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Agroforestry 
Addressing Climate Challenges and 
Improving Social Conditions 
V. Miranda Chase 
Research Associate 
Remineralize the Earth 
Advancing Renewable Energy in Latin America and Integrated 
Farm Energy Systems, 
RELACCx, Puerto Rico, November 19, 2014
How to tackle Complex Problems? 
Complex Issues: 
• Climate Change 
• Hunger and Poverty 
• Job creation and Income generation 
• Energy and Food Security 
The Triple Bottom-Line Approach: 
• Social, Environmental and Economic Sustainability 
• Integrated and holist perspective
What is Agroforestry? 
Mixed-use land management system, that combines 
agriculture and forestry practices in order to create 
more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and 
sustainable land-use systems. 
• Diverse intercropping of species 
• First harvest can come as early as a few weeks 
• Plant succession: 
Herbs and spices vegetables fruits hard wood
What is Agroforestry?
Advantages of Agroforestry 
• Water Savings due to less 
evapotranspiration (greater 
soil coverage). 
• Require less fertilizers (the 
plants naturally supply each 
other with key nutrients). 
• Resembles natural 
ecosystems, protecting 
biodiversity and producing 
natural goods and ecosystem 
services.
Advantages of Agroforestry 
Galbert et. al. (2013).
Advantages of Agroforestry 
Galbert et. al. (2013).
Advantages of Agroforestry 
• Trees can be used for 
shelter, biofuels and 
medicinal purposes. 
• It can be easily 
combined with other 
sustainable agricultural 
techniques, e.g. 
Remineralization, 
Biochar, Compost, 
Organics, etc.
How it Works 
Case Studies: 
• The Tucurui Dam in 
the Amazon Basin 
• The APACA Community 
Projet in Bahia, Brazil 
• The Savannah project 
in Brasilia, Brazil 
• The Costa Rica model 
(Food, Fuel and 
Income)
Case Studies- Tucurui Dam
Case Studies- Tucurui Dam
Case Studies- Bahia (Brazil)
Case Studies- Bahia (Brazil)
Case Studies- Brasilia (Brazil) 
Two views of a private Agroforestry initiative
Case Studies- Costa Rica
Case Studies- Costa Rica 
More than 1600 trees were planted 
Jatropha- Biofuel tree 
This model can be 
transferred to other poor 
countries and yield social 
and environmental benefits, 
such as replacing firewood 
harvesting.
References 
1. NAC 2014, National Agroforestry Center (http://nac.unl.edu/#about) 
2. LEONARDOS, O.H., FYFE, W.S.; KRONBERG, B.I. Rochagem: o método de aumento da fertilidade em solos 
lixiviados e arenosos. Anais 29 Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia, Belo Horizonte, 1976. p.137-145. 
3. MEDEIROS, F. P. (2014). Sistemas agroflorestais aliados à rochagem para recuperação de áreas 
degradadas. Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade de Brasília, 
Brasília, DF, 24p. 
4. Suzi Theodoro et al (2012) Stonemeal of amazon soils with sediments from reservoirs- a case study of 
remineralization of the tucurui degraded land for agroforestry reclamation 
5. Campe, J. The Potential of Remineralization as a Global Movement. 2nd Brazilian Stonemeal Conference 
May 12th to May 17th, 2013 - Poços de Caldas/Minas Gerais, Brazil. 
6. Goreau, T.J., Goreau M., Lufkin F., Arango C.A., Despaigne-Matchett G., Despaigne-Ceballos G., Solis R., 
Campe J. Basalt Powder Restores Soil Fertility and Greatly Accelerates Tree Growth on Impoverished 
Tropical Soils in Panama. Symposium on Soil Ecology and Restoration August 22 2011 
7. http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0924-hance_bhagwat.html#sthash.qUYxBq8u.dpbs 
8. Connelly, G. (n.d.). Costa Rica Agroforestry Project: Food, Fuel and Income to Sustain Local Communities. 
Available at http://remineralize.org/costa-rica-remineralization-for-sustainable-living 
9. Michel de Galbert, Fabian Schmidt-Pramov, Gerhard Dieterle and Gunnar Larson (2013). Widening the 
scope of forest-based mitigation options in the tropics:The roles of forests in substituting for fossil 
energy sources and moving towards a greener economy. Available at: 
www.unece.org_uploads_pics_Widening_the_scope_of_forest_based_mitigation_-_June_2013 
10. Thomas J. Goreau, Marina Goreau, Felix Lufkin, Carlos A. Arango, Gabriel Despaigne-Matchett, Gabriel 
Despaigne-Ceballos, Roque Solis, & Joanna Campe (2011). Basalt Powder Restores Soil Fertility and 
Greatly Accelerates Tree Growth on Impoverished Tropical Soils in Panama. Symposium on Soil Ecology 
and Restoration, 38 pg.
Pictures 
1. Agroforestry (slides 4 and 7) 
http://www.sitiosemente.com/ 
2. Agroforestry (slide 8) 
http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0924- 
hance_bhagwat.html#sthash.qUYxBq8u.dpbs 
3. Agroforestry project in Bahia (slide 16) Theodoro, 
S.H. (2009) Apaca: Arranjo Produtivo Agroecologico 
em Comunidades de Afrodescendentes. Relatorio 
Final, Brasilia, 48pg. 
4. Acacia Magnum 
(http://www.kew.org/files/styles/content_wysiwyg_ 
medium/public/assets/PPCONT_010847.jpg?itok=lo 
cP8yu3 )

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Agroforestry: Addressing Climate Challenges and Improving Social Conditions

  • 1. Agroforestry Addressing Climate Challenges and Improving Social Conditions V. Miranda Chase Research Associate Remineralize the Earth Advancing Renewable Energy in Latin America and Integrated Farm Energy Systems, RELACCx, Puerto Rico, November 19, 2014
  • 2. How to tackle Complex Problems? Complex Issues: • Climate Change • Hunger and Poverty • Job creation and Income generation • Energy and Food Security The Triple Bottom-Line Approach: • Social, Environmental and Economic Sustainability • Integrated and holist perspective
  • 3. What is Agroforestry? Mixed-use land management system, that combines agriculture and forestry practices in order to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems. • Diverse intercropping of species • First harvest can come as early as a few weeks • Plant succession: Herbs and spices vegetables fruits hard wood
  • 5. Advantages of Agroforestry • Water Savings due to less evapotranspiration (greater soil coverage). • Require less fertilizers (the plants naturally supply each other with key nutrients). • Resembles natural ecosystems, protecting biodiversity and producing natural goods and ecosystem services.
  • 6. Advantages of Agroforestry Galbert et. al. (2013).
  • 7. Advantages of Agroforestry Galbert et. al. (2013).
  • 8. Advantages of Agroforestry • Trees can be used for shelter, biofuels and medicinal purposes. • It can be easily combined with other sustainable agricultural techniques, e.g. Remineralization, Biochar, Compost, Organics, etc.
  • 9. How it Works Case Studies: • The Tucurui Dam in the Amazon Basin • The APACA Community Projet in Bahia, Brazil • The Savannah project in Brasilia, Brazil • The Costa Rica model (Food, Fuel and Income)
  • 14. Case Studies- Brasilia (Brazil) Two views of a private Agroforestry initiative
  • 16. Case Studies- Costa Rica More than 1600 trees were planted Jatropha- Biofuel tree This model can be transferred to other poor countries and yield social and environmental benefits, such as replacing firewood harvesting.
  • 17. References 1. NAC 2014, National Agroforestry Center (http://nac.unl.edu/#about) 2. LEONARDOS, O.H., FYFE, W.S.; KRONBERG, B.I. Rochagem: o método de aumento da fertilidade em solos lixiviados e arenosos. Anais 29 Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia, Belo Horizonte, 1976. p.137-145. 3. MEDEIROS, F. P. (2014). Sistemas agroflorestais aliados à rochagem para recuperação de áreas degradadas. Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, 24p. 4. Suzi Theodoro et al (2012) Stonemeal of amazon soils with sediments from reservoirs- a case study of remineralization of the tucurui degraded land for agroforestry reclamation 5. Campe, J. The Potential of Remineralization as a Global Movement. 2nd Brazilian Stonemeal Conference May 12th to May 17th, 2013 - Poços de Caldas/Minas Gerais, Brazil. 6. Goreau, T.J., Goreau M., Lufkin F., Arango C.A., Despaigne-Matchett G., Despaigne-Ceballos G., Solis R., Campe J. Basalt Powder Restores Soil Fertility and Greatly Accelerates Tree Growth on Impoverished Tropical Soils in Panama. Symposium on Soil Ecology and Restoration August 22 2011 7. http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0924-hance_bhagwat.html#sthash.qUYxBq8u.dpbs 8. Connelly, G. (n.d.). Costa Rica Agroforestry Project: Food, Fuel and Income to Sustain Local Communities. Available at http://remineralize.org/costa-rica-remineralization-for-sustainable-living 9. Michel de Galbert, Fabian Schmidt-Pramov, Gerhard Dieterle and Gunnar Larson (2013). Widening the scope of forest-based mitigation options in the tropics:The roles of forests in substituting for fossil energy sources and moving towards a greener economy. Available at: www.unece.org_uploads_pics_Widening_the_scope_of_forest_based_mitigation_-_June_2013 10. Thomas J. Goreau, Marina Goreau, Felix Lufkin, Carlos A. Arango, Gabriel Despaigne-Matchett, Gabriel Despaigne-Ceballos, Roque Solis, & Joanna Campe (2011). Basalt Powder Restores Soil Fertility and Greatly Accelerates Tree Growth on Impoverished Tropical Soils in Panama. Symposium on Soil Ecology and Restoration, 38 pg.
  • 18. Pictures 1. Agroforestry (slides 4 and 7) http://www.sitiosemente.com/ 2. Agroforestry (slide 8) http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0924- hance_bhagwat.html#sthash.qUYxBq8u.dpbs 3. Agroforestry project in Bahia (slide 16) Theodoro, S.H. (2009) Apaca: Arranjo Produtivo Agroecologico em Comunidades de Afrodescendentes. Relatorio Final, Brasilia, 48pg. 4. Acacia Magnum (http://www.kew.org/files/styles/content_wysiwyg_ medium/public/assets/PPCONT_010847.jpg?itok=lo cP8yu3 )