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Evaluating the effects of
signal segmentation on
activity recognition
IWBBIO 2014, Granada (España)
Oresti Baños, J.M. Gálvez, M. Damas, A. Guillén, L. J. Herrera, H. Pomares, and I. Rojas
Department of Computer Architecture and Computer Technology,
Research Center for Information and Communications Technologies of the
University of Granada (CITIC-UGR), SPAIN
oresti@ugr.es
Introduction
• Activity recognition concept
– “Recognize the actions and goals of one or more agents from a series of
observations on the agents' actions and the environmental conditions”
• Applications (among others)
– eHealth (AAL, telerehabilation)
– Sports (performance improvement, injury-free pose)
– Industrial (assembly tasks, avoidance of risk situations)
– Gaming (Kinect, Wii Mote, PlayStationMove)
• Categorization by sensor modality
– Ambient (cameras, microphones, RFID)
– On-body (wearables)
2
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
3
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
4
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
5
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
6
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
7
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
8
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
9
Activity Recognition Chain (ARC)
10
Segmentation
• Types
11
– Simplest (no preprocessing)
– Most widely-used
– Window sizes (WS) ranges
from 0.1s to 15s and more
Sliding window Event-basedActivity-defined
– Analysis of activity changes
(spotting)
– Limitedly used
– Identification of
characteristic
events
– Mainly used in gait
analysis
Segmentation
• Types
12
– Simplest (no preprocessing)
– Most widely-used
– Window sizes (WS) ranges
from 0.1s to 15s and more
Sliding window Event-basedActivity-defined
But… which WS
should we use? No consensus!!!
A study is lacking!!!
Experimental setup: dataset
• Fitness benchmark dataset
• 33 activities
• 9 IMUs (XSENS)  ACC, GYR, MAG
• 17 subjects
13
Baños, O., Toth M. A., Damas, M., Pomares, H., Rojas, I., Amft, O.: A benchmark dataset to evaluate sensor displacement in activity recognition.
In: 14th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp 2012), Pittsburgh, USA, September 5-8, (2012)
Results
14
• Preprocessing: NO ● Segmentation: 0.25s-7s in steps of 0.25s
• Feature extraction: FS1={mean}, FS2={mean,std}, FS3={mean,std,max,min,mcr}
• Classification: DT, NB, NCC, KNN ● Evaluation: 10-fold cross-validation, 100 repetitions
Experimental Parameters
Conclusions and final remarks
• Segmentation is a crucial stage in activity recognition, however, there is no
clear consensus on how to partitionate the sensor data stream
• Sliding window is the most widely-used segmentation technique, but
there is no study that neatly investigates the impact of the window size
• We have performed an extensive study for various standard activity
recognition models evaluated for a wide range of window sizes and
activities
• Short windows (1-2s) provide the most accurate detection performance,
thus proving that using large window sizes does not necessarily translate
into a better recognition performance
• An extension of this study* provides designers with a set of practical
guidelines for the windowing process and for diverse activity categories
and applications
* Banos, O., Galvez, J. M., Damas, M., Pomares, H., Rojas, I. Window size impact in activity recognition. SENSORS. (2014) 15
Thank you for your attention.
Questions?
Oresti Baños Legrán
Department of Computer Architecture and Computer Technology,
Research Center for Information and Communications Technologies of the
University of Granada (CITIC-UGR)
Email: oresti@ugr.es
Web: http://www.ugr.es/~oresti
Phone: +34 958 241 778
Fax: +34 958 248 993
This work was partially supported by the Spanish CICYT Project SAF2010-20558, Junta de Andalucia Project P09-TIC-175476 and the FPU
Spanish grant AP2009-2244. 16

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Evaluating the effects of signal segmentation on activity recognition

  • 1. Evaluating the effects of signal segmentation on activity recognition IWBBIO 2014, Granada (España) Oresti Baños, J.M. Gálvez, M. Damas, A. Guillén, L. J. Herrera, H. Pomares, and I. Rojas Department of Computer Architecture and Computer Technology, Research Center for Information and Communications Technologies of the University of Granada (CITIC-UGR), SPAIN oresti@ugr.es
  • 2. Introduction • Activity recognition concept – “Recognize the actions and goals of one or more agents from a series of observations on the agents' actions and the environmental conditions” • Applications (among others) – eHealth (AAL, telerehabilation) – Sports (performance improvement, injury-free pose) – Industrial (assembly tasks, avoidance of risk situations) – Gaming (Kinect, Wii Mote, PlayStationMove) • Categorization by sensor modality – Ambient (cameras, microphones, RFID) – On-body (wearables) 2
  • 11. Segmentation • Types 11 – Simplest (no preprocessing) – Most widely-used – Window sizes (WS) ranges from 0.1s to 15s and more Sliding window Event-basedActivity-defined – Analysis of activity changes (spotting) – Limitedly used – Identification of characteristic events – Mainly used in gait analysis
  • 12. Segmentation • Types 12 – Simplest (no preprocessing) – Most widely-used – Window sizes (WS) ranges from 0.1s to 15s and more Sliding window Event-basedActivity-defined But… which WS should we use? No consensus!!! A study is lacking!!!
  • 13. Experimental setup: dataset • Fitness benchmark dataset • 33 activities • 9 IMUs (XSENS)  ACC, GYR, MAG • 17 subjects 13 Baños, O., Toth M. A., Damas, M., Pomares, H., Rojas, I., Amft, O.: A benchmark dataset to evaluate sensor displacement in activity recognition. In: 14th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp 2012), Pittsburgh, USA, September 5-8, (2012)
  • 14. Results 14 • Preprocessing: NO ● Segmentation: 0.25s-7s in steps of 0.25s • Feature extraction: FS1={mean}, FS2={mean,std}, FS3={mean,std,max,min,mcr} • Classification: DT, NB, NCC, KNN ● Evaluation: 10-fold cross-validation, 100 repetitions Experimental Parameters
  • 15. Conclusions and final remarks • Segmentation is a crucial stage in activity recognition, however, there is no clear consensus on how to partitionate the sensor data stream • Sliding window is the most widely-used segmentation technique, but there is no study that neatly investigates the impact of the window size • We have performed an extensive study for various standard activity recognition models evaluated for a wide range of window sizes and activities • Short windows (1-2s) provide the most accurate detection performance, thus proving that using large window sizes does not necessarily translate into a better recognition performance • An extension of this study* provides designers with a set of practical guidelines for the windowing process and for diverse activity categories and applications * Banos, O., Galvez, J. M., Damas, M., Pomares, H., Rojas, I. Window size impact in activity recognition. SENSORS. (2014) 15
  • 16. Thank you for your attention. Questions? Oresti Baños Legrán Department of Computer Architecture and Computer Technology, Research Center for Information and Communications Technologies of the University of Granada (CITIC-UGR) Email: oresti@ugr.es Web: http://www.ugr.es/~oresti Phone: +34 958 241 778 Fax: +34 958 248 993 This work was partially supported by the Spanish CICYT Project SAF2010-20558, Junta de Andalucia Project P09-TIC-175476 and the FPU Spanish grant AP2009-2244. 16