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Eric Shragge, School of Community and Public Affairs,
                               Concordia University

   Raïmi B. Osseni, Development in Action, CCEDNet
                       Emerging Leaders Committee
Outline of Workshop
 W thisw rks p -Tore it thero o c m unity
   hy    o ho ?      vis      le f o m
    o a
     rg nizingin C a So ia Ec no y p c e
                   ED nd c l o m ra tic .
   W I w sa c dtoC
      hy a ttra te         ED/So ia Ec no y
                                 c l o m
   C m o ntso C m unity P c e
     o p ne       f o m        ra tic
   C nte tingC m unity in Ne lib ra So ie
     o s         o m           o e l c ty
   Definitio a Vis nso C
             ns nd io f ED
   Ro o C m unity in So ia C ng
      le f o m              c l ha e
   Fra e o fo Gra s o o a
       m w rk r       s ro ts rg nizing
   Build Ra ic l C p c
          ing d a a a ity
   Lim a P s ib
        its nd o s ilities
   Pullingit a to e r
               ll g the
Why I was attracted to CED/Social
Economy
 
 EricShra g , Sc o o C m unity a P licAffa ,
          g e ho l f o m         nd ub     irs
    C nc rd Unive ity
     o o ia      rs



 Ra i B. Os e De lo m nt in Ac n, C EDNe
    ïm      s ni, ve p e       tio C     t
    Em rg Le d rsC m itte
      e ing a e o m e
Component of practice

 
 Ana is ww und rs ndthew rld W t iso
     lys -Ho e e ta      o ? ha      ur
    id o g a vis n?
      e lo y, nd io
 
 P c einte ntio
   ra tic  rve n-W t w d toc ng thew rld
                  ha e o    ha e    o ?
    W t a w tryingto a hie - o o e ?Ho a w
      ha re e         c ve utc m s    w re e
    d ingit-p c s ?
     o       ro e s
 
 Re c n- Ho a w d ing
    fle tio w re e o ?
Contesting Community

Ra o W m e e hisd c s n o c m unity in
   ym nd illia s nd d          is us io f o m
  Keywords. Hes te :ta d
 C m unity c n b thewarmly persuasive word to
    o m          a e
  d s rib a existing set of relationships, o thew rm
   ec e n                                   r    a ly
  p rs s w rd tod s rib a a rna s t o
   e ua ive o          e c e n lte tive e f
  re tio hip . W t ism s im o nt, p rha s istha
    la ns s ha            o t p rta       e p,       t
  unlikea o r te so s c l o a tio (state, nation,
          ll the rm f o ia rg niza n
  society, e .) it s e snever to be used unfavorably
            tc      em

(Williams, 1988, p. 76, emphasis in original)
What are the problems with
community?
C nte te Id o g sw
 o s d e lo ie ithin C m unity a So ia
                           o m        nd c l
  Mo m nts
     ve e
 Be a eo thes nific nc o c m unity it ha b e a
     c us f       ig    a e f o m         s e n, nd
  c ntinue to b , m b d fo ava ty o p litic l
   o      s    e o ilize r        rie f o a
  p je ts Build up n thed c s n in Fis r (19 4
   ro c .       ing o        is us io    he   9)
  w id ntify fivetyp s
    e e              e:
   Reactionary: w h try to turn b c thec c to ap r,
                  hic             ak     lo k    rio
    re l o im g d tim a s teo a irs
      a r a ine , e nd ta f ffa
   Conservative: w h a m t to m inta as tusq tha
                   hic tte p    a in ta      uo t
    re is thea va e e o s c l, e o m , a p litic l
      s ts    d nc m nt f o ia c no ic nd o a
    jus e
       tic
What are the problems with
community?
  Adaptive/Reformist: w h a c p theb s p m e o
                        hic c e t    a ic re is s f
  thes tusq , b try totw a it ab a undthee g s
       ta   uo ut       ek      it ro      d e.
  The try tore rmg s ine uitie toim ro a m inta
      y       fo  ro s q      s     p ve nd a in
  s c ty.
   o ie

  Radical/Revolutionary: w h us thela ua ea re lm
                           hic e      ng g nd a
  o c m unity a ab s totry tofund m nta tra fo
   f o m        s a is           a e lly ns rm
  thes c l re tio o the tim .
      o ia la ns f ir e

  Opt-out: w h us thec nte o c m unity to try to
             hic e     o xt f o m
  w ra fro thela e c les c l re tio o the tim
   ithd w m     rg r-s a o ia la ns f ir e
Definitions and Visions of CED
"… c m unity e o m d ve p e isc ra te db
    o m       c no ic e lo m nt ha c rize y
  c m unity-b s dp c s e a p ritie
   o m       a e ro e s s nd rio s

 Process thro h w h d ve p e o thec m unity is
              ug hic e lo m nt f    o m
  p ue by the community
   urs d
 Thec m unity economy is seen in its full breadth, inc ing
       o m                                             lud
  a s c rsa theinfo a e o m
   ll e to nd         rm l c no y
 P nningisac ntra a tivity a isb s do participatory
   la            e l c       nd a e n
  principles of community democracy
 Thelong-term view p d m te a inc e a inte ra d
                     re o ina s nd lud s n            g te
  a p a h tob th p nninga im le e tio
   p ro c       o la       nd p m nta n
Definitions and Visions of CED
 So ia p litic l, c
    c l, o a ultura el, nviro e l a o r perspectives are
                             nm nta nd the
  integrated with the economic p rs e tive
                                e pc

 Thee o m d ve p e p c s isameans to various social
      c no ic e lo m nt ro e s
  ends, inc inginte ra n o c m unity inte s (e . thed a le ,
           lud     g tio f o m           re ts .g    is b d
  thee e
      ld rly)

 An inclusive ethic info sthep c s
                         rm    ro e s

 Like is , a p p tec m unity o a tio a d ve p dto
      w e p ro ria o m         rg niza ns re e lo e
  re p ndto thec m unity'sp ritie a va s a to facilitate
    so          o m         rio s nd lue , nd
  the maximum access to the process and the maximum control by
  the community."
(Douglas, 1994, p.26)
Overview of Approaches to Local
Economic Development
                                   Restructuring for Renewal and                              Restructuring
Approaches to                      Capital           Repair                                   for Community
                                                                                              and Ecology
Priorities                          Ec no y
                                      o m                               Ec no y w ano
                                                                          o m ith      d      Ho tica inte ra d
                                                                                                  lis nd    g te
                                                                        toDis utio l a
                                                                             trib na nd       vie o e o m
                                                                                                  w f c no y,
                                                                        enviro e l is ue
                                                                              nm nta s s      s c ty a the
                                                                                               o ie nd
                                                                                              e nviro e
                                                                                                     nm nt
Community                           Re uc sne dfo s te He stop ve
                                       d e e r ta         lp     re nt                        P rtic a n a a
                                                                                                a ip tio t ll
                                    inte ntio re o
                                        rve n; m ve te hno ra e rs
                                                         c c tic rro ,                        s g so the
                                                                                               ta e f
Development
                                    ‘e e e y c
                                     d p nd nc ulture’ p vid sp p r
                                                        ro e o ula                            re e ra n p c s ,
                                                                                                g ne tio ro e s
                                                       le itim c
                                                         g a y,                               fro d s n to
                                                                                                 m e ig
                                                       c ns tio ra r
                                                        o ulta n the                          im le e tio
                                                                                                 p m nta n
                                                       tha p rtic a n
                                                          n a ip tio
Time Scales                         Gra it w yo c n
                                       b    hile u a                    P tc a m nda yo Buildfo thefuture
                                                                         a h nd e s u          r
                                                                        go
(From Community Economic Development edited by Graham Houghton
The Stationery Office 1999, U.K.
Chapter 1 Community Economic Development: Challenges of Theory Practice and Method p.3-22.)
Overview of Approaches to Local
Economic Development
                  Restructuring for      Renewal and                Restructuring for
Approaches to     Capital                Repair                     Community and
                                                                    Ecology
Economic          All jo sa g o
                        b re o d         Atte p tob la ejo Need to address quality
                                             mt     a nc b
Inclusion                                c a n w a ntio of work, engage in
                                          re tio ith tte n
                                         toq lity o jo s
                                            ua     f b     socially useful
                                                           services/production
Dominant          Wealth creation,       Social equity-             Social equity
Principles        business good, state   pragmatism as              Futurity
                  bad, information is    principle, growth can      Geographical equity
                  king                   be harnessed, health in    Participation
                                         diversity
Key Assumptions   Trickle-down works     Trickle-down works only    C p lis d e n’
                                                                      a ita m o s t
                  Global markets bring   crudely                    w rk.
                                                                      o
                  rewards for all        Pragmatism over ideology    Glo a mund rm s
                                                                        b lis   e ine
                                         Intervention requires
                  Business knows best    experts
                                                                    lo a m
                                                                      c lis .
                                         Government knows best      Thec m unity kno s
                                                                          o m       w
                                                                    bs
                                                                     et
Community and Social Change

Thefo w ta leillus te thed e io o inte ra n/o p s n a ng
       llo ing b      tra s im ns ns f      g tio p o itio lo
  w thea tio e lo m nt a p a he . On it, I inc etra itio in o e
    ith      c n/d ve p e p ro c s            lud  d ns      rd r
  to illus tee c a p a h.
          tra a h p ro c



(From Eric Shragge: Activism and Social Change)
Community and Social Change
              Integration                 Overlapping       Opposition
                                          practices

De lo m nt
  ve p e      Se eP vis n a
                rvic ro io nd              Se ep vis n
                                              rvic ro io    Build Alte tive tha
                                                                   ing  rna s t
              De lo m nt Sc m sb s d
                 ve p e    he e a e        a thelo a le l
                                            t     c l ve    c a ne d m c tico no
                                                             re te w e o ra      r n-
              o p fe s na le d rs a a
               n ro s io l a e hip nd                       m rke e o m s ne
                                                               a t c no ic , w
              c ns ns m d l Tradition-
               o e us o e                                   p c e tha a “ re
                                                              ra tic s t re p -
              As e Build (e . Mc
                st      ing .g    Knig ht)                  fig tive Tradition-Fe inis
                                                               ura ”              m t
                                                            Se e o Gre n Urb n
                                                               rvic s r   e    a
                                                            De lo m nt (e . c lle tive
                                                                ve p e     .g o c
                                                            c m unity g rd ns
                                                             o m        a e )


Ac n Eric Shragge:t Pre sureGroup Social Change)ple
(From
  tio        P lis Activism and
              lura     s              Org nizingp o
                                         a       e          So ia m ve e o a
                                                              c l o m nt rg nizing
              Org nizing
                 a                        in a              a c a c ns io ne s
                                                             nd ritic l o c us s ,
              Tradition- P lis P s ure
                          lura t re s     ne hb urho dto
                                            ig o    o       c lle ing thele itim c o
                                                             ha ng           g ay f
              Gro s(e . Alins
                 up .g        ky)         p s urefo lo a
                                           re s    r cl     e tingp w r re tio
                                                             xis     o e la ns
                                          im ro m nts
                                             p ve e         Tradition-So ia Mo m nt
                                                                         c l    ve e
                                                            o a
                                                             rg nizing c lly (e . a
                                                                      -lo a    .g nti-
                                                            g b liza n a tivis )
                                                             lo a tio c       m
Framework for Grassroots
Community Organizations (GROs)
 Who?                                    How?

      Me b rs
         m e hip                             Stra g sa Ta tic
                                                 te ie nd c s
      Le d rs
         a e hip                             Fina e
                                                  nc s
      Staffing                               Allies
      Struc ture                             C m unic tio
                                              o m a ns



 What?                                   Whom?

      Go lsa Ob c s
        a nd je tive                         Ta e Sys m
                                               rg t  te s




(From Lee Staples Roots to Power- A Manual for Grassroots Organizing2nd Edition
   Praeger (2004) p.97)
Building a Radical Capacity
Fo tra itio
  ur d ns

 De o ra y-w t kind Ho to Sus in?
    m c c ha        ? w       ta

 Ed a n-Build C ns io ne s
    uc tio    ing o c us s

 Allia e
       nc -Build -Find Allie
                ing   ing   s

 Mo iliza n- Build P w r
    b tio          ing o e


(from Sheldrick)
Community :its Limits and
Possibilities
   P p s n 1 - Und rs nd theIm o nc o C m unity
     ro o itio     e ta        p rta e f o m
   P p s n 2- Em ha izeC nflic a P w r a theC re
     ro o itio    p s       o  t nd o e t     o
   P p s n 3- Org nizeBe nd C m unity
     ro o itio    a        yo   o m
   P p s n 4- C nne t w a BuildSo ia Mo m nts
     ro o itio   o c ith nd           c l  ve e

 P p s n 5- Inc ea Ana isin Da W rk a
   ro o itio    lud n  lys     ily o nd
    d finite Lo -te Stra g
     e      ly ng rm    te y
Que tio
   s ns

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Back To The Grassroots – CED and Building Local Power

  • 1. Eric Shragge, School of Community and Public Affairs, Concordia University Raïmi B. Osseni, Development in Action, CCEDNet Emerging Leaders Committee
  • 2. Outline of Workshop  W thisw rks p -Tore it thero o c m unity hy o ho ? vis le f o m o a rg nizingin C a So ia Ec no y p c e ED nd c l o m ra tic .  W I w sa c dtoC hy a ttra te ED/So ia Ec no y c l o m  C m o ntso C m unity P c e o p ne f o m ra tic  C nte tingC m unity in Ne lib ra So ie o s o m o e l c ty  Definitio a Vis nso C ns nd io f ED  Ro o C m unity in So ia C ng le f o m c l ha e  Fra e o fo Gra s o o a m w rk r s ro ts rg nizing  Build Ra ic l C p c ing d a a a ity  Lim a P s ib its nd o s ilities  Pullingit a to e r ll g the
  • 3. Why I was attracted to CED/Social Economy    EricShra g , Sc o o C m unity a P licAffa , g e ho l f o m nd ub irs C nc rd Unive ity o o ia rs  Ra i B. Os e De lo m nt in Ac n, C EDNe ïm s ni, ve p e tio C t Em rg Le d rsC m itte e ing a e o m e
  • 4. Component of practice    Ana is ww und rs ndthew rld W t iso lys -Ho e e ta o ? ha ur id o g a vis n? e lo y, nd io    P c einte ntio ra tic rve n-W t w d toc ng thew rld ha e o ha e o ? W t a w tryingto a hie - o o e ?Ho a w ha re e c ve utc m s w re e d ingit-p c s ? o ro e s    Re c n- Ho a w d ing fle tio w re e o ?
  • 5. Contesting Community Ra o W m e e hisd c s n o c m unity in ym nd illia s nd d is us io f o m Keywords. Hes te :ta d  C m unity c n b thewarmly persuasive word to o m a e d s rib a existing set of relationships, o thew rm ec e n r a ly p rs s w rd tod s rib a a rna s t o e ua ive o e c e n lte tive e f re tio hip . W t ism s im o nt, p rha s istha la ns s ha o t p rta e p, t unlikea o r te so s c l o a tio (state, nation, ll the rm f o ia rg niza n society, e .) it s e snever to be used unfavorably tc em (Williams, 1988, p. 76, emphasis in original)
  • 6. What are the problems with community? C nte te Id o g sw o s d e lo ie ithin C m unity a So ia o m nd c l Mo m nts ve e  Be a eo thes nific nc o c m unity it ha b e a c us f ig a e f o m s e n, nd c ntinue to b , m b d fo ava ty o p litic l o s e o ilize r rie f o a p je ts Build up n thed c s n in Fis r (19 4 ro c . ing o is us io he 9) w id ntify fivetyp s e e e:  Reactionary: w h try to turn b c thec c to ap r, hic ak lo k rio re l o im g d tim a s teo a irs a r a ine , e nd ta f ffa  Conservative: w h a m t to m inta as tusq tha hic tte p a in ta uo t re is thea va e e o s c l, e o m , a p litic l s ts d nc m nt f o ia c no ic nd o a jus e tic
  • 7. What are the problems with community?  Adaptive/Reformist: w h a c p theb s p m e o hic c e t a ic re is s f thes tusq , b try totw a it ab a undthee g s ta uo ut ek it ro d e. The try tore rmg s ine uitie toim ro a m inta y fo ro s q s p ve nd a in s c ty. o ie  Radical/Revolutionary: w h us thela ua ea re lm hic e ng g nd a o c m unity a ab s totry tofund m nta tra fo f o m s a is a e lly ns rm thes c l re tio o the tim . o ia la ns f ir e  Opt-out: w h us thec nte o c m unity to try to hic e o xt f o m w ra fro thela e c les c l re tio o the tim ithd w m rg r-s a o ia la ns f ir e
  • 8. Definitions and Visions of CED "… c m unity e o m d ve p e isc ra te db o m c no ic e lo m nt ha c rize y c m unity-b s dp c s e a p ritie o m a e ro e s s nd rio s  Process thro h w h d ve p e o thec m unity is ug hic e lo m nt f o m p ue by the community urs d  Thec m unity economy is seen in its full breadth, inc ing o m lud a s c rsa theinfo a e o m ll e to nd rm l c no y  P nningisac ntra a tivity a isb s do participatory la e l c nd a e n principles of community democracy  Thelong-term view p d m te a inc e a inte ra d re o ina s nd lud s n g te a p a h tob th p nninga im le e tio p ro c o la nd p m nta n
  • 9. Definitions and Visions of CED  So ia p litic l, c c l, o a ultura el, nviro e l a o r perspectives are nm nta nd the integrated with the economic p rs e tive e pc  Thee o m d ve p e p c s isameans to various social c no ic e lo m nt ro e s ends, inc inginte ra n o c m unity inte s (e . thed a le , lud g tio f o m re ts .g is b d thee e ld rly)  An inclusive ethic info sthep c s rm ro e s  Like is , a p p tec m unity o a tio a d ve p dto w e p ro ria o m rg niza ns re e lo e re p ndto thec m unity'sp ritie a va s a to facilitate so o m rio s nd lue , nd the maximum access to the process and the maximum control by the community." (Douglas, 1994, p.26)
  • 10. Overview of Approaches to Local Economic Development Restructuring for Renewal and Restructuring Approaches to Capital Repair for Community and Ecology Priorities Ec no y o m Ec no y w ano o m ith d Ho tica inte ra d lis nd g te toDis utio l a trib na nd vie o e o m w f c no y, enviro e l is ue nm nta s s s c ty a the o ie nd e nviro e nm nt Community Re uc sne dfo s te He stop ve d e e r ta lp re nt P rtic a n a a a ip tio t ll inte ntio re o rve n; m ve te hno ra e rs c c tic rro , s g so the ta e f Development ‘e e e y c d p nd nc ulture’ p vid sp p r ro e o ula re e ra n p c s , g ne tio ro e s le itim c g a y, fro d s n to m e ig c ns tio ra r o ulta n the im le e tio p m nta n tha p rtic a n n a ip tio Time Scales Gra it w yo c n b hile u a P tc a m nda yo Buildfo thefuture a h nd e s u r go (From Community Economic Development edited by Graham Houghton The Stationery Office 1999, U.K. Chapter 1 Community Economic Development: Challenges of Theory Practice and Method p.3-22.)
  • 11. Overview of Approaches to Local Economic Development Restructuring for Renewal and Restructuring for Approaches to Capital Repair Community and Ecology Economic All jo sa g o b re o d Atte p tob la ejo Need to address quality mt a nc b Inclusion c a n w a ntio of work, engage in re tio ith tte n toq lity o jo s ua f b socially useful services/production Dominant Wealth creation, Social equity- Social equity Principles business good, state pragmatism as Futurity bad, information is principle, growth can Geographical equity king be harnessed, health in Participation diversity Key Assumptions Trickle-down works Trickle-down works only C p lis d e n’ a ita m o s t Global markets bring crudely w rk. o rewards for all Pragmatism over ideology Glo a mund rm s b lis e ine Intervention requires Business knows best experts lo a m c lis . Government knows best Thec m unity kno s o m w bs et
  • 12. Community and Social Change Thefo w ta leillus te thed e io o inte ra n/o p s n a ng llo ing b tra s im ns ns f g tio p o itio lo w thea tio e lo m nt a p a he . On it, I inc etra itio in o e ith c n/d ve p e p ro c s lud d ns rd r to illus tee c a p a h. tra a h p ro c (From Eric Shragge: Activism and Social Change)
  • 13. Community and Social Change Integration Overlapping Opposition practices De lo m nt ve p e Se eP vis n a rvic ro io nd Se ep vis n rvic ro io Build Alte tive tha ing rna s t De lo m nt Sc m sb s d ve p e he e a e a thelo a le l t c l ve c a ne d m c tico no re te w e o ra r n- o p fe s na le d rs a a n ro s io l a e hip nd m rke e o m s ne a t c no ic , w c ns ns m d l Tradition- o e us o e p c e tha a “ re ra tic s t re p - As e Build (e . Mc st ing .g Knig ht) fig tive Tradition-Fe inis ura ” m t Se e o Gre n Urb n rvic s r e a De lo m nt (e . c lle tive ve p e .g o c c m unity g rd ns o m a e ) Ac n Eric Shragge:t Pre sureGroup Social Change)ple (From tio P lis Activism and lura s Org nizingp o a e So ia m ve e o a c l o m nt rg nizing Org nizing a in a a c a c ns io ne s nd ritic l o c us s , Tradition- P lis P s ure lura t re s ne hb urho dto ig o o c lle ing thele itim c o ha ng g ay f Gro s(e . Alins up .g ky) p s urefo lo a re s r cl e tingp w r re tio xis o e la ns im ro m nts p ve e Tradition-So ia Mo m nt c l ve e o a rg nizing c lly (e . a -lo a .g nti- g b liza n a tivis ) lo a tio c m
  • 14. Framework for Grassroots Community Organizations (GROs) Who? How? Me b rs m e hip Stra g sa Ta tic te ie nd c s Le d rs a e hip Fina e nc s Staffing Allies Struc ture C m unic tio o m a ns What? Whom? Go lsa Ob c s a nd je tive Ta e Sys m rg t te s (From Lee Staples Roots to Power- A Manual for Grassroots Organizing2nd Edition Praeger (2004) p.97)
  • 15. Building a Radical Capacity Fo tra itio ur d ns  De o ra y-w t kind Ho to Sus in? m c c ha ? w ta  Ed a n-Build C ns io ne s uc tio ing o c us s  Allia e nc -Build -Find Allie ing ing s  Mo iliza n- Build P w r b tio ing o e (from Sheldrick)
  • 16. Community :its Limits and Possibilities  P p s n 1 - Und rs nd theIm o nc o C m unity ro o itio e ta p rta e f o m  P p s n 2- Em ha izeC nflic a P w r a theC re ro o itio p s o t nd o e t o  P p s n 3- Org nizeBe nd C m unity ro o itio a yo o m  P p s n 4- C nne t w a BuildSo ia Mo m nts ro o itio o c ith nd c l ve e  P p s n 5- Inc ea Ana isin Da W rk a ro o itio lud n lys ily o nd d finite Lo -te Stra g e ly ng rm te y
  • 17. Que tio s ns