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An illustrated typology of
scientific agglomerations
forms in the world, 2000–
2010
Laurent Jégou
Marion Maisonobe
Najla Touati
Introduction : the geographic
visualisation of scientific production
Research group “geography of science” at the LISST, since 2010.
• Objective : to observe and analyse the geography of science at the
city scale, worldwide, since a decade.
• Sources : The ©Web of Science, 1999-2012, author’s addresses.
• Tools : a geolocalised database with interactive visualisation tools to
verify the results, to assess their quality and to represent the data
conveniently, on a dynamic map.
An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000-2010
Data processing
• Biases acknowledged :
• WoS journals (english language mainly, slow perimeter évolution)
• Authors’ postal addresses / postal districts variation
• Automatic geocoding sometimes wrong (Leuven / Louvain …)
• Results :
• 20M publications, 40M authors
• geocoded worldwide and fractionated on 35.000 cities
• moving averages for 1999-2001 and 2009-2011, evolutions
• Several publications (Urban studies, journals, doctoral thesis …)
A new tool to represent the centers of scientific publication at the
city scale and its evolution since 1999.
A new dynamic map online tool
(Hopefully soon to be available freely online)
Focus of today’s presentation :
agglomerations
• Illustrating the diversity of the spatial configuration of the scientific
production.
• A typology of spatial forms taking into account the temporal
evolution.
Type 1 : the monocephalic or
centralised agglos.
A single centre of publications only, stable in time (no new centres of
production in the agglomeration during the period).
Type 1
Map 1 :
Beijing, China
Type 1
Map 2 :
Kiev, Ukraine
Type 1
Map 3 :
South Spain
Type 2 : agglomerations with a
single decentralised scientific
centre
Subtype 2a : With one suburb more
dynamic than the centre
Very often, the second centre of scientific production is a university
campus, decentralised or delocalised from an old city-centre campus.
Type 2a
Map 4 :
Helsinki – Espoo,
Finland
Type 2a
Map 5 :
Patras – Río
Greece
Type 2 : agglomerations with a
single decentralised scientific
centre
Subtype 2b : With one suburb as dynamic as the
centre or less dynamic
Type 2b
Map 6 :
Cairo – Giza,
Egypt
Type 2b
Map 7 :
Dublin, Maynooth
Ireland
Type 3 : agglomerations with
multiples decentralisations
Type 3
Map 8 :
Lyon, France
Type 3
Map 9 :
Cape Town,
South Africa
Type 3
Map 10 :
Munchen,
Germany
Type 4 : Two close
agglomerations
Subtype 4a : Inside a country
Type 4a
Map 11 :
Bristol, Bath
United Kingdom
Type 4a
Map 12 :
Pretoria,
Johannesburg
South Africa
Type 4 : Two close
agglomerations
Subtype 4b : Separated by a political
border
Type 4b
Map 13 :
Hong Kong,
Shenzhen
China
Type 4b
Map 14 :
Dubai, Sharjah,
United Arab
Emirates
Type 4b
Map 15 :
Copenhagen,
Lund, Malmö
Denmark, Sweden
Type 5 : Emergence of new
scientific production centres
Type5
Map 16 :
Thuwal,
Saudi Arabia
Type5
Map 17 :
Semenyih,
Malaysia

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El Nuevo Cohete Ariane de la Agencia Espacial Europea-6_Media-Kit_english.pdf
 

An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000-2010

  • 1. An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000– 2010 Laurent Jégou Marion Maisonobe Najla Touati
  • 2. Introduction : the geographic visualisation of scientific production Research group “geography of science” at the LISST, since 2010. • Objective : to observe and analyse the geography of science at the city scale, worldwide, since a decade. • Sources : The ©Web of Science, 1999-2012, author’s addresses. • Tools : a geolocalised database with interactive visualisation tools to verify the results, to assess their quality and to represent the data conveniently, on a dynamic map.
  • 4. Data processing • Biases acknowledged : • WoS journals (english language mainly, slow perimeter évolution) • Authors’ postal addresses / postal districts variation • Automatic geocoding sometimes wrong (Leuven / Louvain …) • Results : • 20M publications, 40M authors • geocoded worldwide and fractionated on 35.000 cities • moving averages for 1999-2001 and 2009-2011, evolutions • Several publications (Urban studies, journals, doctoral thesis …) A new tool to represent the centers of scientific publication at the city scale and its evolution since 1999.
  • 5. A new dynamic map online tool (Hopefully soon to be available freely online)
  • 6. Focus of today’s presentation : agglomerations • Illustrating the diversity of the spatial configuration of the scientific production. • A typology of spatial forms taking into account the temporal evolution.
  • 7. Type 1 : the monocephalic or centralised agglos. A single centre of publications only, stable in time (no new centres of production in the agglomeration during the period).
  • 8. Type 1 Map 1 : Beijing, China
  • 9. Type 1 Map 2 : Kiev, Ukraine
  • 10. Type 1 Map 3 : South Spain
  • 11. Type 2 : agglomerations with a single decentralised scientific centre Subtype 2a : With one suburb more dynamic than the centre Very often, the second centre of scientific production is a university campus, decentralised or delocalised from an old city-centre campus.
  • 12. Type 2a Map 4 : Helsinki – Espoo, Finland
  • 13. Type 2a Map 5 : Patras – Río Greece
  • 14. Type 2 : agglomerations with a single decentralised scientific centre Subtype 2b : With one suburb as dynamic as the centre or less dynamic
  • 15. Type 2b Map 6 : Cairo – Giza, Egypt
  • 16. Type 2b Map 7 : Dublin, Maynooth Ireland
  • 17. Type 3 : agglomerations with multiples decentralisations
  • 18. Type 3 Map 8 : Lyon, France
  • 19. Type 3 Map 9 : Cape Town, South Africa
  • 20. Type 3 Map 10 : Munchen, Germany
  • 21. Type 4 : Two close agglomerations Subtype 4a : Inside a country
  • 22. Type 4a Map 11 : Bristol, Bath United Kingdom
  • 23. Type 4a Map 12 : Pretoria, Johannesburg South Africa
  • 24. Type 4 : Two close agglomerations Subtype 4b : Separated by a political border
  • 25. Type 4b Map 13 : Hong Kong, Shenzhen China
  • 26. Type 4b Map 14 : Dubai, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • 27. Type 4b Map 15 : Copenhagen, Lund, Malmö Denmark, Sweden
  • 28. Type 5 : Emergence of new scientific production centres