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Student Name: Ahmad K Al Zoa’bi
Supervisor: Dr. Majd Al-Omoosh. PhD
Tafila Technical University
The Impact of the Material and Moral incentive on the Level of Job
Performance of the Health Sector During COVID 19 Pandemic:
The Case of Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center, Ministry of Health
Background
 World Health Organization declared (WHO) COVID 19 as a
pandemic when it affected millions of people and caused
901,866 thousands of deaths around the world.
 COVID 19 brought both, health and economic threat to
humanity especially to health care professionals whom are at
the highest risk due their vulnerability to the COVID 19 effects
(WHO 2020).
 Therefore, it was incumbent to keep health professionals
more motivated, focused, safe, and secure to defeat
pandemic (Al-shehri, 2019).
Background
 Motivation is one of the most important factors which enable
organizations of maintaining efficient team capable of
achieving their objectives reflects the policies of
organizations in determining the motivation and philosophy,
to make the level of stimulation is consistent with financial
possibilities and the principles of Justice and equality among
workers and compete to attract the best talent (Al-qudah, 2016).
 Material incentives are important and influential factors to
the individual's desire to work when such wages are
appropriate and capable of satisfying his needs, moral
incentives based on respect of a human being who has
feelings, hopes and aspirations. (Al-qathmi, 2021).
Background
 In this study, authors will examine the impact of material and
moral incentives on the level of job performance of the
Jordanian health sector during the COVID 19 pandemic. As if
Jordan was one of the countries that affected with this
pandemic.
 This current study will be conducted during the pandemic of
COVID 19 and it considered an attempt to increase our
knowledge on the need to motivate the employees in health
care sector during COVID 19 pandemic to rise the job
performance as a result of that.
Statement of the Problem
 Health care sector especially health care providers (doctor and nurses),
remained and are still, at stick during the COVID 19 pandemic (Saad, 2021).
COVID 19, being unique in nature and its faster transferability faced the
world with dilemma, quandary, scarcity of required resources, logistic
equipment, medicine, treatment protocols, laboratory facilities, and over-
crowdedness affected the attitude and practices of the health professionals
(Afulani et al., 2021).
 Because of the lack of the proper awareness among the policy workers at
the higher levels officials in both, health professionals and public, affected
the practices and motivational level of the health professional. In addition,
the absence of the suitable incentives may negatively affect the
hardworking health sector employee's performance; it may also weaken
their productivity at work, which decreases the chances of attaining the
promising goals of the institution.
Statement of the problem
 Material and moral incentives are a significant factor in
encouraging the health sector employees and
increasing their enthusiasm at work, and keeping health
care providers much motivated to perform their holy role
in saving the life of sick people. Therefore, the present
study tends provide insight and recommendations for
the Jordanian health sector by determining how
incentives and the rewards system influencing the
employee's performance.
The Study Questions
The researchers will present the study problem by the following main
research question:
 What is the impact of material and moral incentives on the level of job
performance among health care providers in Al-Ais Comprehensive
Health Center during COVID 19 pandemic?
Sub-Questions are:
1. What are the types of incentives given to health care providers in Al-Ais
Comprehensive Health Center during COVID pandemic?
2. measure the incentives do affected the level of job performance of health
care providers in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center during COVID
pandemic?
3. What are the challenges that faced by health care providers in Al-Ais
Comprehensive Health Center during COVID pandemic?
The Study Main Aim and Objectives
The main aim of this study is to examine the impact of moral and
material incentives on the level of job performance of the
Jordanian health sector: the case of Al-Ais Comprehensive
Health Center. Therefore, we developed the following research
objectives in order to achieve the aim of study:
1. Identifying the types of incentives that given to health care
professionals in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center.
2. to measure the incentive system implemented at health care
sector in Jordan and its role in enhancing these institutions'
employees.
3. Define the challenges faced by health care providers during
COVID 19 pandemic.
Significance of the study
 First: Theoretical Importance
This study will consider as an attempt to increase our
knowledge on the need to motivate the employees of health
care sectors, especially health care providers and the
subsequent benefits that will rise on job performance
because of that. The study will also present more information
on the impact of moral and material incentives on the level of
job performance of health care sectors during COVID 19
pandemic. In addition, this study will become a source of
secondary study to other researchers who interested in study
the material and moral incentives and their effect to enhance
the level of job performance among the employees of their
organizations, and to improve their capability to participate in
decision making in the future.
Significance of the study
 Second: Applied Importance
 The concept of job performance is achieved in this case when
balancing financial and emotional needs and working
conditions through success employees’ motivation by
providing materials and moral incentives. The institutions
success depends primarily on the performance of their
employees.
 The practical significance lies in the fact that methods of
employees’ motivation variables are important concepts for
the employees and institutions in general, which affect their
growth and development.
 Applying motivation to the Jordanian health care
providers will lead to strong job performance that result in high
quality health care services during COVID pandemic.
HYPOTHESIS
The implemented incentives in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center
have not a significant impact on the levels of health care providers’
performance.
The researchers will test the following hypotheses in this study:
The First Hypothesis:
First major hypothesis test
H01: There is no statistically significant effect at the level of statistical
significance (0.05 ≥ α) the financial incentives applied in Al-Eis
Comprehensive Health Center on the performance level of health care
providers during the COVID pandemic.
The second major hypothesis test
H02: There is no statistically significant effect at the level of statistical
significance (0.05 ≥ α) moral incentives applied in Al-Eis Comprehensive
Health Center on the performance level of health care providers during
the COVID pandemic.
The Study Model
Dependent variable Independent variables
Theories of Job Performance
 To describe the impact of moral and materials on the level of job
performance, researchers will utilize Bernard Wieners’ theory of
motivation.
 A theory of motivation based upon attributions of causality for
success and failure is offered. The heart of the theory consists of an
identification of the dimensions of causality and the relation of these
underlying properties of causes to psychological consequences.
 In this study, researchers will find out if the moral and material
incentives conceded as a source of motivation from the view of
health care sectors employees. In addition, we will find if the COVID
19 pandemic has any effects on the level of motivation and job
performance among health care sectors’ employees.
Conceptual Framework
Sense of
security
Methodology and Procedures
Study design:
 In this study, the researchers will adopt a descriptive
cross sectional quantitative method.
 In the line with study objectives and study questions, the
researchers will use two methods in the collection of
data, namely primary and secondary data.
Research Methodology
 Population and sample:
 The data will be collected from a sample of employees
both nurses and doctors in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health
Center. It is a high number of employees in this setting,
around 67 employee based on the human resources
department in the center. The sample will consist of the
doctors working in the center, numbering 11 doctors and
the registered nurses both males and females, numbering
30 nurses.
 Sampling Technique:
The sample type will be purposive sample
Research Methodology
Setting:
 The researchers will utilize this study Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center; it
providing services for all citizens in Tafila city.
 Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center provides primary and secondary service
with a capacity of 15 beds and approximately one thousands outpatient
visits a year. It has passed the requirements for accreditation under the Joint
Commission International standards (JCI) with excellent performance.
 Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center established itself as a center of
excellence. It has the large Emergency Care Center in the city of Tafila, a
state of the Dental Care Services Department with various specialties, Care
Services for patients requiring nursing care, and the recently commissioned
Radiology Unit.
Research Methodology
Data collection procedure:
 To achieve the objectives of the current study, the researchers will adopt
two types of information sources: primary sources and secondary
sources, as follow:
 Primary Sources:
 The researchers developed a questionnaire from the previous studies, to
measure the study variables. The researchers will distribute and recollect
the questionnaire after it fulfilled by the participants of this study. The
researchers will analyze the data using (SPSS, V21) throughout several
analyses.
 Secondary Sources:
 The researchers collected the data related to the study subject from
websites, literature review of the previous studies and from the library
sources. In addition, researchers explored the scientific reports and
materials to find the scientific bases and the theoretical framework of
the study.
Research Methodology
Data collection procedure:
 The researchers works in the same center and will ask for help from
some employees who work in the targeted center for the study in order to
volunteer in the process of distributing the questionnaire, consent form,
and to explain the purpose of the study to the participants.
 The researchers will collect the data from the participants working in the
selected center on one to one basis.
 The average time each participant will need to fill the questionnaire is 10
minutes.
 The volunteers will assure the participants of the confidentiality of the
information they would provide.
 After that, the volunteers’ nurses will collect the completed filled
questionnaire and send them back to the researchers to prepare the data
for analysis.
Survey Design and Measures
 To obtain the data researchers developed a self-
completed questionnaire, by referring to the previous
studies.
 This questionnaire focuses on exploring and describing
the employees’ perceptions and toward the impact of
moral and material incentives on the level of their job
performance during COVID 19 pandemic.
 In addition, this questionnaire covered all aspects
addressed by the theoretical framework, research
questions, and research hypotheses on which the study
will base.
Survey Design and Measures
 Accordingly, researchers reviewed the measurements
adopted in the questionnaire.
 Part 1, investigated the financial incentives in Al-Ais
Comprehensive Health Center, and consisted of seven
questions.
 Part 2, examined the moral incentives in Al-Ais
Comprehensive Health Center, and consisted of seven
questions.
 Part three of the questionnaire investigate the level of
performance in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center, and
consisted of seven questions.
Questionnaire Reliability and
Validity
 To increase the degree of validity of the data collected, the
researchers will assess the reliability and validity of the
questionnaire using a number of different strategies.
 The researchers will carry out an analysis of internal
consistency on 21 questions.
 The researchers will confirm the reliability of the questionnaire
by using Cronbach Alpha measurements.
 According to Sekaran (2003), if the consistency coefficients are
more than 60%, then it is reliable to analyze and interpret the
data.
Data Analysis Methods:
 The researchers will analyze data using SPSS software version
21 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, Illinois).
 The researchers will use a descriptive analysis (i.e., the means,
standard deviations, and T tests) as a method for data
examination and measures financial incentive, moral incentive,
and level of performance.
 The researchers will use Pearson's correlation coefficients to
test the hypothesis and to assess the correlation between the
independent and dependent variables, and to show the
correlation between the independent variables themselves.
Ethical Considerations
 The researchers will provide each participant with
consent form to sign it before filling the
questionnaire.
 The researchers will be sure that each participant
knows the purpose of the study by explaining our
aim of this study.
 The researchers will save the questionnaire
number in computer to protect their privacy and
confidentiality will identify the participants’
responses.
Results
The statistical results indicate that there is an important
effect of material (financial) incentives on the change in the
level of job performance
The statistical results indicate that there is an important
effect of moral incentives on the change in the level of job
performance
Rejection of the null hypothesis and acceptance of the
alternative hypothesis, which states (there is a statistically
significant effect at the level of statistical significance (α ≥
0.05) moral incentives applied in Al-Ais Comprehensive
Health Center on the performance level of health care
providers during the COVID pandemic)
.
Recommendations
# There is a need to develop an integrated system of financial
and moral incentives alike, and to define reward and
punishment rules during COVID 19 pandemic to serve the
goals of health organizations and the general goals of the
health system.
# There should be training and workshop initiatives to
qualify Jordanian health care providers during COVID 19
pandemic and for an awareness to improve on the level
of performance.
# Encouragement of health care providers’ participation and
suggestions is an important issue for improving performance
during COVID 19 pandemic.
Recommendations
# Make attention to the emotional and psychological balance and human
needs of health care providers during COVID 19 pandemic by treating
them properly and raising the level of morale at the workplace.
# Focusing on nursing staff efforts to obtain a high level of productivity and
effective performance, by preparing effective programs to guide and
develop the capabilities of them and improving their level of performance.
# Get more Focus on the issues that could have impact on moral and
financial incentives to raising the level of employees ' performance in
Jordanian health care sector.
# Try to improve moral incentive system that followed in Jordanian health
care sector to motivate health care providers to do their job perfectly.
Thank you

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ahmad Presentation (2).pptx

  • 1. Student Name: Ahmad K Al Zoa’bi Supervisor: Dr. Majd Al-Omoosh. PhD Tafila Technical University The Impact of the Material and Moral incentive on the Level of Job Performance of the Health Sector During COVID 19 Pandemic: The Case of Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center, Ministry of Health
  • 2. Background  World Health Organization declared (WHO) COVID 19 as a pandemic when it affected millions of people and caused 901,866 thousands of deaths around the world.  COVID 19 brought both, health and economic threat to humanity especially to health care professionals whom are at the highest risk due their vulnerability to the COVID 19 effects (WHO 2020).  Therefore, it was incumbent to keep health professionals more motivated, focused, safe, and secure to defeat pandemic (Al-shehri, 2019).
  • 3. Background  Motivation is one of the most important factors which enable organizations of maintaining efficient team capable of achieving their objectives reflects the policies of organizations in determining the motivation and philosophy, to make the level of stimulation is consistent with financial possibilities and the principles of Justice and equality among workers and compete to attract the best talent (Al-qudah, 2016).  Material incentives are important and influential factors to the individual's desire to work when such wages are appropriate and capable of satisfying his needs, moral incentives based on respect of a human being who has feelings, hopes and aspirations. (Al-qathmi, 2021).
  • 4. Background  In this study, authors will examine the impact of material and moral incentives on the level of job performance of the Jordanian health sector during the COVID 19 pandemic. As if Jordan was one of the countries that affected with this pandemic.  This current study will be conducted during the pandemic of COVID 19 and it considered an attempt to increase our knowledge on the need to motivate the employees in health care sector during COVID 19 pandemic to rise the job performance as a result of that.
  • 5. Statement of the Problem  Health care sector especially health care providers (doctor and nurses), remained and are still, at stick during the COVID 19 pandemic (Saad, 2021). COVID 19, being unique in nature and its faster transferability faced the world with dilemma, quandary, scarcity of required resources, logistic equipment, medicine, treatment protocols, laboratory facilities, and over- crowdedness affected the attitude and practices of the health professionals (Afulani et al., 2021).  Because of the lack of the proper awareness among the policy workers at the higher levels officials in both, health professionals and public, affected the practices and motivational level of the health professional. In addition, the absence of the suitable incentives may negatively affect the hardworking health sector employee's performance; it may also weaken their productivity at work, which decreases the chances of attaining the promising goals of the institution.
  • 6. Statement of the problem  Material and moral incentives are a significant factor in encouraging the health sector employees and increasing their enthusiasm at work, and keeping health care providers much motivated to perform their holy role in saving the life of sick people. Therefore, the present study tends provide insight and recommendations for the Jordanian health sector by determining how incentives and the rewards system influencing the employee's performance.
  • 7. The Study Questions The researchers will present the study problem by the following main research question:  What is the impact of material and moral incentives on the level of job performance among health care providers in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center during COVID 19 pandemic? Sub-Questions are: 1. What are the types of incentives given to health care providers in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center during COVID pandemic? 2. measure the incentives do affected the level of job performance of health care providers in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center during COVID pandemic? 3. What are the challenges that faced by health care providers in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center during COVID pandemic?
  • 8. The Study Main Aim and Objectives The main aim of this study is to examine the impact of moral and material incentives on the level of job performance of the Jordanian health sector: the case of Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center. Therefore, we developed the following research objectives in order to achieve the aim of study: 1. Identifying the types of incentives that given to health care professionals in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center. 2. to measure the incentive system implemented at health care sector in Jordan and its role in enhancing these institutions' employees. 3. Define the challenges faced by health care providers during COVID 19 pandemic.
  • 9. Significance of the study  First: Theoretical Importance This study will consider as an attempt to increase our knowledge on the need to motivate the employees of health care sectors, especially health care providers and the subsequent benefits that will rise on job performance because of that. The study will also present more information on the impact of moral and material incentives on the level of job performance of health care sectors during COVID 19 pandemic. In addition, this study will become a source of secondary study to other researchers who interested in study the material and moral incentives and their effect to enhance the level of job performance among the employees of their organizations, and to improve their capability to participate in decision making in the future.
  • 10. Significance of the study  Second: Applied Importance  The concept of job performance is achieved in this case when balancing financial and emotional needs and working conditions through success employees’ motivation by providing materials and moral incentives. The institutions success depends primarily on the performance of their employees.  The practical significance lies in the fact that methods of employees’ motivation variables are important concepts for the employees and institutions in general, which affect their growth and development.  Applying motivation to the Jordanian health care providers will lead to strong job performance that result in high quality health care services during COVID pandemic.
  • 11. HYPOTHESIS The implemented incentives in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center have not a significant impact on the levels of health care providers’ performance. The researchers will test the following hypotheses in this study: The First Hypothesis: First major hypothesis test H01: There is no statistically significant effect at the level of statistical significance (0.05 ≥ α) the financial incentives applied in Al-Eis Comprehensive Health Center on the performance level of health care providers during the COVID pandemic. The second major hypothesis test H02: There is no statistically significant effect at the level of statistical significance (0.05 ≥ α) moral incentives applied in Al-Eis Comprehensive Health Center on the performance level of health care providers during the COVID pandemic.
  • 12. The Study Model Dependent variable Independent variables
  • 13. Theories of Job Performance  To describe the impact of moral and materials on the level of job performance, researchers will utilize Bernard Wieners’ theory of motivation.  A theory of motivation based upon attributions of causality for success and failure is offered. The heart of the theory consists of an identification of the dimensions of causality and the relation of these underlying properties of causes to psychological consequences.  In this study, researchers will find out if the moral and material incentives conceded as a source of motivation from the view of health care sectors employees. In addition, we will find if the COVID 19 pandemic has any effects on the level of motivation and job performance among health care sectors’ employees.
  • 15. Methodology and Procedures Study design:  In this study, the researchers will adopt a descriptive cross sectional quantitative method.  In the line with study objectives and study questions, the researchers will use two methods in the collection of data, namely primary and secondary data.
  • 16. Research Methodology  Population and sample:  The data will be collected from a sample of employees both nurses and doctors in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center. It is a high number of employees in this setting, around 67 employee based on the human resources department in the center. The sample will consist of the doctors working in the center, numbering 11 doctors and the registered nurses both males and females, numbering 30 nurses.  Sampling Technique: The sample type will be purposive sample
  • 17. Research Methodology Setting:  The researchers will utilize this study Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center; it providing services for all citizens in Tafila city.  Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center provides primary and secondary service with a capacity of 15 beds and approximately one thousands outpatient visits a year. It has passed the requirements for accreditation under the Joint Commission International standards (JCI) with excellent performance.  Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center established itself as a center of excellence. It has the large Emergency Care Center in the city of Tafila, a state of the Dental Care Services Department with various specialties, Care Services for patients requiring nursing care, and the recently commissioned Radiology Unit.
  • 18. Research Methodology Data collection procedure:  To achieve the objectives of the current study, the researchers will adopt two types of information sources: primary sources and secondary sources, as follow:  Primary Sources:  The researchers developed a questionnaire from the previous studies, to measure the study variables. The researchers will distribute and recollect the questionnaire after it fulfilled by the participants of this study. The researchers will analyze the data using (SPSS, V21) throughout several analyses.  Secondary Sources:  The researchers collected the data related to the study subject from websites, literature review of the previous studies and from the library sources. In addition, researchers explored the scientific reports and materials to find the scientific bases and the theoretical framework of the study.
  • 19. Research Methodology Data collection procedure:  The researchers works in the same center and will ask for help from some employees who work in the targeted center for the study in order to volunteer in the process of distributing the questionnaire, consent form, and to explain the purpose of the study to the participants.  The researchers will collect the data from the participants working in the selected center on one to one basis.  The average time each participant will need to fill the questionnaire is 10 minutes.  The volunteers will assure the participants of the confidentiality of the information they would provide.  After that, the volunteers’ nurses will collect the completed filled questionnaire and send them back to the researchers to prepare the data for analysis.
  • 20. Survey Design and Measures  To obtain the data researchers developed a self- completed questionnaire, by referring to the previous studies.  This questionnaire focuses on exploring and describing the employees’ perceptions and toward the impact of moral and material incentives on the level of their job performance during COVID 19 pandemic.  In addition, this questionnaire covered all aspects addressed by the theoretical framework, research questions, and research hypotheses on which the study will base.
  • 21. Survey Design and Measures  Accordingly, researchers reviewed the measurements adopted in the questionnaire.  Part 1, investigated the financial incentives in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center, and consisted of seven questions.  Part 2, examined the moral incentives in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center, and consisted of seven questions.  Part three of the questionnaire investigate the level of performance in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center, and consisted of seven questions.
  • 22.
  • 23. Questionnaire Reliability and Validity  To increase the degree of validity of the data collected, the researchers will assess the reliability and validity of the questionnaire using a number of different strategies.  The researchers will carry out an analysis of internal consistency on 21 questions.  The researchers will confirm the reliability of the questionnaire by using Cronbach Alpha measurements.  According to Sekaran (2003), if the consistency coefficients are more than 60%, then it is reliable to analyze and interpret the data.
  • 24. Data Analysis Methods:  The researchers will analyze data using SPSS software version 21 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, Illinois).  The researchers will use a descriptive analysis (i.e., the means, standard deviations, and T tests) as a method for data examination and measures financial incentive, moral incentive, and level of performance.  The researchers will use Pearson's correlation coefficients to test the hypothesis and to assess the correlation between the independent and dependent variables, and to show the correlation between the independent variables themselves.
  • 25. Ethical Considerations  The researchers will provide each participant with consent form to sign it before filling the questionnaire.  The researchers will be sure that each participant knows the purpose of the study by explaining our aim of this study.  The researchers will save the questionnaire number in computer to protect their privacy and confidentiality will identify the participants’ responses.
  • 26. Results The statistical results indicate that there is an important effect of material (financial) incentives on the change in the level of job performance The statistical results indicate that there is an important effect of moral incentives on the change in the level of job performance Rejection of the null hypothesis and acceptance of the alternative hypothesis, which states (there is a statistically significant effect at the level of statistical significance (α ≥ 0.05) moral incentives applied in Al-Ais Comprehensive Health Center on the performance level of health care providers during the COVID pandemic) .
  • 27. Recommendations # There is a need to develop an integrated system of financial and moral incentives alike, and to define reward and punishment rules during COVID 19 pandemic to serve the goals of health organizations and the general goals of the health system. # There should be training and workshop initiatives to qualify Jordanian health care providers during COVID 19 pandemic and for an awareness to improve on the level of performance. # Encouragement of health care providers’ participation and suggestions is an important issue for improving performance during COVID 19 pandemic.
  • 28. Recommendations # Make attention to the emotional and psychological balance and human needs of health care providers during COVID 19 pandemic by treating them properly and raising the level of morale at the workplace. # Focusing on nursing staff efforts to obtain a high level of productivity and effective performance, by preparing effective programs to guide and develop the capabilities of them and improving their level of performance. # Get more Focus on the issues that could have impact on moral and financial incentives to raising the level of employees ' performance in Jordanian health care sector. # Try to improve moral incentive system that followed in Jordanian health care sector to motivate health care providers to do their job perfectly.