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Introduction to Being a Health Care Worker
History of
Health Care
Health care has developed and changed throughout history.
Knowing the history of health care helps you understand
current procedures, practices, and philosophies. The
experiences and discoveries of the past led to the advances
of today.

Today’s achievements could not have occurred without the
trials and errors of the past. When you understand the
primitive beginnings of medicine, you appreciate the
advances made during the past 5,000 years.



               Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education           3
 No electricity, few tools, poor shelter
 Protect themselves against predators
 Believed illness and disease were caused by
  supernatural spirits
 Used trephining, herbs, and plants as medicine




            Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   4
•   Egyptians first people to keep accuracy records
•   Ancient Chinese first to use acupuncture
    therapies
•   Ancient Greeks first to study causes of disease
    – Illness has natural rather than spiritual causes
    – Considered medicine an art
    – Learned some disease caused by lack of sanitation
   Romans developed sanitation system
     First to organize medical care



                 Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education     5
   Hippocrates based his knowledge of anatomy
    and physiology on observation of the external
    body
     Known as the father of medicine
     Disease not caused by supernatural forces
     Wrote the standard of ethics ─ Oath of Hippocrates




                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education       6
   Medical science stopped for 1,000 years when
    Roman Empire conquered by the Huns
     Medicine practiced only in convents and monasteries
     Primary treatment was prayer
     Care was custodial
   Epidemics
     Bubonic plague, smallpox, syphilis




                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education        7
   Rebirth of learning
   Universities and medical buildings built
   New ideas about disease
   Dissection of the body
   Development of the printing press




               Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   8
   Leonardo da Vinci studied and recorded the anatomy of
    the body
   William Harvey used physiology to describe circulation
    of blood and pumping of the heart
   Gabriele Fallopius discovered the fallopian tubes
   Bartolommeo Eustachio discovered tube leading from
    the ear to the throat
   Antonie van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope
   Apothecaries/early pharmacies started
   Practice of quackery




                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education         9
   Students attended lectures, treated patients at their
    bedsides, and dissected bodies
   Elizabeth Blackwell first female physician in United
    States
   René Laënnec invented the stethoscope
   Joseph Priestly discovered the element oxygen
   Benjamin Franklin discovered bifocals and that colds
    could be passed from person to person
   Edward Jenner discovered smallpox vaccination which
    led to immunizations




                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education        10
   Ignaz Semmelweis identified cause of childbed fever
   Louis Pasteur discovered tiny microorganisms are
    everywhere
     Father of Microbiology
     Pasteurization kills bacteria in mild
   Joseph Lister first doctor to use antiseptic during surgery
   Ernst von Bergmann developed asepsis
   Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify
    pathogens and also isolated the bacterium that causes
    tuberculosis
   Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays
   Paul Ehrlich discovered the effect of medicine on disease-
    causing microorganisms
                  Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education            11
 Anesthesia, nitrous oxide, ether, and chloroform
  discovered
 Gerhard Domagk discovered sulfonamide
  compounds ─ medications effective in killing
  bacteria
 Dmitri Ivanovski discovered that some diseases
  are caused by microorganisms that cannot be
  seen with a microscope (viruses)
     Rabies
     Measles
     Chickenpox

                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   12
   Sigmund Freud discovered the conscious and unconscious parts of
    the mind
     Basis of psychology and psychiatry
   Sir Alexander Fleming found that penicillin killed life-threatening
    bacteria
   Jonas Salk discovered that a dead polio virus would cause
    immunity to poliomyelitis
   Albert Sabin used a live polio virus vaccine, which is more effective.
   Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the molecular
    structure of DNA, based on its known double helix.
   Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant in
    1968
   Ben Carson separated Siamese twins and performed
    hemispherectomies (surgeries on the brain to prevent seizures)



                    Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education                     13
   Telemedicine practiced
     Consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services
     E-mail, fax, telephone
   New inventions and procedures have changed
    medicine
     People are living longer and healthier
     Greater need to understand geriatric medicine




                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education     14
Hippocrates                                                 Bartolommeo Eustachio
Leonardo da Vinci                                           Anton van Leeuwenhoek
William Harvey                                              René Laënnec
Gabriele Fallopius                                          Joseph Priestley

Benjamin Franklin                                           Joseph Lister
Edward Jenner                                                      Ernst von Bergmann
Ignaz Semmelweis                                            Robert Koch
Louis Pasteur                                               Wilhelm Roentgen

Paul Erlich                                                 Alexander Fleming
Gerhard Domagk                                              Jonas Salk
Dmitri Ivanovski                                                   Albert Sabin
Sigmund Freud


                     Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education                               15
   Florence Nightingale created the Nightingale School of
    Nursing
     Designed a hospital ward that improved the environment and
      care of the patients
   Clara Barton volunteered as a nurse during the Civil War
     Established a bureau of records to help search for missing men
     Established the American Red Cross in 1881 and to serve as its
      first president.
   Lillian Wald established the Henry Street Settlement in
    New York to bring nursing care into the homes of the
    poor
     Led to the Visiting Nurse Service of New York



                    Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education               16
 LVN/LPN
 Nurse assistant
 Unlicensed assistive                       caregivers




           Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education           17
 anesthesia                                   geriatric
 antiseptic                                   intravenously
 asepsis                                      microbiology
 convents                                     Microorganisms
 custodial                                    monasteries
 dissection                                   noninvasive
 epidemics                                    observation
 ethics                                       pasteurization
 exorcise                                     phlebotomy



           Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education                  18
   physiology                                     respiration
   predators                                      stethoscope
   primitive                                      superstitious
   psychiatry                                     symptom
   psychology                                     telemedicine
   quackery                                       trephining
   recipient                                      vaccines
   replicate



             Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education                   19
Becoming a Health Care Worker
A health care worker is a well-trained professional whose
top concern is patient welfare. Health care workers must
have a thorough knowledge of current health procedures.
They must maintain a professional appearance and
practice professional behavior. They must also safeguard
the confidentiality of patient information. You must keep in
mind all of these standards of behavior as you become a
health care worker.




                Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education           21
 Match key terms with their correct meanings.
 Discuss the importance of proper health care
  training.
 Describe the proper appearance for a health
  care worker.
 Discuss standards of behavior.
 Discuss the importance of confidentiality when
  working with patient records.



            Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   22
   Choose a quality healthcare program that meets
    your needs
     Technical, community or four year colleges with
      accredited programs
     Obtain a certification or an associate’s, bachelor’s,
      master’s or doctoral degree
   Continue your education after employment, as
    health care procedures and knowledge change
    constantly



                 Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education         23
   Professional appearance reflects your
    commitment to patient care
     Follow facility’s dress code
     Minimum jewelry
     Wear name badge
     Clean and appropriate shoes
     Clean hair
     Follow rules of good personal hygiene




                 Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   24
   Behave professionally
     Calm and courteous manner
     Listen carefully
     Monitor patients appropriately
     Perform tasks efficiently
     Do not gossip about staff or patients
     Do not use coarse or offensive language
     Do not “horseplay”
     Watch for hazardous situations
     Follow all facility safety procedures

                 Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   25
 Exhibit positive personal traits
 Empathy                                      Self motivation
 Honesty                                      Tact
 Dependability                                Competence
 Willingness to learn                         Responsibility
 Patience                                     Discretion
 Acceptance of criticism                      Team player
 Enthusiasm




            Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education                  26
   Make sure you portray positive body language
     Make and maintain eye contact
     Smile
     Keep an open stance
     Give patient your full attention
     Keep your hands away form your mouth when
      speaking
     Sit or stand at eye level when talking to a patient




                 Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education       27
 Confidentiality of patient records is critical
 Patients sign confidentiality form before
  receiving treatment
   Legally binding document
 Health care workers may be reprimanded if they
  do not ensure patient confidentiality




            Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education   28
   accredited                                       hygiene
   appearance                                       maintain
   commitment                                       professional
   confidentiality                                  recommendations
   converse                                         reprimanded
   courteous                                        stance




               Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education                     29

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Badasch ppt 01 rev

  • 1. Introduction to Being a Health Care Worker
  • 3. Health care has developed and changed throughout history. Knowing the history of health care helps you understand current procedures, practices, and philosophies. The experiences and discoveries of the past led to the advances of today. Today’s achievements could not have occurred without the trials and errors of the past. When you understand the primitive beginnings of medicine, you appreciate the advances made during the past 5,000 years. Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 3
  • 4.  No electricity, few tools, poor shelter  Protect themselves against predators  Believed illness and disease were caused by supernatural spirits  Used trephining, herbs, and plants as medicine Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 4
  • 5. Egyptians first people to keep accuracy records • Ancient Chinese first to use acupuncture therapies • Ancient Greeks first to study causes of disease – Illness has natural rather than spiritual causes – Considered medicine an art – Learned some disease caused by lack of sanitation  Romans developed sanitation system  First to organize medical care Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 5
  • 6. Hippocrates based his knowledge of anatomy and physiology on observation of the external body  Known as the father of medicine  Disease not caused by supernatural forces  Wrote the standard of ethics ─ Oath of Hippocrates Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 6
  • 7. Medical science stopped for 1,000 years when Roman Empire conquered by the Huns  Medicine practiced only in convents and monasteries  Primary treatment was prayer  Care was custodial  Epidemics  Bubonic plague, smallpox, syphilis Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 7
  • 8. Rebirth of learning  Universities and medical buildings built  New ideas about disease  Dissection of the body  Development of the printing press Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 8
  • 9. Leonardo da Vinci studied and recorded the anatomy of the body  William Harvey used physiology to describe circulation of blood and pumping of the heart  Gabriele Fallopius discovered the fallopian tubes  Bartolommeo Eustachio discovered tube leading from the ear to the throat  Antonie van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope  Apothecaries/early pharmacies started  Practice of quackery Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 9
  • 10. Students attended lectures, treated patients at their bedsides, and dissected bodies  Elizabeth Blackwell first female physician in United States  René Laënnec invented the stethoscope  Joseph Priestly discovered the element oxygen  Benjamin Franklin discovered bifocals and that colds could be passed from person to person  Edward Jenner discovered smallpox vaccination which led to immunizations Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 10
  • 11. Ignaz Semmelweis identified cause of childbed fever  Louis Pasteur discovered tiny microorganisms are everywhere  Father of Microbiology  Pasteurization kills bacteria in mild  Joseph Lister first doctor to use antiseptic during surgery  Ernst von Bergmann developed asepsis  Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens and also isolated the bacterium that causes tuberculosis  Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays  Paul Ehrlich discovered the effect of medicine on disease- causing microorganisms Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 11
  • 12.  Anesthesia, nitrous oxide, ether, and chloroform discovered  Gerhard Domagk discovered sulfonamide compounds ─ medications effective in killing bacteria  Dmitri Ivanovski discovered that some diseases are caused by microorganisms that cannot be seen with a microscope (viruses)  Rabies  Measles  Chickenpox Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 12
  • 13. Sigmund Freud discovered the conscious and unconscious parts of the mind  Basis of psychology and psychiatry  Sir Alexander Fleming found that penicillin killed life-threatening bacteria  Jonas Salk discovered that a dead polio virus would cause immunity to poliomyelitis  Albert Sabin used a live polio virus vaccine, which is more effective.  Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the molecular structure of DNA, based on its known double helix.  Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant in 1968  Ben Carson separated Siamese twins and performed hemispherectomies (surgeries on the brain to prevent seizures) Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 13
  • 14. Telemedicine practiced  Consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services  E-mail, fax, telephone  New inventions and procedures have changed medicine  People are living longer and healthier  Greater need to understand geriatric medicine Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 14
  • 15. Hippocrates Bartolommeo Eustachio Leonardo da Vinci Anton van Leeuwenhoek William Harvey René Laënnec Gabriele Fallopius Joseph Priestley Benjamin Franklin Joseph Lister Edward Jenner Ernst von Bergmann Ignaz Semmelweis Robert Koch Louis Pasteur Wilhelm Roentgen Paul Erlich Alexander Fleming Gerhard Domagk Jonas Salk Dmitri Ivanovski Albert Sabin Sigmund Freud Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 15
  • 16. Florence Nightingale created the Nightingale School of Nursing  Designed a hospital ward that improved the environment and care of the patients  Clara Barton volunteered as a nurse during the Civil War  Established a bureau of records to help search for missing men  Established the American Red Cross in 1881 and to serve as its first president.  Lillian Wald established the Henry Street Settlement in New York to bring nursing care into the homes of the poor  Led to the Visiting Nurse Service of New York Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 16
  • 17.  LVN/LPN  Nurse assistant  Unlicensed assistive caregivers Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 17
  • 18.  anesthesia  geriatric  antiseptic  intravenously  asepsis  microbiology  convents  Microorganisms  custodial  monasteries  dissection  noninvasive  epidemics  observation  ethics  pasteurization  exorcise  phlebotomy Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 18
  • 19. physiology  respiration  predators  stethoscope  primitive  superstitious  psychiatry  symptom  psychology  telemedicine  quackery  trephining  recipient  vaccines  replicate Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 19
  • 20. Becoming a Health Care Worker
  • 21. A health care worker is a well-trained professional whose top concern is patient welfare. Health care workers must have a thorough knowledge of current health procedures. They must maintain a professional appearance and practice professional behavior. They must also safeguard the confidentiality of patient information. You must keep in mind all of these standards of behavior as you become a health care worker. Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 21
  • 22.  Match key terms with their correct meanings.  Discuss the importance of proper health care training.  Describe the proper appearance for a health care worker.  Discuss standards of behavior.  Discuss the importance of confidentiality when working with patient records. Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 22
  • 23. Choose a quality healthcare program that meets your needs  Technical, community or four year colleges with accredited programs  Obtain a certification or an associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral degree  Continue your education after employment, as health care procedures and knowledge change constantly Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 23
  • 24. Professional appearance reflects your commitment to patient care  Follow facility’s dress code  Minimum jewelry  Wear name badge  Clean and appropriate shoes  Clean hair  Follow rules of good personal hygiene Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 24
  • 25. Behave professionally  Calm and courteous manner  Listen carefully  Monitor patients appropriately  Perform tasks efficiently  Do not gossip about staff or patients  Do not use coarse or offensive language  Do not “horseplay”  Watch for hazardous situations  Follow all facility safety procedures Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 25
  • 26.  Exhibit positive personal traits  Empathy  Self motivation  Honesty  Tact  Dependability  Competence  Willingness to learn  Responsibility  Patience  Discretion  Acceptance of criticism  Team player  Enthusiasm Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 26
  • 27. Make sure you portray positive body language  Make and maintain eye contact  Smile  Keep an open stance  Give patient your full attention  Keep your hands away form your mouth when speaking  Sit or stand at eye level when talking to a patient Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 27
  • 28.  Confidentiality of patient records is critical  Patients sign confidentiality form before receiving treatment  Legally binding document  Health care workers may be reprimanded if they do not ensure patient confidentiality Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 28
  • 29. accredited  hygiene  appearance  maintain  commitment  professional  confidentiality  recommendations  converse  reprimanded  courteous  stance Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 29