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Baudrillard & hyperreality
Baudrillard
Part One: Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007)
Baudrillard was a controversial Philosopher
whose main ideas and concepts have been
used to understand the effect of living in a
Postmodern environment on our
perceptions of reality.
His most important book "Simulacra and
Simulations" became the basis of the Matrix
films
 Simulations and Simulacra
 Hyperreality
Baudrillard cont.
• The effect of Postmodernism on the Audience can be extensive and can alter
our perceptions of the media and reality as the media and reality merge.
REALITY

HIGHTEN AND EXAGGERATE
(SIMULATE)

SIMULACRA

HYPERREALITY
Simulations and Simulacra
• Media represent reality and
in doing so change it to make
it more visual and fun.
• However what happens when
we start to believe that this
"Simulation" is actual reality?
Activity: Chinese Drawings
• You will each get told to draw an object, then
you pass it on and that person draws that
object, you pass it on again…..
Activity: Chinese Drawings
• How far from the original are the 2, 3, 4
drawings?
We live in a world of simulacra and
artificialness!
• The effect of living in Simulacra is……..
a distorted sense of reality or Hyperreality.
Hyperreality
Key Term: Hyperreality
Was first described by the
Philosopher Jean Baudrillard were
he suggested that the media can
now create such idealistic
representations of reality that out
perform actual reality.
The audience is left feeling
depressed as they're own life
doesn't live up to artificial reality.
Baudrillard and Aspirational TV
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=59OJ17raqWw
• How can we see the hyperreal world of TV
advertising as a simulation of Reality?
• What effects will this have on the public?
Baudrillard and the Media (war)
• Baudrillard wrote an article
called "The Gulf War did not
take place" which was very
controversial.
• In it he suggests that the
Media set the agenda on the
narrative of war - the war we
saw on TV did not match real
events.
(they don’t show all truths (restricted truths) therefore
this limits knowledge/power)
News events = Haiti Earthquake
• How can we use Baudrillard's ideas to understand The
Haitian Earthquake?
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZRJtAED8uo
newswipe haiti
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62QIIjOmJq0
newswipe season 2 ep 3
• Can you relate this to recent events such as North
Korea & Boston bombings? Similarities/differences?
Think of what is NOT on TV
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ongoing_conflicts
• On going conflicts NOT on TV news agenda
Baudrillard and Hyper-sexuality
• Watch the following news links on the recent report into
Media representations of gender.
• http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8538000/85
38207.stm (the whole of society is hyper-sexualized’)
• http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8538179.stm (children of
both genders are over-exposed to sexual imagery’)
• http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8537757.stm(media blamed
for sexualization of young girls’)
The debate = should this happen?
• Using the concept of Hyperreality apply it to the
ongoing debates of sexual imagery and children:
– Should the media represent hyper-sexual/hyper-
beauty (idealistic) representations?
• Yes? = why? – free speech, democracy, money/profit
• No? = why? – sets up false expectations/aspirations that
people cannot reach = they feel inadequate
– How can you apply Baudrillards ideas to virtual
worlds like The Sims?
Dove evolution advert
• Hyperreal beauty
http://www.nextnature.net/2007/03/simulacra-for-
dummies/
Simulacra for Dummies
• ….it seems appropriate to post (above website) this
movie as an ultimate “Simulacra for Dummies”. This
movie is quite known and probably already posted on
this blog. But just in case, here it is once more: the
“Evolution” movie made by Dove.
The construction of reality.
What does this mean?
"Life doesn't imitate Art, it
imitates bad TV"
(Woody Allen)
Original quote: Does life imitate art or does art imitate life? (Oscar wilde)
Summary
Baudrillard
 The media presents a simulation of the world
that is artificial and hyperreal
 Some audiences read the hyperreal
representation as reality - hyper-sexuality
 The representation of reality is mediated
through the media - war reporting
Dove adverts
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhPeA5LaEiI&safe=active
Article: (if link doesn’t work search – dove and financial times “Dove’s Real Beauty Sketches”
• http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/146e19ee-a92e-11e2-a096-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2RSNZ1f3H
Controversy with dove
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKLDEj73gGQ&safe=active
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbVvx2vsF04&safe=active
• Article:
• http://www.businessinsider.com/why-people-hate-doves-real-beauty-ad-2013-4
Extension
Dove parody
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FpWkZiZaQsA&safe=active
• Article:
• http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/04/22/dove-real-beauty-sketches-reactions-parody-
video-blog-critics_n_3130929.html?utm_hp_ref=uk
Comparison of companies
dove Body shop
2013 – sketch artist idea for advert (to
show pretty/ugly……seems positive to
reflect that everyone is beautiful
BUT
Emphasis on beauty – outer
beauty/image (let’s face it – they
wouldn’t have a model with a deformity
would they?)
-no animal testing claim
-but they have animal products (crushed
bone)
Elnett Adverts
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9v6vB-mbjWE&safe=active
H/W
Set: Fri Dec 6
Due: fri dec 13
(hand in before
trip)
• Must do dove
• Can choose either elnett or other similar
advert of your choice (must have hyperbeauty
and/or hypersexuality)

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Baudrillard & hyperreality

  • 2. Baudrillard Part One: Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007) Baudrillard was a controversial Philosopher whose main ideas and concepts have been used to understand the effect of living in a Postmodern environment on our perceptions of reality. His most important book "Simulacra and Simulations" became the basis of the Matrix films  Simulations and Simulacra  Hyperreality
  • 3. Baudrillard cont. • The effect of Postmodernism on the Audience can be extensive and can alter our perceptions of the media and reality as the media and reality merge. REALITY  HIGHTEN AND EXAGGERATE (SIMULATE)  SIMULACRA  HYPERREALITY
  • 4. Simulations and Simulacra • Media represent reality and in doing so change it to make it more visual and fun. • However what happens when we start to believe that this "Simulation" is actual reality?
  • 5. Activity: Chinese Drawings • You will each get told to draw an object, then you pass it on and that person draws that object, you pass it on again…..
  • 6. Activity: Chinese Drawings • How far from the original are the 2, 3, 4 drawings?
  • 7. We live in a world of simulacra and artificialness!
  • 8. • The effect of living in Simulacra is…….. a distorted sense of reality or Hyperreality.
  • 9. Hyperreality Key Term: Hyperreality Was first described by the Philosopher Jean Baudrillard were he suggested that the media can now create such idealistic representations of reality that out perform actual reality. The audience is left feeling depressed as they're own life doesn't live up to artificial reality.
  • 10. Baudrillard and Aspirational TV http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=59OJ17raqWw • How can we see the hyperreal world of TV advertising as a simulation of Reality? • What effects will this have on the public?
  • 11. Baudrillard and the Media (war) • Baudrillard wrote an article called "The Gulf War did not take place" which was very controversial. • In it he suggests that the Media set the agenda on the narrative of war - the war we saw on TV did not match real events. (they don’t show all truths (restricted truths) therefore this limits knowledge/power)
  • 12. News events = Haiti Earthquake • How can we use Baudrillard's ideas to understand The Haitian Earthquake? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZRJtAED8uo newswipe haiti • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62QIIjOmJq0 newswipe season 2 ep 3 • Can you relate this to recent events such as North Korea & Boston bombings? Similarities/differences?
  • 13. Think of what is NOT on TV • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ongoing_conflicts • On going conflicts NOT on TV news agenda
  • 14. Baudrillard and Hyper-sexuality • Watch the following news links on the recent report into Media representations of gender. • http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8538000/85 38207.stm (the whole of society is hyper-sexualized’) • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8538179.stm (children of both genders are over-exposed to sexual imagery’) • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8537757.stm(media blamed for sexualization of young girls’)
  • 15. The debate = should this happen? • Using the concept of Hyperreality apply it to the ongoing debates of sexual imagery and children: – Should the media represent hyper-sexual/hyper- beauty (idealistic) representations? • Yes? = why? – free speech, democracy, money/profit • No? = why? – sets up false expectations/aspirations that people cannot reach = they feel inadequate – How can you apply Baudrillards ideas to virtual worlds like The Sims?
  • 16. Dove evolution advert • Hyperreal beauty http://www.nextnature.net/2007/03/simulacra-for- dummies/ Simulacra for Dummies • ….it seems appropriate to post (above website) this movie as an ultimate “Simulacra for Dummies”. This movie is quite known and probably already posted on this blog. But just in case, here it is once more: the “Evolution” movie made by Dove. The construction of reality.
  • 17. What does this mean? "Life doesn't imitate Art, it imitates bad TV" (Woody Allen) Original quote: Does life imitate art or does art imitate life? (Oscar wilde)
  • 18. Summary Baudrillard  The media presents a simulation of the world that is artificial and hyperreal  Some audiences read the hyperreal representation as reality - hyper-sexuality  The representation of reality is mediated through the media - war reporting
  • 19. Dove adverts • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhPeA5LaEiI&safe=active Article: (if link doesn’t work search – dove and financial times “Dove’s Real Beauty Sketches” • http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/146e19ee-a92e-11e2-a096-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2RSNZ1f3H
  • 20. Controversy with dove • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKLDEj73gGQ&safe=active • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbVvx2vsF04&safe=active • Article: • http://www.businessinsider.com/why-people-hate-doves-real-beauty-ad-2013-4
  • 21. Extension Dove parody • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FpWkZiZaQsA&safe=active • Article: • http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/04/22/dove-real-beauty-sketches-reactions-parody- video-blog-critics_n_3130929.html?utm_hp_ref=uk
  • 22. Comparison of companies dove Body shop 2013 – sketch artist idea for advert (to show pretty/ugly……seems positive to reflect that everyone is beautiful BUT Emphasis on beauty – outer beauty/image (let’s face it – they wouldn’t have a model with a deformity would they?) -no animal testing claim -but they have animal products (crushed bone)
  • 24. H/W Set: Fri Dec 6 Due: fri dec 13 (hand in before trip)
  • 25. • Must do dove • Can choose either elnett or other similar advert of your choice (must have hyperbeauty and/or hypersexuality)