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Bible & Culture 2010"                                                           OT Prophets



               Handling the OT Prophets
1. Five key questions
      What is the historical context?

      How is the prophetʼs message presented?

      What main problems does the prophet diagnose?

      What are the remedies?

      What is the underlying message about God and humanity?


2. Genres within the prophets
a.    Oracles
      i.     Messenger speech
             e.g. Amos 7:14–17

             • Prophetic word formula (the word of the Lord came to X)

             • Commissioning formula (Go and say . . . )

             • Messenger formula (This is what the Lord says . . . )

             • Message

      ii.    Vision
             e.g. Amos 7:1–9; 8:1ff; 9:1ff

             • Announcement of vision

             • Transition

             • Vision sequence

      iii.   Judgment oracles
             e.g. Amos 2:6–16

             • Accusation

             • Link (logical connective)

             • Announcement of judgment




© Tony Watkins"                                 1"                       www.tonywatkins.org
Bible & Culture 2010"                                      OT Prophets


      iv.   Covenant lawsuit
            e.g. Amos 3:1–15?

            • Summons

            • Charge

            • Evidence

            • Verdict

      v.    Woe oracle
            e.g. Amos 5:18–27; 6:1–7(14?)

            • Announcement of distress

            • Reason for distress

            • Prediction of disaster

      vi.   Salvation oracles
            e.g. Amos 9:11–15

            • Indication of situation

            • Reference to the future

            • Proclamation of radical change

            • Blessing

      vii. Lament
            e.g. Amos 5:1–17

      viii. Oracles against the nations
            e.g. Amos 1:3 – 2:5

b.    Narratives
      i.    commissioning
            e.g. Ezekiel 1 – 3

            • Divine confrontation

            • Introductory word

            • Commission

            • Objection(s)

            • Reassurances

            • Sign(s)
© Tony Watkins"                                2"   www.tonywatkins.org
Bible & Culture 2010"                                                             OT Prophets


      ii.    vision
             e.g. Ezekiel 37:1–14

      iii.   symbolic action
             e.g. Ezekiel 4:1 – 5:17

c.    Prayer
      e.g. Jonah 2

d.    Apocalyptic
      e.g. Daniel 7

e.    Allegory
      e.g. Ezekiel 17

f.    Poetry
      Most of the material by the prophets is written in poetic form. Some key features:

      i.     Parallelism

      ii.    Figures of speech

      iii.   Imagery

      iv.    Symbolism




© Tony Watkins"                               3"                           www.tonywatkins.org

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BC2. Handling the OT prophets

  • 1. Bible & Culture 2010" OT Prophets Handling the OT Prophets 1. Five key questions What is the historical context? How is the prophetʼs message presented? What main problems does the prophet diagnose? What are the remedies? What is the underlying message about God and humanity? 2. Genres within the prophets a. Oracles i. Messenger speech e.g. Amos 7:14–17 • Prophetic word formula (the word of the Lord came to X) • Commissioning formula (Go and say . . . ) • Messenger formula (This is what the Lord says . . . ) • Message ii. Vision e.g. Amos 7:1–9; 8:1ff; 9:1ff • Announcement of vision • Transition • Vision sequence iii. Judgment oracles e.g. Amos 2:6–16 • Accusation • Link (logical connective) • Announcement of judgment © Tony Watkins" 1" www.tonywatkins.org
  • 2. Bible & Culture 2010" OT Prophets iv. Covenant lawsuit e.g. Amos 3:1–15? • Summons • Charge • Evidence • Verdict v. Woe oracle e.g. Amos 5:18–27; 6:1–7(14?) • Announcement of distress • Reason for distress • Prediction of disaster vi. Salvation oracles e.g. Amos 9:11–15 • Indication of situation • Reference to the future • Proclamation of radical change • Blessing vii. Lament e.g. Amos 5:1–17 viii. Oracles against the nations e.g. Amos 1:3 – 2:5 b. Narratives i. commissioning e.g. Ezekiel 1 – 3 • Divine confrontation • Introductory word • Commission • Objection(s) • Reassurances • Sign(s) © Tony Watkins" 2" www.tonywatkins.org
  • 3. Bible & Culture 2010" OT Prophets ii. vision e.g. Ezekiel 37:1–14 iii. symbolic action e.g. Ezekiel 4:1 – 5:17 c. Prayer e.g. Jonah 2 d. Apocalyptic e.g. Daniel 7 e. Allegory e.g. Ezekiel 17 f. Poetry Most of the material by the prophets is written in poetic form. Some key features: i. Parallelism ii. Figures of speech iii. Imagery iv. Symbolism © Tony Watkins" 3" www.tonywatkins.org