• Its size 7 micron metre in diameter to 2.5
micron metre in thickness.
• There are about 5.1 to 5.8 million RBCs per
cu.mm in adult male and in adult female it is
about 4.3 to 5.2 million.
• Average life span is of 120 days.
WBCs
Granulocytes
Neutrophil Eosinophil Basophil
Agranulocytes
Monocyte Lymphocyte
LEUCOCYTESWBCs:
• Leucocytes are also known as white blood
corpuscles .
• They are colourless , nucleated , amoeboid , and
phagocytes cells.
• Due the amoeboidal movement they squeez out
of blood capillaries, this is called as DIAPEDESIS.
• It i of size 8 to 15 micron metre.
• They are about 5000 to 9000 WBCs per cu.mm
• The average life span is of 3 to 4 days.
Leucocytes are divided in two types on
the basis of presence of granules are
as follows
;
WBCs
Granulocytes Agranulocytes
Granulocytes
Neutrophil Eosinophil Basophil
GRANULOCYTE
EOSINOPHIL
Cytoplasmic granules
which are stained with
acidic dyes such as eosin.
Nucleus is bilobed
constitutes 3% of total
WBCs.
 Functions: They are
non-phagocytic and
increase during
ellergic reactions
 They show anti-
histamine property.
 Increase in number of
eosinophil is called
as EOSINOPHILIA.
BASOPHIL
Cytoplasmic granules,
that stained with basic
dyes such as methylene
blue .
Twisted nucleus.
They constitute about
0.5% of total WBCs.
Functions : they are
non-phagocytic .
They release
heparin(anti-
coagulant) and
histamine also.
Agranulocyte
Lymphocyte Monocyte
AGRANULOCYTE
Lymphocyte :
Large round nucleus .
It constitute about 25 -
33% of total WBCs.
Functions : it produces
antibodies and responsible
for immune response of
the body.
Monocytes :
Largest of all WBCs ,
kidney shaped nucleus .
It constitute about 3-
9% of total WBCs.
Functions : they are
phagocytic in function,
so they known as
SCAVENGER.
PLATELETS :
• This are small fragments of bone marrow cells and
therefore not really classified as cells themselves.
 Functions : 1. secret vasoconstriction.
2.form temporary platelet plug to stop bleeding.
3.secret procoagulants to promotes blood
clotting.
4. dissolved blood clots.
5. digest and destroy bacteria.
6.secert some chemicals to attract neutrophil
and monocyte to the site of inflammation.
7.secret growth factor to maintain the lining of
blood vessel.
Non – cellular
composition
Plasma
Plasma :
• It is straw coloured , slightly , alkaline , viscous fluid.
• It contains90-92 % water , 10% of solutes and 7% of
protein.
• Plasma proteins such as serum albumin , serum globulin ,
heparin , fibrinogen and prothrombin as a coagulating
factors in the inactive form.
• Other nutrients such as glucose , amino acids, & glycerols.
• Nitrogenous waste as urea , uric acid , ammonia, and
creatinine.
• Gases like oxygen, carbon-dioixde , nirtogen.
• Regulatory substances such as enzymes and hormones .
• Inorganic substances like bicarbonates , chlorides,
phosphates, sulphates, Na, K, Ca& Mg ions, etc.
Functions of blood :
REGULATION :
Regulates pH
Adjusts and maintain
body temperature
Maintains water
contents of cells
TRANSPORTATION :
Respiration
Nutrient carrier from
GIT
Transportation of
hormones from
endocrine glands
Transportation of
metabolic waste.
PROTECTION :
WBCs protects
against disease by
phagocytosis
Reservoir for
substances like
water,electrolytes.
Performs
haemostasis.
• Any Questions?????????
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bloodcompositionanditsfunctionson17-170209014518.pdf

  • 1. BLOOD COMPOSITION AND ITS FUNCTIONS BLOOD COMPOSITION AND ITS FUNCTIONS
  • 2. BLOOD COMPOSITION • BLOOD: blood is the main circulating fluid in the human body. • Study of blood is called HAEMATOLOGY. • It is a fluid connective tissue derived from mesoderm. • Bright red in colour, slightly alkaline(pH 7.4), salty, and heavier than water. • The adult has 5lit of blood which constitute about 8% of the total body weight.
  • 3. Blood is divided into two constituents, 1.cellular composition 2.non-cellular composition
  • 4. Blood Cellular composition Blood corpuscles RBCs WBCs Granulocyte Neutrophil Eosinophil Basophil Agranulocyte Monocyte Lymphocyte platelets Non-cellular composition Plasma
  • 6. ERYTHROCYTERBCs: • Erythrocytes are also called as red blood corpuscles. • They are circular , biconcave , enucleated cells. • Its size 7 micron metre in diameter to 2.5 micron metre in thickness. • There are about 5.1 to 5.8 million RBCs per cu.mm in adult male and in adult female it is about 4.3 to 5.2 million. • Average life span is of 120 days.
  • 8. LEUCOCYTESWBCs: • Leucocytes are also known as white blood corpuscles . • They are colourless , nucleated , amoeboid , and phagocytes cells. • Due the amoeboidal movement they squeez out of blood capillaries, this is called as DIAPEDESIS. • It i of size 8 to 15 micron metre. • They are about 5000 to 9000 WBCs per cu.mm • The average life span is of 3 to 4 days.
  • 9. Leucocytes are divided in two types on the basis of presence of granules are as follows ; WBCs Granulocytes Agranulocytes
  • 11. GRANULOCYTE EOSINOPHIL Cytoplasmic granules which are stained with acidic dyes such as eosin. Nucleus is bilobed constitutes 3% of total WBCs.  Functions: They are non-phagocytic and increase during ellergic reactions  They show anti- histamine property.  Increase in number of eosinophil is called as EOSINOPHILIA. BASOPHIL Cytoplasmic granules, that stained with basic dyes such as methylene blue . Twisted nucleus. They constitute about 0.5% of total WBCs. Functions : they are non-phagocytic . They release heparin(anti- coagulant) and histamine also.
  • 13. AGRANULOCYTE Lymphocyte : Large round nucleus . It constitute about 25 - 33% of total WBCs. Functions : it produces antibodies and responsible for immune response of the body. Monocytes : Largest of all WBCs , kidney shaped nucleus . It constitute about 3- 9% of total WBCs. Functions : they are phagocytic in function, so they known as SCAVENGER.
  • 14. PLATELETS : • This are small fragments of bone marrow cells and therefore not really classified as cells themselves.  Functions : 1. secret vasoconstriction. 2.form temporary platelet plug to stop bleeding. 3.secret procoagulants to promotes blood clotting. 4. dissolved blood clots. 5. digest and destroy bacteria. 6.secert some chemicals to attract neutrophil and monocyte to the site of inflammation. 7.secret growth factor to maintain the lining of blood vessel.
  • 16. Plasma : • It is straw coloured , slightly , alkaline , viscous fluid. • It contains90-92 % water , 10% of solutes and 7% of protein. • Plasma proteins such as serum albumin , serum globulin , heparin , fibrinogen and prothrombin as a coagulating factors in the inactive form. • Other nutrients such as glucose , amino acids, & glycerols. • Nitrogenous waste as urea , uric acid , ammonia, and creatinine. • Gases like oxygen, carbon-dioixde , nirtogen. • Regulatory substances such as enzymes and hormones . • Inorganic substances like bicarbonates , chlorides, phosphates, sulphates, Na, K, Ca& Mg ions, etc.
  • 17. Functions of blood : REGULATION : Regulates pH Adjusts and maintain body temperature Maintains water contents of cells TRANSPORTATION : Respiration Nutrient carrier from GIT Transportation of hormones from endocrine glands Transportation of metabolic waste. PROTECTION : WBCs protects against disease by phagocytosis Reservoir for substances like water,electrolytes. Performs haemostasis.