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FUNDAMENTAL OF NURSING
Bathing of patient.
Objectives:
• Definition of bathing.
• Preparing client for a bath.
• Procedure of bathing.
Bathing:
Bathing a person regularly is an important way to help keep their
skin healthy. It can help prevent infections, and it's a good time to
check for sores or rashes.
Equipment's for bathing:
To get ready to give someone a bed bath, start by gathering materials. You will
need:
• Face cloths.
• Towels.
• Two wash basins (one for soapy water, one for rinsing).
• Soap (a bar of soap, liquid soap, or wipes).
• "No-tears" or no-rinse shampoo.
• Body lotion for dry skin.
• A waterproof mat or sheet to keep the bed dry.
• A table or stand to hold the materials.
Procedure of bathing:
Wash and dry your hands, and put on gloves if you choose to wear them.
Let the person undress and wash as much as they are able. Cover the
person with a towel, exposing only the body parts being washed. For
example, uncover an arm, wash and dry it, and then put it back under the
towel.
Wash with the face cloth and soapy water or wipes, and then rinse using
another face cloth and the clear water.
• Start with the cleanest areas of the body and finish with the areas
that are less clean. After you wash an area, turn the face cloth so you
can use a new, clean part of it for the next area. Use a new face cloth
when you need one.
• Wash the eyelids, starting from the inside and moving out.
• Wash the face, ears, and neck.
• Wash the arms one at a time, and then the hands.
• Wash the chest and belly, including the belly button.
• Wash one leg, and then the other.
• Wash the feet and in between the toes.
• Help the person roll on their side so you can wash the back side. (If
you can't roll a person by yourself, get someone to help you so that
you don't hurt your back.) Then help the person roll onto their back.
• Pour out the water (which by now may be cold) and replace it with
fresh warm water.
• Using a new face cloth, clean the genital area first and then the anal
area.
• Remove gloves if you are wearing them. Change the water and wash
the hair. You can use water and a no-tears or no-rinse shampoo. Look
carefully at the scalp for any redness or sores.
• Rinse the hair with clean, warm water.
• When you are finished with the bath, apply an unscented body lotion
to protect the skin and keep it from becoming dry. Don't put lotion on
areas that can become moist, such as under the breasts or in the
folds of the groin. Help the person as needed to finish dressing. Put
away your supplies and wash your hands.

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Bath patient Fundamental of Nursing.pptx

  • 2. Objectives: • Definition of bathing. • Preparing client for a bath. • Procedure of bathing.
  • 3. Bathing: Bathing a person regularly is an important way to help keep their skin healthy. It can help prevent infections, and it's a good time to check for sores or rashes. Equipment's for bathing: To get ready to give someone a bed bath, start by gathering materials. You will need: • Face cloths. • Towels. • Two wash basins (one for soapy water, one for rinsing). • Soap (a bar of soap, liquid soap, or wipes). • "No-tears" or no-rinse shampoo.
  • 4. • Body lotion for dry skin. • A waterproof mat or sheet to keep the bed dry. • A table or stand to hold the materials. Procedure of bathing: Wash and dry your hands, and put on gloves if you choose to wear them. Let the person undress and wash as much as they are able. Cover the person with a towel, exposing only the body parts being washed. For example, uncover an arm, wash and dry it, and then put it back under the towel. Wash with the face cloth and soapy water or wipes, and then rinse using another face cloth and the clear water.
  • 5. • Start with the cleanest areas of the body and finish with the areas that are less clean. After you wash an area, turn the face cloth so you can use a new, clean part of it for the next area. Use a new face cloth when you need one. • Wash the eyelids, starting from the inside and moving out. • Wash the face, ears, and neck. • Wash the arms one at a time, and then the hands. • Wash the chest and belly, including the belly button. • Wash one leg, and then the other. • Wash the feet and in between the toes. • Help the person roll on their side so you can wash the back side. (If you can't roll a person by yourself, get someone to help you so that you don't hurt your back.) Then help the person roll onto their back.
  • 6. • Pour out the water (which by now may be cold) and replace it with fresh warm water. • Using a new face cloth, clean the genital area first and then the anal area. • Remove gloves if you are wearing them. Change the water and wash the hair. You can use water and a no-tears or no-rinse shampoo. Look carefully at the scalp for any redness or sores. • Rinse the hair with clean, warm water. • When you are finished with the bath, apply an unscented body lotion to protect the skin and keep it from becoming dry. Don't put lotion on areas that can become moist, such as under the breasts or in the folds of the groin. Help the person as needed to finish dressing. Put away your supplies and wash your hands.