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BAUHAUS
AND

WALTER
GROPIUS

Sanjana J Pillai
Mansi Jain
3B
Language of German buildings

The new Bauhaus building in Dessau (1926)
“You must walk around the building to understand its
materiality and function of its various elements.”

Gropius
Bauhaus Movement
•Literally means “the art of building”
•Aimed to reconcile arts and crafts
to create a new industrial aesthetic
Elements of the building:
• Higher Academy of
Arts (Workshops).
• Technical School
• Collective area for
theatre and
refectory.
• Studio
accommodation for
students.
• Housing for teachers.
• Area for
administration
department.
Higher Academy of Arts
(Workshops)
Technical School
Collective area for theatre
and refectory
Bauhaus and Walter Gropius
Studio accommodation for
students.
Area for administration
department
Housing for teachers
Orientation
Construction Process
•Based on Henry
Ford’s concept of
the assembly line.
•Construction was
completed in a
year
•Bauhaus became
the most filmed
and discussed
movie in Europe.
•Construction of each element is
clear, no bolts are hidden and
all metal work is revealed.
•Stressed on the industrial aspect
of radiators.

“What is usually hidden must be
visible.”

Stairwells became vast
and luminous meeting
places that inspired
photographers and
painters as a symbol of a
new art of living.
Bauhaus became a place of experiments and crazy ideas.
Fall of Bauhaus (1932)

Bauhaus, deemed
decadent and
cosmopolitan by the
Nazis.
Suggestions presented to alter the Bauhaus to make it more
“german”.

Finally, nothing was changed and Bauhaus became a
school for teaching, cookery and sewing.
During World War II, it was converted into a training centre
for Nazi officials.
FAGGUS FACTORY (1911)
Walter Gropius, Adolf Meyers

• An influential rejection of
ornament in the cause of
functionalism.
• New architecture in line
with the technology
• The need for light, air and
clarity taken into
consideration and uses the new
technical possibilities of
construction with glass and steel
in pre-fabricated processing.

•The curtain wall used in the
Bauhaus school was first tested
here
The corners are left open and the
piers are recessed leaving the
glass surface to the front.

"The role of the walls becomes restricted to that of mere
screens stretched between the upright columns of the
framework to keep out rain, cold and noise”
-Walter Gropius
HARVARD GRADUATE CENTRE(19491950)
•Commissioned of The Architects Collaborative by Harvard
University in 1948.
•The first modern building on the campus
•the first endorsement of the modern style by a major
university
•Turning point in the acceptance of the aesthetic in
the U.S.
•Follows Bauhaus philosophy- maximum efficiency and
simplicity.

•a bold choice for the typically traditional university
• The physical Gropius hallmarks – large windows, flowing
rooms, floating facades on raised pillars – are all present
here.
•The building reveals the acceptance of modernism on
college campuses.

• Like the Bauhaus, this grouping is functional
and factory-like in appearance.
• Walks connect the seven brick dormitories
which are characterized by their spare
look, smooth planar walls, and asymmetric
balance in the window treatment.
•Harkness Commons (left) is the focus of the
complex and contains recreational facilities
and a second floor dining room.

Harvard dormitories
SITE PLAN
• The group of eight buildings arranged
round small and large courtyards has a
good community feel about it.
•
•The various buildings house
dormitories, common-rooms, refectory and
a lounge convertible into a meeting hall for
250 people.
•The dormitory blocks are constructed in
reinforced concrete and the community
buildings in steelwork.
•
•The planning of the dormitories is of the
conventional central-corridor type with
single and double rooms off either side.
Bibliography

•

Le Bauhaus de Dessau, film by Frederic Compain (1995-200

•

worldheritage.si.edu

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Bauhaus and Walter Gropius

  • 2. Language of German buildings The new Bauhaus building in Dessau (1926)
  • 3. “You must walk around the building to understand its materiality and function of its various elements.” Gropius
  • 4. Bauhaus Movement •Literally means “the art of building” •Aimed to reconcile arts and crafts to create a new industrial aesthetic
  • 5. Elements of the building: • Higher Academy of Arts (Workshops). • Technical School • Collective area for theatre and refectory. • Studio accommodation for students. • Housing for teachers. • Area for administration department.
  • 6. Higher Academy of Arts (Workshops)
  • 8. Collective area for theatre and refectory
  • 14. Construction Process •Based on Henry Ford’s concept of the assembly line. •Construction was completed in a year •Bauhaus became the most filmed and discussed movie in Europe.
  • 15. •Construction of each element is clear, no bolts are hidden and all metal work is revealed. •Stressed on the industrial aspect of radiators. “What is usually hidden must be visible.” Stairwells became vast and luminous meeting places that inspired photographers and painters as a symbol of a new art of living.
  • 16. Bauhaus became a place of experiments and crazy ideas.
  • 17. Fall of Bauhaus (1932) Bauhaus, deemed decadent and cosmopolitan by the Nazis. Suggestions presented to alter the Bauhaus to make it more “german”. Finally, nothing was changed and Bauhaus became a school for teaching, cookery and sewing. During World War II, it was converted into a training centre for Nazi officials.
  • 18. FAGGUS FACTORY (1911) Walter Gropius, Adolf Meyers • An influential rejection of ornament in the cause of functionalism. • New architecture in line with the technology • The need for light, air and clarity taken into consideration and uses the new technical possibilities of construction with glass and steel in pre-fabricated processing. •The curtain wall used in the Bauhaus school was first tested here
  • 19. The corners are left open and the piers are recessed leaving the glass surface to the front. "The role of the walls becomes restricted to that of mere screens stretched between the upright columns of the framework to keep out rain, cold and noise” -Walter Gropius
  • 20. HARVARD GRADUATE CENTRE(19491950) •Commissioned of The Architects Collaborative by Harvard University in 1948. •The first modern building on the campus •the first endorsement of the modern style by a major university •Turning point in the acceptance of the aesthetic in the U.S. •Follows Bauhaus philosophy- maximum efficiency and simplicity. •a bold choice for the typically traditional university • The physical Gropius hallmarks – large windows, flowing rooms, floating facades on raised pillars – are all present here. •The building reveals the acceptance of modernism on college campuses. • Like the Bauhaus, this grouping is functional and factory-like in appearance. • Walks connect the seven brick dormitories which are characterized by their spare look, smooth planar walls, and asymmetric balance in the window treatment. •Harkness Commons (left) is the focus of the complex and contains recreational facilities and a second floor dining room. Harvard dormitories
  • 21. SITE PLAN • The group of eight buildings arranged round small and large courtyards has a good community feel about it. • •The various buildings house dormitories, common-rooms, refectory and a lounge convertible into a meeting hall for 250 people. •The dormitory blocks are constructed in reinforced concrete and the community buildings in steelwork. • •The planning of the dormitories is of the conventional central-corridor type with single and double rooms off either side.
  • 22. Bibliography • Le Bauhaus de Dessau, film by Frederic Compain (1995-200 • worldheritage.si.edu

Editor's Notes

  1. Symbol of renewed hope and vitality