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THE STATE SHALL PROTECT AND PROMOTE THE RIGHT
OF ALL CITIZENS TO QUALITY EDUCATION AT ALL
LEVELS AND SHALL TAKE APPROPRIATE STEPS TO
MAKE SUCH EDUCATION ACCESSIBLE TO ALL.
THE STATE SHALL:
(1) ESTABLISH, MAINTAIN AND SUPPORT A COMPLETE,
ADEQUATE AND INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
RELEVANT TO THE NEEDS OF THE PEOPLE AND SOCIETY;
(2) ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN A SYSTEM OF FREE
PUBLIC EDUCATION IN THE ELEMENTARY AND HIGH
SCHOOL LEVELS. WITHOUT LIMITING THE NATURAL
RIGHT OF PARENTS TO REAR THEIR CHILDREN,
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IS COMPULSORY FOR ALL
CHILDREN OF SCHOOL-AGE;
(3) ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN SCHOLARSHIP
GRANTS, LOAN PROGRAMS, SUBSIDIES AND OTHER
INCENTIVES WHICH SHALL BE AVAILABLE TO
DESERVING STUDENTS IN BOTH PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
SCHOOLS, ESPECIALLY TO THE UNDERPRIVILEGED;
(4) ENCOURAGE NON-FORMAL, INFORMAL AND
INDIGENOUS LEARNING SYSTEMS, AS WELL AS
SELF-LEARNING, INDEPENDENT AND OUT-OF-
SCHOOL STUDY PROGRAMS PARTICULARLY
THOSE THAT RESPOND TO COMMUNITY NEEDS;
(5) PROVIDE ADULT CITIZENS, THE DISABLED
AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH WITH
TRAINING IN CIVICS, VOCATIONAL
EFFICIENCY AND OTHER SKILLS.
(1) ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHALL
INCLUDE THE STUDY OF THE CONSTITUTION AS
PART OF THE CURRICULA.
(2) THEY SHALL INCULCATE PATRIOTISM AND NATIONALISM,
FOSTER LOVE OF HUMANITY, RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS,
APPRECIATION OF THE ROLE OF NATIONAL HEROES IN THE
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY, TEACH THE RIGHTS
AND DUTIES OF CITIZENSHIP, STRENGTHEN ETHICAL AND
SPIRITUAL VALUES, DEVELOP MORAL CHARACTER AND PERSONAL
DISCIPLINE, ENCOURAGE CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING,
BROADEN SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE, AND
PROMOTE VOCATIONAL EFFICIENCY.
(3) AT THE OPTION EXPRESSED IN WRITING BY THE
PARENTS OR GUARDIANS, RELIGION SHALL BE ALLOWED TO
BE TAUGHT TO THEIR CHILDREN OR WARDS IN PUBLIC
ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOLS WITHIN THE REGULAR
CLASS HOURS BY INSTRUCTORS DESIGNATED OR
APPROVED BY THE RELIGIOUS AUTHORITIES OF THE
RELIGION TO WHICH THE CHILDREN OR WARDS BELONG,
WITHOUT ADDITIONAL COST TO THE GOVERNMENT.
(1) THE STATE RECOGNIZES THE COMPLEMENTARY
ROLES OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS IN THE
EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AND SHALL EXERCISE
REASONABLE SUPERVISION AND REGULATION OF ALL
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
(2) EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, OTHER THAN THOSE
ESTABLISHED BY RELIGIOUS GROUPS AND MISSION
BOARDS, SHALL BE OWNED SOLELY BY CITIZENS OF THE
PHILIPPINES OR CORPORATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS AT
LEAST SIXTY PER CENTUM OF THE CAPITAL OF WHICH IS
OWNED BY SUCH CITIZENS. THE CONGRESS MAY, HOWEVER,
REQUIRE INCREASED FILIPINO EQUITY PARTICIPATION IN
ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
THE CONTROL AND ADMINISTRATION OF
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHALL BE
VESTED IN CITIZENS OF THE PHILIPPINES.
NO EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION SHALL BE ESTABLISHED
EXCLUSIVELY FOR ALIENS AND NO GROUP OF ALIENS SHALL
COMPRISE MORE THAN ONE-THIRD OF THE ENROLLMENT IN
ANY SCHOOL. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SUBSECTION
SHALL NOT APPLY TO SCHOOLS ESTABLISHED FOR FOREIGN
DIPLOMATIC PERSONNEL AND THEIR DEPENDENTS AND,
UNLESS OTHERWISE PROVIDED BY LAW, FOR OTHER
FOREIGN TEMPORARY RESIDENTS.
(3) ALL REVENUES AND ASSETS OF NON-STOCK, NON-
PROFIT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS USED ACTUALLY,
DIRECTLY, AND EXCLUSIVELY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES
SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM TAXES AND DUTIES. UPON THE
DISSOLUTION OR CESSATION OF THE CORPORATE
EXISTENCE OF SUCH INSTITUTIONS, THEIR ASSETS SHALL
BE DISPOSED OF IN THE MANNER PROVIDED BY LAW.
PROPRIETARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS,
INCLUDING THOSE COOPERATIVELY OWNED, MAY
LIKEWISE BE ENTITLED TO SUCH EXEMPTIONS,
SUBJECT TO THE LIMITATIONS PROVIDED BY LAW,
INCLUDING RESTRICTIONS ON DIVIDENDS AND
PROVISIONS FOR REINVESTMENT.
(4) SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS PRESCRIBED BY LAW,
ALL GRANTS, ENDOWMENTS, DONATIONS, OR
CONTRIBUTIONS USED ACTUALLY, DIRECTLY, AND
EXCLUSIVELY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES SHALL BE
EXEMPT FROM TAX.
(1) THE STATE SHALL TAKE INTO ACCOUNT REGIONAL
AND SECTORAL NEEDS AND CONDITIONS AND SHALL
ENCOURAGE LOCAL PLANNING IN THE DEVELOPMENT
OF EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND PROGRAMS.
(2) ACADEMIC FREEDOM SHALL BE ENJOYED
IN ALL INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING.
(3) EVERY CITIZEN HAS A RIGHT TO SELECT A
PROFESSION OR COURSE OF STUDY, SUBJECT TO
FAIR, REASONABLE, AND EQUITABLE ADMISSION
AND ACADEMIC REQUIREMENTS.
(4) THE STATE SHALL ENHANCE THE RIGHT OF
TEACHERS TO PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT.
NON-TEACHING ACADEMIC AND NON-ACADEMIC
PERSONNEL SHALL ENJOY THE PROTECTION OF
THE STATE.
(5) THE STATE SHALL ASSIGN THE HIGHEST
BUDGETARY PRIORITY TO EDUCATION AND ENSURE
THAT TEACHING WILL ATTRACT AND RETAIN ITS
RIGHTFUL SHARE OF THE BEST AVAILABLE TALENTS
THROUGH ADEQUATE REMUNERATION AND OTHER
MEANS OF JOB SATISFACTION AND FULFILLMENT.
THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF THE PHILIPPINES IS
FILIPINO. AS IT EVOLVES, IT SHALL BE FURTHER
DEVELOPED AND ENRICHED ON THE BASIS OF
EXISTING PHILIPPINE AND OTHER LANGUAGES.
SUBJECT TO PROVISIONS OF LAW AND AS THE CONGRESS
MAY DEEM APPROPRIATE, THE GOVERNMENT SHALL TAKE
STEPS TO INITIATE AND SUSTAIN THE USE OF FILIPINO AS A
MEDIUM OF OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION AND AS LANGUAGE
OF INSTRUCTION IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM.
FOR PURPOSES OF COMMUNICATION AND
INSTRUCTION, THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF THE
PHILIPPINES ARE FILIPINO AND, UNTIL
OTHERWISE PROVIDED BY LAW, ENGLISH.
THE REGIONAL LANGUAGES ARE THE AUXILIARY
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES IN THE REGIONS AND SHALL
SERVE AS AUXILIARY MEDIA OF INSTRUCTION
THEREIN.
SPANISH AND ARABIC SHALL BE PROMOTED ON A
VOLUNTARY AND OPTIONAL BASIS.
THIS CONSTITUTION SHALL BE PROMULGATED IN
FILIPINO AND ENGLISH AND SHALL BE
TRANSLATED INTO MAJOR REGIONAL
LANGUAGES, ARABIC, AND SPANISH.
THE CONGRESS SHALL ESTABLISH A NATIONAL LANGUAGE
COMMISSION COMPOSED OF REPRESENTATIVES OF
VARIOUS REGIONS AND DISCIPLINES WHICH SHALL
UNDERTAKE, COORDINATE, AND PROMOTE RESEARCHES
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT, PROPAGATION, AND PRESERVATION
OF FILIPINO AND OTHER LANGUAGES
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ARE ESSENTIAL FOR NATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRESS. THE STATE SHALL GIVE PRIORITY
TO RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, INVENTION, INNOVATION, AND
THEIR UTILIZATION; AND TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND SERVICES. IT SHALL SUPPORT
INDIGENOUS, APPROPRIATE, AND SELF-RELIANT SCIENTIFIC AND
TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIES, AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE
COUNTRY'S PRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS AND NATIONAL LIFE.
THE CONGRESS MAY PROVIDE FOR INCENTIVES, INCLUDING TAX
DEDUCTIONS, TO ENCOURAGE PRIVATE PARTICIPATION IN
PROGRAMS OF BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.
SCHOLARSHIPS, GRANTS-IN-AID, OR OTHER FORMS OF INCENTIVES
SHALL BE PROVIDED TO DESERVING SCIENCE STUDENTS,
RESEARCHERS, SCIENTISTS, INVENTORS, TECHNOLOGISTS, AND
SPECIALLY GIFTED CITIZENS.
THE STATE SHALL REGULATE THE TRANSFER AND PROMOTE THE
ADAPTATION OF TECHNOLOGY FROM ALL SOURCES FOR THE
NATIONAL BENEFIT. IT SHALL ENCOURAGE THE WIDEST
PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE GROUPS, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND
COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS IN THE GENERATION AND
UTILIZATION OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
THE STATE SHALL PROTECT AND SECURE THE EXCLUSIVE
RIGHTS OF SCIENTISTS, INVENTORS, ARTISTS, AND OTHER
GIFTED CITIZENS TO THEIR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND
CREATIONS, PARTICULARLY WHEN BENEFICIAL TO THE PEOPLE,
FOR SUCH PERIOD AS MAY BE PROVIDED BY LAW.
(1) THE STATE SHALL FOSTER THE PRESERVATION,
ENRICHMENT, AND DYNAMIC EVOLUTION OF A
FILIPINO NATIONAL CULTURE BASED ON THE
PRINCIPLE OF UNITY IN DIVERSITY IN A CLIMATE OF
FREE ARTISTIC AND INTELLECTUAL EXPRESSION.
ARTS AND LETTERS SHALL ENJOY THE PATRONAGE OF
THE STATE. THE STATE SHALL CONSERVE, PROMOTE,
AND POPULARIZE THE NATION'S HISTORICAL AND
CULTURAL HERITAGE AND RESOURCES, AS WELL AS
ARTISTIC CREATIONS.
ALL THE COUNTRY'S ARTISTIC AND HISTORIC
WEALTH CONSTITUTES THE CULTURAL TREASURE OF
THE NATION AND SHALL BE UNDER THE PROTECTION
OF THE STATE WHICH MAY REGULATE ITS
DISPOSITION.
THE STATE SHALL RECOGNIZE, RESPECT, AND PROTECT THE
RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS CULTURAL COMMUNITIES TO
PRESERVE AND DEVELOP THEIR CULTURES, TRADITIONS,
AND INSTITUTIONS. IT SHALL CONSIDER THESE RIGHTS IN
THE FORMULATION OF NATIONAL PLANS AND POLICIES.
(1) THE STATE SHALL ENSURE EQUAL ACCESS TO
CULTURAL OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH THE
EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE
CULTURAL ENTITIES, SCHOLARSHIPS, GRANTS AND
OTHER INCENTIVES, AND COMMUNITY CULTURAL
CENTERS, AND OTHER PUBLIC VENUES.
(2) THE STATE SHALL ENCOURAGE AND
SUPPORT RESEARCHES AND STUDIES ON
THE ARTS AND CULTURE.
(1) THE STATE SHALL PROMOTE PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND
ENCOURAGE SPORTS PROGRAMS, LEAGUE COMPETITIONS,
AND AMATEUR SPORTS, INCLUDING TRAINING FOR
INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS, TO FOSTER SELF-
DISCIPLINE, TEAMWORK, AND EXCELLENCE FOR THE
DEVELOPMENT OF A HEALTHY AND ALERT CITIZENRY.
(2) ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHALL
UNDERTAKE REGULAR SPORTS ACTIVITIES
THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY IN COOPERATION
WITH ATHLETIC CLUBS AND OTHER SECTORS.

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ARTICLE XIV OF THE 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. THE STATE SHALL PROTECT AND PROMOTE THE RIGHT OF ALL CITIZENS TO QUALITY EDUCATION AT ALL LEVELS AND SHALL TAKE APPROPRIATE STEPS TO MAKE SUCH EDUCATION ACCESSIBLE TO ALL.
  • 5. THE STATE SHALL: (1) ESTABLISH, MAINTAIN AND SUPPORT A COMPLETE, ADEQUATE AND INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF EDUCATION RELEVANT TO THE NEEDS OF THE PEOPLE AND SOCIETY;
  • 6. (2) ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN A SYSTEM OF FREE PUBLIC EDUCATION IN THE ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL LEVELS. WITHOUT LIMITING THE NATURAL RIGHT OF PARENTS TO REAR THEIR CHILDREN, ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IS COMPULSORY FOR ALL CHILDREN OF SCHOOL-AGE;
  • 7. (3) ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN SCHOLARSHIP GRANTS, LOAN PROGRAMS, SUBSIDIES AND OTHER INCENTIVES WHICH SHALL BE AVAILABLE TO DESERVING STUDENTS IN BOTH PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS, ESPECIALLY TO THE UNDERPRIVILEGED;
  • 8. (4) ENCOURAGE NON-FORMAL, INFORMAL AND INDIGENOUS LEARNING SYSTEMS, AS WELL AS SELF-LEARNING, INDEPENDENT AND OUT-OF- SCHOOL STUDY PROGRAMS PARTICULARLY THOSE THAT RESPOND TO COMMUNITY NEEDS;
  • 9. (5) PROVIDE ADULT CITIZENS, THE DISABLED AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH WITH TRAINING IN CIVICS, VOCATIONAL EFFICIENCY AND OTHER SKILLS.
  • 10. (1) ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHALL INCLUDE THE STUDY OF THE CONSTITUTION AS PART OF THE CURRICULA.
  • 11. (2) THEY SHALL INCULCATE PATRIOTISM AND NATIONALISM, FOSTER LOVE OF HUMANITY, RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS, APPRECIATION OF THE ROLE OF NATIONAL HEROES IN THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY, TEACH THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENSHIP, STRENGTHEN ETHICAL AND SPIRITUAL VALUES, DEVELOP MORAL CHARACTER AND PERSONAL DISCIPLINE, ENCOURAGE CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING, BROADEN SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE, AND PROMOTE VOCATIONAL EFFICIENCY.
  • 12. (3) AT THE OPTION EXPRESSED IN WRITING BY THE PARENTS OR GUARDIANS, RELIGION SHALL BE ALLOWED TO BE TAUGHT TO THEIR CHILDREN OR WARDS IN PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOLS WITHIN THE REGULAR CLASS HOURS BY INSTRUCTORS DESIGNATED OR APPROVED BY THE RELIGIOUS AUTHORITIES OF THE RELIGION TO WHICH THE CHILDREN OR WARDS BELONG, WITHOUT ADDITIONAL COST TO THE GOVERNMENT.
  • 13. (1) THE STATE RECOGNIZES THE COMPLEMENTARY ROLES OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AND SHALL EXERCISE REASONABLE SUPERVISION AND REGULATION OF ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
  • 14. (2) EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, OTHER THAN THOSE ESTABLISHED BY RELIGIOUS GROUPS AND MISSION BOARDS, SHALL BE OWNED SOLELY BY CITIZENS OF THE PHILIPPINES OR CORPORATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS AT LEAST SIXTY PER CENTUM OF THE CAPITAL OF WHICH IS OWNED BY SUCH CITIZENS. THE CONGRESS MAY, HOWEVER, REQUIRE INCREASED FILIPINO EQUITY PARTICIPATION IN ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
  • 15. THE CONTROL AND ADMINISTRATION OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHALL BE VESTED IN CITIZENS OF THE PHILIPPINES.
  • 16. NO EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION SHALL BE ESTABLISHED EXCLUSIVELY FOR ALIENS AND NO GROUP OF ALIENS SHALL COMPRISE MORE THAN ONE-THIRD OF THE ENROLLMENT IN ANY SCHOOL. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SUBSECTION SHALL NOT APPLY TO SCHOOLS ESTABLISHED FOR FOREIGN DIPLOMATIC PERSONNEL AND THEIR DEPENDENTS AND, UNLESS OTHERWISE PROVIDED BY LAW, FOR OTHER FOREIGN TEMPORARY RESIDENTS.
  • 17. (3) ALL REVENUES AND ASSETS OF NON-STOCK, NON- PROFIT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS USED ACTUALLY, DIRECTLY, AND EXCLUSIVELY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM TAXES AND DUTIES. UPON THE DISSOLUTION OR CESSATION OF THE CORPORATE EXISTENCE OF SUCH INSTITUTIONS, THEIR ASSETS SHALL BE DISPOSED OF IN THE MANNER PROVIDED BY LAW.
  • 18. PROPRIETARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, INCLUDING THOSE COOPERATIVELY OWNED, MAY LIKEWISE BE ENTITLED TO SUCH EXEMPTIONS, SUBJECT TO THE LIMITATIONS PROVIDED BY LAW, INCLUDING RESTRICTIONS ON DIVIDENDS AND PROVISIONS FOR REINVESTMENT.
  • 19. (4) SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS PRESCRIBED BY LAW, ALL GRANTS, ENDOWMENTS, DONATIONS, OR CONTRIBUTIONS USED ACTUALLY, DIRECTLY, AND EXCLUSIVELY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM TAX.
  • 20. (1) THE STATE SHALL TAKE INTO ACCOUNT REGIONAL AND SECTORAL NEEDS AND CONDITIONS AND SHALL ENCOURAGE LOCAL PLANNING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND PROGRAMS.
  • 21. (2) ACADEMIC FREEDOM SHALL BE ENJOYED IN ALL INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING.
  • 22. (3) EVERY CITIZEN HAS A RIGHT TO SELECT A PROFESSION OR COURSE OF STUDY, SUBJECT TO FAIR, REASONABLE, AND EQUITABLE ADMISSION AND ACADEMIC REQUIREMENTS.
  • 23. (4) THE STATE SHALL ENHANCE THE RIGHT OF TEACHERS TO PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT. NON-TEACHING ACADEMIC AND NON-ACADEMIC PERSONNEL SHALL ENJOY THE PROTECTION OF THE STATE.
  • 24. (5) THE STATE SHALL ASSIGN THE HIGHEST BUDGETARY PRIORITY TO EDUCATION AND ENSURE THAT TEACHING WILL ATTRACT AND RETAIN ITS RIGHTFUL SHARE OF THE BEST AVAILABLE TALENTS THROUGH ADEQUATE REMUNERATION AND OTHER MEANS OF JOB SATISFACTION AND FULFILLMENT.
  • 25.
  • 26. THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF THE PHILIPPINES IS FILIPINO. AS IT EVOLVES, IT SHALL BE FURTHER DEVELOPED AND ENRICHED ON THE BASIS OF EXISTING PHILIPPINE AND OTHER LANGUAGES.
  • 27. SUBJECT TO PROVISIONS OF LAW AND AS THE CONGRESS MAY DEEM APPROPRIATE, THE GOVERNMENT SHALL TAKE STEPS TO INITIATE AND SUSTAIN THE USE OF FILIPINO AS A MEDIUM OF OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION AND AS LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM.
  • 28. FOR PURPOSES OF COMMUNICATION AND INSTRUCTION, THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF THE PHILIPPINES ARE FILIPINO AND, UNTIL OTHERWISE PROVIDED BY LAW, ENGLISH.
  • 29. THE REGIONAL LANGUAGES ARE THE AUXILIARY OFFICIAL LANGUAGES IN THE REGIONS AND SHALL SERVE AS AUXILIARY MEDIA OF INSTRUCTION THEREIN. SPANISH AND ARABIC SHALL BE PROMOTED ON A VOLUNTARY AND OPTIONAL BASIS.
  • 30. THIS CONSTITUTION SHALL BE PROMULGATED IN FILIPINO AND ENGLISH AND SHALL BE TRANSLATED INTO MAJOR REGIONAL LANGUAGES, ARABIC, AND SPANISH.
  • 31. THE CONGRESS SHALL ESTABLISH A NATIONAL LANGUAGE COMMISSION COMPOSED OF REPRESENTATIVES OF VARIOUS REGIONS AND DISCIPLINES WHICH SHALL UNDERTAKE, COORDINATE, AND PROMOTE RESEARCHES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT, PROPAGATION, AND PRESERVATION OF FILIPINO AND OTHER LANGUAGES
  • 32.
  • 33. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ARE ESSENTIAL FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRESS. THE STATE SHALL GIVE PRIORITY TO RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, INVENTION, INNOVATION, AND THEIR UTILIZATION; AND TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND SERVICES. IT SHALL SUPPORT INDIGENOUS, APPROPRIATE, AND SELF-RELIANT SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIES, AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE COUNTRY'S PRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS AND NATIONAL LIFE.
  • 34. THE CONGRESS MAY PROVIDE FOR INCENTIVES, INCLUDING TAX DEDUCTIONS, TO ENCOURAGE PRIVATE PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS OF BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. SCHOLARSHIPS, GRANTS-IN-AID, OR OTHER FORMS OF INCENTIVES SHALL BE PROVIDED TO DESERVING SCIENCE STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS, SCIENTISTS, INVENTORS, TECHNOLOGISTS, AND SPECIALLY GIFTED CITIZENS.
  • 35. THE STATE SHALL REGULATE THE TRANSFER AND PROMOTE THE ADAPTATION OF TECHNOLOGY FROM ALL SOURCES FOR THE NATIONAL BENEFIT. IT SHALL ENCOURAGE THE WIDEST PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE GROUPS, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS IN THE GENERATION AND UTILIZATION OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
  • 36. THE STATE SHALL PROTECT AND SECURE THE EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS OF SCIENTISTS, INVENTORS, ARTISTS, AND OTHER GIFTED CITIZENS TO THEIR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND CREATIONS, PARTICULARLY WHEN BENEFICIAL TO THE PEOPLE, FOR SUCH PERIOD AS MAY BE PROVIDED BY LAW.
  • 37.
  • 38. (1) THE STATE SHALL FOSTER THE PRESERVATION, ENRICHMENT, AND DYNAMIC EVOLUTION OF A FILIPINO NATIONAL CULTURE BASED ON THE PRINCIPLE OF UNITY IN DIVERSITY IN A CLIMATE OF FREE ARTISTIC AND INTELLECTUAL EXPRESSION.
  • 39. ARTS AND LETTERS SHALL ENJOY THE PATRONAGE OF THE STATE. THE STATE SHALL CONSERVE, PROMOTE, AND POPULARIZE THE NATION'S HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE AND RESOURCES, AS WELL AS ARTISTIC CREATIONS.
  • 40. ALL THE COUNTRY'S ARTISTIC AND HISTORIC WEALTH CONSTITUTES THE CULTURAL TREASURE OF THE NATION AND SHALL BE UNDER THE PROTECTION OF THE STATE WHICH MAY REGULATE ITS DISPOSITION.
  • 41. THE STATE SHALL RECOGNIZE, RESPECT, AND PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS CULTURAL COMMUNITIES TO PRESERVE AND DEVELOP THEIR CULTURES, TRADITIONS, AND INSTITUTIONS. IT SHALL CONSIDER THESE RIGHTS IN THE FORMULATION OF NATIONAL PLANS AND POLICIES.
  • 42. (1) THE STATE SHALL ENSURE EQUAL ACCESS TO CULTURAL OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE CULTURAL ENTITIES, SCHOLARSHIPS, GRANTS AND OTHER INCENTIVES, AND COMMUNITY CULTURAL CENTERS, AND OTHER PUBLIC VENUES.
  • 43. (2) THE STATE SHALL ENCOURAGE AND SUPPORT RESEARCHES AND STUDIES ON THE ARTS AND CULTURE.
  • 44.
  • 45. (1) THE STATE SHALL PROMOTE PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND ENCOURAGE SPORTS PROGRAMS, LEAGUE COMPETITIONS, AND AMATEUR SPORTS, INCLUDING TRAINING FOR INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS, TO FOSTER SELF- DISCIPLINE, TEAMWORK, AND EXCELLENCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A HEALTHY AND ALERT CITIZENRY.
  • 46. (2) ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHALL UNDERTAKE REGULAR SPORTS ACTIVITIES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY IN COOPERATION WITH ATHLETIC CLUBS AND OTHER SECTORS.