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Best Practices for Online Learning:
Introducing the R2D2 and TECVARIETY Models
Curtis J. Bonk, Professor, Indiana University
cjbonk@indiana.edu
http://mypage.iu.edu/~cjbonk/
Audience Poll #1:

Has learning technology has ever
transformed your life.
February 5, 2014

Turnitin Study Shows Impact of Plagiarism Prevention and
Online Grading at Higher Education Institutions, Turnitin

http://pages.turnitin.com/rs/iparadigms/images/Turnitin-EffectivenessHE.pdf?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRolvK%2FPZKXonjHpfsX67%2B0qX6C1h4kz2EFye%2BLIHETpodcMScViPa%2BTFAwTG5toziV8R7nCJM1s0dkQWRHh
February 5, 2014

Turnitin Study Shows Impact of Plagiarism Prevention and
Online Grading at Higher Education Institutions, Turnitin

http://pages.turnitin.com/rs/iparadigms/images/Turnitin-EffectivenessHE.pdf?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRolvK%2FPZKXonjHpfsX67%2B0qX6C1h4kz2EFye%2BLIHETpodcMScViPa%2BTFAwTG5toziV8R7nCJM1s0dkQWRHh
1728: 1st correspondence course advertised Boston
(learn shorthand from Caleb Phillips thru weekly mailed lessons)

The First University Correspondence Course
(University of London, External Program, 1858)
1728-1990s – Generally postal system based
1930s – phonograph and radio
1950s and 1960s – television
1970s and 1980s – VHS tapes
1980s and 1990s – DVD
May 10, 2013

10 ed-tech tools of the 70s, 80s, and 90s
eSchool News, Meris Stansbury

http://www.eschoolnews.com/2013/05/10/10-ed-tech-tools-of-the-70s-80s-and-90s/print/
Looking to the Past…
Life as an accountant/CPA in a
high tech company in the 1980s…
Fast Forward 25+ Years…
―Anyone can now learn
anything from anyone at any
time.‖
Audience Polls #2:

I. Who remembers where they were when they
found out that Steve Jobs died?
II. Who remembers what they were doing on 911?
III. Who remembers what they were doing on April
4, 2001?
Charles Vest (April 4, 2001)

http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2001/ocw.html
―This is about something bigger than MIT. I hope other
universities will see us as educational leaders in this
arena, and we very much hope that OpenCourseWare
will draw other universities to do the same. We would be
delighted if -- over time -- we have a world wide web of
knowledge that raises the quality of learning -- and
ultimately, the quality of life -- around the globe."
October 31, 2013

The launch of OERu: Towards free learning
opportunities for all students worldwide,
BC Campus (Canada)
http://bccampus.ca/2013/10/31/the-launch-of-oeru-towards-free-learning-opportunities-for-all-students-worldwide/
It is very open!

(at least in Norway & the Philippines)
Part I. Learning is Changing
New Technologies =
New Delivery Methods…
May 20, 2013

The New Greatest Generation: Why Millennials
will Save Us All, Time, Joel Stein
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2143001,00.html
I. Learning is More Mobile

This Holiday Season, Learn on the Go with
the New Coursera App for iOS!
Coursera Blog, December 8, 2013
http://blog.coursera.org/post/69518555384/this-holiday-season-learn-on-the-go-with-the-new
II. Learning is More Video-Based

Adora Svitak, WFP Youth Representative - 2013
ECOSOC Youth Forum, March 27, 2013

"Shaping tomorrow's innovators: Leveraging science, technology, innovation and culture for today's youth―, Statement by the World Food Programme Youth
Representative, Ms. Adora Svitak at the 2013 ECOSOC Youth Forum.
http://webtv.un.org/meetings-events/economic-and-social-council/other-meetings/watch/adora-svitak-wfp-youth-representative-2013-ecosoc-youthforum-shaping-tomorrows-innovators:-leveraging-science-technology-innovation-and-culture-for-todays-youth/2257875055001
III. Learning is More Global
UC Irvine (2013 report)

Example 3: Fundamentals of Japanese

Dr. Hidemi Riggs, Fall 2012 & Winter 2013, Tech-enhanced: EEE AdvancedWebspace (Dreamweaver),
Skype video conferencing tool, Active Learning, Format: 5 - 1A lectures (24 students maximum); 3 - 2A lectures (24
students maximum); 2- 3A lectures (24 students maximum)

Japanese end
IV. Learning is More Instantaneous
April 9, 2013

HER Computer fashions face social test: Can wearable computers fit in? Scott Martin, USA Today
http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2013/04/06/google-apple-iwatch-glass-jawbone-iphone-nike-microsoft-samsung/1979419/

(i.e., magnify moles or injuries, see vital signs, live stream
surgeries, access previous PT sessions, access research and drug
info, etc.)
http://www.fiercemobilehealthcare.com/story/google-glasses-could-have-strong-potential-healthcare-use/2013-03-18
January 2014

V. Learning is More Massive

Designing for Experiences: Principles for Technology
Transformation,
Aaron Doering, U of Minnesota
http://lt.umn.edu/nexted/
VI. Learning is More Flipped

One Man, One Computer, 10 Million Students:
How Khan Academy Is Reinventing Education,
Forbes, November 19, 2013, Michael Noer

http://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelnoer/2012/11/02/one-man-one-computer-10-million-students-how-khan-academy-is-reinventing-education/

The One World Schoolhouse (Twelve, Oct. 2, 2012)
Poll #3: Is this a revolution in
education today?

A. Yes…
B. No…
January 2014

Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the
United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman,
2013 Survey of Online Learning Report

http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013
Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
January 2014

Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the
United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman,
2013 Survey of Online Learning Report

http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013
Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
January 2014

Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the
United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman,
2013 Survey of Online Learning Report

http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013
Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
February 2, 2014

Cost of college textbooks out of control, group says
Herb Weisbaum, CNBC, USA Today,

http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/personalfinance/2014/02/02/cnbc-college-textbooks-expensive/5038807/
http://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/NATIONAL%20Fixing%20Broken%20Textbooks%20Report_0.pdf

• Between 2002 and 2013, the price of college textbooks rose
82% — nearly three times the rate of inflation, according to a
recent study by the Government Accountability Office.
The Web of Learning
We are entering a jumping
off point…
Part II. Motivation and
Engagement
January 2014

Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the
United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman,
2013 Survey of Online Learning Report

http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013
Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
Best practices for online learning--Tulsa Tech Center PD Day Feb 18, 2014
What was it that he said?
Ok, Million Dollar Question: What
words come to mind when I say that I
want to motivate learners?
Motivation Research Highlights

(Jere Brophy, Michigan State University)
1. Supportive, appropriate challenge, meaningful,
moderation/optimal.
2. Teach goal setting and self-reinforcement.
3. Offer rewards for good/improved performance.
4. Novelty, variety, choice, adaptable to interests.
5. Game-like, fun, fantasy, curiosity, suspense, active.
6. Higher levels, divergence, dissonance, peer interaction.
7. Allow to create finished products.
8. Provide immediate feedback, advance organizers.
9. Show intensity, enthusiasm, interest, minimize anxiety.
10. Make content personal, concrete, familiar.
Framework #1: TEC-VARIETY for
Online Motivation and Retention
1. Tone/Climate: Psych Safety, Comfort, Belonging
2. Encouragement, Feedback: Responsive, Supports
3. Curiosity: Fun, Fantasy, Control
…
4. Variety: Novelty, Intrigue, Unknowns
5. Autonomy: Choice: Flexibility, Opportunities
6. Relevance: Meaningful, Authentic, Interesting
7. Interactive: Collaborative, Team-Based,
Community
8. Engagement: Effort, Involvement, Excitement
9. Tension: Challenge, Dissonance, Controversy
10. Yields Products: Goal Driven, Products, Success,
Ownership
Examples of TEC-VARIETY
Best practices for online learning--Tulsa Tech Center PD Day Feb 18, 2014
1. Tone/Climate: A. Video
Introductions, e.g., Flipgrid
http://flipgrid.com/#429f88c5)
1. Tone/Climate: B. Share Visuals
of Favorite Places
(e.g., Panoramio,

http://www.panoramio.com/)
2. Encouragement, Feedback,
etc.: A. Voice Feedback

Vocaroo; http://vocaroo.com/
http://vocaroo.com/i/s00c4D6iUNmN (Wed Nov 13)
2.
Encouragement, Feedback, etc.
: B. Blog and Website Polling
(e.g., Poll
Everywhere, BlogPolls, BlogPoll, MicroPoll)
http://www.polleverywhere.com/
3. Curiosity, Fun:

A. Something in the News

(e.g., Fauja Singh, 101, finishes last race, February 24, 2013)
http://espn.go.com/sports/endurance/story/_/id/8979487/fauja-singh-101-caps-career-10k-hong-kong
3. Curiosity, Fun:

B. Online Quiz Games
Jeopardy Labs

https://jeopardylabs.com/play/ganttpardy
3. Curiosity, Fun:

C. Online Quizzes (e.g., Want to be an activist? Start
with your toys - McKenna Pope , TEDEd)
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/want-to-be-an-activist-start-with-your-toys-mckenna-pope#watch
4. Variety, Novelty, Fun:
A. Random Lists (Random.org—clocks, coins,
playing cards, dice, integers, passwords, jazz scales, lists,
sequences, etc.)
5. Autonomy, Choice:
A. Online Database Activities
(e.g., WolframAlpha)

http://www.wolframalpha.com/
6. Relevance, Meaningfulness:
A. Design Multimedia Glossaries
Ozgur Ozdemir, December 2012
http://r685glossary.shutterfly.com /
Umida Khikmatillaeva, Dec. 2011, P540
http://learningplanet.shutterfly.com/
7. Interactive, Collaborative:

A. Collaboration and Discussion in
Google Hangouts, Jabber, Skype, etc
(January 29 and February 25, 2013)
7. Interactive, Collaborative:
B. Negotiate Meanings Online

(e.g., PiratePad: http://meetingwords.com/)
MeetingWords is a simple text editor for the web.

Your text is saved on the web, and more than one person can edit the same document at the same time.
Everybody's changes are instantly reflected on all screens. Work together on meeting notes, brainstorming
sessions, homework, team programming and more!
8. Engagement, Effort: A. Arab spring: an
interactive timeline of Middle East protests, The

Guardian, Garry Blight, and Sheila Pulham, July 12, 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2011/mar/22/middle-east-protest-interactive-timeline
8. Engagement, Effort:
B. Mapping the Nation

http://mappingthenation.net/map.html
9. Tension, Challenge, etc.:

A. Vocabulary Competitions

(e.g., Kids learning new words

at warp speed, January 14, 2014, Greg Toppo (Georgia Scurletis, Dir of Curriculum Development, for
Vocabulary.com (Thinkmap) presents a banner to Marc Williams, Brooklyn Technical High School)
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/13/vocabulary-schools-online-competition-education-students-teachers/4455087/

Vocabulary.com: https://www.vocabulary.com/
10. Yields Products, Goals:
A. Final Product Video Summaries

Piercarlo Abate: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-TURzHO0aU
Qi Li, Gangnam: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Q429lqxZaU&feature=youtu.be
Miguel Lara (Web 2.0 FREEDOM): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cmCFWi9lW8
10. Yields Products, Goals:
B. I Done This, Milestone Planner,
and 43 Things
Commitments:
Stop and Share:

Which principle(s) of TEC-VARIETY will you use?

Tone/Climate
Encouragement, Feedback
Curiosity
Variety
Autonomy
Relevance
Interactive
Engagement
Tension
Yields Products
What did Jean-Luc Picard say?
That’s right, Engage!
Part III. How can technology
address diverse learner
needs?
Framework #2: The R2D2 Model
The R2D2 Method
1.
2.
3.
4.

Read (Auditory and Verbal Learners)
Reflect (Reflective Learners)
Display (Visual Learners)
Do (Tactile, Kinesthetic, Exploratory
Learners)
1. Auditory or Verbal Learners

• Auditory and verbal learners
prefer words, spoken or
written explanations.
Read 1a. Listen to Open Access
Audio Files and Podcast Shows

(e.g., Meograph: http://www.meograph.com/)
Timelines with Oral Histories, Slavery and the Making of America Time and Place, PBS
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1857.html
Read 1b. Grammer Checkers

(e.g., Grammarly, Ginger, GrammarCheck,
PaperRater, and SpellCheckPlus)
http://www.grammarly.com/
2. Reflective and
Observational Learners
• Reflective and observational learners prefer
to reflect, observe, view, and watch learning;
they make careful judgments and view
things from different perspectives
Reflect 2a.

Reflect on Virtual Timelines

(Dipity, xtimeline, Simile, etc.) (How Facebook changed our
lives, Marco della Cava, USA Today, February 3, 2014)
http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2014/02/02/facebook-turns-10-cultural-impact/5063979/

http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/story/2011-09-22/steve-jobs-dies/50672498/1

http://www.usatoday.com/news/destinations/story/2011-08-25/Martin-Luther-King-Jr-Memorial-in-Washington-A-closer-look/50136470/1?csp=34news

http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2013/04/10/harrison-ford-jackie-robinson/2001783/
Reflect 2b. Cultural Blogs (e.g., Dr. Kim Foreman,
San Fran State University, Come and See Africa Blog;
http://comeandseeafrica.blogspot.com/)
3. Visual Learners
• Visual learners prefer
diagrams, flowcharts, timelines,
pictures, films, and
demonstrations.
Display 3a. Virtualize Words Used
(e.g., Wordle, Tagzedo, Tagul,
WordSift, Word It Out)
http://shellyterrell.com/2010/02/14/12-word-cloud-resources-tips-tools/
Display 3b. Videos for clinical education
(Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine,
www.mededu.or.kr)
Display 3c. Video Animations and
Simulations
4. Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners
• Tactile/kinesthetic senses can be engaged in
the learning process are role
play, dramatization, cooperative
games, simulations, creative movement and
dance, multi-sensory activities, manipulatives
and hands-on projects.
Do 4a. Student Class Documentaries
Umida’s R546 Documentary Project

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMLTzqCV_5A
Do 4b. Uploading Mobile Books

(e.g., BookRix, http://www.bookrix.com/
Poll #4: What phase of the R2D2 Method
did you get the most ideas from ?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Read (Auditory and Verbal Learners)
Reflect (Reflective Learners)
Display (Visual Learners)
Do (Tactile, Kinesthetic, Exploratory
Learners)
Poll #5:

Do you feel ―MOTIVATED‖ to try any
of this out?

A. Yes, R2D2
B. Yes, TEC-VARIETY
C. Yes, both
D. Neither
Poll #6: How many new ideas did
you get?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

0 if I am lucky.
Just 1.
2, yes, 2…just 2!
Do I hear 3? 3!!!!
4-5.
5-10.
More than 10.
December 13, 2013

Former MIT president Charles M. Vest dies at 72
As the Institute’s leader from 1990 to 2004, he
sparked a period of dynamism.
Steve Bradt, MIT News Office

http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2013/former-mit-president-charles-m-vest-dies-at-72-1213.html
Poll #6: Any Questions?
Try the R2D2 Model!
Try TEC-VARIETY too…

Slides at: TrainingShare.com
Papers: PublicationShare.com
Book: http://worldisopen.com/
Dr. Curt Bonk – CJBonk@Indiana.edu

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Best practices for online learning--Tulsa Tech Center PD Day Feb 18, 2014

  • 1. Best Practices for Online Learning: Introducing the R2D2 and TECVARIETY Models Curtis J. Bonk, Professor, Indiana University cjbonk@indiana.edu http://mypage.iu.edu/~cjbonk/
  • 2. Audience Poll #1: Has learning technology has ever transformed your life.
  • 3. February 5, 2014 Turnitin Study Shows Impact of Plagiarism Prevention and Online Grading at Higher Education Institutions, Turnitin http://pages.turnitin.com/rs/iparadigms/images/Turnitin-EffectivenessHE.pdf?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRolvK%2FPZKXonjHpfsX67%2B0qX6C1h4kz2EFye%2BLIHETpodcMScViPa%2BTFAwTG5toziV8R7nCJM1s0dkQWRHh
  • 4. February 5, 2014 Turnitin Study Shows Impact of Plagiarism Prevention and Online Grading at Higher Education Institutions, Turnitin http://pages.turnitin.com/rs/iparadigms/images/Turnitin-EffectivenessHE.pdf?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRolvK%2FPZKXonjHpfsX67%2B0qX6C1h4kz2EFye%2BLIHETpodcMScViPa%2BTFAwTG5toziV8R7nCJM1s0dkQWRHh
  • 5. 1728: 1st correspondence course advertised Boston (learn shorthand from Caleb Phillips thru weekly mailed lessons) The First University Correspondence Course (University of London, External Program, 1858) 1728-1990s – Generally postal system based 1930s – phonograph and radio 1950s and 1960s – television 1970s and 1980s – VHS tapes 1980s and 1990s – DVD
  • 6. May 10, 2013 10 ed-tech tools of the 70s, 80s, and 90s eSchool News, Meris Stansbury http://www.eschoolnews.com/2013/05/10/10-ed-tech-tools-of-the-70s-80s-and-90s/print/
  • 7. Looking to the Past…
  • 8. Life as an accountant/CPA in a high tech company in the 1980s…
  • 9. Fast Forward 25+ Years… ―Anyone can now learn anything from anyone at any time.‖
  • 10. Audience Polls #2: I. Who remembers where they were when they found out that Steve Jobs died? II. Who remembers what they were doing on 911? III. Who remembers what they were doing on April 4, 2001?
  • 11. Charles Vest (April 4, 2001) http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2001/ocw.html ―This is about something bigger than MIT. I hope other universities will see us as educational leaders in this arena, and we very much hope that OpenCourseWare will draw other universities to do the same. We would be delighted if -- over time -- we have a world wide web of knowledge that raises the quality of learning -- and ultimately, the quality of life -- around the globe."
  • 12. October 31, 2013 The launch of OERu: Towards free learning opportunities for all students worldwide, BC Campus (Canada) http://bccampus.ca/2013/10/31/the-launch-of-oeru-towards-free-learning-opportunities-for-all-students-worldwide/
  • 13. It is very open! (at least in Norway & the Philippines)
  • 14. Part I. Learning is Changing New Technologies = New Delivery Methods…
  • 15. May 20, 2013 The New Greatest Generation: Why Millennials will Save Us All, Time, Joel Stein http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2143001,00.html
  • 16. I. Learning is More Mobile This Holiday Season, Learn on the Go with the New Coursera App for iOS! Coursera Blog, December 8, 2013 http://blog.coursera.org/post/69518555384/this-holiday-season-learn-on-the-go-with-the-new
  • 17. II. Learning is More Video-Based Adora Svitak, WFP Youth Representative - 2013 ECOSOC Youth Forum, March 27, 2013 "Shaping tomorrow's innovators: Leveraging science, technology, innovation and culture for today's youth―, Statement by the World Food Programme Youth Representative, Ms. Adora Svitak at the 2013 ECOSOC Youth Forum. http://webtv.un.org/meetings-events/economic-and-social-council/other-meetings/watch/adora-svitak-wfp-youth-representative-2013-ecosoc-youthforum-shaping-tomorrows-innovators:-leveraging-science-technology-innovation-and-culture-for-todays-youth/2257875055001
  • 18. III. Learning is More Global UC Irvine (2013 report) Example 3: Fundamentals of Japanese Dr. Hidemi Riggs, Fall 2012 & Winter 2013, Tech-enhanced: EEE AdvancedWebspace (Dreamweaver), Skype video conferencing tool, Active Learning, Format: 5 - 1A lectures (24 students maximum); 3 - 2A lectures (24 students maximum); 2- 3A lectures (24 students maximum) Japanese end
  • 19. IV. Learning is More Instantaneous April 9, 2013 HER Computer fashions face social test: Can wearable computers fit in? Scott Martin, USA Today http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2013/04/06/google-apple-iwatch-glass-jawbone-iphone-nike-microsoft-samsung/1979419/ (i.e., magnify moles or injuries, see vital signs, live stream surgeries, access previous PT sessions, access research and drug info, etc.) http://www.fiercemobilehealthcare.com/story/google-glasses-could-have-strong-potential-healthcare-use/2013-03-18
  • 20. January 2014 V. Learning is More Massive Designing for Experiences: Principles for Technology Transformation, Aaron Doering, U of Minnesota http://lt.umn.edu/nexted/
  • 21. VI. Learning is More Flipped One Man, One Computer, 10 Million Students: How Khan Academy Is Reinventing Education, Forbes, November 19, 2013, Michael Noer http://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelnoer/2012/11/02/one-man-one-computer-10-million-students-how-khan-academy-is-reinventing-education/ The One World Schoolhouse (Twelve, Oct. 2, 2012)
  • 22. Poll #3: Is this a revolution in education today? A. Yes… B. No…
  • 23. January 2014 Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman, 2013 Survey of Online Learning Report http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013 Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
  • 24. January 2014 Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman, 2013 Survey of Online Learning Report http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013 Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
  • 25. January 2014 Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman, 2013 Survey of Online Learning Report http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013 Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
  • 26. February 2, 2014 Cost of college textbooks out of control, group says Herb Weisbaum, CNBC, USA Today, http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/personalfinance/2014/02/02/cnbc-college-textbooks-expensive/5038807/ http://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/NATIONAL%20Fixing%20Broken%20Textbooks%20Report_0.pdf • Between 2002 and 2013, the price of college textbooks rose 82% — nearly three times the rate of inflation, according to a recent study by the Government Accountability Office.
  • 27. The Web of Learning
  • 28. We are entering a jumping off point…
  • 29. Part II. Motivation and Engagement
  • 30. January 2014 Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, 2013, The Sloan Consortium, I. Elaine Allen & Jeff Seaman, 2013 Survey of Online Learning Report http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/grade-change-2013 Direct connect: http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradechange.pdf
  • 32. What was it that he said?
  • 33. Ok, Million Dollar Question: What words come to mind when I say that I want to motivate learners?
  • 34. Motivation Research Highlights (Jere Brophy, Michigan State University) 1. Supportive, appropriate challenge, meaningful, moderation/optimal. 2. Teach goal setting and self-reinforcement. 3. Offer rewards for good/improved performance. 4. Novelty, variety, choice, adaptable to interests. 5. Game-like, fun, fantasy, curiosity, suspense, active. 6. Higher levels, divergence, dissonance, peer interaction. 7. Allow to create finished products. 8. Provide immediate feedback, advance organizers. 9. Show intensity, enthusiasm, interest, minimize anxiety. 10. Make content personal, concrete, familiar.
  • 35. Framework #1: TEC-VARIETY for Online Motivation and Retention 1. Tone/Climate: Psych Safety, Comfort, Belonging 2. Encouragement, Feedback: Responsive, Supports 3. Curiosity: Fun, Fantasy, Control … 4. Variety: Novelty, Intrigue, Unknowns 5. Autonomy: Choice: Flexibility, Opportunities 6. Relevance: Meaningful, Authentic, Interesting 7. Interactive: Collaborative, Team-Based, Community 8. Engagement: Effort, Involvement, Excitement 9. Tension: Challenge, Dissonance, Controversy 10. Yields Products: Goal Driven, Products, Success, Ownership
  • 38. 1. Tone/Climate: A. Video Introductions, e.g., Flipgrid http://flipgrid.com/#429f88c5)
  • 39. 1. Tone/Climate: B. Share Visuals of Favorite Places (e.g., Panoramio, http://www.panoramio.com/)
  • 40. 2. Encouragement, Feedback, etc.: A. Voice Feedback Vocaroo; http://vocaroo.com/ http://vocaroo.com/i/s00c4D6iUNmN (Wed Nov 13)
  • 41. 2. Encouragement, Feedback, etc. : B. Blog and Website Polling (e.g., Poll Everywhere, BlogPolls, BlogPoll, MicroPoll) http://www.polleverywhere.com/
  • 42. 3. Curiosity, Fun: A. Something in the News (e.g., Fauja Singh, 101, finishes last race, February 24, 2013) http://espn.go.com/sports/endurance/story/_/id/8979487/fauja-singh-101-caps-career-10k-hong-kong
  • 43. 3. Curiosity, Fun: B. Online Quiz Games Jeopardy Labs https://jeopardylabs.com/play/ganttpardy
  • 44. 3. Curiosity, Fun: C. Online Quizzes (e.g., Want to be an activist? Start with your toys - McKenna Pope , TEDEd) http://ed.ted.com/lessons/want-to-be-an-activist-start-with-your-toys-mckenna-pope#watch
  • 45. 4. Variety, Novelty, Fun: A. Random Lists (Random.org—clocks, coins, playing cards, dice, integers, passwords, jazz scales, lists, sequences, etc.)
  • 46. 5. Autonomy, Choice: A. Online Database Activities (e.g., WolframAlpha) http://www.wolframalpha.com/
  • 47. 6. Relevance, Meaningfulness: A. Design Multimedia Glossaries Ozgur Ozdemir, December 2012 http://r685glossary.shutterfly.com / Umida Khikmatillaeva, Dec. 2011, P540 http://learningplanet.shutterfly.com/
  • 48. 7. Interactive, Collaborative: A. Collaboration and Discussion in Google Hangouts, Jabber, Skype, etc (January 29 and February 25, 2013)
  • 49. 7. Interactive, Collaborative: B. Negotiate Meanings Online (e.g., PiratePad: http://meetingwords.com/) MeetingWords is a simple text editor for the web. Your text is saved on the web, and more than one person can edit the same document at the same time. Everybody's changes are instantly reflected on all screens. Work together on meeting notes, brainstorming sessions, homework, team programming and more!
  • 50. 8. Engagement, Effort: A. Arab spring: an interactive timeline of Middle East protests, The Guardian, Garry Blight, and Sheila Pulham, July 12, 2011 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2011/mar/22/middle-east-protest-interactive-timeline
  • 51. 8. Engagement, Effort: B. Mapping the Nation http://mappingthenation.net/map.html
  • 52. 9. Tension, Challenge, etc.: A. Vocabulary Competitions (e.g., Kids learning new words at warp speed, January 14, 2014, Greg Toppo (Georgia Scurletis, Dir of Curriculum Development, for Vocabulary.com (Thinkmap) presents a banner to Marc Williams, Brooklyn Technical High School) http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/13/vocabulary-schools-online-competition-education-students-teachers/4455087/ Vocabulary.com: https://www.vocabulary.com/
  • 53. 10. Yields Products, Goals: A. Final Product Video Summaries Piercarlo Abate: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-TURzHO0aU Qi Li, Gangnam: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Q429lqxZaU&feature=youtu.be Miguel Lara (Web 2.0 FREEDOM): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cmCFWi9lW8
  • 54. 10. Yields Products, Goals: B. I Done This, Milestone Planner, and 43 Things
  • 55. Commitments: Stop and Share: Which principle(s) of TEC-VARIETY will you use? Tone/Climate Encouragement, Feedback Curiosity Variety Autonomy Relevance Interactive Engagement Tension Yields Products
  • 56. What did Jean-Luc Picard say?
  • 58. Part III. How can technology address diverse learner needs?
  • 59. Framework #2: The R2D2 Model
  • 60. The R2D2 Method 1. 2. 3. 4. Read (Auditory and Verbal Learners) Reflect (Reflective Learners) Display (Visual Learners) Do (Tactile, Kinesthetic, Exploratory Learners)
  • 61. 1. Auditory or Verbal Learners • Auditory and verbal learners prefer words, spoken or written explanations.
  • 62. Read 1a. Listen to Open Access Audio Files and Podcast Shows (e.g., Meograph: http://www.meograph.com/) Timelines with Oral Histories, Slavery and the Making of America Time and Place, PBS http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1857.html
  • 63. Read 1b. Grammer Checkers (e.g., Grammarly, Ginger, GrammarCheck, PaperRater, and SpellCheckPlus) http://www.grammarly.com/
  • 64. 2. Reflective and Observational Learners • Reflective and observational learners prefer to reflect, observe, view, and watch learning; they make careful judgments and view things from different perspectives
  • 65. Reflect 2a. Reflect on Virtual Timelines (Dipity, xtimeline, Simile, etc.) (How Facebook changed our lives, Marco della Cava, USA Today, February 3, 2014) http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2014/02/02/facebook-turns-10-cultural-impact/5063979/ http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/story/2011-09-22/steve-jobs-dies/50672498/1 http://www.usatoday.com/news/destinations/story/2011-08-25/Martin-Luther-King-Jr-Memorial-in-Washington-A-closer-look/50136470/1?csp=34news http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2013/04/10/harrison-ford-jackie-robinson/2001783/
  • 66. Reflect 2b. Cultural Blogs (e.g., Dr. Kim Foreman, San Fran State University, Come and See Africa Blog; http://comeandseeafrica.blogspot.com/)
  • 67. 3. Visual Learners • Visual learners prefer diagrams, flowcharts, timelines, pictures, films, and demonstrations.
  • 68. Display 3a. Virtualize Words Used (e.g., Wordle, Tagzedo, Tagul, WordSift, Word It Out) http://shellyterrell.com/2010/02/14/12-word-cloud-resources-tips-tools/
  • 69. Display 3b. Videos for clinical education (Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, www.mededu.or.kr)
  • 70. Display 3c. Video Animations and Simulations
  • 71. 4. Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners • Tactile/kinesthetic senses can be engaged in the learning process are role play, dramatization, cooperative games, simulations, creative movement and dance, multi-sensory activities, manipulatives and hands-on projects.
  • 72. Do 4a. Student Class Documentaries Umida’s R546 Documentary Project http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMLTzqCV_5A
  • 73. Do 4b. Uploading Mobile Books (e.g., BookRix, http://www.bookrix.com/
  • 74. Poll #4: What phase of the R2D2 Method did you get the most ideas from ? A. B. C. D. Read (Auditory and Verbal Learners) Reflect (Reflective Learners) Display (Visual Learners) Do (Tactile, Kinesthetic, Exploratory Learners)
  • 75. Poll #5: Do you feel ―MOTIVATED‖ to try any of this out? A. Yes, R2D2 B. Yes, TEC-VARIETY C. Yes, both D. Neither
  • 76. Poll #6: How many new ideas did you get? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 0 if I am lucky. Just 1. 2, yes, 2…just 2! Do I hear 3? 3!!!! 4-5. 5-10. More than 10.
  • 77. December 13, 2013 Former MIT president Charles M. Vest dies at 72 As the Institute’s leader from 1990 to 2004, he sparked a period of dynamism. Steve Bradt, MIT News Office http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2013/former-mit-president-charles-m-vest-dies-at-72-1213.html
  • 78. Poll #6: Any Questions? Try the R2D2 Model! Try TEC-VARIETY too… Slides at: TrainingShare.com Papers: PublicationShare.com Book: http://worldisopen.com/ Dr. Curt Bonk – CJBonk@Indiana.edu