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Triangular Bandages
And
Types of knots
Presented by:
Manisha Thakur
Triangular Bandage
• A standard triangular bandage is made from a
piece of cloth approximately forty inches
square by folding the square diagonally and
cutting along the fold.
• It is easily applied and can be handled so that the
part to be applied over wound or burn dressings
will not be soiled.
• It is usually made from unbleached cotton cloth,
although any kind of cloth will do.
• In emergencies, a triangular bandage can be
improvised from a clean handkerchief, a clean
piece of shirt, etc.
• The triangular bandage is also used to make
tourniquets, to support fractures and dislocat
ions, to apply splints, and to form slings.
Cravat Bandages
 A triangular bandage may be used open or
folded. When folded, it is known as a
cravat. It is prepared as follows:
 A medium cravat is made by folding
lengthwise along a line midway between
the base and the new top of the
bandage, in effect, folding the
wide cravat bandage in half lengthwise.
 A narrow cravat is made by repeating the
folding.
 This method has the advantage that all
bandages can be folded to a uniform width,
or the width may be varied to suit the
purpose for which it is to be used. To
complete a dressing, the ends of the
bandage are tied securely.
Cont…
Triangular Bandage….
Dimensions
The standard size of triangle bandages is 40x40x56 inches (102x102x142 cm)
. However, you can sometimes find them in other sizes too. When folded
down, the triangle bandage is quite small – usually just around 5 inches.
When buying or making triangle bandages, it is mostly important that the bandage is
a right-angle triangle. Otherwise, it won’t work as well for many first aid functions.
Elbow Bandage
1. Bend the arm at the elbow and
place the middle of the cravat at
the point of the elbow bringing the
ends upward.
2. Bring the ends across, extending
both downward.
3. Take both ends around the arm and
tie with a square knot at the front
of the elbow.
4. CAUTION: If an elbow fracture is
suspected, DO NOT bend the elbow
bandage it in the position found.
Arm sling
1. Place folded base vertically over
2. One arm, with pointed directly un
der the elbow of injured arm
3. Lower ends of base at the side o
f the neck using a square knot
4. Make several twist with ape
x and tie a knot
5. Hide the knot.
Ear injuries
1. Place the middle of the bandage
over the ear Cross the ends, wrap
in opposite directions around the
head, and tie.
2. Place a dressing between the ear
and head.
1. Lay the middle of the cravat over the
palm with the ends hanging down on
each side.
2. Take the end of the cravat at the little
finger across the back of the hand,
extending it upward over the base of the
thumb; then downward across the
palm.
3. take the thumb end across the back of
the hand, over the palm, and through
the hollow between the thumb and palm
4. Take the ends to the back of the hand
and cross them; then bring them up
over the wrist and cross them again
Bring both ends down and tie them
with a square knot on top of the wrist.
Palm of the Hand
Cravat for the Forearm, Arm, Leg and Thigh
1. Place center of cravat over the dressing
2. Begin ascending turns with upper
end and descending turns with
lower end, with each turn covering
two-third of preceding turn until
dressing is covered.
3. Terminate by tying both ends in
square knot.
Hand bandage
• Place the hand in the middle of
the triangular bandage
with the wrist at the base.
• Place the apex over the fingers and
tuck any excess material into the
pleats on each side of the hand.
• Cross the ends on top of the
hand, take them around the
wrist, and tie them with a
square knot.
Head bandage
• Place the center of the cravat
over the compress covering the
wound.
• Carry the ends around to the
opposite side of the head, cross
them. Bring them back to the
staring point and tie them.
Apply a Triangular Bandage to the Head/Scalp.
• Fold the base at least 2-3”.
• Place folded base aligned with eyebrows.
• Pull back and cross-over at the back,
tucking apex beneath.
• Pull both ends in front/secure with a
square knot at the center of the folded
base/tuck ends.
• Pull down apex (tuck sides neatly).
• Tuck apex neatly at cross-over area.
Hand/Foot Bandage
1. Place the Hand/Foot in the middle of
the triangular bandage with the wrist
/heel well forward of the base
2. Ensure that the fingers/toes are
separated with absorbent material to
prevent chafing and irritation of the
skin.
3. Place the apex over the top of the
hand/foot and tuck any excess
material into the pleats on each side.
4. Cross the ends on top of the hand/
foot, take them around the wrist/
ankle, and tie at the front of the wrist
/ankle.
KNOTS IN BANDAGING
TYING THE BANDAGE
 For tying the bandage a ‘reef knot’ must be always used.
 Knot should not cause discomfort.
 Tuck the loose ends of bandage out of sight.
Cont…
REEF KNOT
 The Reef Knot (also called the
Square Knot) is an ancient and
simple binding knot used to secure a
rope or line around an object.
 Although the Reef Knot is often seen use
d for tying two ropes together, it is not
very reliable and should never be used
in a critical situation where lives are at
risk.
 Use this knot to tie bandages and
shoelaces.
 A Reef Knot is formed by tying the rope
right over left, then left over right.
Cont…
BOWLINE KNOT
 The Bowline is an essential knot – easy
to tie and untie – it is used to make a
fixed loop at the end of a rope.
 The Bowline is also one of the three
other figure-Eight Knot, the Reef
Knot .
 The Bowline is a common rescue knot
used when securing and lifting people
or equipment.
 This knot could save your life – if you
ever need rescuing with a rope tied
around your chest, this knot is the
safest and most secure.
Cont…
SHEET BENT
 The difference between a bend and a knot
is that a bend is for joining the ends of
two ropes together, always use the Sheet
Bend as it is the most secure and works
well on both the same size and different
sized ropes.
 The Sheet Bend, reef knot and the
Bowline are considered to be the three
most essential knots to know.
....DownloadsBOWLINE.mp4
SQUARE KNOT
SHEET BEND
SUMMARIZATION
1. Definition of triangular bandage.
2. Cravat
3. Dimensions of triangular bandage.
4. Uses of triangular bandage.
5. Types of knots
RECAPTUALIZATION
1. Folded triangular bandage is called as …………….
2. In emergencies, a triangular bandage can be improvised from a
clean handkerchief, a clean piece of shirt. (T/F)
3. …………………. Is the types of knot used in bandaging.
4. For tying the bandage a ‘reef knot’ must be always used. (T/F)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
• https://www.slideshare.net/AshokBishnoi1/ppt-on-bandaging
• https://www.slideshare.net/abdullah.sachwani/bandaging-1197213
• https://www.slideshare.net/vinitjain475/bandages-46394909
BANDAGING: TRIANGULAR BANDAGING AND CRAVAT, TYPES OF KNOTS

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BANDAGING: TRIANGULAR BANDAGING AND CRAVAT, TYPES OF KNOTS

  • 1. Triangular Bandages And Types of knots Presented by: Manisha Thakur
  • 2. Triangular Bandage • A standard triangular bandage is made from a piece of cloth approximately forty inches square by folding the square diagonally and cutting along the fold. • It is easily applied and can be handled so that the part to be applied over wound or burn dressings will not be soiled. • It is usually made from unbleached cotton cloth, although any kind of cloth will do. • In emergencies, a triangular bandage can be improvised from a clean handkerchief, a clean piece of shirt, etc. • The triangular bandage is also used to make tourniquets, to support fractures and dislocat ions, to apply splints, and to form slings.
  • 3. Cravat Bandages  A triangular bandage may be used open or folded. When folded, it is known as a cravat. It is prepared as follows:  A medium cravat is made by folding lengthwise along a line midway between the base and the new top of the bandage, in effect, folding the wide cravat bandage in half lengthwise.  A narrow cravat is made by repeating the folding.  This method has the advantage that all bandages can be folded to a uniform width, or the width may be varied to suit the purpose for which it is to be used. To complete a dressing, the ends of the bandage are tied securely.
  • 5. Triangular Bandage…. Dimensions The standard size of triangle bandages is 40x40x56 inches (102x102x142 cm) . However, you can sometimes find them in other sizes too. When folded down, the triangle bandage is quite small – usually just around 5 inches. When buying or making triangle bandages, it is mostly important that the bandage is a right-angle triangle. Otherwise, it won’t work as well for many first aid functions.
  • 6. Elbow Bandage 1. Bend the arm at the elbow and place the middle of the cravat at the point of the elbow bringing the ends upward. 2. Bring the ends across, extending both downward. 3. Take both ends around the arm and tie with a square knot at the front of the elbow. 4. CAUTION: If an elbow fracture is suspected, DO NOT bend the elbow bandage it in the position found.
  • 7. Arm sling 1. Place folded base vertically over 2. One arm, with pointed directly un der the elbow of injured arm 3. Lower ends of base at the side o f the neck using a square knot 4. Make several twist with ape x and tie a knot 5. Hide the knot.
  • 8. Ear injuries 1. Place the middle of the bandage over the ear Cross the ends, wrap in opposite directions around the head, and tie. 2. Place a dressing between the ear and head.
  • 9. 1. Lay the middle of the cravat over the palm with the ends hanging down on each side. 2. Take the end of the cravat at the little finger across the back of the hand, extending it upward over the base of the thumb; then downward across the palm. 3. take the thumb end across the back of the hand, over the palm, and through the hollow between the thumb and palm 4. Take the ends to the back of the hand and cross them; then bring them up over the wrist and cross them again Bring both ends down and tie them with a square knot on top of the wrist. Palm of the Hand
  • 10. Cravat for the Forearm, Arm, Leg and Thigh 1. Place center of cravat over the dressing 2. Begin ascending turns with upper end and descending turns with lower end, with each turn covering two-third of preceding turn until dressing is covered. 3. Terminate by tying both ends in square knot.
  • 11. Hand bandage • Place the hand in the middle of the triangular bandage with the wrist at the base. • Place the apex over the fingers and tuck any excess material into the pleats on each side of the hand. • Cross the ends on top of the hand, take them around the wrist, and tie them with a square knot.
  • 12. Head bandage • Place the center of the cravat over the compress covering the wound. • Carry the ends around to the opposite side of the head, cross them. Bring them back to the staring point and tie them.
  • 13. Apply a Triangular Bandage to the Head/Scalp. • Fold the base at least 2-3”. • Place folded base aligned with eyebrows. • Pull back and cross-over at the back, tucking apex beneath. • Pull both ends in front/secure with a square knot at the center of the folded base/tuck ends. • Pull down apex (tuck sides neatly). • Tuck apex neatly at cross-over area.
  • 14. Hand/Foot Bandage 1. Place the Hand/Foot in the middle of the triangular bandage with the wrist /heel well forward of the base 2. Ensure that the fingers/toes are separated with absorbent material to prevent chafing and irritation of the skin. 3. Place the apex over the top of the hand/foot and tuck any excess material into the pleats on each side. 4. Cross the ends on top of the hand/ foot, take them around the wrist/ ankle, and tie at the front of the wrist /ankle.
  • 15. KNOTS IN BANDAGING TYING THE BANDAGE  For tying the bandage a ‘reef knot’ must be always used.  Knot should not cause discomfort.  Tuck the loose ends of bandage out of sight.
  • 16. Cont… REEF KNOT  The Reef Knot (also called the Square Knot) is an ancient and simple binding knot used to secure a rope or line around an object.  Although the Reef Knot is often seen use d for tying two ropes together, it is not very reliable and should never be used in a critical situation where lives are at risk.  Use this knot to tie bandages and shoelaces.  A Reef Knot is formed by tying the rope right over left, then left over right.
  • 17. Cont… BOWLINE KNOT  The Bowline is an essential knot – easy to tie and untie – it is used to make a fixed loop at the end of a rope.  The Bowline is also one of the three other figure-Eight Knot, the Reef Knot .  The Bowline is a common rescue knot used when securing and lifting people or equipment.  This knot could save your life – if you ever need rescuing with a rope tied around your chest, this knot is the safest and most secure.
  • 18. Cont… SHEET BENT  The difference between a bend and a knot is that a bend is for joining the ends of two ropes together, always use the Sheet Bend as it is the most secure and works well on both the same size and different sized ropes.  The Sheet Bend, reef knot and the Bowline are considered to be the three most essential knots to know.
  • 20. SUMMARIZATION 1. Definition of triangular bandage. 2. Cravat 3. Dimensions of triangular bandage. 4. Uses of triangular bandage. 5. Types of knots
  • 21. RECAPTUALIZATION 1. Folded triangular bandage is called as ……………. 2. In emergencies, a triangular bandage can be improvised from a clean handkerchief, a clean piece of shirt. (T/F) 3. …………………. Is the types of knot used in bandaging. 4. For tying the bandage a ‘reef knot’ must be always used. (T/F)