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Amsterdam NL, 12 Sep 2016
Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga
Melanie Swan
Philosophy & Economic Theory
New School for Social Research, NY NY
melanie@BlockchainStudies.org
Blockchain Smartnetworks
The Future of Finance and the Automation Economy
Part of a Series on Cryptophilosophy
cryptophilosophy
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks 1
Melanie Swan, Blockchain Futurist
 Philosophy and Economic Theory, New School
for Social Research, New York NY
 Founder, Institute for Blockchain Studies
 Singularity University Instructor; Institute for Ethics and
Emerging Technology Affiliate Scholar; EDGE
Essayist; FQXi Advisor
Traditional Markets Background
Economics and Financial
Theory Leadership
New Economies research group
Source: http://www.melanieswan.com, http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf, http://blockchainstudies.org/Metaphilosophy_CFP.pdf
https://www.facebook.com/groups/NewEconomies
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain
2
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Thesis Statement
Blockchain: a Singularity-class technology
 No other technology has the power to…
1. …uplift 2 billion people out of poverty
overnight
 intermediary-free international remittance
2. …produce a safe and orderly transition
to the automation economy
 humans and machines in collaboration,
friendly artificial intelligence enacted
3. …fundamentally transform the only
remaining sectors not yet re-
engineered for the Internet era:
economics and politics
3
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Agenda
I. Blockchain technology: What is it?
 Automation economy
II. Singularity-class applications
 Farther-future
 Friendly AI
 Bio-cryptoeconomy
 Nanotech/Synbio
 Blockchains in Space
 Nearer-term
 Financial services, Energy, Logistics
 IOT, Health, Economic Development
III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures
4
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain Technology: What is it?
5
 Blockchain technology is the secure distributed ledger
software that underlies cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin
 “Internet of Money” leapfrog technology; Skype is an app allowing
phone calls via Internet without POTS; Bitcoin is an app allowing
money transfer via Internet without banks; ‘decentralized Paypal’
Internet
(decentralized network)
Blockchain
Bitcoin
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
Application
Layer
Protocol
Layer
Infrastructure
Layer
SMTP
Email
VoIP
Phone
calls
OSI Protocol Stack:
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain (not Bitcoin) is the revolution
6
 Internet phase transitions
 Phase I: transfer information
 Modernize publishing, books, music,
news, information
 Phase 2: transfer value (money,
property)
 Modernize of economics and finance
 Providing the digital payments layer the
Internet never had
 Instantiating the qualitative good of
trust in the infrastructure
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Smartnetwork vision
Pushing more complexity through the Internet pipes
7
Information
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
Sci-fi inspiration: Accelerando, Lady of Mazes, Blindsight, The Golden Age, Glasshouse
Confirmation of Automated
Distribution of
Transfer of
 Growing classes of activities for smartnetwork execution
 I: Information; II: Money, finance, economics; energy; supply chain, logistics,
transportation; health; IOT; III: identity, preference, intangible resources
Value Identity Preference
Registration of
20161990 2025e 2050e 2075e
Automated
Propagation of
Voting
Policy
Opinion
Participation
GBI
Energy
Trust
Autonomy
Recognition
Economics Politics
Ideas
Health
Collaboration
opportunities
Instantiation
Upload integrity
Smart-
resources
Smart-
currencies
2090e
Internet Smartnetwork
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks 8
Currency
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
Property:
Assets
Inventory
Securities: stocks, bonds, government issue, futures and
options, FX contracts
Hard assets: cars, houses, global supply chain, medical
inventories; Intangible assets: IP
Money, digital payments, remittance
Programmable smartmoney
Fundamental enabling infrastructure
Economics
Governance
& Legal
Services
Global-scale
projects
Politics
Singularity
All contractual arrangements
Blockchain’s vast reach beyond currency
Financial instruments: mortgage, loans
Million-person genome banks, supply chain
management, autonomous driving fleets
Voting, identity, citizenship, civic services
Legal documents, contracts, wills, agreements
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Why is it called blockchain?
Blockchain: a chain of transaction blocks
 Every 10 minutes, the latest
block of submitted
transactions is validated (by
cryptographic mining) and
posted to a single distributed
ledger
 Each new block of
transactions calls the last
block, so that the
transactions are chained
together sequentially, hence
the word blockchain
9
Source: Satoshi Nakamoto whitepaper: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf, https://blockexplorer.com
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain crucial for the
Singularity-class project: Financial Inclusion
 Just as the Printing Press and
the Internet flattened access to
communicating information...
 …blockchains are giving the
power of the printing press to
banking, credit, and money
 Access to economic and financial
systems (credit) as a basic human
right (2 billion under-banked)
 Long-tail economics: any two
parties can transact on the
network (eBay of money)
10
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Issue: hierarchy is not scalable
11
Sources: What is Decentralization? http://futurememes.blogspot.com/search?q=datt.co,
http://blog.midem.com/2016/04/blockchain-broken-music-industry/
 Blockchains are a form of trust-making technology
 A system of checks and balances that is universal and
planetary-scale (Kardashev-level)
 New tiers of scalability are needed
 Million-genome repositories (largest is 3700 currently),
connectome databases to reveal brain structure
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Smartnetwork theme: design Optimality
 Optimal mix of centralized and
decentralized models
 Rethinking Coase’s firm size
 Manufacturing reorganization per
electricity; industries rethought per
decentralized networks
 Tighter supply chain integration
 Complexity design principles
 Decentralization here to stay
 Proven decentralized scalability
paradigm: Internet
 Bitcoin, blockchain, decentralization
12
Sources: Coase, RH, The Nature of The Firm, 1937, http://www3.nccu.edu.tw/~jsfeng/CPEC11.pdf
Decentralization
Blockchain
Bitcoin
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Smartnetwork intelligence (technical)
 Network math
 Nodes, vertices, graph theory
 Information theory
 Discrete and continuous, syntactic and semantic
 Physics math
 Statistical dynamics, turbulence, >Schrödinger equation
 Machine-learning/deep-learning
 Recurrent neural nets, structural equation modeling, causal
graphical models
 Complexity math
 Power laws, fractals, nearest neighbor, fat tails, power laws, high
coefficients, degrees of correlation, fractal behavior
13
Source: Blocktime: Blockchain Temporality http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Smartnetwork intelligence (conceptual)
 Simultaneously global-local (crypto-synecdoche)
 Arbitrarily-many levels of detail drill-up/down (fiat currency: 20)
 Smoothest part of the curve (optimization)
 Where is a function most differentiable, integrable?
 Probability over causality
 Structural equation modeling, causal graphical models
 Fabrics, topologies, lattices, ecologies over point values
 Convexity, randomness, and fragility
 Markets, weather systems mostly behave normally
 But long-tail black swans are part of their nature
 Systems are evolving and dynamical
14
Source: http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/09/defining-blockchain-economy-what-is.html
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Economic Principles: not just for Economics
15
Economic and Financial
Principles
 Traditional Deployment
 Buy/sell transactions
 Financial markets
 Blockchain Deployment
 Any interaction is a discovery
and exchange process
 Decentralized models
supplement hierarchy
 Demurrage: incitatory potential
and resource redistribution
across network nodes
 Reciprocal mining communities
(smarthome IOT, brain BCI)
Blockchain technology is prompting
a rethinking of economic principles
and concepts (resources,
exchange, tokens, allocation,
pricing, distribution, markets) to
apply in non-monetary contexts
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain Economics and Finance
Apparatus for constituting the present and the future
16
Bitcoin, Crypto-currencies Smart Contracts
Economics Finance
Spot, Cash Market Futures, Options
Market
Present Future
Source: http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-payment-systems, http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-financial-
networks, http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-temporality-smart-contract-timespecifiability-with-blocktime
Real-time payments Utility Settlement Coin
(USC) (8/24/16)
Temporality
Regime
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Decentralized Economics and Finance
Current mode is one kind of system for organizing access to resources
17
The organizing assumption of
economic systems has been
scarcity; an orientation to the
production and distribution of scarce
material goods. This no longer holds
in an era of digital services, non-rival
goods, and complementarity
Mindset Shifts:
1. Scarcity to Abundance
2. Labor to Fulfillment
3. Hierarchy to Decentralization
The organizing assumption of
financial systems has been the
control or at least prediction of
the future value of assets and
liabilities; finance = credit (credit
is really about trust). Also no
longer holding.
Mindset Shifts:
1. Access instead of Ownership
2. Topological Ranges instead
of Point Values
3. Assurity instead of
Insufficiency
Sources: http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/09/defining-blockchain-economy-what-is.html and New Economies and Finance at
the New School: http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf
Economics Finance
Present FutureTemporality
Regime
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Abundance Philosophy of Economics
Realization of decentralized economics and finance
18
Source: Swan, M. "Automation Economy: An Abundance Philosophy of Economics" In Emerging Technology and
Unemployment. Palgrave Macmillan. Forthcoming.
 Phase I: transition to Automation Economy
 Phase II: transition to Actualization Economy
A
B
C
Trust, Autonomy,
Recognition
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Technological Unemployment
 Key singularity-class challenge: orderly transition to the
Automation Economy
 Half (47%) of employment is at risk of automation in the next
two decades – Carl Frey, Oxford, 2015
 Why are there still so many jobs in a world that could be
automating more quickly? – David Autor, MIT, 2015
19
Source: Swan, M. "Automation Economy: An Abundance Philosophy of Economics" In Emerging Technology and
Unemployment. Palgrave Macmillan. Forthcoming.
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Agenda
I. Blockchain technology: What is it?
 Automation economy
II. Singularity-class applications
 Farther-future
 Friendly AI
 Bio-cryptoeconomy
 Nanotech/Synbio
 Blockchains in Space
 Nearer-term
 Financial services, Energy, Logistics
 IOT, Health, Economic Development
III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures
20
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Singularity-class Problems
(Kardashev-scale; impact 1 billion people within 10 years)
21
 Artificial Intelligence and deep learning
 Friendly AI and “What is consciousness?”
 Multi-species intelligence
 BCI cloudmind collaborations (>1 thinking)
 Virtual reality
 Integrating virtual and physical reality
 Nanotechnology and synthetic biology
 Space settlement
 Automation economy
 Autonomous driving
 Medical nanorobotics
 Manufacturing and social robotics
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
BCI: brain computer interface
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Argument: Blockchain can help all
Singularity-class Problems
22
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
 Any significant future operation running on
digital smartnetworks, needing coordination
 Blockchain properties
 Secure, trackable, automated coordination of
large-scale projects with many items
 Automated system of checks and balances; all
transactions must confirm via smartnetwork
 Moves any sort of quantized/unitized packets on
the smartnetwork: energy, cars, synapse firings
 Fleet management
 Autonomous vehicles, IOT sensors, social
robotics, synaptic connections, deep-learners,
medical nanorobots, planet terraformers, synbio
agents, environmental cleanup bots
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain AI Apps
Enact Friendly AI (Artificial Intelligence)
23
 Digital intelligences running on
consensus-managed
smartnetworks
 Not in isolation
 Good reputational standing
required to conduct operations
 Transactions to access resources
(like fund-raising), provide services,
enter into contracts, retire
 Smartnetwork consensus only
validates and records bonafide
transactions from ‘good’ agents
Sources: http://cointelegraph.com/news/113368/blockchain-ai-5-top-reasons-the-blockchain-will-deliver-friendly-ai,
http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/swan20141117
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Basic Application
Deep-thinkers Registry
 Register deep learners with
blockchains
 Tracking
 Security
 Remuneration
 Examples
 Autonomous lab robots
 On-chain IP discovery tracking
 Roving agricultural bots
 Manufacturing bots
 Intelligent gaming
 Go-playing algorithms
24
Source: Swan, M. Blockchain Thinking: The Brain as a DAC. Neural Turing Machines: https://arxiv.org/abs/1410.5401.
IPFS (Benet): https://medium.com/@ConsenSys/an-introduction-to-ipfs-9bba4860abd0#.bgig18cgp
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Advanced Application
BCI Cloudminds and Chainbrains
 Cloudmind: cloud-based thinking
entity, comprised of >1 brains
 Problem: Safe collaboration of minds
 Joining a cloudmind
collaboration, blockchains
(cryptographic ledgers) to
administer cloudminds
 Line-item tracking and credit-
assignation (like Github, or
SVN/CVS for brainstorming)
 Privacy, security, remuneration
 Protect against personal identity loss
and absorption into a groupmind
25
Source: http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-cloudminds-humanmachine-pooledmind-dacs; Mind’ is generally
denoting an entity with some capacity for processing, not the volitionary action and free will of a consciousness agent
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Nanotech Grey Goo and runaway Synbio
26
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
 Worry: Grey Goo (unchecked
nanotech proliferation), DNA-
printed synthetic bio-plague
 Science fiction examples: Blood
Music, Prey
 Solution: signing logged to
blockchains
 As physical-world engineers sign
the bridges they build, likewise
synbio engineers sign DNA and
nanotech designs
 Unavoidable “signing” per
detectable origins
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
 Medical nanorobotics as the coming-
onboard repair platform for the human
body
 Vision: a nanorobot in every cell
 Bio-Nano Repair DACs
 DAC: Decentralized Autonomous
Corporation (packages of smart contracts)
 Bio-cryptoeconomic principles
 High number of agents and “transactions”
 Secure automation is obvious requirement
 Bio-Nano Repair DACs for secure,
trackable automation and coordination of
medical nanorobotics for cellular repair
27
Sources: Bio-Cryptoeconomy: Nanorobotic DACs for Cell Repair and Enhancement
http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/08/bio-cryptoeconomy-nanorobotic-dacs-for.html
Bio-cryptoeconomy
Medical nanorobotic DACs to coordinate cell repair
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Spacechains: Blockchains in Space
28
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
 Advances in space
 Launch: microsats, small rockets, commercial
launch (reusability, rocket design), regular
Mars launches planned each 26 months with
large-cargo drops, communications networks,
 Light sail and optical propulsion
 Asteroid mining, space settlement, transport
 Exoplanet discovery in habitable zones (Alpha
Centauri, TRAPPIST-1)
 Singularity-class blockchain functionality
 Secure, trackable, automated coordination of
high numericity and dimensionality at scale
 Autonomous entities, Bitsat backup network
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchains and Singularity-class Problems
 Argument: smartnetworks thesis that
complex future operations will involve
automated coordination via
smartnetworks, using some kind of
technology like blockchains
 Blockchain smartnetwork properties:
 Asset registry and fleet coordination of
items (registry, ownership and transfer of
“quantized” units)
 Security
 Trackability
 Automation
 Coordination
29
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Crypto-Enlightenment
30
“One ought to think
autonomously, free of the
dictates of external authority”
- Immanuel Kant
Kant, I. "Answering the Question: What Is Enlightenment?" (German: Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklärung?). 1784.
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
 Level 1: the new literacy: digital literacy
 Manage private key access
 Back-up your money
 Manage digital identity, EMR health wallet
 Level 2: self-authority taking
 Designing personalized long-tail economic,
political, and social systems
 Civic project participations (P2P micropolis),
provide peergrid resources
Digital Cryptocitizen Sensibility
31
Source: Swan, M. Crypto Enlightenment: A Social Theory of Blockchains http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/the-crypto-
enlightenment-social-theory-of-blockchains; EMR: electronic medical record; P2P: peer-to-peer
Sense of duty in serving the republic
Civic Duty Civic Collaboration
Greek Statesman Cryptocitizen
Sense of meaning in sustaining community
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Agenda
I. Blockchain technology: What is it?
 Automation economy
II. Singularity-class applications
 Farther-future
 Friendly AI
 Bio-cryptoeconomy
 Nanotech/Synbio
 Blockchains in Space
 Nearer-term
 Financial services, Energy, Logistics
 IOT, Health, Economic Development
III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures
32
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Financial Services
 Distributed ledger
 Instant transaction validation
 Settlement, clearing, audit
 Simpler, more secure, less
expensive financial services
 Use case applications
 Industry-wide collaboration
 Securities asset registries
 Value chain efficiency:
custody, titling, insurance
 Financial-inclusion
addressable market
 Digital identity, banking
33
Source: https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/financial-services-corporate-blockchain-investments
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Energy grid smartnetworks
 Concept: the power grid of every
continent is an energy Internet
 “Quantized units” are energy:
kWh/kWm
 Use case applications
 Automatic markets: off-hour and
lowest cost demand fulfillment
 Smart grid management
 Energy price and trade validation
 Resource self-pricing
 Source fungibility: wind, solar power
 P2P microgrid infrastructure
34
Sources: Rifkin, J. The Zero Marginal Cost Society; https://www.newscientist.com/article/2079334-blockchain-based-
microgrid-gives-power-to-consumers-in-new-york/
Cryptosustainability Micropolis Example:
Peer-to-peer Microgrids
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Supply chain & logistics grid smartnetworks
 Tamper-proof record-keeping
 Register assets and inventory
 Assure provenance, custody
 Track quantity and transfer of assets
(pallets, trailers, containers) moving
through supply chain nodes
 Track purchase orders, change orders,
receipts, shipment notifications
 Assign and verify custody and product
certification
 Link physical goods to serial numbers,
bar codes, RFID tags
 Virtual reality rapid simulation and
event-history keeping (>transactions)
35
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Autonomous Driving
 Fleet coordination of “quantized
units” of km/miles and vehicles
 Autonomous passenger cars
 Singapore self-driving taxis - 8/24/16
 Uber’s first self-driving fleet arrives in
Pittsburgh – Aug 2016
 Commercial trucking
 “Autonomous Driving Long-Distance
Trucks within Ten Years” - 2014
36
Source: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/aug/25/hail-progress-singapore-launches-worlds-first-self-driving-taxi-
service, http://truckyeah.jalopnik.com/autonomous-driving-long-distance-trucks-will-be-a-reali-1603746933
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2016-08-18/uber-s-first-self-driving-fleet-arrives-in-pittsburgh-this-month-is06r7on
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain IOT
37
Sources: http://www.zdnet.com/article/internet-of-things-market-to-hit-7-1-trillion-by-2020-idc/,
http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
 Blockchain-based IOT connected objects
 M2M/IOT Bitcoin payment network to
enable the machine economy
 IOT 2020: 26 bn devices in a $7 tn market
 The economic layer the web never had
 Smarthome IOT networks
 Self-mining ecologies
 Privacy orchestration: devices, robotics, digital
personal health assistants
 Blockchains: economic principle-driven
large-scale resource allocation and
coordination mechanism Smartcity Connected
Car Coordination
Smarthome IOT and
Personal Robotics
Coordination
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain Social Robotics
 Personal voice assistants, social
robotics
 Implication: voice interfaces, all apps
become voice-activated and
interactive; “My Dad, the App”
 Requirements: security, financial
transactability, liability tracking
 Cross-cloud interconnection (IOT
smarthome, connected car, smartcity)
 Fleet coordination functionality
 Automated, secure, tracking/logging,
remuneration, transaction coordination,
apps/processes (smart contracts),
coordination (updates), audit log
38
Source: Swan, M. Philosophy of Social Robotics: Abundance Economics. Sociorobotics, 2016.
http://www.melanieswan.com/documents/SocialRobotics.pdf.
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
1. EMRs (electronic medical records)
 Personal health record access and administration
 Users key-permission doctors into records
2. Health insurance billing chains
 Blockchain-based health insurance claims processing:
automated proof of identity and insurance; claims payment
 Enable ahead of time service price-quoting
3. Digital health wallet
 Private key identity + EMR (medications) + health insurance info
+ payment data + basic income health plan administration
 Doctor vendor RFP services; preventive longevity treatments
4. Health Data Research Commons
 Biobanks, QS (DNA.bits), genome and connectome files
39
Source: http://futurememes.blogspot.fr/2014/09/blockchain-health-remunerative-health.html
Blockchain Health
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Bitcoin MOOCs
Long-tail of learning
 Blockchain-based “Kiva for literacy”
 Long-tail peer-to-peer learning contracts
 Literacy beyond reading
 Technical, agricultural, vocational literacy
 Blockchain-based personal development
contracts
 QS-biometric utility function imputation and tracking
 Maslow chains, subjectivation and actualization chains
 Development Economics 2.0: CoinDrops
 Literacy contracts, remittances, blockchain-tracked
aid, microcredit, decentralized credit bureaus
 Open-source FICO scores
 Peer-vouched reputation
40
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Politics: Legal services and Governance
41
 High impact, low current activity
 Local government RFPs for title registries
 Legal services: IP, contract registry, attestation
 Register contracts, agreements, wills, IP
 Functionality: hash + timestamp + blockchain record
 Voting: electronic ballot, identity confirmation
 Futarchy, delegative democracy, random sample
elections
 Opt-in personalized governance services
 Composting vs education; digital identity system,
voting, dispute resolution, basic income distribution,
public document registry
 Blockchain weddings (Bitcoin, Ethereum)
Sources: http://merkle.com/papers/DAOdemocracyDraft.pdf, http://www.proofofexistence.com/, https://bitnation.co/ , World’s First
Blockchain Marriage: David Mondrus and Joyce Bayo, 10/5/14, ConsenSys wedding : Kim Jackson and Zach LeBeau, 11/2/15
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Agenda
I. Blockchain technology: What is it?
 Automation economy
II. Singularity-class applications
 Farther-future
 Friendly AI
 Bio-cryptoeconomy
 Nanotech/Synbio
 Blockchains in Space
 Nearer-term
 Financial services, Energy, Logistics
 IOT, Health, Economic Development
III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures
42
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain downside and risks?
ISSUE
43
Satoshi Roundtable #3: Scaling Bitcoin Milan
Oct 8-9, 2016
Hacking Scandals
Mt Gox, Ethereum DAO, Bitfinex
Silk Road, drug dealers,
terrorists, criminals
Scalability, evolution
Block size, sidechains
Mining Centralization
RESPONSE
Centralization temporary; wide-spread at higher-
scale; move to 16 nm, solar/hydro-powered chips
Building resilient system constantly under open
attack 24/7 (remember early Internet DNS attacks)
Blockchains are a universal technology available to
all; non-criminal activity predominates
Early Internet: “this will never scale, insecure, not resilient;” Yahoo, AltaVista down for days due to DNS attacks
Source: http://www.coindesk.com/bitcoin-scaling-conference-italy
Technology Risk
Perception Risk
Regulatory Risk, Economic Risk
National government
regulation, bans
Governments modernizing economic infrastructure
with blockchains too; licensing, open dialogue
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain Strategies
Leadership Edge
 Blockchain is not a separate industry as
much as a new underlying technology
with applications in every industry
 New kind of more sophisticated Internet
technology for transferring value
 Multiple blockchains by industry with different
classes of encryption and mining paradigms
 Money and financial assets
 Energy, health, IOT, transportation fleets
 Developing a blockchain strategy
 Learn, including via industry user groups
 Engage with consulting firms
 Prototype, test, launch applications
44
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain Strategies
Leading with New Applications
 Re-invent value chain, identify…
 Digital value transfer opportunities
 Network intermediaries and coupling points
 Automation possibilities and new markets
 Example: banks targeting larger customer base
through blockchain-based eWallet solutions
1. Revenue-generating, customer-facing
 Offer blockchain-based services to clients
 Lead industry-wide blockchain initiatives: “Better EDI,”
single-ledger, supply chain inventory management
 Digital billing customer interface, tokenized interaction
2. Internal cost-savings, efficiency-improvement
 Quality assurance, test, audit, compliance, sales RFQ
 Finance, treasury, accounting, expense management
45
Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Conclusion
46
Beyond digitalizing money, payments,
economics, and finance, and governance,
blockchains are a singularity-class technology
that enables the secure, trackable, automated
coordination of planetary-scale projects
The implications could be an orderly transition
to the automation economy and trust-rich
human-machine collaboration in the digital
smartnetwork societies of the future
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Thesis Statement
Blockchain: a Singularity-class technology
 No other technology has the power to…
1. …uplift 2 billion people out of poverty
overnight
 intermediary-free international remittances
2. …produce a safe and orderly transition
to the automation economy
 humans and machines in collaboration,
friendly artificial intelligence enacted
3. …fundamentally transform the only
remaining sectors not yet re-
engineered for the Internet era:
economics and politics
47
Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Decentralized Economics and Finance
Blockchain academic collaboration
 New Economies and Finance at the New School
 Mission statement: http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf
 Join: https://www.facebook.com/groups/NewEconomies
 CFPs: books, special journal issues, conferences
 Decentralized Blockchain Economics and Finance
 http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/09/defining-blockchain-
economy-what-is.html
 “Blockchain Philosophy” 4,000 words, Wiley and Sons,
Metaphilosophy
 http://blockchainstudies.org/Metaphilosophy_CFP.pdf
 Events: NY and CA
 Rethink/ECONOMICS, Thursday, September 15, 7-9 pm
 http://www.meetup.com/NYC_Ethereum/events/233643675/
48
Sources: http://blockchainstudies.org and http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf
12 Sep 2016
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Spinoza and Crypto-Conatus
49
Conatus: perseverance as our “vital [life]
force” in interacting with the environment
we encounter, our “actual essence,”
where as individuals, we strive to sustain
and increase our power of acting in the
world, to “affect and be affected by”
Source: Spinoza, The Collected Works of Spinoza, vol. 1, 1985, Ethics, IVP18S, IVP35c2
Spinoza, Dutch
Philosopher
1632-1677
Amsterdam NL, 12 Sep 2016
Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga
Melanie Swan
Philosophy & Economic Theory
New School for Social Research, NY NY
melanie@BlockchainStudies.org
Blockchain Smartnetworks
Blockchain 101: the Automation Economy and the Future of Money
Part of a Series on Cryptophilosophy
cryptophilosophy
Thank You! Questions?

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Blockchain Smartnetworks

  • 1. Amsterdam NL, 12 Sep 2016 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan Philosophy & Economic Theory New School for Social Research, NY NY melanie@BlockchainStudies.org Blockchain Smartnetworks The Future of Finance and the Automation Economy Part of a Series on Cryptophilosophy cryptophilosophy
  • 2. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks 1 Melanie Swan, Blockchain Futurist  Philosophy and Economic Theory, New School for Social Research, New York NY  Founder, Institute for Blockchain Studies  Singularity University Instructor; Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technology Affiliate Scholar; EDGE Essayist; FQXi Advisor Traditional Markets Background Economics and Financial Theory Leadership New Economies research group Source: http://www.melanieswan.com, http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf, http://blockchainstudies.org/Metaphilosophy_CFP.pdf https://www.facebook.com/groups/NewEconomies
  • 3. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain 2 Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  • 4. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Thesis Statement Blockchain: a Singularity-class technology  No other technology has the power to… 1. …uplift 2 billion people out of poverty overnight  intermediary-free international remittance 2. …produce a safe and orderly transition to the automation economy  humans and machines in collaboration, friendly artificial intelligence enacted 3. …fundamentally transform the only remaining sectors not yet re- engineered for the Internet era: economics and politics 3 Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
  • 5. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Agenda I. Blockchain technology: What is it?  Automation economy II. Singularity-class applications  Farther-future  Friendly AI  Bio-cryptoeconomy  Nanotech/Synbio  Blockchains in Space  Nearer-term  Financial services, Energy, Logistics  IOT, Health, Economic Development III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures 4
  • 6. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain Technology: What is it? 5  Blockchain technology is the secure distributed ledger software that underlies cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin  “Internet of Money” leapfrog technology; Skype is an app allowing phone calls via Internet without POTS; Bitcoin is an app allowing money transfer via Internet without banks; ‘decentralized Paypal’ Internet (decentralized network) Blockchain Bitcoin Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491 Application Layer Protocol Layer Infrastructure Layer SMTP Email VoIP Phone calls OSI Protocol Stack:
  • 7. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain (not Bitcoin) is the revolution 6  Internet phase transitions  Phase I: transfer information  Modernize publishing, books, music, news, information  Phase 2: transfer value (money, property)  Modernize of economics and finance  Providing the digital payments layer the Internet never had  Instantiating the qualitative good of trust in the infrastructure Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  • 8. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Smartnetwork vision Pushing more complexity through the Internet pipes 7 Information Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491 Sci-fi inspiration: Accelerando, Lady of Mazes, Blindsight, The Golden Age, Glasshouse Confirmation of Automated Distribution of Transfer of  Growing classes of activities for smartnetwork execution  I: Information; II: Money, finance, economics; energy; supply chain, logistics, transportation; health; IOT; III: identity, preference, intangible resources Value Identity Preference Registration of 20161990 2025e 2050e 2075e Automated Propagation of Voting Policy Opinion Participation GBI Energy Trust Autonomy Recognition Economics Politics Ideas Health Collaboration opportunities Instantiation Upload integrity Smart- resources Smart- currencies 2090e Internet Smartnetwork
  • 9. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks 8 Currency Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491 Property: Assets Inventory Securities: stocks, bonds, government issue, futures and options, FX contracts Hard assets: cars, houses, global supply chain, medical inventories; Intangible assets: IP Money, digital payments, remittance Programmable smartmoney Fundamental enabling infrastructure Economics Governance & Legal Services Global-scale projects Politics Singularity All contractual arrangements Blockchain’s vast reach beyond currency Financial instruments: mortgage, loans Million-person genome banks, supply chain management, autonomous driving fleets Voting, identity, citizenship, civic services Legal documents, contracts, wills, agreements
  • 10. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Why is it called blockchain? Blockchain: a chain of transaction blocks  Every 10 minutes, the latest block of submitted transactions is validated (by cryptographic mining) and posted to a single distributed ledger  Each new block of transactions calls the last block, so that the transactions are chained together sequentially, hence the word blockchain 9 Source: Satoshi Nakamoto whitepaper: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf, https://blockexplorer.com
  • 11. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain crucial for the Singularity-class project: Financial Inclusion  Just as the Printing Press and the Internet flattened access to communicating information...  …blockchains are giving the power of the printing press to banking, credit, and money  Access to economic and financial systems (credit) as a basic human right (2 billion under-banked)  Long-tail economics: any two parties can transact on the network (eBay of money) 10 Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  • 12. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Issue: hierarchy is not scalable 11 Sources: What is Decentralization? http://futurememes.blogspot.com/search?q=datt.co, http://blog.midem.com/2016/04/blockchain-broken-music-industry/  Blockchains are a form of trust-making technology  A system of checks and balances that is universal and planetary-scale (Kardashev-level)  New tiers of scalability are needed  Million-genome repositories (largest is 3700 currently), connectome databases to reveal brain structure
  • 13. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Smartnetwork theme: design Optimality  Optimal mix of centralized and decentralized models  Rethinking Coase’s firm size  Manufacturing reorganization per electricity; industries rethought per decentralized networks  Tighter supply chain integration  Complexity design principles  Decentralization here to stay  Proven decentralized scalability paradigm: Internet  Bitcoin, blockchain, decentralization 12 Sources: Coase, RH, The Nature of The Firm, 1937, http://www3.nccu.edu.tw/~jsfeng/CPEC11.pdf Decentralization Blockchain Bitcoin
  • 14. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Smartnetwork intelligence (technical)  Network math  Nodes, vertices, graph theory  Information theory  Discrete and continuous, syntactic and semantic  Physics math  Statistical dynamics, turbulence, >Schrödinger equation  Machine-learning/deep-learning  Recurrent neural nets, structural equation modeling, causal graphical models  Complexity math  Power laws, fractals, nearest neighbor, fat tails, power laws, high coefficients, degrees of correlation, fractal behavior 13 Source: Blocktime: Blockchain Temporality http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  • 15. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Smartnetwork intelligence (conceptual)  Simultaneously global-local (crypto-synecdoche)  Arbitrarily-many levels of detail drill-up/down (fiat currency: 20)  Smoothest part of the curve (optimization)  Where is a function most differentiable, integrable?  Probability over causality  Structural equation modeling, causal graphical models  Fabrics, topologies, lattices, ecologies over point values  Convexity, randomness, and fragility  Markets, weather systems mostly behave normally  But long-tail black swans are part of their nature  Systems are evolving and dynamical 14 Source: http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/09/defining-blockchain-economy-what-is.html
  • 16. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Economic Principles: not just for Economics 15 Economic and Financial Principles  Traditional Deployment  Buy/sell transactions  Financial markets  Blockchain Deployment  Any interaction is a discovery and exchange process  Decentralized models supplement hierarchy  Demurrage: incitatory potential and resource redistribution across network nodes  Reciprocal mining communities (smarthome IOT, brain BCI) Blockchain technology is prompting a rethinking of economic principles and concepts (resources, exchange, tokens, allocation, pricing, distribution, markets) to apply in non-monetary contexts
  • 17. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain Economics and Finance Apparatus for constituting the present and the future 16 Bitcoin, Crypto-currencies Smart Contracts Economics Finance Spot, Cash Market Futures, Options Market Present Future Source: http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-payment-systems, http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-financial- networks, http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-temporality-smart-contract-timespecifiability-with-blocktime Real-time payments Utility Settlement Coin (USC) (8/24/16) Temporality Regime
  • 18. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Decentralized Economics and Finance Current mode is one kind of system for organizing access to resources 17 The organizing assumption of economic systems has been scarcity; an orientation to the production and distribution of scarce material goods. This no longer holds in an era of digital services, non-rival goods, and complementarity Mindset Shifts: 1. Scarcity to Abundance 2. Labor to Fulfillment 3. Hierarchy to Decentralization The organizing assumption of financial systems has been the control or at least prediction of the future value of assets and liabilities; finance = credit (credit is really about trust). Also no longer holding. Mindset Shifts: 1. Access instead of Ownership 2. Topological Ranges instead of Point Values 3. Assurity instead of Insufficiency Sources: http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/09/defining-blockchain-economy-what-is.html and New Economies and Finance at the New School: http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf Economics Finance Present FutureTemporality Regime
  • 19. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Abundance Philosophy of Economics Realization of decentralized economics and finance 18 Source: Swan, M. "Automation Economy: An Abundance Philosophy of Economics" In Emerging Technology and Unemployment. Palgrave Macmillan. Forthcoming.  Phase I: transition to Automation Economy  Phase II: transition to Actualization Economy A B C Trust, Autonomy, Recognition
  • 20. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Technological Unemployment  Key singularity-class challenge: orderly transition to the Automation Economy  Half (47%) of employment is at risk of automation in the next two decades – Carl Frey, Oxford, 2015  Why are there still so many jobs in a world that could be automating more quickly? – David Autor, MIT, 2015 19 Source: Swan, M. "Automation Economy: An Abundance Philosophy of Economics" In Emerging Technology and Unemployment. Palgrave Macmillan. Forthcoming.
  • 21. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Agenda I. Blockchain technology: What is it?  Automation economy II. Singularity-class applications  Farther-future  Friendly AI  Bio-cryptoeconomy  Nanotech/Synbio  Blockchains in Space  Nearer-term  Financial services, Energy, Logistics  IOT, Health, Economic Development III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures 20
  • 22. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Singularity-class Problems (Kardashev-scale; impact 1 billion people within 10 years) 21  Artificial Intelligence and deep learning  Friendly AI and “What is consciousness?”  Multi-species intelligence  BCI cloudmind collaborations (>1 thinking)  Virtual reality  Integrating virtual and physical reality  Nanotechnology and synthetic biology  Space settlement  Automation economy  Autonomous driving  Medical nanorobotics  Manufacturing and social robotics Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340 BCI: brain computer interface
  • 23. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Argument: Blockchain can help all Singularity-class Problems 22 Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340  Any significant future operation running on digital smartnetworks, needing coordination  Blockchain properties  Secure, trackable, automated coordination of large-scale projects with many items  Automated system of checks and balances; all transactions must confirm via smartnetwork  Moves any sort of quantized/unitized packets on the smartnetwork: energy, cars, synapse firings  Fleet management  Autonomous vehicles, IOT sensors, social robotics, synaptic connections, deep-learners, medical nanorobots, planet terraformers, synbio agents, environmental cleanup bots
  • 24. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain AI Apps Enact Friendly AI (Artificial Intelligence) 23  Digital intelligences running on consensus-managed smartnetworks  Not in isolation  Good reputational standing required to conduct operations  Transactions to access resources (like fund-raising), provide services, enter into contracts, retire  Smartnetwork consensus only validates and records bonafide transactions from ‘good’ agents Sources: http://cointelegraph.com/news/113368/blockchain-ai-5-top-reasons-the-blockchain-will-deliver-friendly-ai, http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/swan20141117
  • 25. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Basic Application Deep-thinkers Registry  Register deep learners with blockchains  Tracking  Security  Remuneration  Examples  Autonomous lab robots  On-chain IP discovery tracking  Roving agricultural bots  Manufacturing bots  Intelligent gaming  Go-playing algorithms 24 Source: Swan, M. Blockchain Thinking: The Brain as a DAC. Neural Turing Machines: https://arxiv.org/abs/1410.5401. IPFS (Benet): https://medium.com/@ConsenSys/an-introduction-to-ipfs-9bba4860abd0#.bgig18cgp
  • 26. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Advanced Application BCI Cloudminds and Chainbrains  Cloudmind: cloud-based thinking entity, comprised of >1 brains  Problem: Safe collaboration of minds  Joining a cloudmind collaboration, blockchains (cryptographic ledgers) to administer cloudminds  Line-item tracking and credit- assignation (like Github, or SVN/CVS for brainstorming)  Privacy, security, remuneration  Protect against personal identity loss and absorption into a groupmind 25 Source: http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-cloudminds-humanmachine-pooledmind-dacs; Mind’ is generally denoting an entity with some capacity for processing, not the volitionary action and free will of a consciousness agent
  • 27. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Nanotech Grey Goo and runaway Synbio 26 Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340  Worry: Grey Goo (unchecked nanotech proliferation), DNA- printed synthetic bio-plague  Science fiction examples: Blood Music, Prey  Solution: signing logged to blockchains  As physical-world engineers sign the bridges they build, likewise synbio engineers sign DNA and nanotech designs  Unavoidable “signing” per detectable origins
  • 28. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks  Medical nanorobotics as the coming- onboard repair platform for the human body  Vision: a nanorobot in every cell  Bio-Nano Repair DACs  DAC: Decentralized Autonomous Corporation (packages of smart contracts)  Bio-cryptoeconomic principles  High number of agents and “transactions”  Secure automation is obvious requirement  Bio-Nano Repair DACs for secure, trackable automation and coordination of medical nanorobotics for cellular repair 27 Sources: Bio-Cryptoeconomy: Nanorobotic DACs for Cell Repair and Enhancement http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/08/bio-cryptoeconomy-nanorobotic-dacs-for.html Bio-cryptoeconomy Medical nanorobotic DACs to coordinate cell repair
  • 29. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Spacechains: Blockchains in Space 28 Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340  Advances in space  Launch: microsats, small rockets, commercial launch (reusability, rocket design), regular Mars launches planned each 26 months with large-cargo drops, communications networks,  Light sail and optical propulsion  Asteroid mining, space settlement, transport  Exoplanet discovery in habitable zones (Alpha Centauri, TRAPPIST-1)  Singularity-class blockchain functionality  Secure, trackable, automated coordination of high numericity and dimensionality at scale  Autonomous entities, Bitsat backup network
  • 30. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchains and Singularity-class Problems  Argument: smartnetworks thesis that complex future operations will involve automated coordination via smartnetworks, using some kind of technology like blockchains  Blockchain smartnetwork properties:  Asset registry and fleet coordination of items (registry, ownership and transfer of “quantized” units)  Security  Trackability  Automation  Coordination 29 Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
  • 31. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Crypto-Enlightenment 30 “One ought to think autonomously, free of the dictates of external authority” - Immanuel Kant Kant, I. "Answering the Question: What Is Enlightenment?" (German: Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklärung?). 1784.
  • 32. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks  Level 1: the new literacy: digital literacy  Manage private key access  Back-up your money  Manage digital identity, EMR health wallet  Level 2: self-authority taking  Designing personalized long-tail economic, political, and social systems  Civic project participations (P2P micropolis), provide peergrid resources Digital Cryptocitizen Sensibility 31 Source: Swan, M. Crypto Enlightenment: A Social Theory of Blockchains http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/the-crypto- enlightenment-social-theory-of-blockchains; EMR: electronic medical record; P2P: peer-to-peer Sense of duty in serving the republic Civic Duty Civic Collaboration Greek Statesman Cryptocitizen Sense of meaning in sustaining community
  • 33. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Agenda I. Blockchain technology: What is it?  Automation economy II. Singularity-class applications  Farther-future  Friendly AI  Bio-cryptoeconomy  Nanotech/Synbio  Blockchains in Space  Nearer-term  Financial services, Energy, Logistics  IOT, Health, Economic Development III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures 32
  • 34. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Financial Services  Distributed ledger  Instant transaction validation  Settlement, clearing, audit  Simpler, more secure, less expensive financial services  Use case applications  Industry-wide collaboration  Securities asset registries  Value chain efficiency: custody, titling, insurance  Financial-inclusion addressable market  Digital identity, banking 33 Source: https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/financial-services-corporate-blockchain-investments
  • 35. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Energy grid smartnetworks  Concept: the power grid of every continent is an energy Internet  “Quantized units” are energy: kWh/kWm  Use case applications  Automatic markets: off-hour and lowest cost demand fulfillment  Smart grid management  Energy price and trade validation  Resource self-pricing  Source fungibility: wind, solar power  P2P microgrid infrastructure 34 Sources: Rifkin, J. The Zero Marginal Cost Society; https://www.newscientist.com/article/2079334-blockchain-based- microgrid-gives-power-to-consumers-in-new-york/ Cryptosustainability Micropolis Example: Peer-to-peer Microgrids
  • 36. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Supply chain & logistics grid smartnetworks  Tamper-proof record-keeping  Register assets and inventory  Assure provenance, custody  Track quantity and transfer of assets (pallets, trailers, containers) moving through supply chain nodes  Track purchase orders, change orders, receipts, shipment notifications  Assign and verify custody and product certification  Link physical goods to serial numbers, bar codes, RFID tags  Virtual reality rapid simulation and event-history keeping (>transactions) 35
  • 37. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Autonomous Driving  Fleet coordination of “quantized units” of km/miles and vehicles  Autonomous passenger cars  Singapore self-driving taxis - 8/24/16  Uber’s first self-driving fleet arrives in Pittsburgh – Aug 2016  Commercial trucking  “Autonomous Driving Long-Distance Trucks within Ten Years” - 2014 36 Source: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/aug/25/hail-progress-singapore-launches-worlds-first-self-driving-taxi- service, http://truckyeah.jalopnik.com/autonomous-driving-long-distance-trucks-will-be-a-reali-1603746933 http://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2016-08-18/uber-s-first-self-driving-fleet-arrives-in-pittsburgh-this-month-is06r7on
  • 38. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain IOT 37 Sources: http://www.zdnet.com/article/internet-of-things-market-to-hit-7-1-trillion-by-2020-idc/, http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491  Blockchain-based IOT connected objects  M2M/IOT Bitcoin payment network to enable the machine economy  IOT 2020: 26 bn devices in a $7 tn market  The economic layer the web never had  Smarthome IOT networks  Self-mining ecologies  Privacy orchestration: devices, robotics, digital personal health assistants  Blockchains: economic principle-driven large-scale resource allocation and coordination mechanism Smartcity Connected Car Coordination Smarthome IOT and Personal Robotics Coordination
  • 39. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain Social Robotics  Personal voice assistants, social robotics  Implication: voice interfaces, all apps become voice-activated and interactive; “My Dad, the App”  Requirements: security, financial transactability, liability tracking  Cross-cloud interconnection (IOT smarthome, connected car, smartcity)  Fleet coordination functionality  Automated, secure, tracking/logging, remuneration, transaction coordination, apps/processes (smart contracts), coordination (updates), audit log 38 Source: Swan, M. Philosophy of Social Robotics: Abundance Economics. Sociorobotics, 2016. http://www.melanieswan.com/documents/SocialRobotics.pdf.
  • 40. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks 1. EMRs (electronic medical records)  Personal health record access and administration  Users key-permission doctors into records 2. Health insurance billing chains  Blockchain-based health insurance claims processing: automated proof of identity and insurance; claims payment  Enable ahead of time service price-quoting 3. Digital health wallet  Private key identity + EMR (medications) + health insurance info + payment data + basic income health plan administration  Doctor vendor RFP services; preventive longevity treatments 4. Health Data Research Commons  Biobanks, QS (DNA.bits), genome and connectome files 39 Source: http://futurememes.blogspot.fr/2014/09/blockchain-health-remunerative-health.html Blockchain Health
  • 41. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Bitcoin MOOCs Long-tail of learning  Blockchain-based “Kiva for literacy”  Long-tail peer-to-peer learning contracts  Literacy beyond reading  Technical, agricultural, vocational literacy  Blockchain-based personal development contracts  QS-biometric utility function imputation and tracking  Maslow chains, subjectivation and actualization chains  Development Economics 2.0: CoinDrops  Literacy contracts, remittances, blockchain-tracked aid, microcredit, decentralized credit bureaus  Open-source FICO scores  Peer-vouched reputation 40
  • 42. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Politics: Legal services and Governance 41  High impact, low current activity  Local government RFPs for title registries  Legal services: IP, contract registry, attestation  Register contracts, agreements, wills, IP  Functionality: hash + timestamp + blockchain record  Voting: electronic ballot, identity confirmation  Futarchy, delegative democracy, random sample elections  Opt-in personalized governance services  Composting vs education; digital identity system, voting, dispute resolution, basic income distribution, public document registry  Blockchain weddings (Bitcoin, Ethereum) Sources: http://merkle.com/papers/DAOdemocracyDraft.pdf, http://www.proofofexistence.com/, https://bitnation.co/ , World’s First Blockchain Marriage: David Mondrus and Joyce Bayo, 10/5/14, ConsenSys wedding : Kim Jackson and Zach LeBeau, 11/2/15
  • 43. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Agenda I. Blockchain technology: What is it?  Automation economy II. Singularity-class applications  Farther-future  Friendly AI  Bio-cryptoeconomy  Nanotech/Synbio  Blockchains in Space  Nearer-term  Financial services, Energy, Logistics  IOT, Health, Economic Development III. Conclusion: our Singularity futures 42
  • 44. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain downside and risks? ISSUE 43 Satoshi Roundtable #3: Scaling Bitcoin Milan Oct 8-9, 2016 Hacking Scandals Mt Gox, Ethereum DAO, Bitfinex Silk Road, drug dealers, terrorists, criminals Scalability, evolution Block size, sidechains Mining Centralization RESPONSE Centralization temporary; wide-spread at higher- scale; move to 16 nm, solar/hydro-powered chips Building resilient system constantly under open attack 24/7 (remember early Internet DNS attacks) Blockchains are a universal technology available to all; non-criminal activity predominates Early Internet: “this will never scale, insecure, not resilient;” Yahoo, AltaVista down for days due to DNS attacks Source: http://www.coindesk.com/bitcoin-scaling-conference-italy Technology Risk Perception Risk Regulatory Risk, Economic Risk National government regulation, bans Governments modernizing economic infrastructure with blockchains too; licensing, open dialogue
  • 45. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain Strategies Leadership Edge  Blockchain is not a separate industry as much as a new underlying technology with applications in every industry  New kind of more sophisticated Internet technology for transferring value  Multiple blockchains by industry with different classes of encryption and mining paradigms  Money and financial assets  Energy, health, IOT, transportation fleets  Developing a blockchain strategy  Learn, including via industry user groups  Engage with consulting firms  Prototype, test, launch applications 44 Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  • 46. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain Strategies Leading with New Applications  Re-invent value chain, identify…  Digital value transfer opportunities  Network intermediaries and coupling points  Automation possibilities and new markets  Example: banks targeting larger customer base through blockchain-based eWallet solutions 1. Revenue-generating, customer-facing  Offer blockchain-based services to clients  Lead industry-wide blockchain initiatives: “Better EDI,” single-ledger, supply chain inventory management  Digital billing customer interface, tokenized interaction 2. Internal cost-savings, efficiency-improvement  Quality assurance, test, audit, compliance, sales RFQ  Finance, treasury, accounting, expense management 45 Source: http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  • 47. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Conclusion 46 Beyond digitalizing money, payments, economics, and finance, and governance, blockchains are a singularity-class technology that enables the secure, trackable, automated coordination of planetary-scale projects The implications could be an orderly transition to the automation economy and trust-rich human-machine collaboration in the digital smartnetwork societies of the future
  • 48. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Thesis Statement Blockchain: a Singularity-class technology  No other technology has the power to… 1. …uplift 2 billion people out of poverty overnight  intermediary-free international remittances 2. …produce a safe and orderly transition to the automation economy  humans and machines in collaboration, friendly artificial intelligence enacted 3. …fundamentally transform the only remaining sectors not yet re- engineered for the Internet era: economics and politics 47 Source: Blockchain Singularities :http://www.slideshare.net/lablogga/blockchain-singularities-65443340
  • 49. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Decentralized Economics and Finance Blockchain academic collaboration  New Economies and Finance at the New School  Mission statement: http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf  Join: https://www.facebook.com/groups/NewEconomies  CFPs: books, special journal issues, conferences  Decentralized Blockchain Economics and Finance  http://futurememes.blogspot.com/2016/09/defining-blockchain- economy-what-is.html  “Blockchain Philosophy” 4,000 words, Wiley and Sons, Metaphilosophy  http://blockchainstudies.org/Metaphilosophy_CFP.pdf  Events: NY and CA  Rethink/ECONOMICS, Thursday, September 15, 7-9 pm  http://www.meetup.com/NYC_Ethereum/events/233643675/ 48 Sources: http://blockchainstudies.org and http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf
  • 50. 12 Sep 2016 Blockchain Smartnetworks Spinoza and Crypto-Conatus 49 Conatus: perseverance as our “vital [life] force” in interacting with the environment we encounter, our “actual essence,” where as individuals, we strive to sustain and increase our power of acting in the world, to “affect and be affected by” Source: Spinoza, The Collected Works of Spinoza, vol. 1, 1985, Ethics, IVP18S, IVP35c2 Spinoza, Dutch Philosopher 1632-1677
  • 51. Amsterdam NL, 12 Sep 2016 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan Philosophy & Economic Theory New School for Social Research, NY NY melanie@BlockchainStudies.org Blockchain Smartnetworks Blockchain 101: the Automation Economy and the Future of Money Part of a Series on Cryptophilosophy cryptophilosophy Thank You! Questions?