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6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Assessment of urban fabrics to
increase resiliency against
earthquake in Iran (Ghazvin)
S.M. Habibi, Islamic Azad University, Ghazvin, Iran.
H.S. Nabavi Razavi, Islamic Azad University, Ghazvin, Iran
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resilient cities
Resilient
cities
Sustainable
network of
Physical system
Human
communities
Constructed environmental
component of cities
Natural environmental
component of cities
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resiliency And Vulnerability
•Exposure: Te anticipated frequency,
magnitude, and duration of potentially
harmful events is referred to as
exposure.
•Sensitivity: The degree to which the
system is influenced by the contextual
changes (changes to the internal parts).
•Adaptive capacity: It represents the
ability of a system to evolve and enact
to reduce vulnerability (Smith et al.,
2013)
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Case study : Qazvin, Iran
The studied area
Major Active Faults
near Ghazvin
Seismic Macro-
Zonation Hazard Map
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
PARAMETERS THAT AFFECT THE VULNERABILITY OF
URBAN FABRICS TO EARTHQUAKE
Physical Factors Dangerous land-uses
•Building quality
•Number of Floors
•Size of parcels
•Building structure
•Distance from industrial
land-use
•Distance from gas station
emergency response facilities
•Distance from emergency &
public shelter
•Distance from medical centre
•Distance from fire station
•Distance from hydrant
Street & road network
•Distance from
Interchange
•Relation of the width &
length of the road
network
•Access to street
network
Distance from
open spaces
•green spaces &
parks
•Distance from
vacant ground
Density distribution
•Building density distribution
•Population distribution
Urban critical infrastructures
•Distance from high voltage
transmission lines
•Distance from the gas supply
lines
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Urban fabric resiliency based on physical
factors
Completely inappropriate,
Inappropriate,
Average,
Appropriate&
Fit perfectly )
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Dangerous land-uses
1
2
3
4
5
Urban fabric resiliency based on
dangerous land-use:
1.Completely inappropriate,
2.Inappropriate,
3.Average,
4.Appropriate&
5.Fit perfectly
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Emergency response facilities
1
2
3
4
5
Assessment of urban fabric
resiliency based on Emergency
response facilities:
1.Completely inappropriate,
2.Inappropriate,
3.Average,
4.Appropriate&
5.Fit perfectly
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Street & road network
1
2
3
4
5
Assessment of urban fabric
resiliency based on street & road
network:
1.Completely inappropriate,
2.Inappropriate,
3.Average,
4.Appropriate&
5.Fit perfectly
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Open spaces
1
2
3
4
5
Assessment of urban fabric
resiliency based on density
distribution:
1.Completely inappropriate,
2.Inappropriate,
3.Average,
4.Appropriate&
5.Fit perfectly
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Urban critical infrastructures
Assessment of urban fabric
resiliency based on urban
critical infrastructures:
1.Completely inappropriate,
2.Inappropriate,
3.Average,
4.Appropriate&
5.Fit perfectly
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
ASSESSMENT OF URBAN RESILIENCE BASED
CONSIDERING URBAN FABRICS PARAMETERS
Completely inappropriate,
Inappropriate,
Average,
Appropriate&
Fit perfectly
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
CONCLUSIONS
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
REFERENCES
• Allan, P. & Bryant, M. ( 2010). The critical role of open space in Earthquake Recovery , NZSEE Conference, Paper
No. 34, P (1-10).
• Amini Hosseini, Kambod (2014). EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT IN HISTORICAL AND OLD URBAN FABRICS,
CASE STUDY OF TEHRAN BAZAAR. Second European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology,
Istanbul, Turkey (25-29)
• Amini Hosseini, Kambod; Hosseinioonen (2012). A survey on the parameters affecting vulnerability of urban
fabrics to earthquacke in tehran. 15th World Conference of Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, P (1-8).
• Amini Hosseini, Kambod; Hosseinin, Mahmood; Jafari, Mohammad kazem; Hosseinioon, Solmaz (2009). "
Recognition of vulnerable Urban fabric in Earthquake Zones: A case Study of the Tehran Metropolitan Area" JSEE,
Vol.10, No.4 , p(175-187).
• Burby, J. Raymond; Deyle, E. Robert; Godschalk, R. David; Olshansky, B. Robert (2000). Creating Hazard Resilient
Communities Through Land-Use Planning. Natural Hazard Review. Vol.1, No.2, p(99-106).
• Godschalk, David R. (2003). Urban Hazard Mitigation: Creating Resilient cities. Natural Hazard Review, Vol.4, No.3,
p(136-143).
• Hossain, Nasreen (2014). Street as Accessible Open Space Network in Earthquake Recovery Planning in
Unplanned Urban Areas. Asian journal of Humanities and Social Science (AJHSS), Vol.2, Iss.4, p( 103-115)
• Jafari, Mohamad Kazem; Amini Hosseini, Kambad (2005). Earthquake Master Plans of Tehran, Final report,
International Institute of earthquke Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran.
• McGregor, R. (1998). The Hawke's Bay earthquake: New Zealand's greatest natural disaster, Napier, N.Z., Art Deco
Trust. Middleton, D. 2007. A roof over their heads? The challenge of accommodation following disasters.
Emergency Management Conference. Wellington: New Zealand.
• Nelson, Stephen A. (2013). Earthquake Hazard & Risk. Tulane University. Louisiana, United State, P(1-4).
• http://www.qazvin.ir, 6/1/2016, 8:54am
• Cuter Susan et al. (2008). The palce-basd model
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

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Assessment of Resiliency in Urban Fabrics against Earthquake in Iran (Case Study Ghazvin), Haleh Sadat NABAVI RAZAVI

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Assessment of urban fabrics to increase resiliency against earthquake in Iran (Ghazvin) S.M. Habibi, Islamic Azad University, Ghazvin, Iran. H.S. Nabavi Razavi, Islamic Azad University, Ghazvin, Iran
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilient cities Resilient cities Sustainable network of Physical system Human communities Constructed environmental component of cities Natural environmental component of cities
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resiliency And Vulnerability •Exposure: Te anticipated frequency, magnitude, and duration of potentially harmful events is referred to as exposure. •Sensitivity: The degree to which the system is influenced by the contextual changes (changes to the internal parts). •Adaptive capacity: It represents the ability of a system to evolve and enact to reduce vulnerability (Smith et al., 2013)
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Case study : Qazvin, Iran The studied area Major Active Faults near Ghazvin Seismic Macro- Zonation Hazard Map
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org PARAMETERS THAT AFFECT THE VULNERABILITY OF URBAN FABRICS TO EARTHQUAKE Physical Factors Dangerous land-uses •Building quality •Number of Floors •Size of parcels •Building structure •Distance from industrial land-use •Distance from gas station emergency response facilities •Distance from emergency & public shelter •Distance from medical centre •Distance from fire station •Distance from hydrant Street & road network •Distance from Interchange •Relation of the width & length of the road network •Access to street network Distance from open spaces •green spaces & parks •Distance from vacant ground Density distribution •Building density distribution •Population distribution Urban critical infrastructures •Distance from high voltage transmission lines •Distance from the gas supply lines
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban fabric resiliency based on physical factors Completely inappropriate, Inappropriate, Average, Appropriate& Fit perfectly )
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Dangerous land-uses 1 2 3 4 5 Urban fabric resiliency based on dangerous land-use: 1.Completely inappropriate, 2.Inappropriate, 3.Average, 4.Appropriate& 5.Fit perfectly
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Emergency response facilities 1 2 3 4 5 Assessment of urban fabric resiliency based on Emergency response facilities: 1.Completely inappropriate, 2.Inappropriate, 3.Average, 4.Appropriate& 5.Fit perfectly
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Street & road network 1 2 3 4 5 Assessment of urban fabric resiliency based on street & road network: 1.Completely inappropriate, 2.Inappropriate, 3.Average, 4.Appropriate& 5.Fit perfectly
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Open spaces 1 2 3 4 5 Assessment of urban fabric resiliency based on density distribution: 1.Completely inappropriate, 2.Inappropriate, 3.Average, 4.Appropriate& 5.Fit perfectly
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Urban critical infrastructures Assessment of urban fabric resiliency based on urban critical infrastructures: 1.Completely inappropriate, 2.Inappropriate, 3.Average, 4.Appropriate& 5.Fit perfectly
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org ASSESSMENT OF URBAN RESILIENCE BASED CONSIDERING URBAN FABRICS PARAMETERS Completely inappropriate, Inappropriate, Average, Appropriate& Fit perfectly
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org CONCLUSIONS
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org REFERENCES • Allan, P. & Bryant, M. ( 2010). The critical role of open space in Earthquake Recovery , NZSEE Conference, Paper No. 34, P (1-10). • Amini Hosseini, Kambod (2014). EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT IN HISTORICAL AND OLD URBAN FABRICS, CASE STUDY OF TEHRAN BAZAAR. Second European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Istanbul, Turkey (25-29) • Amini Hosseini, Kambod; Hosseinioonen (2012). A survey on the parameters affecting vulnerability of urban fabrics to earthquacke in tehran. 15th World Conference of Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, P (1-8). • Amini Hosseini, Kambod; Hosseinin, Mahmood; Jafari, Mohammad kazem; Hosseinioon, Solmaz (2009). " Recognition of vulnerable Urban fabric in Earthquake Zones: A case Study of the Tehran Metropolitan Area" JSEE, Vol.10, No.4 , p(175-187). • Burby, J. Raymond; Deyle, E. Robert; Godschalk, R. David; Olshansky, B. Robert (2000). Creating Hazard Resilient Communities Through Land-Use Planning. Natural Hazard Review. Vol.1, No.2, p(99-106). • Godschalk, David R. (2003). Urban Hazard Mitigation: Creating Resilient cities. Natural Hazard Review, Vol.4, No.3, p(136-143). • Hossain, Nasreen (2014). Street as Accessible Open Space Network in Earthquake Recovery Planning in Unplanned Urban Areas. Asian journal of Humanities and Social Science (AJHSS), Vol.2, Iss.4, p( 103-115) • Jafari, Mohamad Kazem; Amini Hosseini, Kambad (2005). Earthquake Master Plans of Tehran, Final report, International Institute of earthquke Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran. • McGregor, R. (1998). The Hawke's Bay earthquake: New Zealand's greatest natural disaster, Napier, N.Z., Art Deco Trust. Middleton, D. 2007. A roof over their heads? The challenge of accommodation following disasters. Emergency Management Conference. Wellington: New Zealand. • Nelson, Stephen A. (2013). Earthquake Hazard & Risk. Tulane University. Louisiana, United State, P(1-4). • http://www.qazvin.ir, 6/1/2016, 8:54am • Cuter Susan et al. (2008). The palce-basd model
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org