SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Barriers to inclusive education
1. ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS
 Some of the greatest barriers related to inclusion in education are
negative attitudes. Many people are not prepared to interact with
people with disabilities. They think that persons with disabilities lack
the skills needed to live in the community or to be educated with non-
disabled children.
1. ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS
 Another attitudinal barrier faced by students with disabilities is
physical and emotional bullying which is a serious barrier to learning
and can lead to isolation and closure of possible inclusion. Often, they
are the object of ridicule or outright ostracism in school and
community.
1. ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS
 As with society in general, it is important that consistent and strong
advocacy must be given to them considering that negative attitudes
and stereotypes are often caused by a lack of knowledge,
understanding, and acceptance of persons with disabilities.
2. PHYSICAL BARRIERS
 The lack of wheelchair ramps in school buildings, malls, parks,
playgrounds, washrooms, and public transportation is a main difficulty
identified by several students with disabilities when going to school
and public places. Undoubtedly, most school structures do not respond
to this requirement.
2. PHYSICAL BARRIERS
 There is also lack of facilities or assistive technology to aid children
with a particular type of difficulty. Assistive technology (AT) means
the products and the services designed to meet the particular needs of
people with disabilities allow them to build up their abilities and
meaningfully participate in the affairs of their home, school, work and
community.
3. INAPPROPRIATE CURRICULUM
 The curriculum is one of the chief impediments to the progress of
inclusive education. It happens because it does not meet the needs of a
broad range of diverse learners. In many contexts, it is centralized in
design and rigid in approach which causes little flexibility for
modification based on the local setting or for teachers to try out new
approaches.
4. UNTRAINED TEACHERS
 The educators are the most significant human resource for advancing
inclusive education. Their proficiency and outlook have a dramatic
impact on the lives of students who are different and who have
learning challenges. Unfortunately, the teachers’ competency and
attitudes can be the most important constraints for inclusive education.
4. UNTRAINED TEACHERS
 Apart from lack of technical ability is the teachers’ attitude. If teachers
do not have optimistic attitude toward children with special
educational needs, meaningful education for them is far-fetched.
4. UNTRAINED TEACHERS
 Moreover, the persistent demand for standardized testing or other
academic standards might hinder teacher’s creativity in teaching
children with special needs.
5. INADEQUATE FUNDING
 Insufficient funding is a chief threat to the implementation of
inclusion. It is reflected in the scarcity of resources like insufficient
classrooms, inadequate facilities, lack of teachers, and/or dearth of
qualified staff, scarce learning materials, and absence of support.
Significantly, insufficient funding can hamper ongoing professional
development that helps keep both specialists and classroom teachers
updated on the best practices of inclusion.
6. POOR ORGANIZATION OF THE
EDUCATION SYSTEM
 Responsibility for decisions tends to be located at the highest level and
the focus of management remains oriented toward employees,
complying with rules rather than ensuring quality service delivery.
6. POOR ORGANIZATION OF THE
EDUCATION SYSTEM
 Another organizational barrier is the lack of communication among
administrators, teachers, specialists, staff, parents, and students. As a
result, information on the number of students excluded from the
school system is lacking.
7. POLICIES AS BARRIERS
 Policy makers who have unsound grasp or opposing views on
inclusive education are obstacles to the implementation of inclusive
policies.
These obstacles in inclusive education consist of a short list of
factors that can affect students with disabilities in a general education
classroom. Only a profound understanding of these factors and relevant
issues that hinder inclusion, and the elimination of them will make true
inclusion a reality for all children to learn together.
Which of the barriers to
inclusive schooling is a major
challenge to school systems in
the Philippines today?
Thank You!

More Related Content

What's hot

Models of curriculum
Models of curriculumModels of curriculum
Models of curriculum
j_allsopp
 
In service Teacher Education
In service Teacher EducationIn service Teacher Education
In service Teacher Education
Aman Dharamshala
 
Action research
Action researchAction research
Action research
English planet
 
Child centered curriculum
Child centered curriculumChild centered curriculum
Child centered curriculum
Nourin Arshad
 
Tools of assessment
Tools of assessmentTools of assessment
Tools of assessment
HennaAnsari
 
Core curriculum
Core curriculumCore curriculum
Teachers and gender equality
Teachers and gender equalityTeachers and gender equality
Teachers and gender equality
Zainaba Beevi
 
Educational research
Educational researchEducational research
Educational research
meenuch
 
Curriculum organization
Curriculum organizationCurriculum organization
Curriculum organization
Maybelle Animas
 
Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...
Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...
Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...
Samir (G. Husain)
 
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:
Dr. Anjaiah Mothukuri
 
Subject centred curriculum
Subject centred curriculumSubject centred curriculum
Curriculum determinants
Curriculum  determinantsCurriculum  determinants
Curriculum determinants
Soumya Ranjan Parida
 
BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF  INCLUSIVE   EDUCATION BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF  INCLUSIVE   EDUCATION
BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Priyanka Chaurasia
 
Assessments for learning -B.ed Second year notes
Assessments for learning -B.ed Second year notesAssessments for learning -B.ed Second year notes
Assessments for learning -B.ed Second year notes
Abu Bashar
 
Curriculum content.ppt
Curriculum content.pptCurriculum content.ppt
Curriculum content.ppt
Juliet Cabiles
 
Psychological bases of curriculum
Psychological bases of curriculumPsychological bases of curriculum
Taba model of curriculum development
Taba model of curriculum developmentTaba model of curriculum development
Taba model of curriculum development
Zille Huma Bhatti
 
Curriculum transaction
Curriculum transactionCurriculum transaction
Curriculum transaction
Kirti Matliwala
 
Pre service & in-service teacher education
Pre service & in-service teacher educationPre service & in-service teacher education
Pre service & in-service teacher education
SUBHANKAR HALDAR
 

What's hot (20)

Models of curriculum
Models of curriculumModels of curriculum
Models of curriculum
 
In service Teacher Education
In service Teacher EducationIn service Teacher Education
In service Teacher Education
 
Action research
Action researchAction research
Action research
 
Child centered curriculum
Child centered curriculumChild centered curriculum
Child centered curriculum
 
Tools of assessment
Tools of assessmentTools of assessment
Tools of assessment
 
Core curriculum
Core curriculumCore curriculum
Core curriculum
 
Teachers and gender equality
Teachers and gender equalityTeachers and gender equality
Teachers and gender equality
 
Educational research
Educational researchEducational research
Educational research
 
Curriculum organization
Curriculum organizationCurriculum organization
Curriculum organization
 
Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...
Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...
Structure of teacher education in India || structure of Teacher Education pro...
 
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION:
 
Subject centred curriculum
Subject centred curriculumSubject centred curriculum
Subject centred curriculum
 
Curriculum determinants
Curriculum  determinantsCurriculum  determinants
Curriculum determinants
 
BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF  INCLUSIVE   EDUCATION BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF  INCLUSIVE   EDUCATION
BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
 
Assessments for learning -B.ed Second year notes
Assessments for learning -B.ed Second year notesAssessments for learning -B.ed Second year notes
Assessments for learning -B.ed Second year notes
 
Curriculum content.ppt
Curriculum content.pptCurriculum content.ppt
Curriculum content.ppt
 
Psychological bases of curriculum
Psychological bases of curriculumPsychological bases of curriculum
Psychological bases of curriculum
 
Taba model of curriculum development
Taba model of curriculum developmentTaba model of curriculum development
Taba model of curriculum development
 
Curriculum transaction
Curriculum transactionCurriculum transaction
Curriculum transaction
 
Pre service & in-service teacher education
Pre service & in-service teacher educationPre service & in-service teacher education
Pre service & in-service teacher education
 

Viewers also liked

Impact of tv on children.pptx
Impact of tv on children.pptxImpact of tv on children.pptx
Impact of tv on children.pptx
Shweta Sharma
 
Educational Barriers in Inclusive Education
Educational Barriers in Inclusive EducationEducational Barriers in Inclusive Education
Educational Barriers in Inclusive Education
Ian Dwight Sabellina
 
Inclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive education
Inclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive educationInclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive education
Inclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive education
Sankar Prasad Mohanty
 
Inclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in IndiaInclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in India
Madhu Mahesh Raj
 
Notice format
Notice formatNotice format
Notice format
Mushtaque Barq
 
Notice
NoticeNotice
Notice writing
Notice writingNotice writing
Notice writing
Pooja H
 
English Writing Skills by Atishay Jain
English Writing Skills by Atishay JainEnglish Writing Skills by Atishay Jain
English Writing Skills by Atishay Jain
Atishay Jain
 
Digital Notice Board
Digital Notice BoardDigital Notice Board
Digital Notice Board
Raaki Gadde
 
Notice Writing
Notice WritingNotice Writing
Notice Writing
SmartPrep Education
 
Notice
NoticeNotice
Notice writing
Notice writingNotice writing
Notice writing
stephen antony
 
Notice writing by kuldeep Bartwal Deep
Notice writing by kuldeep Bartwal DeepNotice writing by kuldeep Bartwal Deep
Notice writing by kuldeep Bartwal Deep
LearnX365
 
How to write a good CV
How to write a good CVHow to write a good CV
How to Write Notice
How to Write Notice How to Write Notice
How to Write Notice
Rajeev Ranjan
 
Demonetization
DemonetizationDemonetization
Demonetization
T.P.Ghosh Ghosh
 
Inclusive Education
Inclusive  EducationInclusive  Education
Inclusive Education
meenuch
 
How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides
How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slidesHow to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides
How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides
otikik
 

Viewers also liked (18)

Impact of tv on children.pptx
Impact of tv on children.pptxImpact of tv on children.pptx
Impact of tv on children.pptx
 
Educational Barriers in Inclusive Education
Educational Barriers in Inclusive EducationEducational Barriers in Inclusive Education
Educational Barriers in Inclusive Education
 
Inclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive education
Inclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive educationInclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive education
Inclusive Education : Some Justifications and Provisions Inclusive education
 
Inclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in IndiaInclusive education and right to education in India
Inclusive education and right to education in India
 
Notice format
Notice formatNotice format
Notice format
 
Notice
NoticeNotice
Notice
 
Notice writing
Notice writingNotice writing
Notice writing
 
English Writing Skills by Atishay Jain
English Writing Skills by Atishay JainEnglish Writing Skills by Atishay Jain
English Writing Skills by Atishay Jain
 
Digital Notice Board
Digital Notice BoardDigital Notice Board
Digital Notice Board
 
Notice Writing
Notice WritingNotice Writing
Notice Writing
 
Notice
NoticeNotice
Notice
 
Notice writing
Notice writingNotice writing
Notice writing
 
Notice writing by kuldeep Bartwal Deep
Notice writing by kuldeep Bartwal DeepNotice writing by kuldeep Bartwal Deep
Notice writing by kuldeep Bartwal Deep
 
How to write a good CV
How to write a good CVHow to write a good CV
How to write a good CV
 
How to Write Notice
How to Write Notice How to Write Notice
How to Write Notice
 
Demonetization
DemonetizationDemonetization
Demonetization
 
Inclusive Education
Inclusive  EducationInclusive  Education
Inclusive Education
 
How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides
How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slidesHow to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides
How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides
 

Similar to Barriers to inclusive education

UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
 UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Thiagarajar College of Preceptors (Aided)
 
barriers to inclusive education.pptx
barriers to inclusive education.pptxbarriers to inclusive education.pptx
barriers to inclusive education.pptx
preranadataverificat
 
Reseach paper inclusion and achievement
Reseach paper inclusion and achievementReseach paper inclusion and achievement
Reseach paper inclusion and achievement
LaKeisha Weber
 
Barriers to learning
Barriers to learningBarriers to learning
Barriers to learning
kenneth kirai
 
Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective communication.
Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective  communication.Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective  communication.
Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective communication.
Burhan Chaudhry
 
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:
SANA FATIMA
 
Issues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution by Garima Tandon
Issues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution  by Garima TandonIssues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution  by Garima Tandon
Issues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution by Garima Tandon
garimatandon10
 
Inclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their Success
Inclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their SuccessInclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their Success
Inclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their Success
inventionjournals
 
Inclusive education 302 s study notes
Inclusive education 302 s study notesInclusive education 302 s study notes
Inclusive education 302 s study notes
Sonja Boyd
 
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONKEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
SANA FATIMA
 
Inclusive education
Inclusive educationInclusive education
Inclusive education
HONEY BABU
 
Inclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdf
Inclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdfInclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdf
Inclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdf
BirukYohannis
 
topic - Normalization maintreaming and incluion
topic - Normalization maintreaming and incluiontopic - Normalization maintreaming and incluion
topic - Normalization maintreaming and incluion
Priyanka Chaurasia
 
The Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All Kids
The Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All KidsThe Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All Kids
The Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All Kids
NehaNaayar
 
ACA Executive Summary
ACA Executive SummaryACA Executive Summary
ACA Executive Summary
Kathy Hershelman
 
K12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market Research
K12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market ResearchK12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market Research
K12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market Research
Insider Market Research
 
There is no place called inclusion
There is no place called inclusionThere is no place called inclusion
There is no place called inclusion
MoniAnuva
 
debate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhan
debate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhandebate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhan
debate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhan
Priya Das
 
Education for all
Education for allEducation for all
Education for all
silibaziso ncube
 
An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...
An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...
An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...
Munirah Tahamid
 

Similar to Barriers to inclusive education (20)

UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
 UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
UNDERSTANDING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
 
barriers to inclusive education.pptx
barriers to inclusive education.pptxbarriers to inclusive education.pptx
barriers to inclusive education.pptx
 
Reseach paper inclusion and achievement
Reseach paper inclusion and achievementReseach paper inclusion and achievement
Reseach paper inclusion and achievement
 
Barriers to learning
Barriers to learningBarriers to learning
Barriers to learning
 
Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective communication.
Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective  communication.Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective  communication.
Assignment no 1 the most difficult barriers to effective communication.
 
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION INCLUSIVE EDUCATION:
 
Issues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution by Garima Tandon
Issues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution  by Garima TandonIssues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution  by Garima Tandon
Issues related to inclusion & provisions for resulution by Garima Tandon
 
Inclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their Success
Inclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their SuccessInclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their Success
Inclusion Education As Solution To Barriers Of Cwsn And Answer For Their Success
 
Inclusive education 302 s study notes
Inclusive education 302 s study notesInclusive education 302 s study notes
Inclusive education 302 s study notes
 
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONKEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
KEY DEBATES ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
 
Inclusive education
Inclusive educationInclusive education
Inclusive education
 
Inclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdf
Inclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdfInclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdf
Inclusiveness handouut-All IN ONE(1-8)-Latest.pdf
 
topic - Normalization maintreaming and incluion
topic - Normalization maintreaming and incluiontopic - Normalization maintreaming and incluion
topic - Normalization maintreaming and incluion
 
The Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All Kids
The Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All KidsThe Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All Kids
The Importance of Promoting Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities for All Kids
 
ACA Executive Summary
ACA Executive SummaryACA Executive Summary
ACA Executive Summary
 
K12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market Research
K12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market ResearchK12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market Research
K12 Education: Challenges, Innovations, Role | Insider Market Research
 
There is no place called inclusion
There is no place called inclusionThere is no place called inclusion
There is no place called inclusion
 
debate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhan
debate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhandebate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhan
debate in inclusive and special education by priyadarshinee pradhan
 
Education for all
Education for allEducation for all
Education for all
 
An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...
An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...
An investigation of factors influencing students difficulties in learning art...
 

More from Geraldine Cachero

Philosophies of educational planning and resource management
Philosophies of educational planning and resource managementPhilosophies of educational planning and resource management
Philosophies of educational planning and resource management
Geraldine Cachero
 
Responses to Issues and Concerns in Curriculum
Responses to Issues and Concerns in CurriculumResponses to Issues and Concerns in Curriculum
Responses to Issues and Concerns in Curriculum
Geraldine Cachero
 
Approaches to Curriculum Design
Approaches to Curriculum DesignApproaches to Curriculum Design
Approaches to Curriculum Design
Geraldine Cachero
 
Educational planning and resource management reforms
Educational planning and resource management reformsEducational planning and resource management reforms
Educational planning and resource management reforms
Geraldine Cachero
 
Barriers to educational planning and resource management
Barriers to educational planning and resource managementBarriers to educational planning and resource management
Barriers to educational planning and resource management
Geraldine Cachero
 
Triangles (Mathematics 5)
Triangles (Mathematics 5)Triangles (Mathematics 5)
Triangles (Mathematics 5)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)
Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)
Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Possessive Adjectives (English 5)
Possessive Adjectives (English 5)Possessive Adjectives (English 5)
Possessive Adjectives (English 5)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)
Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)
Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Coordinates (Mathematics 5)
Coordinates (Mathematics 5)Coordinates (Mathematics 5)
Coordinates (Mathematics 5)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Philosophies of Knowledge Management in Education
Philosophies of Knowledge Management in EducationPhilosophies of Knowledge Management in Education
Philosophies of Knowledge Management in Education
Geraldine Cachero
 
Philosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Philosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective LearningPhilosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Philosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Geraldine Cachero
 
Best Practices in Teaching (BPT) Reforms
Best Practices in Teaching (BPT) ReformsBest Practices in Teaching (BPT) Reforms
Best Practices in Teaching (BPT) Reforms
Geraldine Cachero
 
Educational Knowledge Management Reforms
Educational Knowledge Management ReformsEducational Knowledge Management Reforms
Educational Knowledge Management Reforms
Geraldine Cachero
 
Barriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Barriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective LearningBarriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Barriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Geraldine Cachero
 
Barriers to Effective Knowledge Management in Schools
Barriers to Effective Knowledge Management in SchoolsBarriers to Effective Knowledge Management in Schools
Barriers to Effective Knowledge Management in Schools
Geraldine Cachero
 
Math investigation (STARS)
Math investigation (STARS)Math investigation (STARS)
Math investigation (STARS)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Math investigation (bounces)
Math investigation (bounces)Math investigation (bounces)
Math investigation (bounces)
Geraldine Cachero
 
Peer tutoring
Peer tutoringPeer tutoring
Peer tutoring
Geraldine Cachero
 
17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)
17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)
17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)
Geraldine Cachero
 

More from Geraldine Cachero (20)

Philosophies of educational planning and resource management
Philosophies of educational planning and resource managementPhilosophies of educational planning and resource management
Philosophies of educational planning and resource management
 
Responses to Issues and Concerns in Curriculum
Responses to Issues and Concerns in CurriculumResponses to Issues and Concerns in Curriculum
Responses to Issues and Concerns in Curriculum
 
Approaches to Curriculum Design
Approaches to Curriculum DesignApproaches to Curriculum Design
Approaches to Curriculum Design
 
Educational planning and resource management reforms
Educational planning and resource management reformsEducational planning and resource management reforms
Educational planning and resource management reforms
 
Barriers to educational planning and resource management
Barriers to educational planning and resource managementBarriers to educational planning and resource management
Barriers to educational planning and resource management
 
Triangles (Mathematics 5)
Triangles (Mathematics 5)Triangles (Mathematics 5)
Triangles (Mathematics 5)
 
Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)
Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)
Translation and Reflection (Mathematics 5)
 
Possessive Adjectives (English 5)
Possessive Adjectives (English 5)Possessive Adjectives (English 5)
Possessive Adjectives (English 5)
 
Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)
Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)
Parallel and Perpendicular (Mathematics 5)
 
Coordinates (Mathematics 5)
Coordinates (Mathematics 5)Coordinates (Mathematics 5)
Coordinates (Mathematics 5)
 
Philosophies of Knowledge Management in Education
Philosophies of Knowledge Management in EducationPhilosophies of Knowledge Management in Education
Philosophies of Knowledge Management in Education
 
Philosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Philosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective LearningPhilosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Philosophies of Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
 
Best Practices in Teaching (BPT) Reforms
Best Practices in Teaching (BPT) ReformsBest Practices in Teaching (BPT) Reforms
Best Practices in Teaching (BPT) Reforms
 
Educational Knowledge Management Reforms
Educational Knowledge Management ReformsEducational Knowledge Management Reforms
Educational Knowledge Management Reforms
 
Barriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Barriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective LearningBarriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
Barriers to Instructional Strategies for Effective Learning
 
Barriers to Effective Knowledge Management in Schools
Barriers to Effective Knowledge Management in SchoolsBarriers to Effective Knowledge Management in Schools
Barriers to Effective Knowledge Management in Schools
 
Math investigation (STARS)
Math investigation (STARS)Math investigation (STARS)
Math investigation (STARS)
 
Math investigation (bounces)
Math investigation (bounces)Math investigation (bounces)
Math investigation (bounces)
 
Peer tutoring
Peer tutoringPeer tutoring
Peer tutoring
 
17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)
17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)
17th century mathematics (napier, mersenne, descartes, fermat, & pascal)
 

Recently uploaded

Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUMENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
HappieMontevirgenCas
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
MJDuyan
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
AnneMarieJacildo
 
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan BapatH. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
Niranjan Bapat
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
kambal1234567890
 
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.docBài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
PhngThLmHnh
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
thanhluan21
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
luzmilaglez334
 
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptxPrinciples of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
ibtesaam huma
 
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Liyana Rozaini
 
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
EduSkills OECD
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
 
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUMENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
 
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan BapatH. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
 
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.docBài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
 
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptxPrinciples of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
 
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
 
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 

Barriers to inclusive education

  • 2. 1. ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS  Some of the greatest barriers related to inclusion in education are negative attitudes. Many people are not prepared to interact with people with disabilities. They think that persons with disabilities lack the skills needed to live in the community or to be educated with non- disabled children.
  • 3. 1. ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS  Another attitudinal barrier faced by students with disabilities is physical and emotional bullying which is a serious barrier to learning and can lead to isolation and closure of possible inclusion. Often, they are the object of ridicule or outright ostracism in school and community.
  • 4. 1. ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS  As with society in general, it is important that consistent and strong advocacy must be given to them considering that negative attitudes and stereotypes are often caused by a lack of knowledge, understanding, and acceptance of persons with disabilities.
  • 5. 2. PHYSICAL BARRIERS  The lack of wheelchair ramps in school buildings, malls, parks, playgrounds, washrooms, and public transportation is a main difficulty identified by several students with disabilities when going to school and public places. Undoubtedly, most school structures do not respond to this requirement.
  • 6. 2. PHYSICAL BARRIERS  There is also lack of facilities or assistive technology to aid children with a particular type of difficulty. Assistive technology (AT) means the products and the services designed to meet the particular needs of people with disabilities allow them to build up their abilities and meaningfully participate in the affairs of their home, school, work and community.
  • 7. 3. INAPPROPRIATE CURRICULUM  The curriculum is one of the chief impediments to the progress of inclusive education. It happens because it does not meet the needs of a broad range of diverse learners. In many contexts, it is centralized in design and rigid in approach which causes little flexibility for modification based on the local setting or for teachers to try out new approaches.
  • 8. 4. UNTRAINED TEACHERS  The educators are the most significant human resource for advancing inclusive education. Their proficiency and outlook have a dramatic impact on the lives of students who are different and who have learning challenges. Unfortunately, the teachers’ competency and attitudes can be the most important constraints for inclusive education.
  • 9. 4. UNTRAINED TEACHERS  Apart from lack of technical ability is the teachers’ attitude. If teachers do not have optimistic attitude toward children with special educational needs, meaningful education for them is far-fetched.
  • 10. 4. UNTRAINED TEACHERS  Moreover, the persistent demand for standardized testing or other academic standards might hinder teacher’s creativity in teaching children with special needs.
  • 11. 5. INADEQUATE FUNDING  Insufficient funding is a chief threat to the implementation of inclusion. It is reflected in the scarcity of resources like insufficient classrooms, inadequate facilities, lack of teachers, and/or dearth of qualified staff, scarce learning materials, and absence of support. Significantly, insufficient funding can hamper ongoing professional development that helps keep both specialists and classroom teachers updated on the best practices of inclusion.
  • 12. 6. POOR ORGANIZATION OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM  Responsibility for decisions tends to be located at the highest level and the focus of management remains oriented toward employees, complying with rules rather than ensuring quality service delivery.
  • 13. 6. POOR ORGANIZATION OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM  Another organizational barrier is the lack of communication among administrators, teachers, specialists, staff, parents, and students. As a result, information on the number of students excluded from the school system is lacking.
  • 14. 7. POLICIES AS BARRIERS  Policy makers who have unsound grasp or opposing views on inclusive education are obstacles to the implementation of inclusive policies.
  • 15. These obstacles in inclusive education consist of a short list of factors that can affect students with disabilities in a general education classroom. Only a profound understanding of these factors and relevant issues that hinder inclusion, and the elimination of them will make true inclusion a reality for all children to learn together.
  • 16. Which of the barriers to inclusive schooling is a major challenge to school systems in the Philippines today?