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Animalia Kingdom
Animals 
Do not have chlorophyll. 
Can move about freely from place to place (except the fixed 
sponges , corals , etc.) 
Cannot make their own food and so have to feed on plants or 
on other animals. 
Have special digestive organs because they have to digest and 
absorb the ingested readymade food. 
No cellulose cell wall. Only the cell membrane is present . 
They respond quickly to external stimuli.
Major differences between vertebrates and 
invertebrates. 
Vertebrates Invertebrates 
1. They have an internal skeleton. 1.No internal skeleton . 
2. A backbone is present. 2. Backbone is not present. 
3. A tail is usually present. 3. Tail is absent (anus at the tip of 
the back end of the body.) 
4. Heart is on the ventral side 
of the body. 
4. Heart when present, is on the 
dorsal side of the body. 
5. Nerve (spinal) cord is dorsal, and 
hollow. 
5. Nerve cord is ventral and solid. 
6. They have two pairs of limbs. 6. They have three or more pairs of 
limbs, if present. 
7. Haemoglobin in red blood cells. 7. Haemoglobin , if present, 
dissolved.
Vertebrates
Invertebrates
NINE MAJOR PHYLA OF ANIMAL KINGDOM: 
1.PORIFERA 2.CNIDARIA 3.PLATYHELMINTHES 
4.NEMATODA 5.ANNELIDA 6.ARTHROPODA
7.MOLLUSCA 8.ECHINODERMATA 9.CHORDATA
1.PORIFERA: 
Porifera are the simplest multicellular animals. Their 
body consists of a hollow tube. 
There is no single mouth but many pores or canals 
are present in the body wall, through which water 
enters. 
The sponges usually have a skeleton 
of microscopic spicules or elastic 
spongin fibres . Except one or two fresh 
water sponges, all are found in sea. 
 Ex: Sycon,Bath sponge, etc.
2.COELENTERATA/CNIDARIA: 
In cnidarians,a two-layered body wall encloses a 
single cavity in which digestion takes place.The 
cavity opens by a mouth at one end only. 
There are tentacles to catch food organisms. 
The cnidarians are found in water (mostly in 
sea,very few in freshwater).Ex:Sea-anemone, 
Jellyfish and Red Coral(“moonga”).
3.PLATYHELMINTHES: 
These are small,soft,flattened,unsegmented worms 
without a body cavity. 
The alimentary canal has only one opening,the 
mouth. 
Most of the flatworms live on or inside other animals 
as parasites,but a few are free,living in the sea or 
freshwater.Ex:Parasites-Liverfluke,Tapeworm;free 
living-Planarian.
• They are long , cylindrical and 
unsegmented , without a body cavity. 
• The alimetary canal opens at the two 
ends , mouth and anus. 
• They are mostly parasatic but some live in free soil. 
• Examples : Hookworm, Ascaris in humans, 
eelworms in potato plants.
ANNELIDA 
• The body of an annelid worm is cylindrical 
and divided into ring like segments. 
• An annelid worm has a well developed 
digestive system with the alimentary canal 
open at both the ends, with a mouth and anus. 
• They have a true body cavity, the coelom. 
• Example : leech, earthworm, nereis
ARTHROPODA 
• This phylum has the largest number of species 
in the animal kingdom. 
• These animals have joined limbs, one pair 
each on some or all body segments. 
• There is an exoskeleton made of chitin. 
• They cast of their exoskeleton during growth 
in early life, which is regrown. 
• The casting off and regrowing of the 
exoskeleton is collectively called moulting 
• Examples: crab, butterfly, crayfish
MOLLUSCA 
• These animals have a soft, unsegmented body, with a hard 
calareous shell to protect the soft body. 
• They have a muscular foot to help them in locomotion and 
also act as a weapon in some cases.
Phylum Echinodermata 
 Echinoderms are unsegmented , marine animals. 
 They have an exoskeleton and a spiny 
Surface. 
 They move by means of tube-feet . 
 They are radially symmetrical, i.e. they have 
similar parts arranged regularly around a 
central point. 
 Example-Starfish , Brittle star ,Sea urchin , 
Sea cucumber.
Phylum Chordata 
 All chordates possess a notochord which is a rod-like 
structure present in the mid-dorsal axis of the body. 
 The chordates which possess a backbone are called 
Vertebrates. 
 Vertebrates have a well developed vertebral 
column forming the main axis of their internal 
skeleton , which may be of bones or cartilage. 
 Example-Bird ,Fish ,Reptile ,etc.
Vertebrate 
classes 
 The vertebrates are divided into five classes 
 Pisces 
 Amphibia 
 Reptile 
 Aves 
 Mammalia
Class Pisces 
 The class Pisces includes fishes . 
They are completely adapted to aquatic 
life. 
 They have a two-chambered heart , 
breathe by means of gills , and are 
cold-blooded . 
 There body is covered with scales . 
 They have fins but no limbs.
Fish 
 Fishes are of two types: 
 Cartilaginous fishes: whose skeleton is 
made of cartilage , e.g. Sharks , Dogfish , 
Skates . 
 Bony fishes: whose Skeleton is made 
of bones , e.g. Carps , Roaches , Herring , 
Trouts.
Amphibia 
Amphibians live partly on land and partly 
on water. 
They have five fingered 
(pentadactyl) limbs and three 
-chambered heart. 
They are cold-blooded. 
Eg:-midwife toad 
salamander 
tree frog
Reptilia 
Reptiles are completely adapted to life on 
land. 
They have rough, horny 
scales on the skin, and a 
three-chambered heart. 
They are cold-blooded. 
Eg:- lizard 
snake 
turtle
Aves 
All the birds belong to this class. 
Their fore-limbs are modified 
into wings. They have scaly 
legs and a four-chambered 
heart. 
They are warm-blooded or 
homeothermal. 
Eg:-myna , hoopoe 
sunbird
Mammalia 
Mammals are the most highly developed 
animals for life 
on land, water and air. 
They have hair on their skin 
and have a four-chambered heart. 
They are warm-blooded. 
Eg:- seals 
whales 
bats
Acknowledgement 
• we would like to thank our teacher who gave 
us this opportunity to attempt this 
assignment. 
• Without her guidance the project would have 
been unsuccessful. 
• It is because of our team work and 
cooperation that we were able to complete 
the assignment successfully
bibliography 
• www.wikipedia.com 
• For images:- Google images.com/animal 
kingdom.
Made by:- 
• Aakanksha Kadam 
• Riddhima Ghosh Roy 
• Shruti Ugalmugale 
• Sameeha Pathan 
• Anushka Mukherjee 
THANK YOU

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Animalia kingdom modified

  • 2. Animals Do not have chlorophyll. Can move about freely from place to place (except the fixed sponges , corals , etc.) Cannot make their own food and so have to feed on plants or on other animals. Have special digestive organs because they have to digest and absorb the ingested readymade food. No cellulose cell wall. Only the cell membrane is present . They respond quickly to external stimuli.
  • 3. Major differences between vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates Invertebrates 1. They have an internal skeleton. 1.No internal skeleton . 2. A backbone is present. 2. Backbone is not present. 3. A tail is usually present. 3. Tail is absent (anus at the tip of the back end of the body.) 4. Heart is on the ventral side of the body. 4. Heart when present, is on the dorsal side of the body. 5. Nerve (spinal) cord is dorsal, and hollow. 5. Nerve cord is ventral and solid. 6. They have two pairs of limbs. 6. They have three or more pairs of limbs, if present. 7. Haemoglobin in red blood cells. 7. Haemoglobin , if present, dissolved.
  • 6. NINE MAJOR PHYLA OF ANIMAL KINGDOM: 1.PORIFERA 2.CNIDARIA 3.PLATYHELMINTHES 4.NEMATODA 5.ANNELIDA 6.ARTHROPODA
  • 8. 1.PORIFERA: Porifera are the simplest multicellular animals. Their body consists of a hollow tube. There is no single mouth but many pores or canals are present in the body wall, through which water enters. The sponges usually have a skeleton of microscopic spicules or elastic spongin fibres . Except one or two fresh water sponges, all are found in sea.  Ex: Sycon,Bath sponge, etc.
  • 9. 2.COELENTERATA/CNIDARIA: In cnidarians,a two-layered body wall encloses a single cavity in which digestion takes place.The cavity opens by a mouth at one end only. There are tentacles to catch food organisms. The cnidarians are found in water (mostly in sea,very few in freshwater).Ex:Sea-anemone, Jellyfish and Red Coral(“moonga”).
  • 10. 3.PLATYHELMINTHES: These are small,soft,flattened,unsegmented worms without a body cavity. The alimentary canal has only one opening,the mouth. Most of the flatworms live on or inside other animals as parasites,but a few are free,living in the sea or freshwater.Ex:Parasites-Liverfluke,Tapeworm;free living-Planarian.
  • 11. • They are long , cylindrical and unsegmented , without a body cavity. • The alimetary canal opens at the two ends , mouth and anus. • They are mostly parasatic but some live in free soil. • Examples : Hookworm, Ascaris in humans, eelworms in potato plants.
  • 12. ANNELIDA • The body of an annelid worm is cylindrical and divided into ring like segments. • An annelid worm has a well developed digestive system with the alimentary canal open at both the ends, with a mouth and anus. • They have a true body cavity, the coelom. • Example : leech, earthworm, nereis
  • 13. ARTHROPODA • This phylum has the largest number of species in the animal kingdom. • These animals have joined limbs, one pair each on some or all body segments. • There is an exoskeleton made of chitin. • They cast of their exoskeleton during growth in early life, which is regrown. • The casting off and regrowing of the exoskeleton is collectively called moulting • Examples: crab, butterfly, crayfish
  • 14. MOLLUSCA • These animals have a soft, unsegmented body, with a hard calareous shell to protect the soft body. • They have a muscular foot to help them in locomotion and also act as a weapon in some cases.
  • 15. Phylum Echinodermata  Echinoderms are unsegmented , marine animals.  They have an exoskeleton and a spiny Surface.  They move by means of tube-feet .  They are radially symmetrical, i.e. they have similar parts arranged regularly around a central point.  Example-Starfish , Brittle star ,Sea urchin , Sea cucumber.
  • 16. Phylum Chordata  All chordates possess a notochord which is a rod-like structure present in the mid-dorsal axis of the body.  The chordates which possess a backbone are called Vertebrates.  Vertebrates have a well developed vertebral column forming the main axis of their internal skeleton , which may be of bones or cartilage.  Example-Bird ,Fish ,Reptile ,etc.
  • 17. Vertebrate classes  The vertebrates are divided into five classes  Pisces  Amphibia  Reptile  Aves  Mammalia
  • 18. Class Pisces  The class Pisces includes fishes . They are completely adapted to aquatic life.  They have a two-chambered heart , breathe by means of gills , and are cold-blooded .  There body is covered with scales .  They have fins but no limbs.
  • 19. Fish  Fishes are of two types:  Cartilaginous fishes: whose skeleton is made of cartilage , e.g. Sharks , Dogfish , Skates .  Bony fishes: whose Skeleton is made of bones , e.g. Carps , Roaches , Herring , Trouts.
  • 20. Amphibia Amphibians live partly on land and partly on water. They have five fingered (pentadactyl) limbs and three -chambered heart. They are cold-blooded. Eg:-midwife toad salamander tree frog
  • 21. Reptilia Reptiles are completely adapted to life on land. They have rough, horny scales on the skin, and a three-chambered heart. They are cold-blooded. Eg:- lizard snake turtle
  • 22. Aves All the birds belong to this class. Their fore-limbs are modified into wings. They have scaly legs and a four-chambered heart. They are warm-blooded or homeothermal. Eg:-myna , hoopoe sunbird
  • 23. Mammalia Mammals are the most highly developed animals for life on land, water and air. They have hair on their skin and have a four-chambered heart. They are warm-blooded. Eg:- seals whales bats
  • 24. Acknowledgement • we would like to thank our teacher who gave us this opportunity to attempt this assignment. • Without her guidance the project would have been unsuccessful. • It is because of our team work and cooperation that we were able to complete the assignment successfully
  • 25. bibliography • www.wikipedia.com • For images:- Google images.com/animal kingdom.
  • 26. Made by:- • Aakanksha Kadam • Riddhima Ghosh Roy • Shruti Ugalmugale • Sameeha Pathan • Anushka Mukherjee THANK YOU