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Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
“Antibiotic Discovery –
Getting Through the Discovery Wall”
Town Hall Webinar
September 20, 2017
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Today’s Guest
Moderator
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Joseph Thomas
Associate, The Pew Charitable
Trusts -
Antibiotic Resistance Project
Today’s Panelists
Lynn Silver
Silver Consulting
Providing expert services in
antibacterial drug discovery
and preclinical development.
Johannes Zuegg
Program Coordinator
Logistics & Chemoinformatics at
CO-ADD
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Adapted from Lynn L. Silver, “Challenges of Antibacterial Discovery,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews 24, no. 1. (2011): 71-109.
Adapted from Lynn L. Silver, “Challenges of Antibacterial Discovery,” Clinical Microbiology
Reviews 24, no. 1. (2011): 71-109
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
190, 052
compounds
screened
CO-ADD has screened >twice the
number of any other screening
program so far disclosed.
McGilvray A. (2016) Nat 533, S65-7
HIT RATES [MIC ≤ 16 µg/mL]
No Cytotox
0.25% for G+ve
0.07% for G-ve
0.48% for fungi
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
GN Barriers (simplistic view)
OM
CM
periplasm
LPS &O-Ag
 OM excludes hydrophobic and hydrophilic compounds.
 Penetration of hydrophilic compounds through OM is via porins
 But hydrophilic and highly charged molecules entering the periplasm
 penetrate the CM slowly or not at all
 unless actively transported [or via PMF]
 Molecules that do enter can be effluxed
 What molecules can accumulate in the GN cytoplasm?
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery WallAntibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Collaborating Scientists!
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Where we need funding
NIH, ENABLE CARB-X
Sources: Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research; FasterCures
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Gram-positive
CM
Cytoplasm
Gram-negative
OM
CM
Periplasm
Cytoplasm
P. aeruginosa
-lactams
Glycopeptides
Cycloserine
Fosfomycin
Rifampin
Aminoglycosides
Tetracyclines
Chloramphenicol
Macrolides
Lincosamides
Oxazolidinones
Fusidic Acid
Mupirocin
Novobiocin
Fluoroquinolones
Sulfas
Trimethoprim
Metronidazole
Daptomycin
Polymyxin
Antibacterial
Spectrum
Spectrum is largely due to permeability & efflux
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Binning cytoplasmic drugs
-14
-12
-10
-8
-6
-4
-2
0
2
4
6
8
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400
GN diffusion
GN transported
Aminoglycosides (SPU)
GP only diffusion
Triclosan
cLogD7.4
MW
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Aims from the Pew Roadmap
• A better understanding of how to overcome the cellular defenses
of drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which cause some of the
most difficult-to-treat infections.
• Generation of new chemical matter designed for antibiotic
discovery.
• Tools and methodologies to evaluate promising alternatives to
traditional antibiotic use.
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Questions?
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Today’s Guest
Moderator
CONTACT US Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
Joseph Thomas
Associate, The Pew Charitable
Trusts -
Antibiotic Resistance Project
Contact:
jthomas@pewtrusts.org
Today’s Panelists
Lynn Silver
Silver Consulting
Providing expert services in
antibacterial drug discovery
and preclinical development.
Contact:
silverly@comcast.net
Johannes Zuegg
Program Coordinator
Logistics & Chemoinformatics at
CO-ADD
Contact:
j.zuegg@imb.uq.edu.au
Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery
Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
THANK YOU
For further contact with CDD:
info@collaborativedrug.com

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Antibiotic Discovery Webinar – Getting Through the Discovery Wall

  • 1. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery “Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall” Town Hall Webinar September 20, 2017
  • 2. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Today’s Guest Moderator Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall Joseph Thomas Associate, The Pew Charitable Trusts - Antibiotic Resistance Project Today’s Panelists Lynn Silver Silver Consulting Providing expert services in antibacterial drug discovery and preclinical development. Johannes Zuegg Program Coordinator Logistics & Chemoinformatics at CO-ADD
  • 3. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Adapted from Lynn L. Silver, “Challenges of Antibacterial Discovery,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews 24, no. 1. (2011): 71-109. Adapted from Lynn L. Silver, “Challenges of Antibacterial Discovery,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews 24, no. 1. (2011): 71-109 Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 4. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 5. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 6. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 7. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 8. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 9. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery 190, 052 compounds screened CO-ADD has screened >twice the number of any other screening program so far disclosed. McGilvray A. (2016) Nat 533, S65-7 HIT RATES [MIC ≤ 16 µg/mL] No Cytotox 0.25% for G+ve 0.07% for G-ve 0.48% for fungi Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 10. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 11. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 12. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery GN Barriers (simplistic view) OM CM periplasm LPS &O-Ag  OM excludes hydrophobic and hydrophilic compounds.  Penetration of hydrophilic compounds through OM is via porins  But hydrophilic and highly charged molecules entering the periplasm  penetrate the CM slowly or not at all  unless actively transported [or via PMF]  Molecules that do enter can be effluxed  What molecules can accumulate in the GN cytoplasm?
  • 13. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 14. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 15. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery WallAntibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 16. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Collaborating Scientists! Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 17. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Where we need funding NIH, ENABLE CARB-X Sources: Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research; FasterCures Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 19. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Binning cytoplasmic drugs -14 -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 GN diffusion GN transported Aminoglycosides (SPU) GP only diffusion Triclosan cLogD7.4 MW
  • 20. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 21. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 22. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 23. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 24. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall
  • 25. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Aims from the Pew Roadmap • A better understanding of how to overcome the cellular defenses of drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which cause some of the most difficult-to-treat infections. • Generation of new chemical matter designed for antibiotic discovery. • Tools and methodologies to evaluate promising alternatives to traditional antibiotic use.
  • 26. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall Questions?
  • 27. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Today’s Guest Moderator CONTACT US Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall Joseph Thomas Associate, The Pew Charitable Trusts - Antibiotic Resistance Project Contact: jthomas@pewtrusts.org Today’s Panelists Lynn Silver Silver Consulting Providing expert services in antibacterial drug discovery and preclinical development. Contact: silverly@comcast.net Johannes Zuegg Program Coordinator Logistics & Chemoinformatics at CO-ADD Contact: j.zuegg@imb.uq.edu.au
  • 28. Copyright © 2017 All Rights Reserved Collaborative Drug Discovery Antibiotic Discovery – Getting Through the Discovery Wall THANK YOU For further contact with CDD: info@collaborativedrug.com