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European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them.
An introduction to the
Global Strategy for Plant
Conservation
SBSTTA-25/ 4 September 2023 / Online
Carly Cowell
Botanic Gardens Conservation International
Your
logo
2
Adopted unanimously by the 187 governments
at the 6th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological
Diversity (COP) - The Hague, Netherlands, 19th April, 2002
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation
GSPC: Without plants there is no life. The functioning of the planet, and
our survival, depends upon plants. The Strategy seeks to halt the
continuing loss of plant diversity
• 16 out-come oriented targets (updated in 2010)
• First ever biodiversity targets adopted at the international level.
• A pilot in target setting for the CBD
Scope of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation
(2011-2020)
• Understanding and documenting plant
diversity
• Conserving plant diversity
• Using plant diversity sustainably
• Promoting education & awareness
about plant diversity
• Capacity building for plant diversity
Supporting structures:
Coordinating mechanisms:
• International Liaison Group
meetings
• National focal points
• Global Partnership for Plant
Conservation
• The CBD Secretariat
• Launched at CBD COP7, February,
2004, Malaysia
• >60 institutions as members
• GSPC toolkit
• Launched 2012
• Tools and resources to support
implementation of each target
• 6 UN languages
The achievements of
the GSPC
• Recognising the special importance of plants
• First ever international outcome-orientated targets
for biodiversity conservation
• A model for what followed (e.g. the Aichi Targets).
• Botanical community’s leadership
• Important in providing a unified strategy for the
botanical community – a shared set of principles
and objectives.
• Implementation as part of National Biodiversity
Strategies and Action Plans / National Plant
Conservation Strategies
• GSPC has helped to broaden the base of plant
conservation activities worldwide
Review of progress to
2020
Your image here
• BGCI/GPPC requested by CBD
Secretariat to review progress
• Carried out during 2019
• Based on information from:
• 6th National Reports to the CBD
• Survey of GPPC members
• Published reports
• Grey literature
• Published by CBD Secretariat as
Plant Conservation Report 2020
7
Progress at the European level
● 20,000-30,000 vascular plant species in Europe (depending on
boundaries)
● Key threats – habitat loss, invasive alien species, climate change,
inadequate policies…
● 2 European Plant Conservation Strategies produced: 2002-2007
and 2008-2014
● Review of progress completed in 2020
● Progress variable across European countries, but collectively
targets were not met
● E.g. European regional plant Red List not completed (groups
covered include trees, CWRs, medicinal plants, known threatened
species, bryophytes) results showed that >20% of assessed
species are under threat.
Report published by Planta Europa and Plantlife
8
Target 1: An online flora of all known plants
• World Flora Online
Consortium established in
2012 led by Missouri
Botanical Garden
• Consortium now has 41
partners worldwide
• A web-based open-access
compendium:
www.worldfloraonline.org
9
Target 2: An assessment of the conservation status of all
known plant species, as far as possible, to guide conservation
• IUCN Red List – 58,300 assessments (<16% of species)
• ThreatSearch launched by BGCI in 2017
• >300,000 plant conservation assessments,
representing >180,000 taxa
• Global assessments available for >90,000 species
• 1 in 3 assessed plants threatened at some
level
• www.bgci.org/threat_search.php
• Global Tree Assessment - Global Tree Portal
• information on 60,000 tree species
• Distribution, conservation status
• Conservation actions
Current Context
● Post-2020 GSPC was proposed by GSPC Liaison Group meeting in South Africa in
2018
● Support from at the World Forum on Plant Conservation in China, 2019
● Stakeholder consultations 2019 – 2021
● Support from Parties during informal SBSTTA sessions in 2021 (South Africa,
Mexico, Madagascar, France…)
● Draft submitted to CBD Secretariat for SBSTTA 24 (March 2022)
● Agreement that the post-2020 GSPC should take the form of a set of Actions to
support implementation of the GBF
● COP15 Decisions 15/5 and 15/13 invited the GPPC to:
“prepare a set of complementary actions related to plant conservation to support the
implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, …. to be
considered by a meeting of SBSTTA following the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of
the Parties.”
Current Context
● Draft Actions related to GBF targets for 2030 prepared and reviewed by GPPC in
early 2023
● Submitted to CBD Secretariat and provided to CBD Parties for peer review –
June/July 2023
● All comments incorporated and Action Framework to be presented at SBSTTA 25
● Plant-related actions taken together represent the third phase of the Global Strategy
for Plant Conservation [2023-2030]
● Actions support the implementation of all GBF targets except 17 and 18 (where no
particular plant conservation action is required, except to support its achievement.)
Follows structure of the
GBF
• High levels goals covering:
• Ecosystem conservation
• Species conservation
• Genetic diversity conservation
• Benefits from biodiversity
• 21 actions aligned to biodiversity
targets
Targets on reducing
threats:
• Plant diversity included in spatial planning
• Restoring degraded ecosystems must incorporate
native species
• Protecting important areas for plant diversity
• Conserving threatened species in situ and ex situ
• Sustainable trade
• Controlling invasive species
• Reducing anthropogenic threats
• Carbon sequestration using appropriate diverse
native species
Meeting people’s
needs:
• Plant diversity available to support
nutrition, health and livelihoods
• Sustainable land use supporting wild
plant diversity
• Conserving genetic resources
• Urban green space
• Access and benefit sharing
• Well being
Challenges of the GSPC
Lack of reporting
and data
management
Sharing plant
material for ex situ
conservation
Scientific
contribution of key
players needs to be
strengthened
There is a need to
strengthen
government policy
and commitment
Funding remains a
major constraint
Supporting capacity
building programs
Further involvement
of local
communities
Enhance gender
equality
Adapt to new
challenges by
enhancing research
Some challenges at European level
• Emerging treats to plants: invasive pests and diseases (Ash dieback, Xyllela, Emerald
Ash borer…); Climate change, fires etc; pollinator declines; demand for wood
(renewable energy);
• Lack of regional-level data on threatened species (identification, location, trans-
boundary approaches…)
• Need to ensure ecosystem approaches to conservation do not over-look needs at
species level
• Sectoral integration (e.g. ensuring ecological requirements of plants are well
integrated into agri-environmental policy)
• Plant blindness and citizen science
• Resourcing and capacity (lack of sharing beyond Europe)
Way forward
● Ensure support for GSPC by Parties at SBSTTA-25 & COP16
● Develop/update national and regional actions or targets related to plant
conservation and incorporate them into relevant plans, programmes and
initiatives, including NBSAPs, and align the implementation of the GSPC with
national and regional efforts to implement the GBF
● Identify champions to lead actions and provide support.
Thank you for your attention!
Dr Carly Cowell carly.cowell@bgci.org
Coming soon www.coop4cbd.eu Follow COOP4CBD
Maïté Delmas maite.delmas@gmail.com

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An introduction to the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation.PDF

  • 1. Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them. An introduction to the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation SBSTTA-25/ 4 September 2023 / Online Carly Cowell Botanic Gardens Conservation International Your logo
  • 2. 2 Adopted unanimously by the 187 governments at the 6th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP) - The Hague, Netherlands, 19th April, 2002 Global Strategy for Plant Conservation GSPC: Without plants there is no life. The functioning of the planet, and our survival, depends upon plants. The Strategy seeks to halt the continuing loss of plant diversity • 16 out-come oriented targets (updated in 2010) • First ever biodiversity targets adopted at the international level. • A pilot in target setting for the CBD
  • 3. Scope of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (2011-2020) • Understanding and documenting plant diversity • Conserving plant diversity • Using plant diversity sustainably • Promoting education & awareness about plant diversity • Capacity building for plant diversity
  • 4. Supporting structures: Coordinating mechanisms: • International Liaison Group meetings • National focal points • Global Partnership for Plant Conservation • The CBD Secretariat • Launched at CBD COP7, February, 2004, Malaysia • >60 institutions as members • GSPC toolkit • Launched 2012 • Tools and resources to support implementation of each target • 6 UN languages
  • 5. The achievements of the GSPC • Recognising the special importance of plants • First ever international outcome-orientated targets for biodiversity conservation • A model for what followed (e.g. the Aichi Targets). • Botanical community’s leadership • Important in providing a unified strategy for the botanical community – a shared set of principles and objectives. • Implementation as part of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans / National Plant Conservation Strategies • GSPC has helped to broaden the base of plant conservation activities worldwide
  • 6. Review of progress to 2020 Your image here • BGCI/GPPC requested by CBD Secretariat to review progress • Carried out during 2019 • Based on information from: • 6th National Reports to the CBD • Survey of GPPC members • Published reports • Grey literature • Published by CBD Secretariat as Plant Conservation Report 2020
  • 7. 7 Progress at the European level ● 20,000-30,000 vascular plant species in Europe (depending on boundaries) ● Key threats – habitat loss, invasive alien species, climate change, inadequate policies… ● 2 European Plant Conservation Strategies produced: 2002-2007 and 2008-2014 ● Review of progress completed in 2020 ● Progress variable across European countries, but collectively targets were not met ● E.g. European regional plant Red List not completed (groups covered include trees, CWRs, medicinal plants, known threatened species, bryophytes) results showed that >20% of assessed species are under threat. Report published by Planta Europa and Plantlife
  • 8. 8 Target 1: An online flora of all known plants • World Flora Online Consortium established in 2012 led by Missouri Botanical Garden • Consortium now has 41 partners worldwide • A web-based open-access compendium: www.worldfloraonline.org
  • 9. 9 Target 2: An assessment of the conservation status of all known plant species, as far as possible, to guide conservation • IUCN Red List – 58,300 assessments (<16% of species) • ThreatSearch launched by BGCI in 2017 • >300,000 plant conservation assessments, representing >180,000 taxa • Global assessments available for >90,000 species • 1 in 3 assessed plants threatened at some level • www.bgci.org/threat_search.php • Global Tree Assessment - Global Tree Portal • information on 60,000 tree species • Distribution, conservation status • Conservation actions
  • 10. Current Context ● Post-2020 GSPC was proposed by GSPC Liaison Group meeting in South Africa in 2018 ● Support from at the World Forum on Plant Conservation in China, 2019 ● Stakeholder consultations 2019 – 2021 ● Support from Parties during informal SBSTTA sessions in 2021 (South Africa, Mexico, Madagascar, France…) ● Draft submitted to CBD Secretariat for SBSTTA 24 (March 2022) ● Agreement that the post-2020 GSPC should take the form of a set of Actions to support implementation of the GBF ● COP15 Decisions 15/5 and 15/13 invited the GPPC to: “prepare a set of complementary actions related to plant conservation to support the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, …. to be considered by a meeting of SBSTTA following the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties.”
  • 11. Current Context ● Draft Actions related to GBF targets for 2030 prepared and reviewed by GPPC in early 2023 ● Submitted to CBD Secretariat and provided to CBD Parties for peer review – June/July 2023 ● All comments incorporated and Action Framework to be presented at SBSTTA 25 ● Plant-related actions taken together represent the third phase of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation [2023-2030] ● Actions support the implementation of all GBF targets except 17 and 18 (where no particular plant conservation action is required, except to support its achievement.)
  • 12. Follows structure of the GBF • High levels goals covering: • Ecosystem conservation • Species conservation • Genetic diversity conservation • Benefits from biodiversity • 21 actions aligned to biodiversity targets
  • 13. Targets on reducing threats: • Plant diversity included in spatial planning • Restoring degraded ecosystems must incorporate native species • Protecting important areas for plant diversity • Conserving threatened species in situ and ex situ • Sustainable trade • Controlling invasive species • Reducing anthropogenic threats • Carbon sequestration using appropriate diverse native species
  • 14. Meeting people’s needs: • Plant diversity available to support nutrition, health and livelihoods • Sustainable land use supporting wild plant diversity • Conserving genetic resources • Urban green space • Access and benefit sharing • Well being
  • 15. Challenges of the GSPC Lack of reporting and data management Sharing plant material for ex situ conservation Scientific contribution of key players needs to be strengthened There is a need to strengthen government policy and commitment Funding remains a major constraint Supporting capacity building programs Further involvement of local communities Enhance gender equality Adapt to new challenges by enhancing research
  • 16. Some challenges at European level • Emerging treats to plants: invasive pests and diseases (Ash dieback, Xyllela, Emerald Ash borer…); Climate change, fires etc; pollinator declines; demand for wood (renewable energy); • Lack of regional-level data on threatened species (identification, location, trans- boundary approaches…) • Need to ensure ecosystem approaches to conservation do not over-look needs at species level • Sectoral integration (e.g. ensuring ecological requirements of plants are well integrated into agri-environmental policy) • Plant blindness and citizen science • Resourcing and capacity (lack of sharing beyond Europe)
  • 17. Way forward ● Ensure support for GSPC by Parties at SBSTTA-25 & COP16 ● Develop/update national and regional actions or targets related to plant conservation and incorporate them into relevant plans, programmes and initiatives, including NBSAPs, and align the implementation of the GSPC with national and regional efforts to implement the GBF ● Identify champions to lead actions and provide support.
  • 18. Thank you for your attention! Dr Carly Cowell carly.cowell@bgci.org Coming soon www.coop4cbd.eu Follow COOP4CBD Maïté Delmas maite.delmas@gmail.com