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Bahjujan Hitay Navyuvak Shikshan Sanstha’s
MANOHARBHAI PATEL COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE,
HIRATOLA
Affiliated to Dr. panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola
VIII SEMESTER
Department Of Soil Science And Agri. Chemistry
Presentation Topic :- Application of Remote Sensing In Agriculture with Drone System
Submitted By :-
Aayush Motghare
(RR-2503)
Under the Guidance of :-
Mr. R.R. Kove Sir /
Mr.N.ASati Sir
(Ass. Prof of Soil Science &
Agriculture Chemistry)
Remote Sensing
A session on remote sensing
By Ayush Motghare
Introduction to Remote Sensing:-
What Is Remote Sensing ?
Remote Sensing is a method of obtaining information about the properties of
object without coming into contact with it.
Remote Sensing is a technology for sampling electromagnetic radiation to
acquire and interpret non immediate geospatial data from which to extract
information about features and objects on earth land surface, Ocean and
Atmosphere.
- by Nicolas Short
who is Median :- Electromagnetic Radiation
Remote:- The object that is far away
Sensing:-To get information
History of Remote Sensing
In 1970, an airborne MSS was used in the Corn Blight Watch — the first large-scale
application of remote sensing in agriculture.
• During 1972 and 1973, research established the feasibility of automating digital
classification to process high volumes of Landsat MSS data.
Elements Involved in Remote Sensing
1. Energy Source or illumination (A)
2. Radiation and the Atmosphere (B)
3. Interaction with the Object (C)
4. Recording of Energy by the Sensor (D)
5. Transmission, Reception and Processing (E)
6. Interpretation and Analysis (F)
7. Application (G)
Remote Sensing Basic Processes
o Data acquisition (energy propagation, platforms)
o Processing (conversion of energy pattern toimages)
o Analysis (quantitative and qualitative analysis)
o Accuracy assessment (radiometric andgeometric correction)
o Information distribution to users (hard copy,CCT, CD-ROM, X-BYTE)
Sensors
❖ Passive Sensors
● Also known Emitted Remote Sensing
400-2000 nm
• Landsat
• ASTER
• Quickbard
• Ikonos
❖ Active Sensors
● it works under any climatic condition
• LIDAR
• RADAR
Application of Remote Sensing
❖Urbanization & Transportation
• Updating road maps
• Urban Planning
• Asphalt conditions
• Wetland delineation
❖Agriculture
• Crop health analysis
• Precision agriculture
• Compliance mapping
• Yield estimation
• Forest Application
Application of Remote Sensing in Agricultture
What are the Applications?
• Observing and Monitoring Crops
• Observing Soil Conditions
• Monitoring Water Conditions
• Predicting Weather Conditions
• Observing Air Quality
• For Precision Farming
• Finally, monitoring and Predicting Climate Changes
Application of Remote sensing:-
❖ Natural Resource Management
• Habitat analysis
• Environmental assessment
• Pest/disease outbreaks
• Impervious surfacemapping
• Lake monitoring
• Hydrology
• Landuse-Landcover monitoring
• Mineral province
• Geomorphology
• Geology
Application of Remote Sensing
Remote Sensing :- Challenges
• Satellites are very expensive to build and launch.
• No direct measurements radiance (light) measurements must be
converted to geophysical parameters, such as temperature or
pollutant concentration.
• Tradeoffs between spatial and temporal resolution.
Advantages of Remote Sensing:-
❑Provides a regional view (large scale)
❑Provides repetitive looks at the same area
❑Remote sensors see over a broader portion of the spectrum than the human eye
❑Sensors can focus in on a very specific bandwidth in an image or a number of bandwidth
simultaneously
❑Provides geo-referenced,digital,data
❑Some remote sensors operate in all seasons, at night, and in bad weather
Conclusion:-
• The food and agriculture sector is crucially important in the green growth context
because it is the major user of land, water and marine resources and has important
linkages with biodiversity.
• While the sector can cause environmental harm, it also provides valued environmental
services.
• This is true notwithstanding the fact that it typically accounts for a small share of
employment and GDP in most OECD countries, though much larger shares in many
developing countries.
Drone Technology :-
An agricultural drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle
used in agriculture operations, mostly in yield
optimization and in monitoring crop growth and crop
production. A
The drones are being considered as an essential tool for
farmers for various applications.
Like providing easier ways to monitor small sections of
crops and entire fields remotely and also address
multiple challenges in the agriculture sector.
Drone Technology in Agriculture
❖ Places where Drone Technology been used?
⮚Scouting/Monitoring Plant Health
⮚Monitoring Field Conditions
⮚Planting & Seeding
⮚Spray Application
⮚Security
⮚Drone Pollination
⮚Drone AI
⮚Drone Irrigation
Scouting/Monitoring Plant Health
Drones equipped with special imaging equipment
called Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
use detailed colour information to indicate plant
health.
This allows farmers to monitor crops as they grow so
any problems can be dealt with fast enough to save the
plants.
Satellite imaging may offer to the meter accuracy,
but drone imaging is capable of producing accurate
image location to the millimetre
spotted and replanted as needed, and disease or pest
problems can be detected and treated for right away.
Monitoring Field Conditions
• Drone field monitoring is also being used to
monitor the health of soil and field
conditions.
• Drones can provide accurate field mapping
including elevation information that allow
growers to find any irregularities in the field.
• This allows for precise application of
fertilizers, eliminating poor growing spots
and improving soil health for years to come.
Planting & Seeding
• One of the newer and less wide spread uses of drones in agriculture is for planting seeds.
• Automated drone seeders are mostly being used in forestry industries right now, but
the potential for more widespread use is on the horizon.
• Planting with drones means very hard to reach areas can be replanted without
endangering workers.
• They are also able to plant much more efficiently with a team of two operators and ten
drones capable of planting 400,000 trees a day.
Spray Application
• Drone use to apply spray treatments is already
widespread in south-east Asia, with South Korea using
drones for approximately 30% of their agriculture
spraying.
• Drone sprayers save workers from having to navigate
fields with backpack sprayers, which can be hazardous
to their health.
• Drones sprayers delivery very fine spray applications
that can be targeted to specific areas to maximize
efficiency and save on chemical costs.
• Currently drone sprayer regulations vary widely
between countries.
Security
Drone security is a fast growing industry apart
from agriculture but is also extremely useful to
farm management.
Drone cameras can provide an overview of farm
operations throughout the day to ensure
operations are running smoothly and to locate
equipment being used.
Security drones can be deployed to monitor
fencing and perimeters of more valuable crops like
cannabis instead of employing more security
personnel.
Drone Pollination
• Some of the newer uses for drone use in agriculture are still in testing and development.
• One of the most publicized (and often fictionalized) uses is pollinating drone technology.
• Researchers in the Netherlands and Japan are developing small drones that are capable of
pollinating plants without damaging them.
• The next step is to create autonomous pollinating drones that will work and monitor crop
health without constant instruction from operators.
Drone AI
• Another drone technology in development also involves machine learning.
• (AI) in drones is important to be able to make them more useful to smaller farmers in
developing nations.
• Current drone technologies are more effective in monitoring well known crops like corn
which are planted in large monocultural field patterns.
• More work is needed to be able to train AI systems to recognize less common crops and
more diverse planting patterns.
Drone Irrigation
• New research out of Australia is also creating
exciting opportunities for drone use in agriculture
• As climate change increasingly affects drought
conditions, creating more efficient irrigation
solutions is vital Using microwave sensing, drones
are able to capture very accurate soil health
information including moisture levels without the
plants getting in the way
Advantages of Using Drones in Agriculture
• According to recent research, the global drone market within agriculture would grow at
35.9% CAGR and reach $5.7 billion by 2025.
• Soil and field analysis
• Crop monitoring
• Plantation
• Livestock management
• Crop spraying
• Check crop health
• Avoid overuse of chemicals
• Prepare for weather glitches
• Monitor growth
• Geofencing
Conclusion:-
• Drones have already vastly altered the agricultural industry and will continue to grow in
the coming years.
• While drone use is becoming more useful to small farmers, there is still a ways to go
before they become part of every farmer’s equipment roster, particularly in developing
nations.
• Regulations around drone use need to be made and revised in many countries and more
research needs to be done on their effectiveness at certain tasks, such as pesticide
application and spraying.
• It important to understand farmers limitations and functions before investing in
expensive equipment.

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Application of Remote Sensing In Agriculture with Drone System.pptx

  • 1. Bahjujan Hitay Navyuvak Shikshan Sanstha’s MANOHARBHAI PATEL COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, HIRATOLA Affiliated to Dr. panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola VIII SEMESTER Department Of Soil Science And Agri. Chemistry Presentation Topic :- Application of Remote Sensing In Agriculture with Drone System Submitted By :- Aayush Motghare (RR-2503) Under the Guidance of :- Mr. R.R. Kove Sir / Mr.N.ASati Sir (Ass. Prof of Soil Science & Agriculture Chemistry)
  • 2. Remote Sensing A session on remote sensing By Ayush Motghare
  • 3. Introduction to Remote Sensing:- What Is Remote Sensing ? Remote Sensing is a method of obtaining information about the properties of object without coming into contact with it. Remote Sensing is a technology for sampling electromagnetic radiation to acquire and interpret non immediate geospatial data from which to extract information about features and objects on earth land surface, Ocean and Atmosphere. - by Nicolas Short
  • 4. who is Median :- Electromagnetic Radiation Remote:- The object that is far away Sensing:-To get information History of Remote Sensing In 1970, an airborne MSS was used in the Corn Blight Watch — the first large-scale application of remote sensing in agriculture. • During 1972 and 1973, research established the feasibility of automating digital classification to process high volumes of Landsat MSS data.
  • 5. Elements Involved in Remote Sensing 1. Energy Source or illumination (A) 2. Radiation and the Atmosphere (B) 3. Interaction with the Object (C) 4. Recording of Energy by the Sensor (D) 5. Transmission, Reception and Processing (E) 6. Interpretation and Analysis (F) 7. Application (G)
  • 6. Remote Sensing Basic Processes o Data acquisition (energy propagation, platforms) o Processing (conversion of energy pattern toimages) o Analysis (quantitative and qualitative analysis) o Accuracy assessment (radiometric andgeometric correction) o Information distribution to users (hard copy,CCT, CD-ROM, X-BYTE)
  • 7. Sensors ❖ Passive Sensors ● Also known Emitted Remote Sensing 400-2000 nm • Landsat • ASTER • Quickbard • Ikonos ❖ Active Sensors ● it works under any climatic condition • LIDAR • RADAR
  • 8. Application of Remote Sensing ❖Urbanization & Transportation • Updating road maps • Urban Planning • Asphalt conditions • Wetland delineation ❖Agriculture • Crop health analysis • Precision agriculture • Compliance mapping • Yield estimation • Forest Application
  • 9. Application of Remote Sensing in Agricultture What are the Applications? • Observing and Monitoring Crops • Observing Soil Conditions • Monitoring Water Conditions • Predicting Weather Conditions • Observing Air Quality • For Precision Farming • Finally, monitoring and Predicting Climate Changes
  • 10. Application of Remote sensing:- ❖ Natural Resource Management • Habitat analysis • Environmental assessment • Pest/disease outbreaks • Impervious surfacemapping • Lake monitoring • Hydrology • Landuse-Landcover monitoring • Mineral province • Geomorphology • Geology Application of Remote Sensing
  • 11. Remote Sensing :- Challenges • Satellites are very expensive to build and launch. • No direct measurements radiance (light) measurements must be converted to geophysical parameters, such as temperature or pollutant concentration. • Tradeoffs between spatial and temporal resolution.
  • 12. Advantages of Remote Sensing:- ❑Provides a regional view (large scale) ❑Provides repetitive looks at the same area ❑Remote sensors see over a broader portion of the spectrum than the human eye ❑Sensors can focus in on a very specific bandwidth in an image or a number of bandwidth simultaneously ❑Provides geo-referenced,digital,data ❑Some remote sensors operate in all seasons, at night, and in bad weather
  • 13. Conclusion:- • The food and agriculture sector is crucially important in the green growth context because it is the major user of land, water and marine resources and has important linkages with biodiversity. • While the sector can cause environmental harm, it also provides valued environmental services. • This is true notwithstanding the fact that it typically accounts for a small share of employment and GDP in most OECD countries, though much larger shares in many developing countries.
  • 14. Drone Technology :- An agricultural drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle used in agriculture operations, mostly in yield optimization and in monitoring crop growth and crop production. A The drones are being considered as an essential tool for farmers for various applications. Like providing easier ways to monitor small sections of crops and entire fields remotely and also address multiple challenges in the agriculture sector.
  • 15. Drone Technology in Agriculture ❖ Places where Drone Technology been used? ⮚Scouting/Monitoring Plant Health ⮚Monitoring Field Conditions ⮚Planting & Seeding ⮚Spray Application ⮚Security ⮚Drone Pollination ⮚Drone AI ⮚Drone Irrigation
  • 16. Scouting/Monitoring Plant Health Drones equipped with special imaging equipment called Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) use detailed colour information to indicate plant health. This allows farmers to monitor crops as they grow so any problems can be dealt with fast enough to save the plants. Satellite imaging may offer to the meter accuracy, but drone imaging is capable of producing accurate image location to the millimetre spotted and replanted as needed, and disease or pest problems can be detected and treated for right away.
  • 17. Monitoring Field Conditions • Drone field monitoring is also being used to monitor the health of soil and field conditions. • Drones can provide accurate field mapping including elevation information that allow growers to find any irregularities in the field. • This allows for precise application of fertilizers, eliminating poor growing spots and improving soil health for years to come.
  • 18. Planting & Seeding • One of the newer and less wide spread uses of drones in agriculture is for planting seeds. • Automated drone seeders are mostly being used in forestry industries right now, but the potential for more widespread use is on the horizon. • Planting with drones means very hard to reach areas can be replanted without endangering workers. • They are also able to plant much more efficiently with a team of two operators and ten drones capable of planting 400,000 trees a day.
  • 19. Spray Application • Drone use to apply spray treatments is already widespread in south-east Asia, with South Korea using drones for approximately 30% of their agriculture spraying. • Drone sprayers save workers from having to navigate fields with backpack sprayers, which can be hazardous to their health. • Drones sprayers delivery very fine spray applications that can be targeted to specific areas to maximize efficiency and save on chemical costs. • Currently drone sprayer regulations vary widely between countries.
  • 20. Security Drone security is a fast growing industry apart from agriculture but is also extremely useful to farm management. Drone cameras can provide an overview of farm operations throughout the day to ensure operations are running smoothly and to locate equipment being used. Security drones can be deployed to monitor fencing and perimeters of more valuable crops like cannabis instead of employing more security personnel.
  • 21. Drone Pollination • Some of the newer uses for drone use in agriculture are still in testing and development. • One of the most publicized (and often fictionalized) uses is pollinating drone technology. • Researchers in the Netherlands and Japan are developing small drones that are capable of pollinating plants without damaging them. • The next step is to create autonomous pollinating drones that will work and monitor crop health without constant instruction from operators.
  • 22. Drone AI • Another drone technology in development also involves machine learning. • (AI) in drones is important to be able to make them more useful to smaller farmers in developing nations. • Current drone technologies are more effective in monitoring well known crops like corn which are planted in large monocultural field patterns. • More work is needed to be able to train AI systems to recognize less common crops and more diverse planting patterns.
  • 23. Drone Irrigation • New research out of Australia is also creating exciting opportunities for drone use in agriculture • As climate change increasingly affects drought conditions, creating more efficient irrigation solutions is vital Using microwave sensing, drones are able to capture very accurate soil health information including moisture levels without the plants getting in the way
  • 24. Advantages of Using Drones in Agriculture • According to recent research, the global drone market within agriculture would grow at 35.9% CAGR and reach $5.7 billion by 2025. • Soil and field analysis • Crop monitoring • Plantation • Livestock management • Crop spraying • Check crop health • Avoid overuse of chemicals • Prepare for weather glitches • Monitor growth • Geofencing
  • 25. Conclusion:- • Drones have already vastly altered the agricultural industry and will continue to grow in the coming years. • While drone use is becoming more useful to small farmers, there is still a ways to go before they become part of every farmer’s equipment roster, particularly in developing nations. • Regulations around drone use need to be made and revised in many countries and more research needs to be done on their effectiveness at certain tasks, such as pesticide application and spraying. • It important to understand farmers limitations and functions before investing in expensive equipment.