SlideShare a Scribd company logo
BY-:Anugya Shukla
INTRODUCTION
 As the range of applications for solar energy increases, so
 does the need for improved materials and methods used to
 harness this power source. There are several factors that
 affect the efficiency of the collection process. Major
 influences on overall efficiency include solar cell efficiency,
 intensity of source radiation and storage techniques. The
 materials used in solar cell manufacturing limit the
 efficiency of a solar cell. This makes it particularly difficult
 to make considerable improvements in the performance of
 the cell Therefore, the most attainable method of
 improving the performance of solar power collection is to
 increase the mean intensity of radiation received from the
 source.
There are three major approaches for maximizing power
extraction in medium and large scale systems. They are sun
tracking, maximum power point (MPP) tracking or both.
Components Required
 The major components used in this
 project are
 •Microcontroller
 •Motor driver
 •DC Motor
 •LDR
Basic Block Diagram
                            Solar
                            panel




                           DC
LDR                        MOTOR
         MICROCONTROLLER
OBJECTIVE
 If we could configure a solar cell so that it faces the sun
  continually as it moves across the sky from east to
  west, we could get the most electrical energy possible.
 Going outside to a solar cell every hour to turn it
  toward the sun might be possible, but this would still
  not be an efficient method. A photo sensor is
  employed to control the solar cell tracking system.
TRACKING TECHNIQUES
The two general forms of tracking used are:

 Fixed control algorithms

 Dynamic tracking
FIXED CONTROL ALGORITHM
 In the fixed control algorithm systems, the path of
 the sun is determined by referencing an algorithm
 that calculates the position of the sun for each time
 period. That is, the control system does not actively
 find the sun's position but works it out given the
 current time, day, month, and year.
DYNAMIC TRACKING
  The dynamic tracking system, on the other
  hand, actively searches for the sun's position
  at any time of day (or night).Common to both
  forms of tracking is the control system. This
  system consists of some method of Direction
  control, such as DC motors, stepper motors,
  and servo motors, which are directed by a
  control circuit, either digital or analog.
LIGHT SENSOR AND MOTOR DRIVER
LIGHT SENSOR
 Light sensors are among the most common sensor
 type. The simplest optical sensor is a photoresistor
 which may be a cadmium sulfide (CdS) type or a
 gallium arsenide (GaAs)type .
The sun tracker uses a cadmium
sulfide (CdS) photocell for light
sensing. This is the least expensive
and least complex type of light
sensor . The CdS photocell is a
passive component whose
resistance is inversely proportional
to the amount of light intensity
directed toward it.                    Cds Photocell
                                       Circuit
D.C. MOTORS
 A DC motor is designed to run on DC electric power.
  the most common DC motor types are the brushed
  and brushless types, which use internal and external
  commutation respectively to reverse the current in the
  windings in synchronism with rotation.
 Here DC motor is used to rotate the solar panel in
  direction of sun where the sun rays fall maximum
• In this project we have used two LDR sensors.
•These sensors give analog output.
•The analog output is given to the micro
controller.
•The micro controller compares the analog
voltage and then decides upon the motion of the
motor.
•If the light on a particular LDR is greater, then
the micro controller gives the command to the
motor driver to rotate the motor in a direction
such that the both LDR receives equal light.
A Solar panel (also solar module,
photovoltaic module or photovoltaic panel) is
a packaged, connected assembly
of photovoltaic cells. The solar panel can be
used as a component of a larger photovoltaic
system to generate and supply electricity in
commercial and residential applications. Each
panel is rated by its DC output power under
standard test conditions, and typically ranges
from 100 to 450 watts. The efficiency of a
panel determines the area of a panel given the
same rated output - an 8% efficient 230 watt
panel will have twice the area of a 16%
efficient 230 watt panel.                      SOLAR PANEL
ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM
 A capacitor is employed to store the energy generated
  by a solar panel(by converting solar energy into
  electrical energy).
 Now this stored energy is can be utilize any where but
  in our project we have used to light a LED.
The portions consisted of light
detection, motor driving ,software
tracking, and software enhancements.
Building and testing smaller sections
of the system made the project more
manageable and increased efficiency
by decreasing debugging time.
POWER PLANTS
STREET LIGHT
Home application
CONCLUSION
.   A solar tracker is designed employing the new
    principle of using small solar cells to function as
    self-adjusting light sensors, providing a variable
    indication of their relative angle to the sun by
    detecting their voltage output. By using this method,
    the solar tracker was successful in maintaining a
    solar array at a sufficiently perpendicular angle to
    the sun. The power increase gained over a fixed
    horizontal array was in excess of 30%.
Future Scope
 Although there are many reasons to believe that
 the future of solar energy is bright and coming soon, the
 answer really lies in the hands of the world's citizens. In a
 world largely governed by economics and politics, what
 ordinary citizens choose to buy and support will dictate
 the trends of the future. By installing solar panels,
 donating to research organizations involved in alternative
 energies, majoring in science or engineering, and voting
 for measures that give money to alternate energy
 development, anyone can influence
 the future of solar energy.
Any Questions
Anugyashukla

More Related Content

What's hot

Anugyashukla
AnugyashuklaAnugyashukla
Anugyashukla
Anugya Shukla
 
Automatic solar tracking system using interfacing ic and geared motor
Automatic  solar tracking  system  using  interfacing  ic and geared motorAutomatic  solar tracking  system  using  interfacing  ic and geared motor
Automatic solar tracking system using interfacing ic and geared motor
anbarasuasokan
 
Automatic sun tracking system. ppt
Automatic sun tracking system. pptAutomatic sun tracking system. ppt
Automatic sun tracking system. ppt
Saumya Ranjan Behura
 
Solar Tracker
Solar Tracker Solar Tracker
Solar Tracker
veenuadi
 
Solar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontroller
Solar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontrollerSolar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontroller
Solar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontroller
Ecwayt
 
sun tracking solar panel
sun tracking solar panelsun tracking solar panel
sun tracking solar panel
Nikitha Thodupunoori
 
Sun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panelSun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panel
Akshay Thakur
 
Presentation solar
Presentation solarPresentation solar
Presentation solar
Nv Thejaswini
 
Solar tracker
Solar trackerSolar tracker
Solar tracker
MAHESH294
 
Dual axis solar tracking system using microcontroller
Dual axis solar tracking system using microcontrollerDual axis solar tracking system using microcontroller
Dual axis solar tracking system using microcontroller
Prathima Prathu
 
Sun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panelSun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panel
rk_cooldude
 
Sun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panelSun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panel
Raj Raghubanshi
 
Sun Tracker
Sun TrackerSun Tracker
Sun Tracker
Ajnas KC
 
Solar tracker using pmdc motor
Solar tracker using pmdc motorSolar tracker using pmdc motor
Solar tracker using pmdc motor
sankalp061
 
Solar tracking system
Solar tracking systemSolar tracking system
Solar tracking system
Reejasunil
 
Solar tracking system by naidu
Solar tracking system by naiduSolar tracking system by naidu
Solar tracking system by naidu
Naidu Turpati
 
solar tracking system ppt
solar tracking  system pptsolar tracking  system ppt
Final ppt on automatic solar traking system
Final ppt on automatic solar traking systemFinal ppt on automatic solar traking system
Final ppt on automatic solar traking system
SHASHIKANT GARUD
 
Solar cell tracking system
Solar cell tracking systemSolar cell tracking system
Solar cell tracking system
moazalhosne
 
Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.
Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.
Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.
AnayetHossain4
 

What's hot (20)

Anugyashukla
AnugyashuklaAnugyashukla
Anugyashukla
 
Automatic solar tracking system using interfacing ic and geared motor
Automatic  solar tracking  system  using  interfacing  ic and geared motorAutomatic  solar tracking  system  using  interfacing  ic and geared motor
Automatic solar tracking system using interfacing ic and geared motor
 
Automatic sun tracking system. ppt
Automatic sun tracking system. pptAutomatic sun tracking system. ppt
Automatic sun tracking system. ppt
 
Solar Tracker
Solar Tracker Solar Tracker
Solar Tracker
 
Solar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontroller
Solar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontrollerSolar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontroller
Solar tracker with stepper motor control using microcontroller
 
sun tracking solar panel
sun tracking solar panelsun tracking solar panel
sun tracking solar panel
 
Sun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panelSun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panel
 
Presentation solar
Presentation solarPresentation solar
Presentation solar
 
Solar tracker
Solar trackerSolar tracker
Solar tracker
 
Dual axis solar tracking system using microcontroller
Dual axis solar tracking system using microcontrollerDual axis solar tracking system using microcontroller
Dual axis solar tracking system using microcontroller
 
Sun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panelSun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panel
 
Sun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panelSun tracking solar panel
Sun tracking solar panel
 
Sun Tracker
Sun TrackerSun Tracker
Sun Tracker
 
Solar tracker using pmdc motor
Solar tracker using pmdc motorSolar tracker using pmdc motor
Solar tracker using pmdc motor
 
Solar tracking system
Solar tracking systemSolar tracking system
Solar tracking system
 
Solar tracking system by naidu
Solar tracking system by naiduSolar tracking system by naidu
Solar tracking system by naidu
 
solar tracking system ppt
solar tracking  system pptsolar tracking  system ppt
solar tracking system ppt
 
Final ppt on automatic solar traking system
Final ppt on automatic solar traking systemFinal ppt on automatic solar traking system
Final ppt on automatic solar traking system
 
Solar cell tracking system
Solar cell tracking systemSolar cell tracking system
Solar cell tracking system
 
Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.
Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.
Presentration dual axis solar tracking system.
 

Viewers also liked

Solar & smart energy
Solar & smart energySolar & smart energy
Solar & smart energy
amit kumar s.i.t
 
Sun Seeker Installation Manual
Sun Seeker Installation ManualSun Seeker Installation Manual
Sun Seeker Installation Manual
Solartec Global
 
Automatic Night Light
Automatic Night LightAutomatic Night Light
Automatic Night Light
Shihab Hasnine
 
Ic 555 timer 0
Ic 555 timer 0Ic 555 timer 0
Ic 555 timer 0
chitradevitvm
 
Led Flasher Using 555 Timer IC
Led Flasher Using 555 Timer ICLed Flasher Using 555 Timer IC
Led Flasher Using 555 Timer IC
designtech13
 
Project of Solar ppt
Project of Solar pptProject of Solar ppt
Project of Solar ppt
SOUMYA DATTA
 
29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break
29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break
29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break
krishnasarraf03
 
Street light ppt
Street light pptStreet light ppt
Street light ppt
Sai Kumar
 
Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...
Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...
Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...
James Chen
 
blue ray ppt
blue ray pptblue ray ppt
blue ray ppt
Anugya Shukla
 
Solar energy ppt
Solar energy pptSolar energy ppt
Solar energy ppt
shubhajit_b
 
Solar Energy
Solar EnergySolar Energy
Solar Energy
Tamseela Bibi
 
Solar System Ppt
Solar System PptSolar System Ppt
Solar System Ppt
AnnieFourman
 

Viewers also liked (13)

Solar & smart energy
Solar & smart energySolar & smart energy
Solar & smart energy
 
Sun Seeker Installation Manual
Sun Seeker Installation ManualSun Seeker Installation Manual
Sun Seeker Installation Manual
 
Automatic Night Light
Automatic Night LightAutomatic Night Light
Automatic Night Light
 
Ic 555 timer 0
Ic 555 timer 0Ic 555 timer 0
Ic 555 timer 0
 
Led Flasher Using 555 Timer IC
Led Flasher Using 555 Timer ICLed Flasher Using 555 Timer IC
Led Flasher Using 555 Timer IC
 
Project of Solar ppt
Project of Solar pptProject of Solar ppt
Project of Solar ppt
 
29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break
29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break
29082013161402 automatic-street-light-powered-through-speed-break
 
Street light ppt
Street light pptStreet light ppt
Street light ppt
 
Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...
Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...
Hiteched 30w smart offgrid integrated solar street light illuminate Tawi-tawi...
 
blue ray ppt
blue ray pptblue ray ppt
blue ray ppt
 
Solar energy ppt
Solar energy pptSolar energy ppt
Solar energy ppt
 
Solar Energy
Solar EnergySolar Energy
Solar Energy
 
Solar System Ppt
Solar System PptSolar System Ppt
Solar System Ppt
 

Similar to Anugyashukla

Making model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point Tracking
Making model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point TrackingMaking model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point Tracking
Making model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point Tracking
ijsrd.com
 
Project ii
Project iiProject ii
Project ii
SanabelElhaddad
 
Microcontroller based dual axis solar tracker
Microcontroller based dual axis solar trackerMicrocontroller based dual axis solar tracker
Microcontroller based dual axis solar tracker
Pritam Suts
 
My icece2010paper(1)
My icece2010paper(1)My icece2010paper(1)
My icece2010paper(1)
Dharmander Malik
 
Solar eee
Solar eeeSolar eee
Solar eee
NaveenKumar4819
 
Dual axis solar tracker
Dual axis solar trackerDual axis solar tracker
Dual axis solar tracker
Raghav S
 
Solar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar Energy
Solar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar EnergySolar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar Energy
Solar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar Energy
IRJET Journal
 
Solar tracker report
Solar tracker reportSolar tracker report
Solar tracker report
Nagraj Tondchore
 
dual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptx
dual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptxdual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptx
dual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptx
naskantigoutham023
 
An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...
An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...
An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...
IRJET Journal
 
Project overview
Project overviewProject overview
Project overview
Jyoti Choudhary
 
AUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptx
AUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptxAUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptx
AUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptx
praveenkumar971811
 
Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)
Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)
Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)
LOCHANBHATT1
 
Microcontroller based automatic solar power tracking system
Microcontroller based automatic solar power tracking systemMicrocontroller based automatic solar power tracking system
Microcontroller based automatic solar power tracking system
IAEME Publication
 
91720552 solar-tracker
91720552 solar-tracker91720552 solar-tracker
91720552 solar-tracker
dibinbabu
 
I1103035156
I1103035156I1103035156
I1103035156
IOSR Journals
 
Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...
Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...
Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...
Mahfuza Mansura
 
solar tracker sunflower model based.pptx
solar tracker sunflower model based.pptxsolar tracker sunflower model based.pptx
solar tracker sunflower model based.pptx
Hamed Raza
 
Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to Enhance Solar Cell Pan...
Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to  Enhance Solar Cell Pan...Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to  Enhance Solar Cell Pan...
Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to Enhance Solar Cell Pan...
IJMER
 
Solar based smart street light system
Solar based  smart street light system Solar based  smart street light system
Solar based smart street light system
Ashutosh kumar
 

Similar to Anugyashukla (20)

Making model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point Tracking
Making model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point TrackingMaking model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point Tracking
Making model of dual axis solar tracking with Maximum Power Point Tracking
 
Project ii
Project iiProject ii
Project ii
 
Microcontroller based dual axis solar tracker
Microcontroller based dual axis solar trackerMicrocontroller based dual axis solar tracker
Microcontroller based dual axis solar tracker
 
My icece2010paper(1)
My icece2010paper(1)My icece2010paper(1)
My icece2010paper(1)
 
Solar eee
Solar eeeSolar eee
Solar eee
 
Dual axis solar tracker
Dual axis solar trackerDual axis solar tracker
Dual axis solar tracker
 
Solar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar Energy
Solar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar EnergySolar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar Energy
Solar Tracking For Maximum Utilization Of Solar Energy
 
Solar tracker report
Solar tracker reportSolar tracker report
Solar tracker report
 
dual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptx
dual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptxdual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptx
dual%20axis%20solar%20tracking%20Sanjay.pptx
 
An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...
An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...
An investigation of an Arduino-based solar tracking system with panel surface...
 
Project overview
Project overviewProject overview
Project overview
 
AUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptx
AUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptxAUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptx
AUTOMATIC SOLAR TRACKER.pptx
 
Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)
Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)
Dual axis solar tracking using arduino with lab view (1)
 
Microcontroller based automatic solar power tracking system
Microcontroller based automatic solar power tracking systemMicrocontroller based automatic solar power tracking system
Microcontroller based automatic solar power tracking system
 
91720552 solar-tracker
91720552 solar-tracker91720552 solar-tracker
91720552 solar-tracker
 
I1103035156
I1103035156I1103035156
I1103035156
 
Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...
Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...
Design and Construction of Automatic Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System Using Li...
 
solar tracker sunflower model based.pptx
solar tracker sunflower model based.pptxsolar tracker sunflower model based.pptx
solar tracker sunflower model based.pptx
 
Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to Enhance Solar Cell Pan...
Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to  Enhance Solar Cell Pan...Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to  Enhance Solar Cell Pan...
Development of a Smart Mechatronic Tracking System to Enhance Solar Cell Pan...
 
Solar based smart street light system
Solar based  smart street light system Solar based  smart street light system
Solar based smart street light system
 

Recently uploaded

LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
RAHUL
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
WaniBasim
 
How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience
How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience
How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience
Wahiba Chair Training & Consulting
 
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
Colégio Santa Teresinha
 
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdfHindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Dr. Mulla Adam Ali
 
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching AptitudeUGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
S. Raj Kumar
 
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdfB. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
BoudhayanBhattachari
 
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
Celine George
 
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
สมใจ จันสุกสี
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
iammrhaywood
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
TechSoup
 
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docxMain Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
adhitya5119
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
eBook.com.bd (প্রয়োজনীয় বাংলা বই)
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
Jean Carlos Nunes Paixão
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
mulvey2
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
MJDuyan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
 
How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience
How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience
How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience
 
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
 
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdfHindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
 
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching AptitudeUGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
 
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
 
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdfB. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
 
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
 
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docxMain Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
 

Anugyashukla

  • 2. INTRODUCTION As the range of applications for solar energy increases, so does the need for improved materials and methods used to harness this power source. There are several factors that affect the efficiency of the collection process. Major influences on overall efficiency include solar cell efficiency, intensity of source radiation and storage techniques. The materials used in solar cell manufacturing limit the efficiency of a solar cell. This makes it particularly difficult to make considerable improvements in the performance of the cell Therefore, the most attainable method of improving the performance of solar power collection is to increase the mean intensity of radiation received from the source.
  • 3. There are three major approaches for maximizing power extraction in medium and large scale systems. They are sun tracking, maximum power point (MPP) tracking or both.
  • 4. Components Required The major components used in this project are •Microcontroller •Motor driver •DC Motor •LDR
  • 5. Basic Block Diagram Solar panel DC LDR MOTOR MICROCONTROLLER
  • 6. OBJECTIVE  If we could configure a solar cell so that it faces the sun continually as it moves across the sky from east to west, we could get the most electrical energy possible.  Going outside to a solar cell every hour to turn it toward the sun might be possible, but this would still not be an efficient method. A photo sensor is employed to control the solar cell tracking system.
  • 7. TRACKING TECHNIQUES The two general forms of tracking used are:  Fixed control algorithms  Dynamic tracking
  • 8. FIXED CONTROL ALGORITHM In the fixed control algorithm systems, the path of the sun is determined by referencing an algorithm that calculates the position of the sun for each time period. That is, the control system does not actively find the sun's position but works it out given the current time, day, month, and year.
  • 9. DYNAMIC TRACKING The dynamic tracking system, on the other hand, actively searches for the sun's position at any time of day (or night).Common to both forms of tracking is the control system. This system consists of some method of Direction control, such as DC motors, stepper motors, and servo motors, which are directed by a control circuit, either digital or analog.
  • 10. LIGHT SENSOR AND MOTOR DRIVER
  • 11. LIGHT SENSOR  Light sensors are among the most common sensor type. The simplest optical sensor is a photoresistor which may be a cadmium sulfide (CdS) type or a gallium arsenide (GaAs)type .
  • 12. The sun tracker uses a cadmium sulfide (CdS) photocell for light sensing. This is the least expensive and least complex type of light sensor . The CdS photocell is a passive component whose resistance is inversely proportional to the amount of light intensity directed toward it. Cds Photocell Circuit
  • 13. D.C. MOTORS  A DC motor is designed to run on DC electric power. the most common DC motor types are the brushed and brushless types, which use internal and external commutation respectively to reverse the current in the windings in synchronism with rotation.  Here DC motor is used to rotate the solar panel in direction of sun where the sun rays fall maximum
  • 14.
  • 15. • In this project we have used two LDR sensors. •These sensors give analog output. •The analog output is given to the micro controller. •The micro controller compares the analog voltage and then decides upon the motion of the motor. •If the light on a particular LDR is greater, then the micro controller gives the command to the motor driver to rotate the motor in a direction such that the both LDR receives equal light.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. A Solar panel (also solar module, photovoltaic module or photovoltaic panel) is a packaged, connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar panel can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each panel is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and typically ranges from 100 to 450 watts. The efficiency of a panel determines the area of a panel given the same rated output - an 8% efficient 230 watt panel will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt panel. SOLAR PANEL
  • 19. ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM  A capacitor is employed to store the energy generated by a solar panel(by converting solar energy into electrical energy).  Now this stored energy is can be utilize any where but in our project we have used to light a LED.
  • 20.
  • 21. The portions consisted of light detection, motor driving ,software tracking, and software enhancements. Building and testing smaller sections of the system made the project more manageable and increased efficiency by decreasing debugging time.
  • 22.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28. CONCLUSION . A solar tracker is designed employing the new principle of using small solar cells to function as self-adjusting light sensors, providing a variable indication of their relative angle to the sun by detecting their voltage output. By using this method, the solar tracker was successful in maintaining a solar array at a sufficiently perpendicular angle to the sun. The power increase gained over a fixed horizontal array was in excess of 30%.
  • 29. Future Scope Although there are many reasons to believe that the future of solar energy is bright and coming soon, the answer really lies in the hands of the world's citizens. In a world largely governed by economics and politics, what ordinary citizens choose to buy and support will dictate the trends of the future. By installing solar panels, donating to research organizations involved in alternative energies, majoring in science or engineering, and voting for measures that give money to alternate energy development, anyone can influence the future of solar energy.