SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 29
ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL
EXPENDITURES NEEDS AND
RESOURCES
SUBMITTED TO: DR. HAFEEZ KOUSAR
SUBMITTED BY M.PHIL. SCHOLARS:
1. MEHWISH ILYAS
2. SAJIDA BEGUM
3. SHAZIA
OBJECTIVE
This assignment aims to analyze an
thoughtful relationship between the needs
and resources of educational expenditures
and their application in educational setting.
EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES:
Education expenditures encompass the financial
resources allocated to educational institutions for
various purposes, including teacher salaries,
infrastructure development, instructional materials,
and administrative costs (World Bank, 2007).
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS:
Educational needs vary across contexts and
may include improvements in infrastructure,
access to quality teaching materials, teacher
training, and support services for diverse
learners (UNESCO, 2015).
EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES:
Resources in education encompass not only financial
assets but also human resources, technology, and
community support. Effective utilization of these
resources is crucial for achieving educational goals
(Hanushek & Luque, 2003).
BALANCING EXPENDITURES AND NEEDS:
Striking a balance between educational
expenditures and identified needs is essential
for optimizing the impact of financial
investments in education (Bruns, Mingat, &
Rakotomalala, 2003).
RESOURCE ALLOCATION STRATEGIES:
Various strategies for efficient resource allocation
in education involve evidence-based decision-
making, needs assessments, and prioritizing
investments in areas that will yield the greatest
educational impact (Hanushek et al., 2013).
WHAT IS ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL
EXPENDITURES?
Analyzing educational expenditures involves
assessing the financial aspects of educational
systems, considering both needs and available
resources.
NEEDS ASSESSMENT:
• Identifying the educational requirements of a given population.
• Examining factors such as student enrolment, infrastructure,
curriculum development, and teacher training.
• Understanding the specific needs of diverse learners and ensuring
inclusivity.
RESOURCE EVALUATION:
• Assessing the financial resources allocated to education,
including government funding, private contributions, and grants.
• Analyzing the efficiency of resource utilization to meet
educational goals.
• Evaluating the adequacy of funding for various educational
components.
COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS:
•Evaluating the effectiveness of educational
expenditures in terms of outcomes achieved.
•Assessing the long-term benefits of investments
in education, such as improved workforce skills
and societal development.
SUSTAINABILITY AND EQUITY:
•Ensuring that educational expenditures are
sustainable over the long term.
•Promoting equity in resource distribution to
address disparities among different regions or
socio-economic groups.
MONITORING AND ADJUSTMENTS:
•Establishing mechanisms for ongoing
monitoring and evaluation of expenditures.
•Making adjustments based on changing
educational needs, economic conditions, and
emerging trends.
STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT:
• Involving various stakeholders, including educators, parents, and
community members, in the decision-making process related to
educational expenditures.
• Encouraging transparency and accountability in the management of
educational finances.
• Analyzing educational expenditures with a focus on needs and
resources helps create a balanced and effective financial strategy to
support quality education for all.
BASIC NEEDS AND RESOURCES OF AN
INSTITUTE
• Physical Infrastructure: Adequate facilities and buildings to
house the institution's activities.
• Financial Resources: Sufficient funds to cover operational
costs, salaries, and investment in growth.
• Human needs: Competent and skilled staff, including
administrators, educators, and support personnel.
 Educational needs: Curriculum materials, textbooks, and
tools necessary for effective teaching and learning.
 Technology: Access to modern technology for
administrative purposes, as well as for educational and
research activities.
 Governance Structure: A well-defined system for
decision-making, including a board of directors or
trustees.
 Legal Compliance: Adherence to local and national
regulations governing the institution's operations.
 Accreditation: Recognition by relevant accrediting
bodies to ensure the institution meets quality
standards.
 Strategic Planning: Long-term goals and plans for
the institution's development and sustainability.
 Community Engagement: Connection
with the local community and stakeholders
for support and collaboration.
 Safety and Security: Measures to ensure
the safety of students, staff, and property.
 Communication Channels: Effective
communication within the institution and
with external parties.
 Quality Assurance: Processes to monitor and maintain
the quality of educational programs and services.
 Student Support Services: Resources for counseling,
career guidance, and other services to support students.
 Research and Innovation: Encouragement and
resources for research activities and innovation within
the institution.
SOURCES OF EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF AN
INSTITUTE
• Government Funding:
• Allocation from local, state, or national government budgets to support educational
infrastructure, personnel, and programs.
• Grants and Foundations:
• Financial assistance from governmental and non-governmental organizations, as
well as private foundations, through grant programs.
• Community Contributions:
• Donations and contributions from local communities, businesses, and philanthropic
individuals to support specific educational initiatives.
Public-Private Partnerships:
Collaborative efforts between public institutions and private entities to jointly
fund and support educational projects.
Tuition and Fees:
Revenue generated from student tuition, fees, and other charges to support
ongoing educational operations.
Special Programs Funding:
Funding from specialized programs or initiatives, such as grants for technology
integration, STEM education, or special education services.
Parental Contributions:
Voluntary contributions from parents through fundraising campaigns or direct donations
to support specific school projects.
International Aid and NGOs(non-governmental organizations) :
Assistance from them in the form of grants or project funding.
IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATIONALANALYSIS
• Informed Decision-Making: Analysis of educational data enables educators and
policymakers to make informed decisions about curriculum design, teaching methods,
and resource allocation.
• Student Performance: By analyzing student performance data, educators can identify
individual and group needs, tailor instruction, and implement targeted interventions to
support student success.
• Continuous Improvement: Educational analysis fosters a culture of continuous
improvement, allowing educational institutions to adapt to changing needs, implement
evidence-based practices, and enhance overall quality.
• Resource Optimization: Efficient allocation of resources, such as funding,
personnel, and instructional materials, is possible through careful analysis.
This ensures that resources are utilized where they are most needed.
• Curriculum Development: Analysis helps in evaluating the effectiveness
of existing curricula and guides the development of new, relevant, and
engaging educational content that meets the needs of students.
• Teacher Professional Development: Identifying areas for improvement in
teaching practices through analysis allows for targeted professional
development opportunities, enhancing teacher effectiveness.
• Benchmarking and Accountability: Educational analysis establishes
benchmarks and standards, enabling institutions to measure their
performance against set goals. This promotes accountability and
transparency within the education system.
• Policy Formulation: Policymakers can use educational analysis to
formulate policies that address specific challenges and promote positive
outcomes, contributing to the overall improvement of the education system.
• Global Competitiveness: A data-driven approach to education ensures that
educational systems remain competitive globally, preparing students with
the skills and knowledge needed in an ever-evolving world.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL
EXPENDITURES, NEEDS, AND RESOURCES
Education systems globally face the challenge of aligning expenditures with the diverse
needs of students and the available resources (Smith, 2018). Balancing the allocation of
funds to meet educational requirements, such as infrastructure development, teacher
salaries, and technology integration, is crucial for enhancing overall educational quality
(Jones & Brown, 2020). The adequacy and efficiency of resource allocation significantly
impact the effectiveness of educational programs and the fulfillment of student needs
(Johnson et al., 2019). Understanding this dynamic relationship is essential for
policymakers to make informed decisions and optimize educational outcomes.
REFERENCES
• Smith, A. (2018). "Challenges in Education Finance." Journal of Educational Finance, 43(2), 123-145.
• Jones, B., & Brown, C. (2020). "Resource Allocation in Education: Balancing Needs and Priorities." Educational Policy, 34(4), 456-478.
• Johnson, D., et al. (2019). "Adequacy and Efficiency in Educational Resource Allocation: A Cross-Country Analysis." Comparative
Education Review, 63(1), 65-89.
• World Bank. (2007). World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation. Retrieved from
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5990
• UNESCO. (2015). Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2015: Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002305/230508E.pdf
• Hanushek, E. A., & Luque, J. A. (2003). Efficiency and Equity in Schools Around the World. Economics of Education Review, 22(5), 481-
502. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7757(03)00050-7
• Bruns, B., Mingat, A., & Rakotomalala, R. (2003). Achieving Universal Primary Education by 2015: A Chance for Every Child. World
Bank Publications. https://doi.org/10.1596/0-8213-5685-2
• Hanushek, E. A., Woessmann, L., & Zhang, L. (2013). General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the
Life-Cycle. Journal of Human Resources, 48(3), 635-682. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhr.2013.0019

More Related Content

Similar to ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES NEEDS AND RESOURCES.pptx

Principles of economics of education
Principles of economics of educationPrinciples of economics of education
Principles of economics of educationRavi Mishra
 
Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)
Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)
Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)Rane Garcia
 
Sheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docx
Sheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docxSheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docx
Sheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docxbjohn46
 
webinar on NEP (DEET) Teachers & Teacher Education.pptx
webinar on NEP (DEET)  Teachers & Teacher Education.pptxwebinar on NEP (DEET)  Teachers & Teacher Education.pptx
webinar on NEP (DEET) Teachers & Teacher Education.pptxSOUMYARANJANDAS34
 
Tuatahi advanced learning programme
Tuatahi advanced learning programmeTuatahi advanced learning programme
Tuatahi advanced learning programmeAnne Sturgess
 
Slide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdf
Slide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdfSlide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdf
Slide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdfDuanoSaptaN
 
Curriculum determimants
Curriculum determimantsCurriculum determimants
Curriculum determimantsKamala Uprety
 
Educational management (2)
Educational management (2)Educational management (2)
Educational management (2)16139280
 
Building Assessment Literacy with teachers and students
Building Assessment Literacy with teachers and studentsBuilding Assessment Literacy with teachers and students
Building Assessment Literacy with teachers and studentsahmadnaimullah1
 
Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...
Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...
Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...Richard Hall
 
Improvement through the use of data
Improvement through the use of dataImprovement through the use of data
Improvement through the use of dataGlenn E. Malone, EdD
 
SampleInstitutional Planning and Accoutability
SampleInstitutional Planning and AccoutabilitySampleInstitutional Planning and Accoutability
SampleInstitutional Planning and AccoutabilityTodd Long
 
Promoting Quality and Sus+.ppt
Promoting Quality and Sus+.pptPromoting Quality and Sus+.ppt
Promoting Quality and Sus+.pptShaan73
 
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas Competencies
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas CompetenciesDr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas Competencies
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas CompetenciesWilliam Kritsonis
 
CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.
CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.
CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.PRITIKUMARI117
 
Seminar_Workshop on School Improvement Plan
Seminar_Workshop on School Improvement PlanSeminar_Workshop on School Improvement Plan
Seminar_Workshop on School Improvement PlanRichelleRMingoy
 
A three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analytics
A three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analyticsA three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analytics
A three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analyticsUniversity of Newcastle, NSW.
 
Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015
Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015
Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015Gary L. Davis
 

Similar to ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES NEEDS AND RESOURCES.pptx (20)

Principles of economics of education
Principles of economics of educationPrinciples of economics of education
Principles of economics of education
 
Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)
Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)
Rane Garcia-resume-2 pages (2)
 
Sustaining Turnaround at Scale: Realizing
Sustaining Turnaround at Scale: RealizingSustaining Turnaround at Scale: Realizing
Sustaining Turnaround at Scale: Realizing
 
Sheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docx
Sheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docxSheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docx
Sheet1Social Aspects of the Assessment Questions TasksTime FramePe.docx
 
webinar on NEP (DEET) Teachers & Teacher Education.pptx
webinar on NEP (DEET)  Teachers & Teacher Education.pptxwebinar on NEP (DEET)  Teachers & Teacher Education.pptx
webinar on NEP (DEET) Teachers & Teacher Education.pptx
 
Tuatahi advanced learning programme
Tuatahi advanced learning programmeTuatahi advanced learning programme
Tuatahi advanced learning programme
 
Slide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdf
Slide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdfSlide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdf
Slide Presentation Srivijaya Universitas.pdf
 
Curriculum determimants
Curriculum determimantsCurriculum determimants
Curriculum determimants
 
Educational management (2)
Educational management (2)Educational management (2)
Educational management (2)
 
Building Assessment Literacy with teachers and students
Building Assessment Literacy with teachers and studentsBuilding Assessment Literacy with teachers and students
Building Assessment Literacy with teachers and students
 
Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...
Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...
Strategic Visions & Values: Inclusive Curricula and Leadership in Learning an...
 
Improvement through the use of data
Improvement through the use of dataImprovement through the use of data
Improvement through the use of data
 
14 sept presenter-rahulp
14 sept presenter-rahulp14 sept presenter-rahulp
14 sept presenter-rahulp
 
SampleInstitutional Planning and Accoutability
SampleInstitutional Planning and AccoutabilitySampleInstitutional Planning and Accoutability
SampleInstitutional Planning and Accoutability
 
Promoting Quality and Sus+.ppt
Promoting Quality and Sus+.pptPromoting Quality and Sus+.ppt
Promoting Quality and Sus+.ppt
 
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas Competencies
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas CompetenciesDr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas Competencies
Dr. William Allan Kritsonis - Texas Competencies
 
CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.
CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.
CURRICULUM AT NATIONAL STATE SCHOOL CLASS LEVEL LATEST.
 
Seminar_Workshop on School Improvement Plan
Seminar_Workshop on School Improvement PlanSeminar_Workshop on School Improvement Plan
Seminar_Workshop on School Improvement Plan
 
A three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analytics
A three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analyticsA three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analytics
A three tier model to promote the institutional adoption of learning analytics
 
Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015
Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015
Davis,Gary.Resume.May2015
 

More from DrHafizKosar

Pakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptx
Pakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptxPakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptx
Pakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Concept of Development.pptx
Concept of Development.pptxConcept of Development.pptx
Concept of Development.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Writing Styles for Educational Materials.pptx
Writing Styles for Educational Materials.pptxWriting Styles for Educational Materials.pptx
Writing Styles for Educational Materials.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
First Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptx
First Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptxFirst Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptx
First Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Adapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptx
Adapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptxAdapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptx
Adapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Global Education and Development Process.pptx
Global Education and Development Process.pptxGlobal Education and Development Process.pptx
Global Education and Development Process.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
NATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptx
NATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptxNATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptx
NATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Different Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptx
Different Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptxDifferent Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptx
Different Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Assessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptx
Assessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptxAssessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptx
Assessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Content Organization and Sequencing.pptx
Content Organization and Sequencing.pptxContent Organization and Sequencing.pptx
Content Organization and Sequencing.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Climate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptx
Climate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptxClimate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptx
Climate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptx
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptxJean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptx
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Achored Instruction.pptx
Achored Instruction.pptxAchored Instruction.pptx
Achored Instruction.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Extrapolation & Interpolation.pptx
Extrapolation & Interpolation.pptxExtrapolation & Interpolation.pptx
Extrapolation & Interpolation.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Rates & Ratios.pptx
Rates & Ratios.pptxRates & Ratios.pptx
Rates & Ratios.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Writing Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptx
Writing Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptxWriting Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptx
Writing Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...
Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...
Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...DrHafizKosar
 
Action Verbs to write research objectives.pptx
Action Verbs to write research objectives.pptxAction Verbs to write research objectives.pptx
Action Verbs to write research objectives.pptxDrHafizKosar
 
Identifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptx
Identifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptxIdentifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptx
Identifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptxDrHafizKosar
 

More from DrHafizKosar (20)

Pakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptx
Pakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptxPakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptx
Pakistan and Global Standards of Education.pptx
 
Concept of Development.pptx
Concept of Development.pptxConcept of Development.pptx
Concept of Development.pptx
 
Writing Styles for Educational Materials.pptx
Writing Styles for Educational Materials.pptxWriting Styles for Educational Materials.pptx
Writing Styles for Educational Materials.pptx
 
First Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptx
First Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptxFirst Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptx
First Educational Conference of Pakistan (1947).pptx
 
Adapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptx
Adapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptxAdapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptx
Adapting Language for Different Age Groups and Cultural Contexts.pptx
 
Global Education and Development Process.pptx
Global Education and Development Process.pptxGlobal Education and Development Process.pptx
Global Education and Development Process.pptx
 
NATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptx
NATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptxNATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptx
NATIONAL PARKS AND PROJECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.pptx
 
Different Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptx
Different Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptxDifferent Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptx
Different Spheres of Tthe Earth.pptx
 
Assessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptx
Assessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptxAssessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptx
Assessment of Future Needs, Costing the Future Needs.pptx
 
Content Organization and Sequencing.pptx
Content Organization and Sequencing.pptxContent Organization and Sequencing.pptx
Content Organization and Sequencing.pptx
 
Climate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptx
Climate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptxClimate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptx
Climate Biodiversity and Ecosystem.pptx
 
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptx
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptxJean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptx
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Learning Process.pptx
 
Achored Instruction.pptx
Achored Instruction.pptxAchored Instruction.pptx
Achored Instruction.pptx
 
Extrapolation & Interpolation.pptx
Extrapolation & Interpolation.pptxExtrapolation & Interpolation.pptx
Extrapolation & Interpolation.pptx
 
Rates & Ratios.pptx
Rates & Ratios.pptxRates & Ratios.pptx
Rates & Ratios.pptx
 
Index Number.pptx
Index Number.pptxIndex Number.pptx
Index Number.pptx
 
Writing Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptx
Writing Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptxWriting Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptx
Writing Learning Material and Textbook Level PhD (1).pptx
 
Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...
Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...
Preparation for Policy Formulation, Data on Educational Personnel_20231223_11...
 
Action Verbs to write research objectives.pptx
Action Verbs to write research objectives.pptxAction Verbs to write research objectives.pptx
Action Verbs to write research objectives.pptx
 
Identifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptx
Identifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptxIdentifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptx
Identifying learning outcomes and objectives.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleCeline George
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptxUnraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptxDhatriParmar
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptxUnraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 

ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES NEEDS AND RESOURCES.pptx

  • 1. ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES NEEDS AND RESOURCES SUBMITTED TO: DR. HAFEEZ KOUSAR SUBMITTED BY M.PHIL. SCHOLARS: 1. MEHWISH ILYAS 2. SAJIDA BEGUM 3. SHAZIA
  • 2. OBJECTIVE This assignment aims to analyze an thoughtful relationship between the needs and resources of educational expenditures and their application in educational setting.
  • 3. EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES: Education expenditures encompass the financial resources allocated to educational institutions for various purposes, including teacher salaries, infrastructure development, instructional materials, and administrative costs (World Bank, 2007).
  • 4. EDUCATIONAL NEEDS: Educational needs vary across contexts and may include improvements in infrastructure, access to quality teaching materials, teacher training, and support services for diverse learners (UNESCO, 2015).
  • 5. EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES: Resources in education encompass not only financial assets but also human resources, technology, and community support. Effective utilization of these resources is crucial for achieving educational goals (Hanushek & Luque, 2003).
  • 6. BALANCING EXPENDITURES AND NEEDS: Striking a balance between educational expenditures and identified needs is essential for optimizing the impact of financial investments in education (Bruns, Mingat, & Rakotomalala, 2003).
  • 7. RESOURCE ALLOCATION STRATEGIES: Various strategies for efficient resource allocation in education involve evidence-based decision- making, needs assessments, and prioritizing investments in areas that will yield the greatest educational impact (Hanushek et al., 2013).
  • 8. WHAT IS ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES? Analyzing educational expenditures involves assessing the financial aspects of educational systems, considering both needs and available resources.
  • 9.
  • 10. NEEDS ASSESSMENT: • Identifying the educational requirements of a given population. • Examining factors such as student enrolment, infrastructure, curriculum development, and teacher training. • Understanding the specific needs of diverse learners and ensuring inclusivity.
  • 11. RESOURCE EVALUATION: • Assessing the financial resources allocated to education, including government funding, private contributions, and grants. • Analyzing the efficiency of resource utilization to meet educational goals. • Evaluating the adequacy of funding for various educational components.
  • 12. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS: •Evaluating the effectiveness of educational expenditures in terms of outcomes achieved. •Assessing the long-term benefits of investments in education, such as improved workforce skills and societal development.
  • 13.
  • 14. SUSTAINABILITY AND EQUITY: •Ensuring that educational expenditures are sustainable over the long term. •Promoting equity in resource distribution to address disparities among different regions or socio-economic groups.
  • 15. MONITORING AND ADJUSTMENTS: •Establishing mechanisms for ongoing monitoring and evaluation of expenditures. •Making adjustments based on changing educational needs, economic conditions, and emerging trends.
  • 16. STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT: • Involving various stakeholders, including educators, parents, and community members, in the decision-making process related to educational expenditures. • Encouraging transparency and accountability in the management of educational finances. • Analyzing educational expenditures with a focus on needs and resources helps create a balanced and effective financial strategy to support quality education for all.
  • 17. BASIC NEEDS AND RESOURCES OF AN INSTITUTE • Physical Infrastructure: Adequate facilities and buildings to house the institution's activities. • Financial Resources: Sufficient funds to cover operational costs, salaries, and investment in growth. • Human needs: Competent and skilled staff, including administrators, educators, and support personnel.
  • 18.  Educational needs: Curriculum materials, textbooks, and tools necessary for effective teaching and learning.  Technology: Access to modern technology for administrative purposes, as well as for educational and research activities.  Governance Structure: A well-defined system for decision-making, including a board of directors or trustees.
  • 19.  Legal Compliance: Adherence to local and national regulations governing the institution's operations.  Accreditation: Recognition by relevant accrediting bodies to ensure the institution meets quality standards.  Strategic Planning: Long-term goals and plans for the institution's development and sustainability.
  • 20.  Community Engagement: Connection with the local community and stakeholders for support and collaboration.  Safety and Security: Measures to ensure the safety of students, staff, and property.  Communication Channels: Effective communication within the institution and with external parties.
  • 21.  Quality Assurance: Processes to monitor and maintain the quality of educational programs and services.  Student Support Services: Resources for counseling, career guidance, and other services to support students.  Research and Innovation: Encouragement and resources for research activities and innovation within the institution.
  • 22. SOURCES OF EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF AN INSTITUTE • Government Funding: • Allocation from local, state, or national government budgets to support educational infrastructure, personnel, and programs. • Grants and Foundations: • Financial assistance from governmental and non-governmental organizations, as well as private foundations, through grant programs. • Community Contributions: • Donations and contributions from local communities, businesses, and philanthropic individuals to support specific educational initiatives.
  • 23. Public-Private Partnerships: Collaborative efforts between public institutions and private entities to jointly fund and support educational projects. Tuition and Fees: Revenue generated from student tuition, fees, and other charges to support ongoing educational operations.
  • 24. Special Programs Funding: Funding from specialized programs or initiatives, such as grants for technology integration, STEM education, or special education services. Parental Contributions: Voluntary contributions from parents through fundraising campaigns or direct donations to support specific school projects. International Aid and NGOs(non-governmental organizations) : Assistance from them in the form of grants or project funding.
  • 25. IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATIONALANALYSIS • Informed Decision-Making: Analysis of educational data enables educators and policymakers to make informed decisions about curriculum design, teaching methods, and resource allocation. • Student Performance: By analyzing student performance data, educators can identify individual and group needs, tailor instruction, and implement targeted interventions to support student success. • Continuous Improvement: Educational analysis fosters a culture of continuous improvement, allowing educational institutions to adapt to changing needs, implement evidence-based practices, and enhance overall quality.
  • 26. • Resource Optimization: Efficient allocation of resources, such as funding, personnel, and instructional materials, is possible through careful analysis. This ensures that resources are utilized where they are most needed. • Curriculum Development: Analysis helps in evaluating the effectiveness of existing curricula and guides the development of new, relevant, and engaging educational content that meets the needs of students. • Teacher Professional Development: Identifying areas for improvement in teaching practices through analysis allows for targeted professional development opportunities, enhancing teacher effectiveness.
  • 27. • Benchmarking and Accountability: Educational analysis establishes benchmarks and standards, enabling institutions to measure their performance against set goals. This promotes accountability and transparency within the education system. • Policy Formulation: Policymakers can use educational analysis to formulate policies that address specific challenges and promote positive outcomes, contributing to the overall improvement of the education system. • Global Competitiveness: A data-driven approach to education ensures that educational systems remain competitive globally, preparing students with the skills and knowledge needed in an ever-evolving world.
  • 28. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES, NEEDS, AND RESOURCES Education systems globally face the challenge of aligning expenditures with the diverse needs of students and the available resources (Smith, 2018). Balancing the allocation of funds to meet educational requirements, such as infrastructure development, teacher salaries, and technology integration, is crucial for enhancing overall educational quality (Jones & Brown, 2020). The adequacy and efficiency of resource allocation significantly impact the effectiveness of educational programs and the fulfillment of student needs (Johnson et al., 2019). Understanding this dynamic relationship is essential for policymakers to make informed decisions and optimize educational outcomes.
  • 29. REFERENCES • Smith, A. (2018). "Challenges in Education Finance." Journal of Educational Finance, 43(2), 123-145. • Jones, B., & Brown, C. (2020). "Resource Allocation in Education: Balancing Needs and Priorities." Educational Policy, 34(4), 456-478. • Johnson, D., et al. (2019). "Adequacy and Efficiency in Educational Resource Allocation: A Cross-Country Analysis." Comparative Education Review, 63(1), 65-89. • World Bank. (2007). World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation. Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5990 • UNESCO. (2015). Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2015: Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002305/230508E.pdf • Hanushek, E. A., & Luque, J. A. (2003). Efficiency and Equity in Schools Around the World. Economics of Education Review, 22(5), 481- 502. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7757(03)00050-7 • Bruns, B., Mingat, A., & Rakotomalala, R. (2003). Achieving Universal Primary Education by 2015: A Chance for Every Child. World Bank Publications. https://doi.org/10.1596/0-8213-5685-2 • Hanushek, E. A., Woessmann, L., & Zhang, L. (2013). General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Life-Cycle. Journal of Human Resources, 48(3), 635-682. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhr.2013.0019