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BASIC INTERIOR
DESIGN RULES
1) SPACE
A) Height always adds to an
impression of space
B) People crave for views
regardless of what they are
viewing
C) Lots of glass equals lots of
space and light
D) The biggest luxury is a view
E) In the past people put
drapes on windows to block all
light but in the 20th century
they want light pouring in
because it is good for the
health
F) Floors bounce back sound
and light better than carpet
G) Floors maximize the
feeling of light and space
H) The direction of the
flooring can have an impact
1) Diagonal flooring
increases the feeling of
width
2) Vertical lines accentuate
the length and depth, they
draw the eyes upward
increasing the feeling of
height
3) Horizontal lines like
the colors below the
day deck brings the
height down but
increases the feeling of
width
OTHER TRICKS
1) Strong colors that
come forward to greet
the eye on short walls
decrease the depth but
increases the width or
the room
5) If you put strong colors on long
walls, you get a long corridor effect
6) Dark colors on the ceiling or on the
floor will decrease the feeling of
height which makes the room more
homey or cozy. Do this when the
ceiling is too high.
6) Dark timber
paneling along the
stairs heighten the
theatricality of coming
up the stairs. You walk
from the dark timber
paneling into the light.
7) Mirrors used like
windows reflecting
corners of the room
make the space look
bigger
8) A big picture in a small
room draws your
attention to it like an eye
magnet instead of on how
low the ceiling is or where
the corners of the wall are
9) Move the furniture out
of the walls
10) Have a lot of storage
-declutter, clutter makes
a room seem smaller
11) Strong colors
close a room down
12) Maximize the
light coming in. Use
white or light
colored table tops
or drawer tops to
bounce back
sunlight
2) LIGHT
A) Make the most of daylight:
It is good for the health
B) People are drawn to light as
plants are drawn to the sun
(human phototropism)
C) To maximize light coming in
do not clutter the window
C) A dramatic lighting scheme
can transform your room in an
instant from light and
functional to atmospheric and
moody (the plug-in kind)
C) A dramatic lighting
scheme can transform your
room in an instant from light
and functional to
atmospheric and moody (the
plug-in kind)
D) Light affects the way we
see and it directly influences
our moods
E) You do not see well in a
gloomy room but you feel
comfortable and happy in a
bright room
F) Use a picture frame that
reflects light
G) Red, orange, brown and
black hold daylight like a
sponge
H) Pale green, pale blue,
pale lilac and lighter colors
reflect light better.
I) Do not use carpet
for a dimly lit
room
Types of Floors
1) Matte – scatters
light in all directions
2) Glossy – bounce
back the light back to
the ceiling
The way your room faces is
a big consideration
1) East and north facing
rooms get less sunlight, they
tend to be darker and
colder.
They need bright and warm
color palets
2) South and west facing
rooms get more sunlight.
They should have cooler
colors
3) Cool blues are good for
hot places but too
depressing for cold places
What is the room used for?
1) Is it for relaxing, sleeping
or for families to get
together? Use warm colors
for living rooms and cool
colors for bedrooms.
2) Busy family kitchens
should have cool relaxing
colors
3)Trendy singles can take
more drama
4) Strong colors are not good
for bathrooms
5) Hallways should have
strong colors
5) Strong colors in
restaurants make people
hungry and make them eat
faster
6) If the room is too large,
use strong colors to make it
look smaller
7) The interior of spaceCrafts are colored blue to
Look bigger
8) Prisons are colored pale c
Colors to help the in mates
Relax and calm down
Orange: joyful, exciting and
stimulates the appetite
Yellow: sunny and happy,
egotistical,argumentative
Green: natural, harmonious
and balanced
Blue: calming, sleep inducing
3 LAYERS OF LIGHT
1) General Lighting
(Ambient Lighting)
 Provides an area with
Overall illumination
9)Red: the color
of blood, war,
fire,
assertiveness,
boldness, risk,
warmness
10) Pink:
romantic but can
be shocking
Orange: joyful, exciting and
stimulates the appetite
Yellow: sunny and happy,
egotistical,argumentative
Green: natural, harmonious and
balanced
Blue: calming, sleep inducing
3 LAYERS OF LIGHT
Layer 1: General Lighting
(Ambient Lighting)
 Provides an area with
Overall illumination
> It radiates a comfortable level
of brightness without glare and
allows you to see and walk
about clearly.
>It can be accomplished with
chandeliers, ceiling or wall
mounted fixtures, recessed or
track lights and with lanterns.
Layer 2: Accent Lighting
>anything that creates a mood,
or atmosphere
> adds drama to the room by
creating visual interest.
> It is used to draw the eye to
houseplants, paintings,
sculptures and other prized
possessions. It can also be used
to highlight the texture of a brick
or stone wall, window
treatments or landscaping.
Layer 3: Task Lighting
helps you perform specific
tasks, such as reading,
grooming, preparing and
cooking food, doing
homework, working on
hobbies, playing games
and balancing your
checkbook. It can be
provided by recessed and
track lighting, pendant
lighting and undercabinet
lighting, as well as by
portable floor and desk
lamps.
Types of Luminaires
1) Recessed-mounted
luminaires: direct in
distribution(downward)
2) Semi-recessed-mounted
luminaires: offer an
opportunity to incorporate
An indirect component
Recess-mounted luminaires
3) spots/projectors
4) Surface mounted or ceiling
mounted luminaires: provide
general illuminations
a) Linear general
b) Point general

Semi-recessed
luminaire

Ceiling mounted
luminaire

Spot lights

Linear general

Point general
5) Pendant or suspended
luminiares: used to save
electricity because of very high
ceilings, they are also decorative
6) Free-floor standing luminaires:
very flexible, focus the light on a
visual task efficiently and
economically
7) Up lights or uplighters or floor
lights: are a big part of creating
drama. They direct light toward
the ceiling, which acts as a large
reflector creating a soft, ambient
light. Uplighters make good
background light, because unlike
an ambient light that comes from
a central source, they cast fewer
shadows and enhance the wall.

Pendant or suspended
luminaires

Free standing
luminaire

Up lights
8) Trunking lighting system:
Economical, used for places
that are not permanent
9) Down lights: add subtle
lighting to the home
10) Wall lights or whitewash:
Use to bring out the texture
of the wall
11) Staircase lights
To light up the stair, add
drama

Down
light

Wall lights
Types of Artificial Light
1) Incandescent bulb:
consists of a filament that glows
when electricity is passed through it.
2) Halogen lamp: a type of
incandescent lamp where highpressure halogen gas is inside the
bulb allowing the filament to burn
hotter and longer.
3) Gaseous Discharge

• This technology passes
electricity through a gas, which
excites the gas and causes it to
glow. Fluorescent, highintensity discharge lights (HID)
and low-pressure sodium lights
use this technology. HID lamps
use different gases to produce
light:
a) Mercury Vapor
b) Metal Halide
c) High Pressure Sodium

Halogen lamp

Metal halide
 Mercury vapor

> Flourescent bulb

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Basic interior design rules

  • 2. 1) SPACE A) Height always adds to an impression of space B) People crave for views regardless of what they are viewing C) Lots of glass equals lots of space and light D) The biggest luxury is a view E) In the past people put drapes on windows to block all light but in the 20th century they want light pouring in because it is good for the health
  • 3. F) Floors bounce back sound and light better than carpet G) Floors maximize the feeling of light and space H) The direction of the flooring can have an impact 1) Diagonal flooring increases the feeling of width 2) Vertical lines accentuate the length and depth, they draw the eyes upward increasing the feeling of height
  • 4. 3) Horizontal lines like the colors below the day deck brings the height down but increases the feeling of width OTHER TRICKS 1) Strong colors that come forward to greet the eye on short walls decrease the depth but increases the width or the room
  • 5. 5) If you put strong colors on long walls, you get a long corridor effect 6) Dark colors on the ceiling or on the floor will decrease the feeling of height which makes the room more homey or cozy. Do this when the ceiling is too high.
  • 6. 6) Dark timber paneling along the stairs heighten the theatricality of coming up the stairs. You walk from the dark timber paneling into the light. 7) Mirrors used like windows reflecting corners of the room make the space look bigger
  • 7. 8) A big picture in a small room draws your attention to it like an eye magnet instead of on how low the ceiling is or where the corners of the wall are 9) Move the furniture out of the walls 10) Have a lot of storage -declutter, clutter makes a room seem smaller
  • 8. 11) Strong colors close a room down 12) Maximize the light coming in. Use white or light colored table tops or drawer tops to bounce back sunlight
  • 9. 2) LIGHT A) Make the most of daylight: It is good for the health B) People are drawn to light as plants are drawn to the sun (human phototropism) C) To maximize light coming in do not clutter the window C) A dramatic lighting scheme can transform your room in an instant from light and functional to atmospheric and moody (the plug-in kind)
  • 10. C) A dramatic lighting scheme can transform your room in an instant from light and functional to atmospheric and moody (the plug-in kind) D) Light affects the way we see and it directly influences our moods E) You do not see well in a gloomy room but you feel comfortable and happy in a bright room
  • 11. F) Use a picture frame that reflects light G) Red, orange, brown and black hold daylight like a sponge H) Pale green, pale blue, pale lilac and lighter colors reflect light better.
  • 12. I) Do not use carpet for a dimly lit room Types of Floors 1) Matte – scatters light in all directions 2) Glossy – bounce back the light back to the ceiling
  • 13. The way your room faces is a big consideration 1) East and north facing rooms get less sunlight, they tend to be darker and colder. They need bright and warm color palets 2) South and west facing rooms get more sunlight. They should have cooler colors 3) Cool blues are good for hot places but too depressing for cold places
  • 14. What is the room used for? 1) Is it for relaxing, sleeping or for families to get together? Use warm colors for living rooms and cool colors for bedrooms. 2) Busy family kitchens should have cool relaxing colors 3)Trendy singles can take more drama 4) Strong colors are not good for bathrooms 5) Hallways should have strong colors
  • 15. 5) Strong colors in restaurants make people hungry and make them eat faster 6) If the room is too large, use strong colors to make it look smaller 7) The interior of spaceCrafts are colored blue to Look bigger 8) Prisons are colored pale c Colors to help the in mates Relax and calm down
  • 16. Orange: joyful, exciting and stimulates the appetite Yellow: sunny and happy, egotistical,argumentative Green: natural, harmonious and balanced Blue: calming, sleep inducing 3 LAYERS OF LIGHT 1) General Lighting (Ambient Lighting)  Provides an area with Overall illumination
  • 17. 9)Red: the color of blood, war, fire, assertiveness, boldness, risk, warmness 10) Pink: romantic but can be shocking
  • 18. Orange: joyful, exciting and stimulates the appetite Yellow: sunny and happy, egotistical,argumentative Green: natural, harmonious and balanced Blue: calming, sleep inducing 3 LAYERS OF LIGHT Layer 1: General Lighting (Ambient Lighting)  Provides an area with Overall illumination > It radiates a comfortable level of brightness without glare and allows you to see and walk about clearly.
  • 19. >It can be accomplished with chandeliers, ceiling or wall mounted fixtures, recessed or track lights and with lanterns. Layer 2: Accent Lighting >anything that creates a mood, or atmosphere > adds drama to the room by creating visual interest. > It is used to draw the eye to houseplants, paintings, sculptures and other prized possessions. It can also be used to highlight the texture of a brick or stone wall, window treatments or landscaping.
  • 20. Layer 3: Task Lighting helps you perform specific tasks, such as reading, grooming, preparing and cooking food, doing homework, working on hobbies, playing games and balancing your checkbook. It can be provided by recessed and track lighting, pendant lighting and undercabinet lighting, as well as by portable floor and desk lamps.
  • 21. Types of Luminaires 1) Recessed-mounted luminaires: direct in distribution(downward) 2) Semi-recessed-mounted luminaires: offer an opportunity to incorporate An indirect component Recess-mounted luminaires 3) spots/projectors 4) Surface mounted or ceiling mounted luminaires: provide general illuminations a) Linear general b) Point general Semi-recessed luminaire Ceiling mounted luminaire Spot lights Linear general Point general
  • 22. 5) Pendant or suspended luminiares: used to save electricity because of very high ceilings, they are also decorative 6) Free-floor standing luminaires: very flexible, focus the light on a visual task efficiently and economically 7) Up lights or uplighters or floor lights: are a big part of creating drama. They direct light toward the ceiling, which acts as a large reflector creating a soft, ambient light. Uplighters make good background light, because unlike an ambient light that comes from a central source, they cast fewer shadows and enhance the wall. Pendant or suspended luminaires Free standing luminaire Up lights
  • 23. 8) Trunking lighting system: Economical, used for places that are not permanent 9) Down lights: add subtle lighting to the home 10) Wall lights or whitewash: Use to bring out the texture of the wall 11) Staircase lights To light up the stair, add drama Down light Wall lights
  • 24. Types of Artificial Light 1) Incandescent bulb: consists of a filament that glows when electricity is passed through it. 2) Halogen lamp: a type of incandescent lamp where highpressure halogen gas is inside the bulb allowing the filament to burn hotter and longer. 3) Gaseous Discharge • This technology passes electricity through a gas, which excites the gas and causes it to glow. Fluorescent, highintensity discharge lights (HID) and low-pressure sodium lights use this technology. HID lamps use different gases to produce light: a) Mercury Vapor b) Metal Halide c) High Pressure Sodium Halogen lamp Metal halide
  • 25.  Mercury vapor > Flourescent bulb