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Arts
Quarter 1, Wk. 6 - Module 6
Western Classical Arts Traditions
Department of Education ● Republic of the Philippines
9
2
Arts - Grade 9
Alternative Delivery Mode
Quarter 1, Wk.6 - Module 6: Western Classical Art Traditions
First Edition, 2020
Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any
work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government
agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such
work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition
the payment of royalty.
Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand names,
trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright holders.
Every effort has been exerted to locate and seek permission to use these materials
from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent
nor claim ownership over them.
Published by the Department of Education – Division of Iligan City
Schools Division Superintendent: Roy Angelo L. Gazo, PhD.,CESO V
Development Team of the Module
Author/s: Henry V. Aljas
Evaluators/Editors: Arcie Mae A. Engaño, Cherry Red J. Baje
Illustrator and Layout Artist:
Management Team
Chairperson: Roy Angelo E. Gazo, PhD., CESO V
Schools Division Superintendent
Co-Chairpersons: Nimfa R. Lago, PhD., CESE
Assistant Schools Division Superintendent
Members Henry B. Abueva OIC-CID Chief
Nanette Kay D. Mercado, PhD., EPS-MAPEH
Sherlita L. Daguisonan, PhD., EPS-LRMS
Meriam S. Otarra, PDO II
Charlotte D. Quidlat, Librarian II
Printed in the Philippines by
Department of Education – Division of Iligan City
Office Address: General Aguinaldo, St., Iligan City
Telefax: (063)221-6069
E-mail Address: iligan.city@deped.gov.ph
3
Arts
Quarter 1, Wk.6 - Module 6
Western Classical Art Traditions
This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed
by select teachers, school heads, Education Program Supervisor in Filipino of
the Department of Education - Division of Iligan City. We encourage teachers
and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and
recommendations to the Department of Education-Iligan City Division at
iligan.city@deped.gov.ph or Telefax: (063)221-6069.
We value your feedback and recommendations.
Department of Education ● Republic of the Philippines
9
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Table of Contents
What This Module is About......................................................................................................................................7
What I Need to Know .................................................................................................................................................7
How to Learn from this Module............................................................................................................................. 8
Icons of this Module.................................................................................................................................................... 8
What I Know................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Lesson 1:
Artworks Guided by Techniques and Styles of Western Classical Art Traditions......11
What I Need to Know.................................................................................................................11
What’s New .................................................................................................................................11
What Is It...........................................................................................................................................16
What’s More ..................................................................................................................................17
What I Have Learned.................................................................................................................18
What I Can Do...............................................................................................................................19
Summary ……………………………………………………………………………….. 19
Assessment: (Post-Test)………………………………………………………………………20
Key to Answers…………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
References………………………………………………………………………………………21
6
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7
What This Module is About
For the Facilitator:
This module is intended for the alternative delivery mode on Western Classical Art
Traditions. As a facilitator, you are expected to give the learners the proper guidance on the
use of this module and remind them that this material is a property of DepEd and not for sale.
You are also expected to instruct the learner that they should use separate sheets in
answering the pre – test, activities and post – test.
For the Learner:
This module is especially designed for you. This provides you various activities that
will help you learn the lesson independently. This material is divided into parts: “What I Need
to Know”, “What I Know”, “What’s New”, “What is It”, “What’s More”, “What I have Learned”,
“What I can Do”, “and “Assessment”, wherein each part contains instructions that you must
carefully read and understand to successfully complete the module. If there will be questions
regarding the content of this module, your facilitator is always willing to assist you. Enjoy
learning!
What I Need to Know
This module was designed and written with you in mind. It is here to help you
recognizes the difference and uniqueness of the art styles of the different periods. This
material is written in simple and clear instructions so you can easily comprehend the
terminologies used in this lesson.
After going through this module, you are expected to:
1. Shows the influences of the Western Classical Art traditions to Philippine art form.
2. Evaluates works of art in terms of artistic concepts and ideas using criteria from the
Western Classical Art traditions.
3. Creates artworks guided by techniques and style from different art traditions
8
How to Learn from this Module
To achieve the objectives cited above, you are to do the following:
• Take your time reading the lessons carefully.
• Follow the directions and/or instructions in the activities and exercises diligently.
• Answer all the given tests and exercises.
Icons of this Module
What I Need to This part contains learning objectives that
Know are set for you to learn as you go along the
module.
What I know This is an assessment as to your level of
knowledge to the subject matter at hand,
meant specifically to gauge prior related
knowledge
What’s In This part connects previous lesson with that
of the current one.
What’s New An introduction of the new lesson through
various activities, before it will be presented
to you
What is It These are discussions of the activities as a
way to deepen your discovery and under-
standing of the concept.
What’s More These are follow-up activities that are in-
tended for you to practice further in order to
master the competencies.
What I Have Activities designed to process what you
Learned have learned from the lesson
What I can do These are tasks that are designed to show-
case your skills and knowledge gained, and
applied into real-life concerns and situations.
9
What I Know
Multiple choice. Choose the best answer and write the letter only in your answer
sheet.
Choices
A E
B F
C G
D H
Timeline Era
1000-1200
2.5M – 1200 B.C.
3150–2686 BC
700-480 B.C.
27 BC – 476
AD
330-1453 CE
1150-1250
10
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11
Lesson Title of the Lesson
1 Artworks Guided by Techniques and Styles of
Western Classical Art Traditions
What I Need to Know
FACT OR BLUFF
Write F if the statement is FACT and B if the statement is BLUFF.
1. Hieroglyphics shows trace of Arabized influence in arts.
2. Stained glass windows belong to Byzantine period.
3. In Byzantine animals were used as symbols.
4. Hagia Sophia means holy wisdom
5. Doorway of Romanesque’s churches are often designed with pointed arcs.
What’s New
Ancient Art ( 1, 500, 000BC – 2, 000, 000BC )
Prehistoric & Egyptian
Pre – Historic Era
 Includes all human existence before emergency of writing
 Understanding of early human life and culture.
Pre – Historic Era Paintings
-found inside caves
- way of communication
-artifact as human’s first created art
- animals usually correct in proportion
Pre – Historic Era Sculptures
12
 Materials used vary according to region and locality.
 Frequently carving may have mythological or religious significance.
Pre – Historic Era Architecture
 Megaliths ( a big rock ): Greek words lithos ( stone ) and megas
( big )
 Made of huge stone blocks intended for buried
 Provide plenty of legends and superstitious
 During this era, stones and rocks were associated with divinity
Three Main Types of Megalith Stones
1. Menhir – huge, vertically standing stone on the ground, usually in the
middle of the field or arranged in rows.
2. Dolmens – stone table: form of table consisting of two huge standing stones
supporting a horizontal giant stone: believed as graved or alter.
3. Cromlech – circle of standing stone.
Egyptian Paintings
 Highly stylized, symbolic, and shows profile view of an animal or a person
 Main colors: red, black, blue, gold, and green
Egyptian Era Sculptures
 Symbolic elements such as forms, hieroglyphics, relative size, location
materials, color, actions, and gestures were widely used.
 Most common materials used: wood, ivory and stones.
Egyptian Architecture
13
Characteristics:
1. Has thick sloping walls with few openings for stability.
2. All walls, columns and piers are covered with hieroglyphics.
3. Ornamentations were symbolic.
4. Temples were aligned with astronomically significant events likes
solstices and equinox with precise measurements.
Classical Art ( 2, 000BC – 400BC )
Greek and Roman
Classical Greek Era
 Most commonly found in vase, panels and tomb.
 Depict natural figures.
 Subject: battle scenes, mythological figures and everyday scenes
 Linear perspective and Naturalistic representation
Most Common Methods of Painting
1. Fresco – water- based pigments on a freshly applied plaster on walls. Ideals for
murals, durable and matte style.
2. Encaustic – developed by Greek ship builders, used hot wax to fill cracks of the
ships. Pigments were added and used to pain a wax hull.
Classic Greek Sculptures
 Tensed and stiff body were hidden within enfolding robes
 After 3 centuries, it evolved and showed all the points of human anatomy
and proportion.
Classic Greek Sculptures
 Temples consisted of a central shrine or room in an aisle surrounded by
rows of columns.
 Buildings were designed in one of the three architectural stylr or order.
The Parthenon
14
 The Greatest classical temple, ingeniously engineered to
correct an optical illusion.
 Cloumns were slightly inwards: to correct the impression of
deadness and top heaviness.
Classical Roman Era
 Most paintings were copied from Hellenic Greek paintings.
 Fresco techniques was used in brightly colored backgrounds: division of
the wall into a multiple rectangular areas ( tic-tac-toe design); multi – point
perspective; and tropme-l’-oeil effect.
Mosaic
 An art process where image is created using an assemblage of small
pieces of colored glass, stones, or other materials.
 Used for decorative art or interior decorations.
Classic Roman Sculptures
 Made of monumental terra – cotta
 Produced reliefs in the Great Roman triumphal columns with continuous
narrative reliefs around.
Classic Roman Architecture
 Sturdy stone structures both for use and to perpetuate their glory.
 Emperors erected huge halls and arenas for public games, baths and
procession
 Built with gigantic arches of stones, bricks and concrete or with barrel
vaults.
Medieval Art ( 400BC – 1,400AD )
Byzantine Romanesque and Gothic
Byzantine Paintings
 Lively styles of painting which has been invented in Greek and Rome.
 It lived on the Byzantine but this time for Christian subjects.
 Greek and Oriental styles blend together
 Imposing images, which adorned the churches in large and small forms.
Byzantine Painting
15
 Dominant theme: religious, everyday life scenes and motifs from nature
 Animals were used as symbols while some had acrostic signs that
contained a great theological significance.
Byzantine Architecture
 Has a lot in common with early Christian architecture.
 Mosaic decoration was perfected as was the use of clerestory to bring
light in from high windows.
Hagia Sophia
 meaning Holy Wisdom
 Narrates how a magnificent construction transformed from being a church
into a mosque into a museum.
 One of the biggest domes ever created.
Romanesque Painting
 Largely placed mosaics on the walls of the churches that follow a strict
frontal pose.
 Mozarabic influence – elongated oval faces, large staring eyes and long
noses, figures against flat colored bands and heavy outlining.
Romanesque Sculpture
 Famous pieces: reliquaries, altar frontals, crucifixes and devotional
images
 Small works made of costly materials for royal and aristocratic patrons.
Romanesque Architecture
 Romanesque’s churches have grand sculpted doorways/ portals.
 Wood or metal doors are surrounded by elaborate stone sculptures
arranged in zones to fit architectural elements.
Gothic Era Paintings
Stained Glass Windows – were created to transform the vast stone interior with warm and
glowing color and at the same time to instruct Christians in their faith.
Gothic Sculpture
 Have greater freedom of style.
 No longer lay against walls but begun to project outward.
 Figures instead of being set into particular patterns.
 More lively and realistic.
Gothic Architecture
 Design includes two new devices:
Pointed Arch which enabled builders to construct much higher
ceiling vaults and Stone Vaulting borne on a network of stone
ribs supported by piers and clustered pillars.
16
What Is It
Exhibit: Artwork Galore
Direction: Form four groups. Each group will make the following artwork indicated below as
described. Afterwards, exhibit your works for viewing and evaluation. Group work will be rated
based on the rubric provided.
“Rock My World”
Form anything using pointed edge rock.
“Psychedelic Glass”
Paint any shape of glass by combining any five (5) colors. You are free to make a
design of your choice.
“Birthday Cards”
Make a birthday card in a collage from by assembling picture cut outs from any
magazine. Be creative.
“ Soap Sculpture”
Make a sculpture out of soap. Make a any design of your choice and do carve it.
Preferably use a Perla soap.
RUBRIC
Indictors
5 4 3 2 1
Excellent Very Good Good Fair Poor
1. Compositions and design
 Shows the theme and motifs of
prehistoric art
2. Process
a. Follows the instruction in doing the
activity
b. Maintains cleanliness in the working
area
3. Material use
 Use the proper materials and tools
prescribed in the activity
4. Materials use
a. Establish good relationship with
classmates while doing the activity.
b. Shows enjoymentwhile doing the
activity.
5. Overall look of the artwork
 Shows the overall characteristic of a
pre-historic art
Total
Mount an Exhibition
 Gather all your artworks on the different activities that you had processed
and mount an exhibition.
 On mounting your exhibition consider the following
 The theme of the exhibit is ART OF THE EARLY AGE
 Exhibit area
 Location
 Arrangement of artworks
 Decoration of the exhibit area Information
 Description of art work (title, materials, technique, media)
 Site the inspiration of your art work (period
17
What’s More
Individual Activity
Write the characteristics and function of each image presented below. Write
your response in the activity sheet.
Early Age Art
forms
Philippine Art
Forms
Characteristics:
Function:
18
What I Have Learned
GOT IT? COMPARE IT?
ACTIVITY:
The students will be asked to compare and contrast paintings of different periods,
sculptures and architectures using the following indicators:
1. Name of the painting (sculpture or architecture)
2. Period and era when it was created
3. Material used
4. Use of elements of arts
5. Distinctive characteristics
Pictures
INDICATORS
Name of the
painting
(sculpture or
architecture)
Period
and era
when it
was
created
Material
used
Use of
elements of
arts
Distinctive
characteristics
19
What I Can Do
Activity. Let’s use the Creativity: Portfolio Making
Gather or collect pictures from Western Classical Art Era. Then give the
characteristics, techniques, elements and principle that contribute in today’s art. Use it as
inspiration to make your own portfolio.
RUBRICS
Summary
1. Prehistoric art is classified in three periods such as Paleolithic (Old Stone Age),
Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age), and Neolithic (New Stone Age) Eras.
2. Egyptian Art is primarily religious in nature.
3. Egyptian artworks were classified into three: First art used in the home furniture,
jewelry, musical instrument, second are used in the dead – tomb, masks mummy
cases, and wrapping for the body, third art was created for the gods and their priest,
and kings-in temples, paintings, statues.
4. Ancient Greek art depicts naturalism. Artists have studied anatomy, physics, and
optics, as well as techniques of carving, painting, building, gold- working and ceramics.
5. Roman art developed as a new source of artistic creativity much more progressive
than the conservative Greek art.
6. Byzantine art was a reflection of the Greek and oriental culture. It was a combination
of Eastern (decorative art forms) and classical Western Art (Naturalistic art).
7. Romanesque art was characterized by its very vigorous style in painting and
sculptures, lavishly decorated manuscripts, and retained many basic features of
Roman architectural styles.
20
Assessment: (Post-Test)
I. Identify what art period was being describe. Write the answer on the space
provided before each item.
__________1. Their paintings were found inside the caves.
__________2. The emphasis of their arts depicts the importance of life after death.
__________3. Their sculptures shows perfect human anatomy and proportions
__________4. They developed a form of architecture based on Megaliths.
__________5. Temples were designed in one of the three architectural style or orders
__________6. In this period emperors erected a huge halls and arenas for public games,
baths and procession
__________7. Their architectural design in this era depicts pointed arch, high ceiling vaults
and stone vaulting borne.
__________8. The Court of Empress Theodora, mosaic is an example of artwork from this
period.
__________9. Venus of Willendorf and Venus of Brassempouy is an sculpture that exist from
this Era.
__________10.The Last Judgment,Tymapnum of the west portal, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare
is an example of sculpture from what era?
II. Choose the best answer and write the letter only in your answer sheet.
1. It is a method of painting water-based pigments on a freshly applied plaster
usually on a wall surfaces.
A. Acrylic B. Encaustic
C. Fresco D. Tropme-l’-oeil
2. It is a method of applying pigments mixed with beeswax and fixed with heat after
its application.
A. Acrylic B. Encaustic
C. Fresco D. Tropme-l’-oeil
3. An art process where you create an image using an assemblage of small pieces
of colored glass, stones, or other materials
A. Collage B. Mosaics
C. Stained Glass D. Tropme-l’-oeil
4. A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture
A. Megaliths B. Pyramid
C. Sarcophagus D. Tomb
5. It is a colored glass used to form decorative or pictorial designs
A. Collage B. Encaustic
C. Mosaics D. Stained glass
21
Key to Answers
What I Know:
Timeline Era Letter
Prehistoric Era E and F
Egyptian Era G
Greek Era H
Roman Era D
Byzantine Era C
Romanesque Era B
Gothic Era A
FACT OR BLUFF:
1. B 4. F
2. B 5. B
3. F
Post- Assessment:
I. II
1. Pre-historic 1.C
2. Ancient Egypt 2. B
3. Greek Classical 3. B
4. Pre-historic 4. C
5. Greek Classical 5. D
6. Roman Classical
7. Gothic
8. Byzantine
9. Pre-historic
10.Romanesque
References
https://www.slideshare.net/JoanaBernasol/western-classical-art-tradition-86583555
https://www.depednegor.net/uploads/8/3/5/2/8352879/arts_9_tg_draft_4.7.2014.pdf
Department of Education (2014). Music and Arts- Learner’s Material
22
For inquiries and feedback, please write or call:
DepEd Division of Iligan City
Office Address: General Aguinaldo, St., Iligan City
Telefax: (063)221-6069
E-mail Address: iligan.city@deped.gov.ph

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arts9_q1_mod6_classical-arts_w6.docx

  • 1. 1 N O T Arts Quarter 1, Wk. 6 - Module 6 Western Classical Arts Traditions Department of Education ● Republic of the Philippines 9
  • 2. 2 Arts - Grade 9 Alternative Delivery Mode Quarter 1, Wk.6 - Module 6: Western Classical Art Traditions First Edition, 2020 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalty. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright holders. Every effort has been exerted to locate and seek permission to use these materials from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education – Division of Iligan City Schools Division Superintendent: Roy Angelo L. Gazo, PhD.,CESO V Development Team of the Module Author/s: Henry V. Aljas Evaluators/Editors: Arcie Mae A. Engaño, Cherry Red J. Baje Illustrator and Layout Artist: Management Team Chairperson: Roy Angelo E. Gazo, PhD., CESO V Schools Division Superintendent Co-Chairpersons: Nimfa R. Lago, PhD., CESE Assistant Schools Division Superintendent Members Henry B. Abueva OIC-CID Chief Nanette Kay D. Mercado, PhD., EPS-MAPEH Sherlita L. Daguisonan, PhD., EPS-LRMS Meriam S. Otarra, PDO II Charlotte D. Quidlat, Librarian II Printed in the Philippines by Department of Education – Division of Iligan City Office Address: General Aguinaldo, St., Iligan City Telefax: (063)221-6069 E-mail Address: iligan.city@deped.gov.ph
  • 3. 3 Arts Quarter 1, Wk.6 - Module 6 Western Classical Art Traditions This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by select teachers, school heads, Education Program Supervisor in Filipino of the Department of Education - Division of Iligan City. We encourage teachers and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education-Iligan City Division at iligan.city@deped.gov.ph or Telefax: (063)221-6069. We value your feedback and recommendations. Department of Education ● Republic of the Philippines 9
  • 4. 4 This page is intentionally blank
  • 5. 5 Table of Contents What This Module is About......................................................................................................................................7 What I Need to Know .................................................................................................................................................7 How to Learn from this Module............................................................................................................................. 8 Icons of this Module.................................................................................................................................................... 8 What I Know................................................................................................................................................................. 9 Lesson 1: Artworks Guided by Techniques and Styles of Western Classical Art Traditions......11 What I Need to Know.................................................................................................................11 What’s New .................................................................................................................................11 What Is It...........................................................................................................................................16 What’s More ..................................................................................................................................17 What I Have Learned.................................................................................................................18 What I Can Do...............................................................................................................................19 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………….. 19 Assessment: (Post-Test)………………………………………………………………………20 Key to Answers…………………………………………………………………………………………. 21 References………………………………………………………………………………………21
  • 6. 6 This page is intentionally blank
  • 7. 7 What This Module is About For the Facilitator: This module is intended for the alternative delivery mode on Western Classical Art Traditions. As a facilitator, you are expected to give the learners the proper guidance on the use of this module and remind them that this material is a property of DepEd and not for sale. You are also expected to instruct the learner that they should use separate sheets in answering the pre – test, activities and post – test. For the Learner: This module is especially designed for you. This provides you various activities that will help you learn the lesson independently. This material is divided into parts: “What I Need to Know”, “What I Know”, “What’s New”, “What is It”, “What’s More”, “What I have Learned”, “What I can Do”, “and “Assessment”, wherein each part contains instructions that you must carefully read and understand to successfully complete the module. If there will be questions regarding the content of this module, your facilitator is always willing to assist you. Enjoy learning! What I Need to Know This module was designed and written with you in mind. It is here to help you recognizes the difference and uniqueness of the art styles of the different periods. This material is written in simple and clear instructions so you can easily comprehend the terminologies used in this lesson. After going through this module, you are expected to: 1. Shows the influences of the Western Classical Art traditions to Philippine art form. 2. Evaluates works of art in terms of artistic concepts and ideas using criteria from the Western Classical Art traditions. 3. Creates artworks guided by techniques and style from different art traditions
  • 8. 8 How to Learn from this Module To achieve the objectives cited above, you are to do the following: • Take your time reading the lessons carefully. • Follow the directions and/or instructions in the activities and exercises diligently. • Answer all the given tests and exercises. Icons of this Module What I Need to This part contains learning objectives that Know are set for you to learn as you go along the module. What I know This is an assessment as to your level of knowledge to the subject matter at hand, meant specifically to gauge prior related knowledge What’s In This part connects previous lesson with that of the current one. What’s New An introduction of the new lesson through various activities, before it will be presented to you What is It These are discussions of the activities as a way to deepen your discovery and under- standing of the concept. What’s More These are follow-up activities that are in- tended for you to practice further in order to master the competencies. What I Have Activities designed to process what you Learned have learned from the lesson What I can do These are tasks that are designed to show- case your skills and knowledge gained, and applied into real-life concerns and situations.
  • 9. 9 What I Know Multiple choice. Choose the best answer and write the letter only in your answer sheet. Choices A E B F C G D H Timeline Era 1000-1200 2.5M – 1200 B.C. 3150–2686 BC 700-480 B.C. 27 BC – 476 AD 330-1453 CE 1150-1250
  • 10. 10 This page is intentionally blank
  • 11. 11 Lesson Title of the Lesson 1 Artworks Guided by Techniques and Styles of Western Classical Art Traditions What I Need to Know FACT OR BLUFF Write F if the statement is FACT and B if the statement is BLUFF. 1. Hieroglyphics shows trace of Arabized influence in arts. 2. Stained glass windows belong to Byzantine period. 3. In Byzantine animals were used as symbols. 4. Hagia Sophia means holy wisdom 5. Doorway of Romanesque’s churches are often designed with pointed arcs. What’s New Ancient Art ( 1, 500, 000BC – 2, 000, 000BC ) Prehistoric & Egyptian Pre – Historic Era  Includes all human existence before emergency of writing  Understanding of early human life and culture. Pre – Historic Era Paintings -found inside caves - way of communication -artifact as human’s first created art - animals usually correct in proportion Pre – Historic Era Sculptures
  • 12. 12  Materials used vary according to region and locality.  Frequently carving may have mythological or religious significance. Pre – Historic Era Architecture  Megaliths ( a big rock ): Greek words lithos ( stone ) and megas ( big )  Made of huge stone blocks intended for buried  Provide plenty of legends and superstitious  During this era, stones and rocks were associated with divinity Three Main Types of Megalith Stones 1. Menhir – huge, vertically standing stone on the ground, usually in the middle of the field or arranged in rows. 2. Dolmens – stone table: form of table consisting of two huge standing stones supporting a horizontal giant stone: believed as graved or alter. 3. Cromlech – circle of standing stone. Egyptian Paintings  Highly stylized, symbolic, and shows profile view of an animal or a person  Main colors: red, black, blue, gold, and green Egyptian Era Sculptures  Symbolic elements such as forms, hieroglyphics, relative size, location materials, color, actions, and gestures were widely used.  Most common materials used: wood, ivory and stones. Egyptian Architecture
  • 13. 13 Characteristics: 1. Has thick sloping walls with few openings for stability. 2. All walls, columns and piers are covered with hieroglyphics. 3. Ornamentations were symbolic. 4. Temples were aligned with astronomically significant events likes solstices and equinox with precise measurements. Classical Art ( 2, 000BC – 400BC ) Greek and Roman Classical Greek Era  Most commonly found in vase, panels and tomb.  Depict natural figures.  Subject: battle scenes, mythological figures and everyday scenes  Linear perspective and Naturalistic representation Most Common Methods of Painting 1. Fresco – water- based pigments on a freshly applied plaster on walls. Ideals for murals, durable and matte style. 2. Encaustic – developed by Greek ship builders, used hot wax to fill cracks of the ships. Pigments were added and used to pain a wax hull. Classic Greek Sculptures  Tensed and stiff body were hidden within enfolding robes  After 3 centuries, it evolved and showed all the points of human anatomy and proportion. Classic Greek Sculptures  Temples consisted of a central shrine or room in an aisle surrounded by rows of columns.  Buildings were designed in one of the three architectural stylr or order. The Parthenon
  • 14. 14  The Greatest classical temple, ingeniously engineered to correct an optical illusion.  Cloumns were slightly inwards: to correct the impression of deadness and top heaviness. Classical Roman Era  Most paintings were copied from Hellenic Greek paintings.  Fresco techniques was used in brightly colored backgrounds: division of the wall into a multiple rectangular areas ( tic-tac-toe design); multi – point perspective; and tropme-l’-oeil effect. Mosaic  An art process where image is created using an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stones, or other materials.  Used for decorative art or interior decorations. Classic Roman Sculptures  Made of monumental terra – cotta  Produced reliefs in the Great Roman triumphal columns with continuous narrative reliefs around. Classic Roman Architecture  Sturdy stone structures both for use and to perpetuate their glory.  Emperors erected huge halls and arenas for public games, baths and procession  Built with gigantic arches of stones, bricks and concrete or with barrel vaults. Medieval Art ( 400BC – 1,400AD ) Byzantine Romanesque and Gothic Byzantine Paintings  Lively styles of painting which has been invented in Greek and Rome.  It lived on the Byzantine but this time for Christian subjects.  Greek and Oriental styles blend together  Imposing images, which adorned the churches in large and small forms. Byzantine Painting
  • 15. 15  Dominant theme: religious, everyday life scenes and motifs from nature  Animals were used as symbols while some had acrostic signs that contained a great theological significance. Byzantine Architecture  Has a lot in common with early Christian architecture.  Mosaic decoration was perfected as was the use of clerestory to bring light in from high windows. Hagia Sophia  meaning Holy Wisdom  Narrates how a magnificent construction transformed from being a church into a mosque into a museum.  One of the biggest domes ever created. Romanesque Painting  Largely placed mosaics on the walls of the churches that follow a strict frontal pose.  Mozarabic influence – elongated oval faces, large staring eyes and long noses, figures against flat colored bands and heavy outlining. Romanesque Sculpture  Famous pieces: reliquaries, altar frontals, crucifixes and devotional images  Small works made of costly materials for royal and aristocratic patrons. Romanesque Architecture  Romanesque’s churches have grand sculpted doorways/ portals.  Wood or metal doors are surrounded by elaborate stone sculptures arranged in zones to fit architectural elements. Gothic Era Paintings Stained Glass Windows – were created to transform the vast stone interior with warm and glowing color and at the same time to instruct Christians in their faith. Gothic Sculpture  Have greater freedom of style.  No longer lay against walls but begun to project outward.  Figures instead of being set into particular patterns.  More lively and realistic. Gothic Architecture  Design includes two new devices: Pointed Arch which enabled builders to construct much higher ceiling vaults and Stone Vaulting borne on a network of stone ribs supported by piers and clustered pillars.
  • 16. 16 What Is It Exhibit: Artwork Galore Direction: Form four groups. Each group will make the following artwork indicated below as described. Afterwards, exhibit your works for viewing and evaluation. Group work will be rated based on the rubric provided. “Rock My World” Form anything using pointed edge rock. “Psychedelic Glass” Paint any shape of glass by combining any five (5) colors. You are free to make a design of your choice. “Birthday Cards” Make a birthday card in a collage from by assembling picture cut outs from any magazine. Be creative. “ Soap Sculpture” Make a sculpture out of soap. Make a any design of your choice and do carve it. Preferably use a Perla soap. RUBRIC Indictors 5 4 3 2 1 Excellent Very Good Good Fair Poor 1. Compositions and design  Shows the theme and motifs of prehistoric art 2. Process a. Follows the instruction in doing the activity b. Maintains cleanliness in the working area 3. Material use  Use the proper materials and tools prescribed in the activity 4. Materials use a. Establish good relationship with classmates while doing the activity. b. Shows enjoymentwhile doing the activity. 5. Overall look of the artwork  Shows the overall characteristic of a pre-historic art Total Mount an Exhibition  Gather all your artworks on the different activities that you had processed and mount an exhibition.  On mounting your exhibition consider the following  The theme of the exhibit is ART OF THE EARLY AGE  Exhibit area  Location  Arrangement of artworks  Decoration of the exhibit area Information  Description of art work (title, materials, technique, media)  Site the inspiration of your art work (period
  • 17. 17 What’s More Individual Activity Write the characteristics and function of each image presented below. Write your response in the activity sheet. Early Age Art forms Philippine Art Forms Characteristics: Function:
  • 18. 18 What I Have Learned GOT IT? COMPARE IT? ACTIVITY: The students will be asked to compare and contrast paintings of different periods, sculptures and architectures using the following indicators: 1. Name of the painting (sculpture or architecture) 2. Period and era when it was created 3. Material used 4. Use of elements of arts 5. Distinctive characteristics Pictures INDICATORS Name of the painting (sculpture or architecture) Period and era when it was created Material used Use of elements of arts Distinctive characteristics
  • 19. 19 What I Can Do Activity. Let’s use the Creativity: Portfolio Making Gather or collect pictures from Western Classical Art Era. Then give the characteristics, techniques, elements and principle that contribute in today’s art. Use it as inspiration to make your own portfolio. RUBRICS Summary 1. Prehistoric art is classified in three periods such as Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age), and Neolithic (New Stone Age) Eras. 2. Egyptian Art is primarily religious in nature. 3. Egyptian artworks were classified into three: First art used in the home furniture, jewelry, musical instrument, second are used in the dead – tomb, masks mummy cases, and wrapping for the body, third art was created for the gods and their priest, and kings-in temples, paintings, statues. 4. Ancient Greek art depicts naturalism. Artists have studied anatomy, physics, and optics, as well as techniques of carving, painting, building, gold- working and ceramics. 5. Roman art developed as a new source of artistic creativity much more progressive than the conservative Greek art. 6. Byzantine art was a reflection of the Greek and oriental culture. It was a combination of Eastern (decorative art forms) and classical Western Art (Naturalistic art). 7. Romanesque art was characterized by its very vigorous style in painting and sculptures, lavishly decorated manuscripts, and retained many basic features of Roman architectural styles.
  • 20. 20 Assessment: (Post-Test) I. Identify what art period was being describe. Write the answer on the space provided before each item. __________1. Their paintings were found inside the caves. __________2. The emphasis of their arts depicts the importance of life after death. __________3. Their sculptures shows perfect human anatomy and proportions __________4. They developed a form of architecture based on Megaliths. __________5. Temples were designed in one of the three architectural style or orders __________6. In this period emperors erected a huge halls and arenas for public games, baths and procession __________7. Their architectural design in this era depicts pointed arch, high ceiling vaults and stone vaulting borne. __________8. The Court of Empress Theodora, mosaic is an example of artwork from this period. __________9. Venus of Willendorf and Venus of Brassempouy is an sculpture that exist from this Era. __________10.The Last Judgment,Tymapnum of the west portal, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare is an example of sculpture from what era? II. Choose the best answer and write the letter only in your answer sheet. 1. It is a method of painting water-based pigments on a freshly applied plaster usually on a wall surfaces. A. Acrylic B. Encaustic C. Fresco D. Tropme-l’-oeil 2. It is a method of applying pigments mixed with beeswax and fixed with heat after its application. A. Acrylic B. Encaustic C. Fresco D. Tropme-l’-oeil 3. An art process where you create an image using an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stones, or other materials A. Collage B. Mosaics C. Stained Glass D. Tropme-l’-oeil 4. A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture A. Megaliths B. Pyramid C. Sarcophagus D. Tomb 5. It is a colored glass used to form decorative or pictorial designs A. Collage B. Encaustic C. Mosaics D. Stained glass
  • 21. 21 Key to Answers What I Know: Timeline Era Letter Prehistoric Era E and F Egyptian Era G Greek Era H Roman Era D Byzantine Era C Romanesque Era B Gothic Era A FACT OR BLUFF: 1. B 4. F 2. B 5. B 3. F Post- Assessment: I. II 1. Pre-historic 1.C 2. Ancient Egypt 2. B 3. Greek Classical 3. B 4. Pre-historic 4. C 5. Greek Classical 5. D 6. Roman Classical 7. Gothic 8. Byzantine 9. Pre-historic 10.Romanesque References https://www.slideshare.net/JoanaBernasol/western-classical-art-tradition-86583555 https://www.depednegor.net/uploads/8/3/5/2/8352879/arts_9_tg_draft_4.7.2014.pdf Department of Education (2014). Music and Arts- Learner’s Material
  • 22. 22 For inquiries and feedback, please write or call: DepEd Division of Iligan City Office Address: General Aguinaldo, St., Iligan City Telefax: (063)221-6069 E-mail Address: iligan.city@deped.gov.ph