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ART NOUVEAU
INTRODUCTION .
ART NOUVEAU (FRENCH FOR
"NEW STYLE") WAS
POPULARISED BY THR FAMOUS
MAISON DE'L ART NOUVEAU
(HOUSE OF NEW ART), A PARIS
ART GALLERY OPERATED BY
SIEGFRIED BING.
Art nouveau
represents the
beginning of
modernism in
design (
mordern
architecture).
It occurred at a time
when mass- produced
consumer goods began
to fill the market place
and designers,
architects and artists
began to understand
that handcrafted work
of centuries past could
be lost.
While reclaiming
this craft tradition,
art nouveau
designers
simultaneously
rejected traditional
styles in favour of
new, organic forms
that emphasized
humanity's
connection with
nature.
It embraced
all forms of
art and
design like
ARCHITECTURE.
FURNITURE.
GLASSWARE.
JEWELRY .
PAINTINGS.
POTTERY.
METALWORK.
HALLMARKS OF
ART NOUVEAU
STYLE.
FLAT DECORATIVE
PATTERNS.
INTERTWINED
ORGANIC FORMS
SUCH AS STEMS OR
FLOWERS.
EMPHASIS ON
HANDCRAFTING AS
OPPOSED TO
MACHINE
MANUFACTURING.
USE OF NEW
MATERIALS. A
FEW EXAMPLES
WOULD BE AS
FOLLOWS.
CAST IRON LIKE
IN THIS
FIREPLACE
CAST IRON WAS ONE OF
THE MAIN PRODUCTS OF
THE INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION AS THE NEED
FOR COAL GREW BECAUSE
IT PROVIDED POWER FOR
THE FACTORY ENGINES,
STEAM POWERED SHIPS
AND STEAM
LOCOMOTIVES.
STEEL
This material is the
symbol of the first
industrial revolution
(from 1830). The
first buildings to use
it were bridges,
railway stations.
CERAMICS
The raise of pottery
industry with for example
Bigot in France who
supplied a lot of Art
Nouveau architects .
THE BEGINNING OF ART NOUVEAU
ARCHITECTURE BEGAN SOMEWHERE AROUND
1893-1898.
SOME OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AND
INFLUENCIAL ARCHITECTS WHO WERE
INVOLVED IN THIS STYLE ARE MENTIONED AS
FOLLOWS.
VICTOR
HORTA
Victor Pierre
Horta was a
Belgian
architect and
designer.
HOTEL
FRISON IS
ONE OF
THE HIS
WORKS.
HECTOR GUIMARD
Hector Guimard was a
French architect, who is
now the best-known
representative of the Art
Nouveau style of the late
nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries.
The
Guimard
entrance to
the Père
Lachaise
Métro
station
LOUIS SULLIVAN.
Louis Henry Sullivan
was an American
architect, and has been
called the "father of
skyscrapers" and
"father of modernism"
SULLIVAN
CENTER.
A commercial
building at 1
South State Street
at the corner of
East Madison
Street in Chicago,
Illinois.
CHARLES
RENNIE
MACKINTOSH.
Charles Rennie
Mackintosh was a
Scottish architect,
designer, water
colorist and artist.
His artistic
approach had
much in common
with European
Symbolism.
HOUSE FOR AN ART LOVER.
IT IS A WEDDING VENUE , ART CENTER AND
CAFÉ BASED ON UNREALISED DESIGNS BY
CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH .
ANTONIO GAUDI.
GAUDI WAS A SPANISH
(CATALAN) ARCHITECT
WHO CREATED
COMPLEX BUILDINGDS
IN THAT THE
ARCHITECTURE WAS
CONSIDERED
SCULPTURAL AS
WELL.
HIS BUILDINGS ARE
CONSIDERED
BIOMORPHIC POSSIBLY
A REJECTION TO THE
COLDNESS THAT A
MACHINE-PRODUCED
GEOMETRIC OBJECT
WOULD CREATE.
Casa Batlló.
Casa Batlló is a
building in the
center of
Barcelona. It was
designed by Antoni
Gaudí, and is
considered one of
his masterpieces.
BEGINNING OF ART DECO.
WHEN ART
NOUVEAU FELL
OUT OF
FASHION IN THE
1920S AND 1930S,
IT WAS
REPLACED BY
CLEAN, SIMPLE
GEOMETRIES OF
ART DECO.
BEGINNING OF ART DECO.
THE
EXTRAVAGANT
CURVES OF ART
NOUVEAU WERE
SEEN AS OLD-
FASHIONED AND
VIEWED WITH
CONTEMPT.
BEGINNING OF ART DECO.
IT WAS NOT UNTIL
NEARLY HALF A
CENTURY LATER,
IN 1952, THE FIRST
COMPREHENSIVE
EXHIBITION DEVOT
ED TO ART
NOUVEAU WAS
ORGANISED IN
ZURICH,
SWITZERLAND
Present day interest in
art nouveau, and in
particular its
widespread
appreciation within the
last 30 years, has once
again firmly established
it as an important art
movement.
CASE
STUDY.
SAGRADA FAMILIA
BY Antoni Gaudí.
It is a large
unfinished
Roman Catholic
church in
Barcelona,
designed by
Catalan
architect Antoni
Gaudí.
PLAN OF SAGRADA FAMILIA.
THE ANNUAL
CONSTRUCTION BUDGET IS
OF 25 MILLION EUROS.
MATERIALS USED IS STONE WHICH WAS HAND CARVED IN
THE 20TH CENTURY BUT NOW COMPUTER ADDED DESIGN
TECHNOLOGY ARE BEING USED FOR THE STONE TO BE
SHAPED OFF-SITE .
THERE ARE 3 FACADES OF THE SAGRASA FAMILIA.
THE NATIVITY FAÇADE.
Dedicated to the birth of jesus, decorated with scenes reminiscent of
elements of life.
THERE ARE 3 FACADES OF THE SAGRASA FAMILIA.
THE PASSION FACADE.
Dedicated to the passion of christ, the suffering of jesus during his
crucifixion. The façade was intended to potray the sins of man.
THERE ARE 3 FACADES OF THE SAGRASA FAMILIA.
THE GLORY FACADE.
Dedicated to the celestial glory of jesus, it represents the road to god: death, final
judgement, and glory while hell is left for those who deviate from gods will.
GAUDI DIED ON 10TH JUNE 1926 AND WAS BURIED AT
SAGRADA FAMILIA.
It was the peak of style, which in all its
decadence and decoration, found its
own demise. The consumers of the style
found it overpowering and overbearing,
and swiftly moved towards the next
style; Modernism. A victim of its own
success, Art Nouveau could be likened
to a candle that burnt itself out
prematurely.
THANK YOU.
PRESENTED BY :-
1.RIMIKA ROY
2.SHIVANI PAL
3.SENTILILA JAMIR.

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Art Nouveau Movement Presentation for Art History.