SlideShare a Scribd company logo
TUHH
                                    Between manifold and
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg




                                             completeness
                             - mathematics and form in the
                                  work of Wilhelm Ostwald
                                   with crosslinks to Wald


                                                             Thomas Hapke
                                                             University Library
                                                             Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH)
   International workshop
   "Wald, Positivism, and Chemistry"
   Pruhonice (Prague), October 16-17, 2009

    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009        Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                                     Holiday on Rügen …




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         … and a surprising discovery




                       A connection of art and chemistry
    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                   Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Mathematics in chemistry



         „The concept of the chemical compound
           has become a mathematical one.―
                   (N.S. Kurnakow 1914)




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                 Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                                                      The thread

             •     Ostwald and mathematics
             •     Manifold
             •     Applying combinatorics
             •     The concept of completeness
             •     The hidden tradition of
                   ‚in-formation‗ in chemistry




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Ostwald and mathematics


                                                   „Pure mathematics was
                                                     alien to him; an attempt
                                                     to arrive at, led him
                                                     instead to positivistic
                                                     philosophy.―

                                                                       (P. Günther 1953)



    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                 Thomas Hapke, October 2009       Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Ostwald, mathematics and
                                                       philosophy
          • First inspiration for philosophical
            thinking
          • „General― issues are neccessary because
            of „overload with new scholarly work and
            publications―
          • An „elementary table of concepts―
          • Mathematics as basis for scientific unity



    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Manifold - Mannigfaltigkeit


         • Use of term part of the „zeitgeist―
         • Variety, plurality, complexity, diversity,
           manifoldness
         • Mathematical term: manifold – a bridge
           between algebra and geometry




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Manifold for František Wald
                                                              (1903)
        ―For a given problem of experimental
          research, it seems to be the first task to
          get clarity about the manifold, that
          means the nature and quantity of the
          independent and variabel pieces, which
          determines the phenomena being found.‖
        Describing phenomena as complete as
          possible without using too few or too
          much parameters for their description!
        A manifold as a property of a model or
          theory!
    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                   Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                                   Manifold for Ostwald

         „the entirety of any ordered – or related to
           each other – entities or objects―




                                                Logics
                                                as the science of manifold




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg   Combinatorics in Ostwald‗s
                                              philosophy of nature
                                               •   Part of his theory of order
                                               •   Reference to Leibniz
                                               •   Combinatorics of concepts
                                               •   Method of research

                                               „ The application of
                                                combinatorics in
                                                scholarship is far from
                                                being widespread, as it
                                                should be.― (Ostwald 1914)
    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg                            Combinatorics
                                                             as research method

                                           • Determination of position of a
                                            subject in the pyramid of
                                            sciences
                                           • Looking for elemental
                                             concepts
                                           • Combination of concepts
                                             through combinatorics




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg   Combinatorics and creativity

     „Combinatorics doesn‗t replace productive
     imagination only, but is superior to it!―


     Combinatorics and intellectual property
     today:
     Share, reuse, and remix — legally.




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                 Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Ostwald‗s theory of colors




    Mathetic, physical, chemical,
    physiological and psychological
    theory of colors


    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg                        Combinatorics of …

                                                                      … saturated colours
                                                                      combined with
                                                                      white and black
                                                                      fractions




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009        Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg              Ostwald‗s impact on …



                                                                      • Werkbund
                                                                      • De Stijl
                                                                      • Bauhaus




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009       Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Ostwald‗s theory of forms

            Creation of ornaments and new forms
             which were „all beautiful, without any
             exception!―
                                                                       (Ostwald 1922)



                                              Order
                                              = Legality
                                              = Harmony

    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                 Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg                            Harmony of forms

   Regular triangel,
   tetragon, and
   hexagon as
   elements


   Construction of
   ornaments
   through
   symmetrical
   operations



    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009    Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Completeness in chemistry


         Proof of the law of equivalent proportions
          „was based on the experience of
          completeness (‚Restlosigkeit‗) of
          ordinary chemical processes.―

                                                                        (Ostwald 1929)




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         Completeness in chemistry

         The concept of completeness
          („Vollständigkeit―, „complétude―), the
          „need to fill out the picture … appeared
          in the doctrine of chemical substances―

                                                                 (Gaston Bachelard 1940)




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009    Between manifold and completeness
TUHH                   Completeness
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg




        as part of „zeitgeist― around 1900
        Different German notions:
        • Vollständigkeit:
          heuristic method,
          redundant conclusions
          are not important
        • Restlosigkeit:
          View on plentifulness,
          attention to every least
          detail

    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg                           „The World Brain―

                                              Foundation of the „Bridge –
                                              International Institute for the
                                              Organisation of intellectual
                                              work―(1911-1914)

                                              Completeness as
                                              thoroughness and accuracy in
                                              opposite to superficiality




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009    Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg   Organisation of scholarly work


                                                           • Building a comprehensive
                                                           encyclopedia as „handbook of
                                                           the future―
                                                           • Standardization of paper
                                                           formats
                                                           • Knowledge fragmentation




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg                   Splitting scholarly
                                                         communication in
                                                       smaller components
                                                    (Monographic principle)


                                               ―Principle of the independent
                                               use of the individual piece"


                                               "Klassiker" as an example


    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg   Use of decimal classification
                                                     as „framework―




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                 Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         International Institute of
                                                        Chemistry




                                                                 Principle of completeness
                                                                 should rule!

    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                 Thomas Hapke, October 2009     Between manifold and completeness
TUHH                      Restlosigkeit
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg




          as reason for failure of the Bridge
                                                                      (Ostwald 1927)




         Collecting everything,
         also ephemera
         like advertising stamps

    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                                                Summary

      • Coping with manifoldness of the world/senses

      • Chemistry „as a combinatorial art― (P. Laszlo)

      • Connection between organisational principles
      of the Bridge and chemical thinking




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg   Bridge activities and chemistry

         • Monographic                                             • Chemical elements
         principle: Elements of
         scholarly work

         • Organising:                                             • Analysing and
           dividing and                                              synthesising
           combining

         • „Restlosigkeit―                                         • Completeness

         • Standardization                                         • Standardization

         • Decimal classification                                  • Periodical system

    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                   Thomas Hapke, October 2009      Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                            The hidden tradition of
                                          information in chemistry

                                         Chemistry as „closed science―:
                                         „All the shelf space will come
                                         to be filled―

                                         Combinatorics as a way out of the
                                         „closed shop―

                                                                                  (Steve Fuller)




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                  Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                           Why were so many
                                         information pioneers
                                        educated as chemists?
                                   What have they in common?
     • Sense of completeness
     • Necessity of standardization and structuring
     • Common activities:
     „Identifying, naming, and classifying―
      (Bensaude-Vincent)
     • Role of language


    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                         My World of In-Form-ation

                                                            Culture
                                                                           Chemistry


                    Knowledge                         Transformation

                                                                                Design
                          Competence                        Form

           Media                         In-formation                      Formation        Creativity



                      Communication                          Education
                                                                                  Learning



    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                     Thomas Hapke, October 2009        Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg                                More:
                Thomas Hapke
                hapke@tu-harburg.de
                http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/192.html

    „Combinatorics and order as a foundation of creativity, information organisation
    and art in the work of Wilhelm Ostwald“.
    Conference poster Mai 2008: http://doku.b.tu-harburg.de/volltexte/2008/404/
    Weblog Creative Combinatorics http://notes.hapke.de

    Wilhelm Ostwald, the "Brücke" (Bridge), and connections to other bibliographic
    activities at the beginning of the twentieth century. In: Proceedings of the 1998
    Conference on the History and Heritage of Science Information Systems
    http://www.chemheritage.org/explore/ASIS_documents/ASIS98_Hapke.pdf

    Archive of the ‘History of information systems’ category in „Hapke-Weblog - About
    information literacy, history, philosophy, education and beyond“
    http://blog.hapke.de/?cat=5




    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009      Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                                   Further references 1
  • Bachelard, G. (1968) The philosophy of no : a philosophy of the new scientific
  mind. New York: Orion Press.
  • Bensaude-Vincent, B. (2009) Philosophy of chemistry. In Brenner, A. et al.
  (eds.) French studies in the philospphy of science : contemporary research in
  France. Berlin: Springer, p. 165-186.
  • Fuller, S. (2008) A tale of two narratives: prolegomena to an alternative history
  of library and information science. Rayward, W.B. (ed.) European modernism and
  the information society : informing the present, understanding the past.
  Aldershot: Ashgate, 59-73.
  • Günther, P. (1953) Wilhelm Ostwalds Wirken in seiner Zeit. Angewandte
  Chemie 65, 497-502.
  • Krajewski, M. (2006) Restlosigkeit : Weltprojekte um 1900. Frankfurt a. M.:
  Fischer.
  • Kurnakow, N.S. (1914) Verbindung und chemisches Individuum. Zeitschrift für
  anorganische Chemie 88, 109-127
  • Laszlo, P. (1999) Circulation of concepts. Foundations of chemistry 1, 225-239.
  • Ostwald W. (2003) Lebenslinien – eine Selbstbiographie : nach der Ausg. von
  1926/27. Stuttgart: Hirzel.


    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness
TUHH
Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
                                                   Further references 2
   • Ostwald, W. (1929) J. B. Richter. In Bugge, G. (ed.) Das Buch der grossen
   Chemiker : unter Mitwirkung namhafter Gelehrter. Weinheim: Verlag Chemie,
   vol. 1, p. 369-377.
   • Ostwald, W. (1929) Kombinatorik und schaffende Phantasie (1929).
   Ostwald, W. Forschen und Nutzen. Wilhelm Ostwald zur wissenschaftlichen
   Arbeit, Berlin 1978 (2. ext. ed.. 1982), 28-30.
   • Ostwald, W. (1914) Memorial on the foundation of an International Chemical
   Institute. Science 40, 147-158.
   • Ostwald, W. (1911) Natural philosophy. London : Williams and Norgate.
   • Ostwald, W. (1904) On the theory of science. Congress of arts and science :
   universal exposition, St. Louis, 1904. Sopka, K.R. (ed.) (1986) Physics for a
   new century : papers presented at the 1904 St. Louis Congress. American
   Institute of Physics, 17-36.
   • Wald, F. (1903) Über die Mannigfaltigkeit chemischer Erscheinungen. Annalen
   der Naturphilosophie 2, 108-132.
   • Ziche, P. (2008) Wissenschaftslandschaften um 1900 : Philosophie, die
   Wissenschaften und der nichtreduktive Szientismus. Zürich: Chronos.


    www.tub.tu-harburg.de                Thomas Hapke, October 2009   Between manifold and completeness

More Related Content

More from Thomas Hapke

Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...
Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...
Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...
Thomas Hapke
 
Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...
Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...
Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...
Thomas Hapke
 
Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...
Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...
Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...
Thomas Hapke
 
Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...
Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...
Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...
Thomas Hapke
 
Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...
Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...
Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...
Thomas Hapke
 
Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...
Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...
Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...
Thomas Hapke
 
Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...
Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...
Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...
Thomas Hapke
 
Fachinformation finden
Fachinformation findenFachinformation finden
Fachinformation finden
Thomas Hapke
 
Zitieren und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten
Zitieren und wissenschaftliche ArbeitenZitieren und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten
Zitieren und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten
Thomas Hapke
 
Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...
Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...
Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...
Thomas Hapke
 
Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...
Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...
Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...
Thomas Hapke
 
Life-Cycle Wissenschaftliche Kommunikation
Life-Cycle Wissenschaftliche KommunikationLife-Cycle Wissenschaftliche Kommunikation
Life-Cycle Wissenschaftliche Kommunikation
Thomas Hapke
 
TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!
TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!
TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!Thomas Hapke
 
Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!
Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!
Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!
Thomas Hapke
 
[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…
[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…
[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…Thomas Hapke
 
Zur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-Systeme
Zur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-SystemeZur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-Systeme
Zur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-Systeme
Thomas Hapke
 
Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar
Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar
Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar
Thomas Hapke
 
Information culture - different views on information literacy
Information culture - different views on information literacyInformation culture - different views on information literacy
Information culture - different views on information literacy
Thomas Hapke
 
Finding and managing engineering information
Finding and managing engineering informationFinding and managing engineering information
Finding and managing engineering information
Thomas Hapke
 
Google und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des Internets
Google und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des InternetsGoogle und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des Internets
Google und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des Internets
Thomas Hapke
 

More from Thomas Hapke (20)

Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...
Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...
Von Fotos und Formaten - Sammeln und Normieren in Informations- und Technikge...
 
Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...
Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...
Mehr als Google: Fachinformation finden – die Nadel im Heuhaufen und die TUHH...
 
Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...
Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...
Mitnehmen, Lesen, Freilassen - offizielle Bookcrossing-Zone in der TUHH-Bibli...
 
Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...
Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...
Informationskompetenz in sich ständig verändernden Informationsumgebungen - z...
 
Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...
Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...
Fachinformation nutzen plus: Volltexte und Open Access - Recherchieren in Suc...
 
Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...
Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...
Fachinformation nutzen - Volltexte, Suchmaschinen, Kataloge, Datenbanken, Wis...
 
Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...
Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...
Vom Karteikasten zum Internet - Informationsbeschaffung und -vermittlung hist...
 
Fachinformation finden
Fachinformation findenFachinformation finden
Fachinformation finden
 
Zitieren und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten
Zitieren und wissenschaftliche ArbeitenZitieren und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten
Zitieren und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten
 
Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...
Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...
Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digg...
 
Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...
Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...
Finden – Zitieren – Kombinieren : Nachdenkliche Erkundungen in der digitalen ...
 
Life-Cycle Wissenschaftliche Kommunikation
Life-Cycle Wissenschaftliche KommunikationLife-Cycle Wissenschaftliche Kommunikation
Life-Cycle Wissenschaftliche Kommunikation
 
TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!
TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!
TUB HH - Universitaetsbibliothek der TUHH: Eine Bibliothek im Uebergang!
 
Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!
Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!
Welcome at TUHH library - A library in transition!
 
[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…
[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…
[D]er Keim fuer [...] die technische Organisation der Wissenschaft : Ost…
 
Zur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-Systeme
Zur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-SystemeZur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-Systeme
Zur sozialen Konstruktion von Recherche-Ergebnissen - Discovery-Systeme
 
Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar
Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar
Social Media in der taeglichen Arbeit als wissenschaftlicher Bibliothekar
 
Information culture - different views on information literacy
Information culture - different views on information literacyInformation culture - different views on information literacy
Information culture - different views on information literacy
 
Finding and managing engineering information
Finding and managing engineering informationFinding and managing engineering information
Finding and managing engineering information
 
Google und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des Internets
Google und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des InternetsGoogle und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des Internets
Google und Wikipedia damals - Zur Fruehgeschichte des Internets
 

Recently uploaded

Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Henry Hollis
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
MJDuyan
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
IsmaelVazquez38
 
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
TechSoup
 
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour TrainingNutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
melliereed
 
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School DistrictJuneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
David Douglas School District
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
GeorgeMilliken2
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
Mohammad Al-Dhahabi
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
EduSkills OECD
 
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptxChapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Denish Jangid
 
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
imrankhan141184
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Krassimira Luka
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
deepaannamalai16
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
zuzanka
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
 
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
 
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour TrainingNutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
 
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School DistrictJuneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
 
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptxChapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
 
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
 
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
 

Between manifold and completeness - mathematics and form in the work of Wilhelm Ostwald€¦

  • 1. TUHH Between manifold and Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg completeness - mathematics and form in the work of Wilhelm Ostwald with crosslinks to Wald Thomas Hapke University Library Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) International workshop "Wald, Positivism, and Chemistry" Pruhonice (Prague), October 16-17, 2009 www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 2. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Holiday on Rügen … www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 3. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg … and a surprising discovery A connection of art and chemistry www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 4. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Mathematics in chemistry „The concept of the chemical compound has become a mathematical one.― (N.S. Kurnakow 1914) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 5. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg The thread • Ostwald and mathematics • Manifold • Applying combinatorics • The concept of completeness • The hidden tradition of ‚in-formation‗ in chemistry www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 6. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Ostwald and mathematics „Pure mathematics was alien to him; an attempt to arrive at, led him instead to positivistic philosophy.― (P. Günther 1953) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 7. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Ostwald, mathematics and philosophy • First inspiration for philosophical thinking • „General― issues are neccessary because of „overload with new scholarly work and publications― • An „elementary table of concepts― • Mathematics as basis for scientific unity www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 8. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Manifold - Mannigfaltigkeit • Use of term part of the „zeitgeist― • Variety, plurality, complexity, diversity, manifoldness • Mathematical term: manifold – a bridge between algebra and geometry www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 9. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Manifold for František Wald (1903) ―For a given problem of experimental research, it seems to be the first task to get clarity about the manifold, that means the nature and quantity of the independent and variabel pieces, which determines the phenomena being found.‖ Describing phenomena as complete as possible without using too few or too much parameters for their description! A manifold as a property of a model or theory! www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 10. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Manifold for Ostwald „the entirety of any ordered – or related to each other – entities or objects― Logics as the science of manifold www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 11. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Combinatorics in Ostwald‗s philosophy of nature • Part of his theory of order • Reference to Leibniz • Combinatorics of concepts • Method of research „ The application of combinatorics in scholarship is far from being widespread, as it should be.― (Ostwald 1914) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 12. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Combinatorics as research method • Determination of position of a subject in the pyramid of sciences • Looking for elemental concepts • Combination of concepts through combinatorics www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 13. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Combinatorics and creativity „Combinatorics doesn‗t replace productive imagination only, but is superior to it!― Combinatorics and intellectual property today: Share, reuse, and remix — legally. www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 14. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Ostwald‗s theory of colors Mathetic, physical, chemical, physiological and psychological theory of colors www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 15. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Combinatorics of … … saturated colours combined with white and black fractions www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 16. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Ostwald‗s impact on … • Werkbund • De Stijl • Bauhaus www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 17. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Ostwald‗s theory of forms Creation of ornaments and new forms which were „all beautiful, without any exception!― (Ostwald 1922) Order = Legality = Harmony www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 18. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Harmony of forms Regular triangel, tetragon, and hexagon as elements Construction of ornaments through symmetrical operations www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 19. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Completeness in chemistry Proof of the law of equivalent proportions „was based on the experience of completeness (‚Restlosigkeit‗) of ordinary chemical processes.― (Ostwald 1929) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 20. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Completeness in chemistry The concept of completeness („Vollständigkeit―, „complétude―), the „need to fill out the picture … appeared in the doctrine of chemical substances― (Gaston Bachelard 1940) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 21. TUHH Completeness Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg as part of „zeitgeist― around 1900 Different German notions: • Vollständigkeit: heuristic method, redundant conclusions are not important • Restlosigkeit: View on plentifulness, attention to every least detail www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 22. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg „The World Brain― Foundation of the „Bridge – International Institute for the Organisation of intellectual work―(1911-1914) Completeness as thoroughness and accuracy in opposite to superficiality www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 23. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Organisation of scholarly work • Building a comprehensive encyclopedia as „handbook of the future― • Standardization of paper formats • Knowledge fragmentation www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 24. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Splitting scholarly communication in smaller components (Monographic principle) ―Principle of the independent use of the individual piece" "Klassiker" as an example www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 25. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Use of decimal classification as „framework― www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 26. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg International Institute of Chemistry Principle of completeness should rule! www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 27. TUHH Restlosigkeit Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg as reason for failure of the Bridge (Ostwald 1927) Collecting everything, also ephemera like advertising stamps www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 28. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Summary • Coping with manifoldness of the world/senses • Chemistry „as a combinatorial art― (P. Laszlo) • Connection between organisational principles of the Bridge and chemical thinking www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 29. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Bridge activities and chemistry • Monographic • Chemical elements principle: Elements of scholarly work • Organising: • Analysing and dividing and synthesising combining • „Restlosigkeit― • Completeness • Standardization • Standardization • Decimal classification • Periodical system www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 30. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg The hidden tradition of information in chemistry Chemistry as „closed science―: „All the shelf space will come to be filled― Combinatorics as a way out of the „closed shop― (Steve Fuller) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 31. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Why were so many information pioneers educated as chemists? What have they in common? • Sense of completeness • Necessity of standardization and structuring • Common activities: „Identifying, naming, and classifying― (Bensaude-Vincent) • Role of language www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 32. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg My World of In-Form-ation Culture Chemistry Knowledge Transformation Design Competence Form Media In-formation Formation Creativity Communication Education Learning www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 33. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg More: Thomas Hapke hapke@tu-harburg.de http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/192.html „Combinatorics and order as a foundation of creativity, information organisation and art in the work of Wilhelm Ostwald“. Conference poster Mai 2008: http://doku.b.tu-harburg.de/volltexte/2008/404/ Weblog Creative Combinatorics http://notes.hapke.de Wilhelm Ostwald, the "Brücke" (Bridge), and connections to other bibliographic activities at the beginning of the twentieth century. In: Proceedings of the 1998 Conference on the History and Heritage of Science Information Systems http://www.chemheritage.org/explore/ASIS_documents/ASIS98_Hapke.pdf Archive of the ‘History of information systems’ category in „Hapke-Weblog - About information literacy, history, philosophy, education and beyond“ http://blog.hapke.de/?cat=5 www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 34. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Further references 1 • Bachelard, G. (1968) The philosophy of no : a philosophy of the new scientific mind. New York: Orion Press. • Bensaude-Vincent, B. (2009) Philosophy of chemistry. In Brenner, A. et al. (eds.) French studies in the philospphy of science : contemporary research in France. Berlin: Springer, p. 165-186. • Fuller, S. (2008) A tale of two narratives: prolegomena to an alternative history of library and information science. Rayward, W.B. (ed.) European modernism and the information society : informing the present, understanding the past. Aldershot: Ashgate, 59-73. • Günther, P. (1953) Wilhelm Ostwalds Wirken in seiner Zeit. Angewandte Chemie 65, 497-502. • Krajewski, M. (2006) Restlosigkeit : Weltprojekte um 1900. Frankfurt a. M.: Fischer. • Kurnakow, N.S. (1914) Verbindung und chemisches Individuum. Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 88, 109-127 • Laszlo, P. (1999) Circulation of concepts. Foundations of chemistry 1, 225-239. • Ostwald W. (2003) Lebenslinien – eine Selbstbiographie : nach der Ausg. von 1926/27. Stuttgart: Hirzel. www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness
  • 35. TUHH Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Further references 2 • Ostwald, W. (1929) J. B. Richter. In Bugge, G. (ed.) Das Buch der grossen Chemiker : unter Mitwirkung namhafter Gelehrter. Weinheim: Verlag Chemie, vol. 1, p. 369-377. • Ostwald, W. (1929) Kombinatorik und schaffende Phantasie (1929). Ostwald, W. Forschen und Nutzen. Wilhelm Ostwald zur wissenschaftlichen Arbeit, Berlin 1978 (2. ext. ed.. 1982), 28-30. • Ostwald, W. (1914) Memorial on the foundation of an International Chemical Institute. Science 40, 147-158. • Ostwald, W. (1911) Natural philosophy. London : Williams and Norgate. • Ostwald, W. (1904) On the theory of science. Congress of arts and science : universal exposition, St. Louis, 1904. Sopka, K.R. (ed.) (1986) Physics for a new century : papers presented at the 1904 St. Louis Congress. American Institute of Physics, 17-36. • Wald, F. (1903) Über die Mannigfaltigkeit chemischer Erscheinungen. Annalen der Naturphilosophie 2, 108-132. • Ziche, P. (2008) Wissenschaftslandschaften um 1900 : Philosophie, die Wissenschaften und der nichtreduktive Szientismus. Zürich: Chronos. www.tub.tu-harburg.de Thomas Hapke, October 2009 Between manifold and completeness