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AUTHENTICAITY:
Where do we go from here?
RichardS. Pinner
ELT RESEARCH IN ACTION 2024:
CRITICAL CONVERSATIONS: ALIGNING
RESEARCH AND PRACTICE IN ELT
ANGRY MAN
IN THE
NOCHE
3
“Self-
Disclosures”
• Henry, A., Sundqvist, P., &
Thorsen, C. (Eds.). (2019).
Motivational practice:
Insights from the classroom.
Lund: Studentlitteratur.
• Henry, A., & Thorsen, C.
(2018). Teachers’ self-
disclosures and influences on
students’ motivation: A
relational perspective.
International Journal of
Bilingual Education and
Bilingualism, 1-15.
doi:10.1080/13670050.2018.144
1261 4
the notion of engaging
our students’ identities is
something many
experienced language
teachers have intuitively
recognised as important
(Ushioda, 2011, p. 17).
Ushioda, E. (2011). Motivating learners to speak as themselves. In G.
Murray, X. Gao, & T. E. Lamb (Eds.), Identity, motivation and autonomy
in language learning (pp. 11 - 25). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
But… was
it real?
AI GENERATED
ART!!!
7
Not a real story but
could this be an
authentic text
Outline
What is REAL?
B1nary N0t10n
Could Harry Potter
be real?
Not
everything
people
believe to
be real has
a physical
presence
Is ChatGPT real?
Ray
Kurzweil
“Every form of
human knowledge
and artistic
expression […]
can be expressed
as digital
information. Our
brains also
operate
digitally,
through discrete
firings of our
Chandler, D. L. (2023). Could the
Universe be a giant quantum
computer?. Nature, 620(7976), 943-
945.
Fredkin took things even further,
concluding that the whole
Universe could actually be seen
as a kind of computer. In his
view, it was a ‘cellular
automaton’: a collection of
computational bits, or cells,
that can flip states according to
a defined set of rules determined
by the states of the cells around
them. Over time, these simple
rules can give rise to all the
complexities of the cosmos — even
life.
The
Chinese
Room
Searle, J. R. (1980). Minds, brains,
and programs. Behavioral and brain
sciences, 3(3), 417-424.
Hegelian
Concepts of
Truth
TRUTH AS
PROCESS
• Cf. AUTHENTICITY
• Cf. Post-Truth
Citat
ion
Neede
d
Authenticity
•Authenticity
•Autonomy
•Authority
•Author[ship]
Etymological Matching Activity
Authenticity
Autonomy
Authority
Author
one who causes to grow
acting on one's own
authority
power or right to
command or act
living by one's own
laws
Etymological Matching Activity
Authenticity
Autonomy
Authority
Author
acting on one's own
authority
living by one's own laws
power or right to
command or act
one who causes to grow
real, as in “not
originally
developed for
pedagogical
purposes, such
as the use of
magazines,
newspapers,
advertisements,
news reports or
songs”
(Richards &
Richards, J. C., & Schmi
R. W. (2013). Longman
dictionary of language
teaching and applied
itself and is an
absolute quality.
Authenticity is a
characteristic of
the relationship
between the
passage and the
reader and it has
to do with
appropriate
response.
(Widdowson,
1978: 80)
is basically a
personal
process of
engagement,
[…] it is
reasonable to
suggest that a
teacher’s
authenticity
may stimulate
authenticity
in the
students as
well.
(van Lier,
van Lier, L. (1996).
Interaction in the
language curriculum:
Awareness, autonomy
and authenticity.
London: Longman.
1991
1971
My Mother-in-Law’s
Pickles
Authenticity is…
the degree of
congruence between
one’s actions and one’s
core self-conceptions –
consisting of
fundamental values,
beliefs, and identities
(Vannini & Burgess, 2009,
“
Vannini, P., & Burgess, S. (2009). Authenticity as motivation and
aesthetic experience. In P. Vannini & J. P. Williams (Eds.),
Authenticity in culture, self, and society (pp. 103-120). Surrey:
Ashgate Publishing.
•Authenticity is what
you do when you have
the freedom (autonomy)
to do it
•Autonomy is having the
freedom to do what you
think is best
Authenticity
Continuum
•Pinner, R. S.
(2016).
Reconceptualis
ing
Authenticity
for English as
a Global
Language.
Bristol:
Multilingual
social/contextual
Authentic
Texts?
Authentic
Materials?
Autonomous
Materials?
Shouldn’t we
extend the
same
conceptual
courtesy to
AUTHENTICITY?
Authenticity is an
ideological issue
“Authenticity offers a conceptual
language that renders other political
concepts intelligible, and connects
political ideas with lived experience.
Ideas about authenticity form part of
the preconditions for the ideological
contestation of other political concepts
in political argument.”
(Umbach and Humprhey, 2017, p. 9)
Umbach, M., &
Humphrey, M.
(2017). Authenticity:
The Cultural History
of a Political
Concept.
Basingstoke:
Palgrave Macmillan.
“Authenticity claims are
always claims to high or
deep values in some
specific ideological
matrix.”
(Coupland, 2014, p. 17)
Coupland, N. (2014).
Language, society and
authenticity: Themes
and perspectives. In
V. Lacoste, J.
Leimgruber, & T.
Breyer (Eds.),
Indexing
authenticity:
Sociolinguistic
perspectives (Vol.
14, pp. 14-39).
Gottingen: De
Gruyter.
Ideologies of ELT
Which Teacher gets the $?
US
Japan
Philippines
Will, L., & Pinner, R. S. (2023). The
Concept of Authenticity in Foreign
Language Teaching and Learning. In W.
Stadler, L. Will, & I. Eloff (Eds.),
Authenticity across Languages and
Cultures: Themes of Identity in Foreign
Language Teaching and Learning (pp. 1-
16). Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.
There is no mention anywhere in the
advert about qualifications or
experience, the teachers are
essentialised through their national
identity alone, and priced accordingly.
There is no mention anywhere in the
advert about qualifications or
experience, the teachers are
essentialised through their national
identity alone, and priced accordingly.
Will, L., & Pinner, R. S. (2023). The
Concept of Authenticity in
Foreign Language Teaching and
Learning. In W. Stadler, L. Will, &
I. Eloff (Eds.), Authenticity across
Languages and Cultures: Themes
of Identity in Foreign Language
Teaching and Learning (pp. 1-16).
Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Perhaps what is
most shocking is
how unashamedly
direct it is about the
way it differentiates
its employees based
purely on their
nationality.
Which Teacher gets the $?
AI
??
Human
Using AI to
practice L2
Some students
preferred their
feedback to be
from an AI rather
than a human
• Carlson, M., Pack, A., & Escalante, J. (2023).
Utilizing OpenAI's GPT‐4 for written
feedback. TESOL Journal, e759.
Who here actually likes
marking?
Is it more ok or
less ok…?
•If English is my second
language
•If the content is going
to be published
• Hyland, K. (2016). Academic publishing and the myth of linguistic injustice. Journal of Second Language
Writing, 31, 58-69. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jslw.2016.01.005
• Flowerdew, J. (2009). Goffman’s stigma and EAL writers: The author responds to Casanave. Journal of English
for Academic Purposes, 8(1), 69-72. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2009.01.001
Have you had
any problems
concerning AI
and student
assignments?
•What happened?
•How does this
relate to
issues of
authorship and
authenticity?
Ask a
neighbour
about AI
and
cheating
1
2
3
Dave R
My students'
essays are a
lot better now.
Richard S
Math problem
So… if we
no longer
teach
compositi
on, what
do we do?
Critical Skills –
citations, fact checking
Media Literacies –
finding info in L2,
navigating
Authenticity more
important than ever? Or
now utterly unimportant?
We need Critical
Conversations
Post-Truth
That’s
not
really
Harriso
n Ford
Secondary
Source on Net
Can you find the
original report?
But look at the bottom comment
Hello, my name is Rosalind
Sham, and I work with Dr
Veronique Bohbot at the
Research Centre of the Douglas
Institute. We appreciate your
interest in our research, however,
Dr. Bohbot never did research on
the use or non-use of GPS. If you
need more explanations, you are
welcome to take a look at this
press release on our web site:
No
mention
of GPS
Her other
work
confirms
Falsehood
becomes
truth!!!
Publishe
d in
Nature
What do
you
think of
that,
Hegel?
FAKE NEWS AI HALLUCINATIONS
Technological
Determinism
Amplifying
effect
Van Dijk, J. (2012). The
network society (Third ed.).
London: Sage.
Where do
we go from
here?
• AI can help level the
playing field L1/L2
• English classes may no
longer be compulsory
• The pressure to learn
English might let up a
little
• More humanistic
approaches to language
teaching
• Using AI for the tasks it
is good at
Using AI
to enhance
the
learning
process
rather
than
bypassing
it.
ChatGPT4 (2024)
Closing
thoughts…
• AI is not going
away
• It will continue
to improve
• Society will
change
• Personal
connections may
be even more
important for
Moltes gràcies
i fins aviat!
Download the
slides and
continue the
conversation
• www.uniliterate.c
om
• rpinner@sophia.ac
.jp

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AuthenticAIty: Where do we go from here?

Editor's Notes

  1. ELT RESEARCH IN ACTION: CRITICAL CONVERSATIONS: ALIGNING RESEARCH AND PRACTICE IN ELT The ELTRIA conference is organised by the EIM: Escola d’Idiomes Moderns (School of Modern Languages) of the University of Barcelona
  2. A personal story High School Art Class when I was 16 Not that long ago William and Steven were on the trip. Will wasn’t even taking art class, he wanted to practice Spanish But Spanish not so good – avocaodo Then drinking, avocado fight story Why am I telling you this story? Check out the watermark!
  3. Why am I telling you all this you wonder? Well, I wanted to get you to like me! But there is research to support the fact that my telling you a personal story about myself can help motivate you And in the attention economy, that’s important these days.
  4. Summary of research – I am sure we all do this But also, note that I have shifted the genre of my speech, from personal validity to professional validity. Now I want you to see me as someone who knows what I am talking about, hence the citations…. Just wait. Soon I will even be citing my own books to try to add further authenticity!
  5. Meta note – I am authenticating myself here as a plenary speaker by having slides with quotes – perhaps now is a good time to mention Ema was my supervisor Context – highlight that context is vital for authenticity too. And truth as I will mention later (post truth process context) So, now hopefully we have established that I am an authentic person. But, in fact… am I? Let’s go back to my avocado story.
  6. So, now hopefully we have established that I am an authentic person. But, in fact… am I? Let’s go back to my avocado story.
  7. Now…. Perhaps you are able to see where I used AI in this story. Yes, I did study art at Uni, but if I was that good at drawing I wouldn’t have ended up teaching ELT lol
  8. So my story was real but I got Chatty to do one. The story isn’t real Didn’t happen Wasn’t even written by a human And yet, could we use this as an “authentic text” with our students? It has no grammar errors, it is freely available to use for any commercial purpose, it is well composed based on a large language model sample of billions of words. It is pretty authentic from certain perspectives. So my story was real, but what if you were to go and ask William – he might remember different details, or he might go all Donald trump and completely deny that it ever happened. And so where would that leave me and my story? Which brings me to the question… what is real?
  9. If the conference is theme is about critical conversations, I think we should start with the biggest philosophical questions Post Truth is "relating to and denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief."[ In 2016, the term was named Word of the Year by Oxford Dictionaries after the term's proliferation in the election of president Trump in the United States and the Brexit referendum in the United Kingdom. Oxford Dictionaries further notes that post-truth was often used as an adjective to signal a distinctive kind of politics.
  10. If the conference is theme is about critical conversations, I think we should start with the biggest philosophical questions Reality – it’s like a binary. Things are true or they are false, real or fake, authentic or inauthentic. But that’s an oversimplification.
  11. Computers of course also work entirely on binary. A processor chip is basically the tinies piece of silicon with the most number of transistor switches that can either be on or off. 8,300 million transistors in AMD Ryzen 9 But of course computers are capable of so much complexity. When we have these binaries we tend to emphasise the simplicilyy but the key is actually the complexity they can achieve Quantum computing is basically adding a third state to this binary where a switch can be both. I don’t understand it but I do find it fascinating.
  12. According to satre, plato and Aristotle… Kind of! And they all died before Harry Potter was ever written into fiction (Satre died in 1980 HP birthyear) CF Religion and God. Many authenticity books are specifically about prayer and religion. But I have no idea what they say I’m afraid CF Hallucinations? AI Hallucinations You OK. Now I want to delve deeper into the topic of what is real. What philosophical arguments are there about the nature of reality. For instance, Harry Potter is a fictional character, but could he be considered REAL in some ways, as he exists on paper, in the minds of millions, has been portrayed on films and plays etc. ChatGPT ChatGPT The question of what constitutes reality has been a central topic of philosophical inquiry for millennia. Various philosophical schools of thought have approached the nature of reality from different angles, with debates often circling around issues of existence, perception, and representation. Here are a few key perspectives that may help you delve into the topic: Platonic Realism: Plato posited the existence of abstract Forms or Ideas, which are non-physical essences of all things and more real than their physical embodiments. In this view, Harry Potter as a concept might be considered real in the realm of ideas, existing as a perfect form of which the books and films are merely imitations. Aristotelian Realism: Aristotle diverged from Plato, suggesting that forms do not exist independently of things. Every entity is a compound of matter and form. Harry Potter would be real as a form instantiated in the text, with the stories and portrayals serving as expressions of this form. Phenomenalism: Philosophers like George Berkeley have argued that reality is constructed by our perceptions. In this view, Harry Potter is real insofar as he is perceived and experienced by readers and audiences. Social Constructivism: This theory suggests that what we understand to be real is largely constructed by social processes and interactions. Harry Potter could be deemed real because society has collectively agreed to give significance and meaning to this shared understanding. Structuralism and Post-Structuralism: These related schools of thought, associated with thinkers like Ferdinand de Saussure and Jacques Derrida, might argue that Harry Potter is real as a sign within a larger system of language and culture, where meanings are constructed through differences and relationships between signs. Narrative Reality: From a literary standpoint, characters and events in stories can be real within the narrative's own universe, following their own internal logic and rules. In this sense, Harry Potter is real within the narrative world created by J.K. Rowling. Simulation Theory: Some modern thinkers, like Nick Bostrom, suggest that reality might be a simulation, not unlike the virtual reality of a video game. In such a case, Harry Potter’s existence in our minds could be as real as anything else, if our own reality is also a construct. Existentialism: Existentialist philosophers, such as Jean-Paul Sartre, argue that existence precedes essence, meaning that something becomes real through existence. Harry Potter would be real because he exists in the consciousness and cultural practices of people. The concept of Harry Potter could be seen as real in multiple ways: as a cultural phenomenon, as an influence on people's behaviors, and as a stimulus for the creation of derivative works. In essence, reality can encompass physical existence, but also influence, perception, and conceptual significance.
  13. A lot of the books on Authenticity are about religion. I’m afraid I haven’t read any of those though. Even though I’m agnostic, I have had important spiritual moments in my life and they were real, Similarly, we have a lot of real experiences outside of our physical realms. Think of sns banter that makes us smile, or the time we spend playing computer games
  14. I mean could you have a personal meaningful conversation with it? So I asked it directly, my query was
  15. I mean, that just looks like Mansplaining to me!
  16. But in summary – no even ChatGPT doesn’t think so BUT I LOVE CHATTY But to be honest, I have rather grown to like ChatGPT, or Chatty as I refer to them. I have had some great chats and it has made up stories for me that made me smile and laugh and it has helped me such a lot that now I feel gratitude to it and a desire to ensure it retains a place in my life. And some reports claim that CHatGPT has already passed the Turing Test, though officially nothing has yet beaten the turing test, which some people think is the ultimate mark of authenticity for an AI – to fool another human into thinking it is also human. Yes, according to Searle, not only is AI never going to be
  17. 2005 book – sorry I don’t have a page number for that cos I am reading it on my kindle! Example – this is not a pipe and mona lisa Every form of human knowledge and artistic expression–scientific and engineering ideas and designs, literature, music, pictures, movies–can be expressed as digital information. Our brains also operate digitally, through discrete firings of our neurons. “What we spend our time on is probably the most important decision we make.“ another Kurzweil quote.
  18. Edward Fredkin computer scientist and physicist who died in 2023 Digital Philosophy claims that all the processes of nature are eseentially issues of information processing – hence DNA is basically encoded data like a zip file Nick Bostrom (Swedish digital philosopher) also believes the world or universe could be a simulation and he believes computers could be more sentient than us – consciousness can grow on any substrate, not just carbon.
  19. Don’t worry, I am not about to offer you a red pill like in the Matrix. In fact, the Blue Pill was already proffered by none other than John Searle, - Chinese room
  20. Was a reaction to what he called Strong AI – the idea that a machine might be able to have something like consciousness. Described as the most widely discussed philosophical argument of the last 25 years. Seems a bit of an odd idea – and language is not a machine and doesn’t work like this AI works like predictive text (see chatty discussion on Intuition) Therefore it’s not actually thinking it’s a machine not real even though it could trick you, it’s not actually thinking so Turing Test is insufficient But the point is that we do not know yet – many minds are thinking about this, many theories but the truth is out there Note Searle has been cancelled due to sexual harassment and he was a philosopher not a linguist. We remember Searle from his Speech Acts and Philosophy of Language
  21. In summary, reality is not binary, and nobody knows the truth… Speaking of truth 2016 book reviewer told me I should cite more Hegel
  22. When I submitted my first book on authenticity for review, one of the reviwers told me I should cite more hegel. I’d never heard of Hegel to be honest Chat GPT says. Now I got a little concerned and had a moment of self doubt yesterday, so I actually spent time during the day NOT having a siesta even though I was tired, and researched more about Hegel – but it seems in truth his arguments were a lot more complex than this, a lot of his writing relates to religion, and I couldn’t find the original source for the quote that this argument about synthesis is based on. So if anyone here is a proper hegel expert please do let me know. Not sure if I am using Cf correctly there. One person argues that historically this is the wrong way but a lot of people use it this way now. Things CHAnge. For Hegel, truth isn't static or singular but is understood through a process called the dialectic, which involves the resolution of contradictions between opposing ideas (thesis and antithesis) to arrive at a higher understanding (synthesis). This dynamic process emphasizes that truth evolves and becomes more comprehensive over time. NO was actually Fichte said this but the process is the The quote “Truth is found neither in the thesis nor the antithesis, but in an emergent synthesis which reconciles the two” is often attributed to Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel12. However, it’s important to note that Hegel himself never used the terms “thesis, antithesis, synthesis”. These terms were actually coined by Johann Fichte, another German philosopher3. Hegel did use a similar dialectical structure to advance his philosophy3 Yes, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel does talk about Truth in a process-oriented way. In his philosophical system, truth is not seen as a static endpoint, but as a dynamic process123. In his Encyclopaedia Logic, Hegel affirms that truth is usually understood as the agreement of thought with the object, but that in the deeper, i.e., philosophical sense, truth is the agreement of a content with itself or of an object with its concept14. This suggests that truth, for Hegel, is not a fixed point but a process of reconciliation between a concept and its realization. Moreover, Hegel’s dialectic, which is based on the principle of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis, can be seen as a process-oriented view of truth2. The thesis is an idea or statement that is the starting point of an argument. The antithesis is a statement that contradicts or negates the thesis. The synthesis is a combination of the two opposing ideas, which produces a new idea or statement. This process can be repeated multiple times, leading to an evolution of ideas2. So, in Hegel’s philosophy, truth is not a static entity but a dynamic process that unfolds through the dialectical interaction of opposing ideas2. It’s a continuous process of development and self-unfolding3. This makes Hegel’s concept of truth fundamentally process-oriented. However, it’s always recommended to refer to Hegel’s original works for a more comprehensive understanding of his philosophy.
  23. So at this point we are trying to move away from binary notions and consider authenticity and related concepts as dynamic processes. For this image I asked chat GPT to make me an image of binary complexity
  24. Auto meaning SELF Authority and authorship links with ideology.
  25. 30 second timer raise hand when it runs out Authenticity - one acting on one's own authority Autonomy - living by one's own laws Authority - power or right to command or act Author - literally "one who causes to grow,
  26. Authenticity - one acting on one's own authority Autonomy - living by one's own laws Authority - power or right to command or act Author - literally "one who causes to grow, UNDER THIS DEFINITION – if you use ChatGPT you are STILL THE AUTHOR.
  27. IN ELT we are most familiar with authenticity as a concept relating to materials It also commonly used to justify a material, in particular this is often done by invoking MOTIVATION as a connected copy. For further discussion, please see everything I have ever written
  28. Extrapolation techniques
  29. Trilling 1971 – sincerity is being true to yourself, authenticity is more nuanced and places us in social context. Trilling discusses how authenticity is a response to the demands placed by society on the individual, but trilling doesn’t cite Widdowson, and more Telling Widdowson doesn’t cite Trilling. The Individual vs. Society: Trilling’s exploration of how societal norms can conflict with personal authenticity is particularly pertinent. Sincerity is important but authenticity is deeper Charles Taylor The Ethics of Authenticity Yes true to yourself but we are social beings and therefore we need to be true to ourselves in social context (cf Ema person-in-context)
  30. Another self disclosure
  31. Truth as a process
  32. CONGRUENCE BETWEEN ACTION AND BELIEF *QUOTE MYSELF HERE WITH REF
  33. My attempt to move away from these BINARIES that plague the discourse on authenticity, especially when related to materials. But it hasn’t caught on. So I am going to be more strict now and just go ahead and say “there is no such thing as Authentic Materials”
  34. Even Malala used Friends she admitted in the Friends 25 year reunion.
  35. Nishi Takashi loves Shakespeare authentic connection for him Friends is scripted, performed by actors. Shakespeare is authentic lit but not of language. Even back in the 15th century nobody talked in the iambic pentameter all the time, except for Mr Shakespeare. Authentic in some ways, utterly inauthentic in others. Even worse – Friends was filmed in WB in Burbank, California not New York. Totally opposite side of the country and very different from the uniquely new York image presented.
  36. AI suggested that image in powerpoint. Hope you like it. NOW – we will not be able to extend the courtesy because authenticitiy is too ideological. What do I mean by this?
  37. Look at that one, I saved the best for last. Authenticity is part of the industries rhetoric. (don’t be rude though someone in audience might use this book etc)
  38. So what do these ideologies look like in ELT
  39. Which teacher would earn more or cost more? Do as a discussion.
  40. The first type of lesson is with a ‘native instructor’ and is advertised as costing from 350 yen, although the small print states that this would be very cheap even for an online class. The second type of lesson, also from 350 yen, is with a Japanese instructor who is clearly advertised as a ‘bilingual’, thus also invoking some sense of ownership of the language. The third type of lesson is with a Filipino instructor, and costs only 187 yen. There is no mention anywhere in the advert about qualifications or experience, the teachers are essentialised through their national identity alone, and priced accordingly. From Will and Pinner 2023? Authenticity editorial “This lesson plan offered by Eigox shows that a lesson by native English teachers costs 100 points while a lesson by Filipino English teachers costs only 20 points. Furthermore, those lessons offered by Eigox are based on textbook learning. Therefore, the content is exactly the same whether students take a lesson from a native English teacher or a Filipino English teacher. The only difference here is that if students would like to take a lesson from Inner circle’s English speakers, they will have to pay 5 times more than they would have to pay for Filipino English teachers, which simply means that the teachers from the Inner circle earn 5 times more than Filipino English speakers do. From Suguru’s thesis 2019
  41. The first type of lesson is with a ‘native instructor’ and is advertised as costing from 350 yen, although the small print states that this would be very cheap even for an online class. The second type of lesson, also from 350 yen, is with a Japanese instructor who is clearly advertised as a ‘bilingual’, thus also invoking some sense of ownership of the language. The third type of lesson is with a Filipino instructor, and costs only 187 yen. There is no mention anywhere in the advert about qualifications or experience, the teachers are essentialised through their national identity alone, and priced accordingly. From Will and Pinner 2023? Authenticity editorial “This lesson plan offered by Eigox shows that a lesson by native English teachers costs 100 points while a lesson by Filipino English teachers costs only 20 points. Furthermore, those lessons offered by Eigox are based on textbook learning. Therefore, the content is exactly the same whether students take a lesson from a native English teacher or a Filipino English teacher. The only difference here is that if students would like to take a lesson from Inner circle’s English speakers, they will have to pay 5 times more than they would have to pay for Filipino English teachers, which simply means that the teachers from the Inner circle earn 5 times more than Filipino English speakers do. From Suguru’s thesis 2019
  42. Roughly translated, the ‘native’ teachers offer ‘beautiful pronunciation, natural expressions and rich vocabulary’ whereas the Filipino teachers are merely ‘friendly’ and ‘good for people who want lots of lessons at a low cost’. The Japanese teacher is recommended for those who want to focus on ‘grammar, formal qualifications (such as language tests), studying techniques’ and so on. They are also recommended for beginners. From Will and Pinner 2022? Authenticity editorial
  43. Which teacher would earn more or cost more? Do as a discussion.
  44. I had a few of these conversations trying to make a video where I look natural and happy using authentic Japanese lol. My Japanese isn’t that good but it’s a lot better than my Spanish I’m sad to say. But I do love Chatty. As you can see I’m super fluent and can speak very quickly Now as I said, I love ChatGPT but I must say that I feel much less anxious practicing with an AI than I would with an actual Japanese person!
  45. Flowerdew? L2 Writer and Native Speaker Advantage AI to AI interaction?
  46. Plagiarism is a fundamental challenge to authenticity, to originality and fairness – issues all related to AI
  47. When the timer runs out, raise you 3 min TIMER raise hands Next slide – I didn’t hear you and hopefully will be time at end but for now I asked my friends Sorry that they are all boring middle class middle aged white men like myself, would prefer a bit more diversity
  48. Nice to have three accounts from friends – what they think
  49. Like how we still each maths at school even though we have calculators now. R Samps Can we get them to do it showing their workings like with maths exam The point is that we would need to shift our teaching focus away from composition and correction and onto more nuanced and higher level teaching approaches Perhaps CLIL would become an even more prevalent language methodology
  50. If the conference is theme is about critical and what is real, I think we should start with the biggest philosophical questions These are things I think we will find become a bigger part of our remit. Maybe English will no longer be compulsory China dropped English from the Gao Kao Test in 20?? We need to teach skills, strategies and processes – these critical skills are more vital than ever in the heavy media consumption and post-truth era
  51. In other words we need critical conversations We need to teach skills, strategies and processes – these critical skills are more vital than ever in the heavy media consumption and post-truth era
  52. We need to teach skills, strategies and processes – these critical skills are more vital than ever in the heavy media consumption and post-truth era POST TRUTH DEFINITION But actually, I kind of already talked about this a bit when I talked about Hegel. I think! I hope there aren’t any serious Hegel experts in here! Actually I hope there are so you can help me. From here I can finish in 5 to 8 mins
  53. https://medicalxpress.com/news/2010-11-reliance-gps-hippocampus-function-age.html 2010 article on GPS!! Research at Douglas Institute at McGill uni
  54. douglas.qc.ca/news/1072?locale=en
  55. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17881514/
  56. Her website and check publications officially
  57. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-62877-0
  58. What do you think of that, Hegel Is that a process enough for you?
  59. Stress the need for crtitical skills
  60. CF Kessler CALL Chat room. L1 English teachers may not be able to go off and live around the world like they do now The market for “native speaker” authenticity models Less prejudice
  61. "Moltes gràcies i fins aviat!" translates to "Thank you very much and see you soon!"