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Barcamp Derry (Side B) - Serious Games
Covering...SIDE A:> A Brief History of Video GamesSIDE B:> Serious Games> My Work at University of Ulster, Coleraine
What is a Serious Game?A game designed for a primary purpose other than pure entertainment.Can be any sector: medicine, education, military, exercise, business.May be a simulation with the look and feel of a game or using game engines or virtual reality.
What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Video Unavailable - Difede et al. "Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for World Trade Center Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report" Cyberpsychology & Behavior 5(6) 2002
What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Triage TrainingTrusim (Division of Blitz Games) – “Triage Trainer” (Prototype) - http://www.trusim.com/
What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Re-Mission (HopeLab)Kids can learn & fightagainst cancer.Hopelab – “Re-mission” - http://www.hopelab.org/
What Can Game Tech Be Used For?PhobiasRothbaum et al., 2001Images courtesy of Albert ‘Skip’ Rizzo
What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Business Process ManagementIBM – “Innov8” - http://www-01.ibm.com/software/solutions/soa/innov8/index.html
What Can Game Tech Be Used For?EducationSonica SpanishBrain Training (DS)Alphabet Circus (PS2)Spelling Challenges (DS/PSP)
Why Use Games For Serious Purposes?EngageFun means they may even forget they are learning or training!MotivateMaintaining motivation is important for persistent training.EncourageHandle failure conservatively – don’t dishearten but instead encourage with positive feedback.
Why Use Games For Serious Purposes?Reward reached goals. Long-term goals can encourage replayability.Challenge the player at their level.Too easy = boring!Too difficult = frustrating!Personalised & tailored experience.Provide a player with meaningful feedback (visual, audio, haptic).
Why Use Games For Serious Purposes?Because everyone likes to play.“[Play is] a free activity standing quite consciously outside ‘ordinary’ life as being ‘not serious’, but at the same time absorbing the player intensely and utterly.”(Huizinga, J. “Homo Ludens”, 1938)Because games are fun.Fun is the act of mastering a problem mentally.Our brains crave new patterns to absorb. Good games feed us those patterns and our body rewards us with the feeling of fun. If we are no longer being fed new patterns, we become bored.“That’s what games are in the end. Teachers. Fun is just another word for learning.”(RaphKoster, “Theory of Fun”, 2004)
What Technology Can Be Used?Virtual Realitye.g. Electromagnetic sensors, data-gloves & head mounted displays.Expensive, cumbersome, specialist, require expertise.Webcams / ImagingVisual tracking of a player’s movements.ControllersHaptic devices, e.g. Falcon.Joysticks.Custom-built controllers.
What Technology Can Be Used?MetaplaceCustom-built (D.I.Y.)Open WorldsSecond Life, Metaplace, etc.Game EnginesE.g. Unreal engine, Source, Quest3D, Unity3D.Unity3D
My Work at University of Ulster, ColeraineGames for Stroke RehabilitationThe Problem: Stroke therapy is typically intensive, repetitive and boring, and thus difficult to maintain patient motivation.Proposed Solution: Games may be effective in motivating a patient by optimising engagement.Low-cost equipment gives opportunity for home rehabilitation.Following on from previous group work with Virtual Reality 3D games.
Previous Work at University of Ulster, ColeraineVirtual Reality 3D Games
My Work at University of Ulster, ColeraineWebcam Games for Stroke RehabilitationSimple 2D games which use a webcam image as input.Game library where all games share patient profile.Games adapt to player ability dynamically.Played with coloured gloves or any single coloured object.No attaching of wires required – untethered movement.Games can be played standing up or seated.Potential for home rehabilitation.No expertise required.
Video of UUC Stroke Rehabilitation Games:http://www.vimeo.com/4279126
Thank You for Listening!James BurkePhD CandidateUniversity of Ulster, Coleraine@Burkazoidjames@burkazoid.comwww.burkazoid.com

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Barcamp Derry (Side B) - Serious Games

  • 2. Covering...SIDE A:> A Brief History of Video GamesSIDE B:> Serious Games> My Work at University of Ulster, Coleraine
  • 3. What is a Serious Game?A game designed for a primary purpose other than pure entertainment.Can be any sector: medicine, education, military, exercise, business.May be a simulation with the look and feel of a game or using game engines or virtual reality.
  • 4. What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Video Unavailable - Difede et al. "Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for World Trade Center Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report" Cyberpsychology & Behavior 5(6) 2002
  • 5. What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Triage TrainingTrusim (Division of Blitz Games) – “Triage Trainer” (Prototype) - http://www.trusim.com/
  • 6. What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Re-Mission (HopeLab)Kids can learn & fightagainst cancer.Hopelab – “Re-mission” - http://www.hopelab.org/
  • 7. What Can Game Tech Be Used For?PhobiasRothbaum et al., 2001Images courtesy of Albert ‘Skip’ Rizzo
  • 8. What Can Game Tech Be Used For?Business Process ManagementIBM – “Innov8” - http://www-01.ibm.com/software/solutions/soa/innov8/index.html
  • 9. What Can Game Tech Be Used For?EducationSonica SpanishBrain Training (DS)Alphabet Circus (PS2)Spelling Challenges (DS/PSP)
  • 10. Why Use Games For Serious Purposes?EngageFun means they may even forget they are learning or training!MotivateMaintaining motivation is important for persistent training.EncourageHandle failure conservatively – don’t dishearten but instead encourage with positive feedback.
  • 11. Why Use Games For Serious Purposes?Reward reached goals. Long-term goals can encourage replayability.Challenge the player at their level.Too easy = boring!Too difficult = frustrating!Personalised & tailored experience.Provide a player with meaningful feedback (visual, audio, haptic).
  • 12. Why Use Games For Serious Purposes?Because everyone likes to play.“[Play is] a free activity standing quite consciously outside ‘ordinary’ life as being ‘not serious’, but at the same time absorbing the player intensely and utterly.”(Huizinga, J. “Homo Ludens”, 1938)Because games are fun.Fun is the act of mastering a problem mentally.Our brains crave new patterns to absorb. Good games feed us those patterns and our body rewards us with the feeling of fun. If we are no longer being fed new patterns, we become bored.“That’s what games are in the end. Teachers. Fun is just another word for learning.”(RaphKoster, “Theory of Fun”, 2004)
  • 13. What Technology Can Be Used?Virtual Realitye.g. Electromagnetic sensors, data-gloves & head mounted displays.Expensive, cumbersome, specialist, require expertise.Webcams / ImagingVisual tracking of a player’s movements.ControllersHaptic devices, e.g. Falcon.Joysticks.Custom-built controllers.
  • 14. What Technology Can Be Used?MetaplaceCustom-built (D.I.Y.)Open WorldsSecond Life, Metaplace, etc.Game EnginesE.g. Unreal engine, Source, Quest3D, Unity3D.Unity3D
  • 15. My Work at University of Ulster, ColeraineGames for Stroke RehabilitationThe Problem: Stroke therapy is typically intensive, repetitive and boring, and thus difficult to maintain patient motivation.Proposed Solution: Games may be effective in motivating a patient by optimising engagement.Low-cost equipment gives opportunity for home rehabilitation.Following on from previous group work with Virtual Reality 3D games.
  • 16. Previous Work at University of Ulster, ColeraineVirtual Reality 3D Games
  • 17. My Work at University of Ulster, ColeraineWebcam Games for Stroke RehabilitationSimple 2D games which use a webcam image as input.Game library where all games share patient profile.Games adapt to player ability dynamically.Played with coloured gloves or any single coloured object.No attaching of wires required – untethered movement.Games can be played standing up or seated.Potential for home rehabilitation.No expertise required.
  • 18. Video of UUC Stroke Rehabilitation Games:http://www.vimeo.com/4279126
  • 19. Thank You for Listening!James BurkePhD CandidateUniversity of Ulster, Coleraine@Burkazoidjames@burkazoid.comwww.burkazoid.com