SlideShare a Scribd company logo
aragost
Changing the World –
One Country at a Time
aragost
aragost
Agile trainer, coach & consultant
Speaker at and organizer of
Agile Conferences and Cool Events
Klaus Bucka-Lassen
aragost ag / flowdays
+41 79 202 59 46
kbl@aragost.com
aragost
Is Switzerland Agile?
aragost
Structure of this Talk
1. Why I think Switzerland already is setup agile (principles, structures)
2. What corporations could learn from how countries are run
3. How Switzerland* could further experiment with Scrum
*and other countries
aragost
How is Switzerland doing?
aragost
... Swiss politics is unlike that of any other
developed nation. While most countries have a
single president or prime minister who sets
policies and takes responsibility for decisions,
the Swiss don’t. Members of the seven-strong
Federal Council make decisions jointly and
even take it in turns to be president.
– World Economic Forum
aragost
aragost
Agile Structures of Switzerland
• Federalism & Subsidiarity
• Decentralized Decision Rights
• Decide where the problem and information is
• Delegate up, not down
• Federal Council (“Bundesrat”, the government)
• 7 members representing a wide spectrum of
political parties & all linguistic regions
& gender (Concordance)
• Consensus/Collégialité: Decide as a team
• Direct Democracy
• Citizens are much closer to the action
Cantonal Law
Cantonal Constitution
Federal Constitution
Federal Law
Communal Law
Communal Constitution
aragost
Politics is about the Citizens
Citizen
Politics
Administration
aragost
Even the tax authorities are your friend
aragost
What could
Companies learn
from this?
aragost
work for theirEmployees Employers
Employer
Employee
aragost
work for their Employees
Employer
Employee
Employers
aragost
aragost
What else could Corporations Learn?
Extreme scaling through ...
• Federalism – distributing power more evenly (instead of
concentrating it at the top); Sociocracy
• Principle of Subsidiarity – do only those tasks which cannot be
performed at a more local level; Scrum@Scale
• Teams – Concordance, job-rotation, decisions/consensus
(EAT, Scrum of Scrums, Meta Scrum, etc.)
• Direct democracy – listen to your employees. Collective wisdom.
Decentralized Decision Rights, Decision Latency
• Electing your boss
aragost
Democratic Organizations?
“Companies are more successful when
their structures are democratic.”
– Isabell Welpe, organizational scientis at the technical university Munich
aragost
Improved
Political
Agility
(How political institutions
could become even more agile)
aragost
Improving Political Agile Structures
(Where/how could structures and processes become more agile*)
• Transparency
• Prioritization
• Separation of focus on
effectiveness and efficiency
• Continuous Improvement by
focusing on minimizing
bureaucracy
• Clear Vision
*apart from running the obvious agile product development
Minimum Viable Bureaucracy
aragost
aragost
Commune Backlog Current Sprint Next Events
7th June, 2 pm
Review / Demo
Live-Stream
7th June, 4 pm
Retrospective*
10th June, 9 am
Planning
Every Wednesday, 9 am
Refinement
Contact Details
PO@birmensdorf.ch
SM@birmensdorf.ch
*Not open to the public
aragost
The Commune Backlog
Any Citizen can
• add stories
• vote for stories
• suggest solutions
aragost
Update Rolling Budget
aragost
Fix Pothole on Reppischtalstr.
aragost
The Sprint Backlog
Makes Transparent
• what was done
• what currently is
being worked on
• what is upcoming
aragost
“Fix Pothole”
Any Citizen can
• Prepare for upcoming
work
• Verify done work
• Offer help
aragost
The Events
Feedback & input
• demo
• planning
• refinement
Probably only internal
• daily
• retrospective
aragost
Countries as the Ultimate Scaling Challenge?
27
aragost
Thank You
Go Change the World!
aragost
Appendix: Initiatives
A few examples from the
past 20 years:
• Swap Swiss Constitution
and The Law of Nations
in order
• For the dignity of
farming animals (“Horn-
Cow-Initiative”)
• Protection from passive
smoking
• 6 weeks of vacation for
everybody (66% NO)
• Deportation of criminal
foreigners (struggle
with conformity)
• Minaret construction
ban
• Ban on export of
weapons
• Legalizing pot
• Same-sex marriage
• VAT increases and what
they should be used for
• One car free Sunday
every season
(experiment for 4
years)
• Max working time pr.
year: 1872 hours –
public and personal
holidays. Max 100 hours
of overtime (75% NO)
• Get rid of the army
• Max speed in towns: 30
km/h
• etc...
Upcoming:
• Unconditional basic
income

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Agile Switzerland and what corporations can learn from it

  • 1. aragost Changing the World – One Country at a Time
  • 2. aragost aragost Agile trainer, coach & consultant Speaker at and organizer of Agile Conferences and Cool Events Klaus Bucka-Lassen aragost ag / flowdays +41 79 202 59 46 kbl@aragost.com
  • 4. aragost Structure of this Talk 1. Why I think Switzerland already is setup agile (principles, structures) 2. What corporations could learn from how countries are run 3. How Switzerland* could further experiment with Scrum *and other countries
  • 6. aragost ... Swiss politics is unlike that of any other developed nation. While most countries have a single president or prime minister who sets policies and takes responsibility for decisions, the Swiss don’t. Members of the seven-strong Federal Council make decisions jointly and even take it in turns to be president. – World Economic Forum
  • 8. aragost Agile Structures of Switzerland • Federalism & Subsidiarity • Decentralized Decision Rights • Decide where the problem and information is • Delegate up, not down • Federal Council (“Bundesrat”, the government) • 7 members representing a wide spectrum of political parties & all linguistic regions & gender (Concordance) • Consensus/Collégialité: Decide as a team • Direct Democracy • Citizens are much closer to the action Cantonal Law Cantonal Constitution Federal Constitution Federal Law Communal Law Communal Constitution
  • 9. aragost Politics is about the Citizens Citizen Politics Administration
  • 10. aragost Even the tax authorities are your friend
  • 12. aragost work for theirEmployees Employers Employer Employee
  • 13. aragost work for their Employees Employer Employee Employers
  • 15. aragost What else could Corporations Learn? Extreme scaling through ... • Federalism – distributing power more evenly (instead of concentrating it at the top); Sociocracy • Principle of Subsidiarity – do only those tasks which cannot be performed at a more local level; Scrum@Scale • Teams – Concordance, job-rotation, decisions/consensus (EAT, Scrum of Scrums, Meta Scrum, etc.) • Direct democracy – listen to your employees. Collective wisdom. Decentralized Decision Rights, Decision Latency • Electing your boss
  • 16. aragost Democratic Organizations? “Companies are more successful when their structures are democratic.” – Isabell Welpe, organizational scientis at the technical university Munich
  • 18. aragost Improving Political Agile Structures (Where/how could structures and processes become more agile*) • Transparency • Prioritization • Separation of focus on effectiveness and efficiency • Continuous Improvement by focusing on minimizing bureaucracy • Clear Vision *apart from running the obvious agile product development Minimum Viable Bureaucracy
  • 20. aragost Commune Backlog Current Sprint Next Events 7th June, 2 pm Review / Demo Live-Stream 7th June, 4 pm Retrospective* 10th June, 9 am Planning Every Wednesday, 9 am Refinement Contact Details PO@birmensdorf.ch SM@birmensdorf.ch *Not open to the public
  • 21. aragost The Commune Backlog Any Citizen can • add stories • vote for stories • suggest solutions
  • 23. aragost Fix Pothole on Reppischtalstr.
  • 24. aragost The Sprint Backlog Makes Transparent • what was done • what currently is being worked on • what is upcoming
  • 25. aragost “Fix Pothole” Any Citizen can • Prepare for upcoming work • Verify done work • Offer help
  • 26. aragost The Events Feedback & input • demo • planning • refinement Probably only internal • daily • retrospective
  • 27. aragost Countries as the Ultimate Scaling Challenge? 27
  • 29. aragost Appendix: Initiatives A few examples from the past 20 years: • Swap Swiss Constitution and The Law of Nations in order • For the dignity of farming animals (“Horn- Cow-Initiative”) • Protection from passive smoking • 6 weeks of vacation for everybody (66% NO) • Deportation of criminal foreigners (struggle with conformity) • Minaret construction ban • Ban on export of weapons • Legalizing pot • Same-sex marriage • VAT increases and what they should be used for • One car free Sunday every season (experiment for 4 years) • Max working time pr. year: 1872 hours – public and personal holidays. Max 100 hours of overtime (75% NO) • Get rid of the army • Max speed in towns: 30 km/h • etc... Upcoming: • Unconditional basic income