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Application of Diagnostic methodologies of the diseases according
to Charak Samhita
PRESENTED BY
Dr. Komal Jadhav
PG Scholar, Dept. Of Agadatantra
KAHER’s Shri B M Kankanwadi Ayurveda
Mahavidyalaya Shahapur, Belagavi.
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
1
CONTENT
 Purpose
 Basic tools of Ayurveda
 Acharya Charak approach for diagnosis disease
 Roga pareekshya and Rogi pareekshya
 Dashavidha pareekshya bhavas
 Confirmatory diagnosis in Charak Samhita
 Conclusion
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
2
PURPOSE
 रोगमादौ परीक्षेत ततोऽनन्तरमौषधम्|
 To know the Etiology of Diseases
 To know Etio-Pathogenesis
 To know Severity/Prognosis
 To plan Chikitsa
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
3
THREE BASIC TOOLS OF AYURVEDA
 HETU – Causative factors
 LINGA – signs and symptoms
 AUSHADA – Dravya and adravyabhoot chikitsa
Hetu and Linga helps in diagnosis of diseases and Aushada is helpful in treating the
diseases.
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
4
 Diagnosis/Nidan
 Diagnosis…..Gnosis i.e to know
 To know about diseases, its cause, nature, manifestation, severity and pathology etc and to identify it.
 Now a days the word Diagnosis covers Clinical Diagnosis, Laboratory Diagnosis, Radiology Diagnosis,
Principal Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis etc
 Diagnosis - Process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of disease/injury through evaluation
of patient history, examination and review of laboratory data.
 Diagnostic - Identifying a disease by the examination of signs and symptoms and by other investigations an
conclusion so reached.
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
5
AYURVEDIC APPROACH FOR DIAGNOSIS OF DISEASES
 Roga Parikshya – Examinations related to diseases.
i.e Pramana
Nidan Panchaka
Shat kriyakala
 Rogi parikshya – examinations related to sufferer
i.e Dashavidha Parikshya
Astavidha Parikshya
Panchendriya Parikshya
Shadvidha Parikshya etc
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
6
PRAMANA
 PRATYAKSHYA
 ANUMANA
 YUKTI
 AAPTOPDESHA
 UPAMANA
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
7
ROGI PARIKSHYA
DASHAVIDH PARIKSHYA
 Prakruti parikshya
 Vikruti parikshya
 Ahara shakti parikshya
 Vyayam shakti parikshya
 Sara parikshya
 Samhanan parikshya
 Satva parikshya
 Satmya parikshya
 Praman parikshya
 Vaya
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
8
DASHAVIDHA PARIKSYA BHAVA
 Kaarana
 Karan
 Karyayoni
 Karya
 Karyaphala
 Anubandha
 Desha
 Kala
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
9
IN MODERN SCIENCE THE DIAGNOSIS IS BASED
ON
 Subjective Parameters – Symptoms
(Prashna parikshya - वर्णसंस्थानप्रमार्च्छायााः , शरीरप्रक
ृ तततवकारौ, चक्षुवैषतयकातर् यातन
चान्यान्यनुक्तातन तातन चक्षुषा परीक्षेत; )
 Objective Parameters – Signs/Tests
( Prashna parikshya - हेत्वततणसात्म्यातिबलं परीक्ष्यं वचनाद् बुधाः|
Sparsha pareekshya - स्पशाणन्मादणवशत्ये च परीक्ष्ये सतवपयणये||
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
10
CONFORMATARY TESTS
IN MODERN SCIENCE
 Signs
 Laboratory Investigations
 Radiological Investigations
 Laparoscopic Investigations
IN CHARAK SAMHITA
 Prakrut and vikruti vat, pitta, kapha
 Arista lakshanas
 Oja gunas
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
11
CONCLUSION
 Now a days there are various tools to make diagnosis in early days but expensive.
 Thus we have to know the diagnosis by Ayurveda method so that it can reduce the financial burden.
 Once the physician has completed the diagnosis , it is helpful for explaining prognosis and treatment for
the patient.
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
12
Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda
13

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Application of Diagnostic methodologies of the diseases according to Charak Samhita.pptx

  • 1. Application of Diagnostic methodologies of the diseases according to Charak Samhita PRESENTED BY Dr. Komal Jadhav PG Scholar, Dept. Of Agadatantra KAHER’s Shri B M Kankanwadi Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya Shahapur, Belagavi. Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 1
  • 2. CONTENT  Purpose  Basic tools of Ayurveda  Acharya Charak approach for diagnosis disease  Roga pareekshya and Rogi pareekshya  Dashavidha pareekshya bhavas  Confirmatory diagnosis in Charak Samhita  Conclusion Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 2
  • 3. PURPOSE  रोगमादौ परीक्षेत ततोऽनन्तरमौषधम्|  To know the Etiology of Diseases  To know Etio-Pathogenesis  To know Severity/Prognosis  To plan Chikitsa Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 3
  • 4. THREE BASIC TOOLS OF AYURVEDA  HETU – Causative factors  LINGA – signs and symptoms  AUSHADA – Dravya and adravyabhoot chikitsa Hetu and Linga helps in diagnosis of diseases and Aushada is helpful in treating the diseases. Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 4
  • 5.  Diagnosis/Nidan  Diagnosis…..Gnosis i.e to know  To know about diseases, its cause, nature, manifestation, severity and pathology etc and to identify it.  Now a days the word Diagnosis covers Clinical Diagnosis, Laboratory Diagnosis, Radiology Diagnosis, Principal Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis etc  Diagnosis - Process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of disease/injury through evaluation of patient history, examination and review of laboratory data.  Diagnostic - Identifying a disease by the examination of signs and symptoms and by other investigations an conclusion so reached. Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 5
  • 6. AYURVEDIC APPROACH FOR DIAGNOSIS OF DISEASES  Roga Parikshya – Examinations related to diseases. i.e Pramana Nidan Panchaka Shat kriyakala  Rogi parikshya – examinations related to sufferer i.e Dashavidha Parikshya Astavidha Parikshya Panchendriya Parikshya Shadvidha Parikshya etc Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 6
  • 7. PRAMANA  PRATYAKSHYA  ANUMANA  YUKTI  AAPTOPDESHA  UPAMANA Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 7
  • 8. ROGI PARIKSHYA DASHAVIDH PARIKSHYA  Prakruti parikshya  Vikruti parikshya  Ahara shakti parikshya  Vyayam shakti parikshya  Sara parikshya  Samhanan parikshya  Satva parikshya  Satmya parikshya  Praman parikshya  Vaya Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 8
  • 9. DASHAVIDHA PARIKSYA BHAVA  Kaarana  Karan  Karyayoni  Karya  Karyaphala  Anubandha  Desha  Kala Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 9
  • 10. IN MODERN SCIENCE THE DIAGNOSIS IS BASED ON  Subjective Parameters – Symptoms (Prashna parikshya - वर्णसंस्थानप्रमार्च्छायााः , शरीरप्रक ृ तततवकारौ, चक्षुवैषतयकातर् यातन चान्यान्यनुक्तातन तातन चक्षुषा परीक्षेत; )  Objective Parameters – Signs/Tests ( Prashna parikshya - हेत्वततणसात्म्यातिबलं परीक्ष्यं वचनाद् बुधाः| Sparsha pareekshya - स्पशाणन्मादणवशत्ये च परीक्ष्ये सतवपयणये|| Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 10
  • 11. CONFORMATARY TESTS IN MODERN SCIENCE  Signs  Laboratory Investigations  Radiological Investigations  Laparoscopic Investigations IN CHARAK SAMHITA  Prakrut and vikruti vat, pitta, kapha  Arista lakshanas  Oja gunas Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 11
  • 12. CONCLUSION  Now a days there are various tools to make diagnosis in early days but expensive.  Thus we have to know the diagnosis by Ayurveda method so that it can reduce the financial burden.  Once the physician has completed the diagnosis , it is helpful for explaining prognosis and treatment for the patient. Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 12
  • 13. Diagnostic methedology of diseases in Ayurveda 13