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By:SharaMayM.Anacay

 A F R I C A TERRA – Land of the afri
AFRI(Plural)
AFER(Singular)
 A F E R May be from:
 P H O E N I C I A N AFAR – Meaning
d
u
s
tor
 A F R I D I – Tribe of northern africa
E
T
Y
M
O
L
O
G
Y

 G R E E K APHRIKE –
Meaning without cold or
 L A T I N APRICA – M
e
a
n
i
n
g
sunny
 A n d later became Africa
E
T
Y
M
O
L
O
G
Y

 A F R I C A – 2nd largest continent next
to Asia
 I t covers more than ONE –
FIFTH Of all the earth’s surface
 I t comprises 46
COUNTRIESAND TERRITORIES
INTRODUCTION

 SUEZ CANAL, THE GULF OF SUEZ AND THE
R
E
D
SEA – Separate Africa from Asia
 SRAITS OF GIBRALTAR AND MEDITERRANEAN
SEA – Separate Africa from Europe
 ATLANTIC OCEAN – West
 INDIAN OCEAN - East
INTRODUCTION

 F I V E MAJOR
LANGUAGES:
1. Afroasiastic languages
2. Click languages
3. Niger – congo languages
4. Sudanic languages
5. Austronesian languages
L
A
N
G
U
A
G
E
S

 I S L A M – Dominant
religion of northern
Africa
 I t replaced Christianity in
the 17th century
RELIGION

 L I T E R A R Y RATES FOR MEN Are
higher than women
 U R B A N EDUCATION Are
higher t
h
a
nrural education
 R I C H E S T Countries invest
more t
h
a
n
poorest countries in terms of
education
 O n l y a small fraction of afica’ s y
o
u
n
g
people attend universities
EDUCATION
 I t includes ORAL LITERATURE
 T h e y called it as ORATURE
 O R AT U R E – Was coined by PIO Z
I
R
I
M
U
 P I O ZIRIMU – Ugandan scholar
AFRICANLITERATURE

 P R O S E – Mythological
or historical, written or
spoken language
 C A L L - A N D
RESPONSE –
Spontaneous verbal and
non-verbal interaction
between the speaker
AFRICANLITERATURE

 E P I C OF SUNDIATA –
Composed in medieval Mali
 E P I C OF DINGA – From
O
l
d
Ghana empire
PRE-COLONIALLITERATURE


 K E B R A NAGAST OR THE
B
O
O
K
OF KINGS – The best known work
in this tradition
 T R I C K S T E R STORY – One of the
p
o
p
u
l
a
rform of traditional African folktale
PRE-COLONIALLITERATURE
 J O S E P H EPHRAIM
C
A
S
E
L
Y
HAYFORD – Published the
1st African novel written in
English
 E T H I O P I A UNBOUND –
1st African novel written in
English
COLONIALLITERATURE

HERBERT ISAAC
ERNEST
DHLOMO– Published 1st
English- language
African play
 T H E GIRL WHO LIKED TO SAVE –
1
s
t
English-language African play
COLONIALLITERATURE

 N G U G I WA THIONG’O – W
r
o
t
e
1st east African drama
 B L A C K HERMIT – 1st
e
a
s
tAfrican drama
COLONIALLITERATURE

 THINGS FALL APART BY CHINUA ACHEBE
–
Receive significant worldwide critical acclaim
COLONIALLITERATURE

 L E O P O I D SEDAR SENGHOR –
President of Senegal published the
1st anthology of French language poetry
 A N T H O L O G Y OF THE NEWB
L
A
C
K
AND MALAGASY POETRY IN THE
FRENCH LANGUAGE – 1st anthology of French
language poetry
COLONIALLITERATURE


 A L I A. MAZRUI – Mention 7 CONFLICTS
As
THEMES:
- The clash between Africa's past and present
- Between tradition and modernity
- Between individualism and community
- Between socialism and capitalism
- Between development and self-reliance
- Between Africanity and humanity
POST-COLONIALLIT

 WOLE SOYINKA (JULY
13, 1934 IN NIGERIA)
- Foremost ENGLISH
LANGUAGE POET
- He won the NOBEL PRIZE
FOR LITERATUREIN 1986
- 1ST AFRICAN WRITERWho
won the novel prize for
literature in 1986
AFRICANRITERSA
N
DPOETS

- The 2ND AFRICAN WRITER Winner of the
novel Prize was NADINE GORDIMER In
19991
- 1ST PLAY: The swamp dwellers.
- OTHER PLAYS: Death and the king’s
horse man, opera wonyosi and play of
giants.
AFRICANRITERSA
N
DPOETS

 C H I N U A ACHEBE
- Nigerian novelist and
poet
- His 1st novel was
entitled THINGS FALL
APART
- He has been co-editor
of okike
AFRICANWRITERSA
N
DPOETS

- OKIKE (Was of Africa's most influential
literary magazines)
- Other works: THE ARROW OF GOD, A
MAN OF THE PEOPLE, GIRLS AT
WAR, CHRISTMAS IN BIAFRA AND
OTHER POEMS
AFRICANWRITERSA
N
DPOETS

 J O H N PEPPER CLARK
- Nigerian poet, dramatist, and
literary critic
- Born: APRIL 6, 1935
- Plays: OZIDI AND SONG
OF GOAT
- Representative of his poetry
was the volume, A DEVADE
OF TONGUES.
AFRICANWRITERSA
N
DPOETS

 N G U G I WA THIONG’O
-Born: JANUARY 5, 1938
IN KENYA
-The most important east
African novelist
- 1st two novels: WEEP NOT, CHILD
AND THE RIVER BETWEEN
AFRICANWRITERSA
N
DPOETS
B
Y
CHINUAA
C
H
E
B
E

 O K O N K W O – Respected and influential
leader
 U N O K A – Okonkwo’s father
 I K E M E F U N A – He was given to the v
i
l
l
a
g
e
as a peace offering by neighboring mbaino
 N W O Y E – Okonkwo’s son
 O J I U G O – Youngest wife of okonkwo
 E K W E F I – Second wife of okonkwo
CHARACTERS:

 O G B U E F I EZEUDER – Oldest m
a
n
in the village
 O B I E R I K A – Okonkwo’s best friend
 E Z I N M A – Daughter of Okonkwo
a
n
dhis wife Ekwefi
 E G W U G W U – Nine clan leaders,
a
l
s
orepresent nine villages of Umuofia
 M G B A F O – Had been severely
b
e
a
t
e
n
by her husband
CHARACTERS:

 C H I E L O – Toldcaves o
k
o
n
k
w
o
that agbala needs to see
ezinma
 A G B A L A – The oracle of
the h
i
l
l
sand caves
 U C H E N D U – Uncle of o
k
o
n
k
w
o
And a village elder of mbanta
CHARACTERS:

 E F U L E F U – 1st recruits of
t
h
emissionaries; they are weak
and worthless men of the
village
 M R . BROWN – The
w
h
i
t
emissionary
 R E V E R E N D JAMES
SMITH -
CHARACTERS:

 V O L AT I L E – Liable to change rapidly
a
n
dunpredictably , especially for the worse
 A P T – Having a tendency to do something
PROVOCATION – Action or speech that
makes someone annoyed or angry,
especially deliberately
 E X I L E – Expel, banish, drive out, throw
o
u
t
;to be away from one’s home
V
O
C
A
B
U
L
A
R
Y
:

 K I N S M A N – A man who is one of p
e
r
s
o
n
’
s
blood relations
 M A C H E T E - A broad knife
used as an implement or weapon
 B E H E A D S – Form of execution
 C L A N S M A N – A male member of a clan
 O R A C L E – Authority, mentor, and a
d
v
i
s
e
r
 S Q U A N D E R E D – Waste
something i
na reckless and foolish
V
O
C
A
B
U
L
A
R
Y
:

 U M U O F I A – Located
in eastern nigeria
 M B A N T A – Native v
i
l
l
a
g
e
of okonkwo’s mother
SETTING:

THANK YOU
FOR
WATCHING!


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African Literature.pptx

  • 2.   A F R I C A TERRA – Land of the afri AFRI(Plural) AFER(Singular)  A F E R May be from:  P H O E N I C I A N AFAR – Meaning d u s tor  A F R I D I – Tribe of northern africa E T Y M O L O G Y
  • 3.   G R E E K APHRIKE – Meaning without cold or  L A T I N APRICA – M e a n i n g sunny  A n d later became Africa E T Y M O L O G Y
  • 4.   A F R I C A – 2nd largest continent next to Asia  I t covers more than ONE – FIFTH Of all the earth’s surface  I t comprises 46 COUNTRIESAND TERRITORIES INTRODUCTION
  • 5.   SUEZ CANAL, THE GULF OF SUEZ AND THE R E D SEA – Separate Africa from Asia  SRAITS OF GIBRALTAR AND MEDITERRANEAN SEA – Separate Africa from Europe  ATLANTIC OCEAN – West  INDIAN OCEAN - East INTRODUCTION
  • 6.   F I V E MAJOR LANGUAGES: 1. Afroasiastic languages 2. Click languages 3. Niger – congo languages 4. Sudanic languages 5. Austronesian languages L A N G U A G E S
  • 7.   I S L A M – Dominant religion of northern Africa  I t replaced Christianity in the 17th century RELIGION
  • 8.   L I T E R A R Y RATES FOR MEN Are higher than women  U R B A N EDUCATION Are higher t h a nrural education  R I C H E S T Countries invest more t h a n poorest countries in terms of education  O n l y a small fraction of afica’ s y o u n g people attend universities EDUCATION
  • 9.  I t includes ORAL LITERATURE  T h e y called it as ORATURE  O R AT U R E – Was coined by PIO Z I R I M U  P I O ZIRIMU – Ugandan scholar AFRICANLITERATURE 
  • 10.  P R O S E – Mythological or historical, written or spoken language  C A L L - A N D RESPONSE – Spontaneous verbal and non-verbal interaction between the speaker AFRICANLITERATURE 
  • 11.  E P I C OF SUNDIATA – Composed in medieval Mali  E P I C OF DINGA – From O l d Ghana empire PRE-COLONIALLITERATURE 
  • 12.   K E B R A NAGAST OR THE B O O K OF KINGS – The best known work in this tradition  T R I C K S T E R STORY – One of the p o p u l a rform of traditional African folktale PRE-COLONIALLITERATURE
  • 13.  J O S E P H EPHRAIM C A S E L Y HAYFORD – Published the 1st African novel written in English  E T H I O P I A UNBOUND – 1st African novel written in English COLONIALLITERATURE 
  • 14. HERBERT ISAAC ERNEST DHLOMO– Published 1st English- language African play  T H E GIRL WHO LIKED TO SAVE – 1 s t English-language African play COLONIALLITERATURE 
  • 15.  N G U G I WA THIONG’O – W r o t e 1st east African drama  B L A C K HERMIT – 1st e a s tAfrican drama COLONIALLITERATURE 
  • 16.  THINGS FALL APART BY CHINUA ACHEBE – Receive significant worldwide critical acclaim COLONIALLITERATURE 
  • 17.  L E O P O I D SEDAR SENGHOR – President of Senegal published the 1st anthology of French language poetry  A N T H O L O G Y OF THE NEWB L A C K AND MALAGASY POETRY IN THE FRENCH LANGUAGE – 1st anthology of French language poetry COLONIALLITERATURE 
  • 18.   A L I A. MAZRUI – Mention 7 CONFLICTS As THEMES: - The clash between Africa's past and present - Between tradition and modernity - Between individualism and community - Between socialism and capitalism - Between development and self-reliance - Between Africanity and humanity POST-COLONIALLIT
  • 19.   WOLE SOYINKA (JULY 13, 1934 IN NIGERIA) - Foremost ENGLISH LANGUAGE POET - He won the NOBEL PRIZE FOR LITERATUREIN 1986 - 1ST AFRICAN WRITERWho won the novel prize for literature in 1986 AFRICANRITERSA N DPOETS
  • 20.  - The 2ND AFRICAN WRITER Winner of the novel Prize was NADINE GORDIMER In 19991 - 1ST PLAY: The swamp dwellers. - OTHER PLAYS: Death and the king’s horse man, opera wonyosi and play of giants. AFRICANRITERSA N DPOETS
  • 21.   C H I N U A ACHEBE - Nigerian novelist and poet - His 1st novel was entitled THINGS FALL APART - He has been co-editor of okike AFRICANWRITERSA N DPOETS
  • 22.  - OKIKE (Was of Africa's most influential literary magazines) - Other works: THE ARROW OF GOD, A MAN OF THE PEOPLE, GIRLS AT WAR, CHRISTMAS IN BIAFRA AND OTHER POEMS AFRICANWRITERSA N DPOETS
  • 23.   J O H N PEPPER CLARK - Nigerian poet, dramatist, and literary critic - Born: APRIL 6, 1935 - Plays: OZIDI AND SONG OF GOAT - Representative of his poetry was the volume, A DEVADE OF TONGUES. AFRICANWRITERSA N DPOETS
  • 24.   N G U G I WA THIONG’O -Born: JANUARY 5, 1938 IN KENYA -The most important east African novelist - 1st two novels: WEEP NOT, CHILD AND THE RIVER BETWEEN AFRICANWRITERSA N DPOETS
  • 26.   O K O N K W O – Respected and influential leader  U N O K A – Okonkwo’s father  I K E M E F U N A – He was given to the v i l l a g e as a peace offering by neighboring mbaino  N W O Y E – Okonkwo’s son  O J I U G O – Youngest wife of okonkwo  E K W E F I – Second wife of okonkwo CHARACTERS:
  • 27.   O G B U E F I EZEUDER – Oldest m a n in the village  O B I E R I K A – Okonkwo’s best friend  E Z I N M A – Daughter of Okonkwo a n dhis wife Ekwefi  E G W U G W U – Nine clan leaders, a l s orepresent nine villages of Umuofia  M G B A F O – Had been severely b e a t e n by her husband CHARACTERS:
  • 28.   C H I E L O – Toldcaves o k o n k w o that agbala needs to see ezinma  A G B A L A – The oracle of the h i l l sand caves  U C H E N D U – Uncle of o k o n k w o And a village elder of mbanta CHARACTERS:
  • 29.   E F U L E F U – 1st recruits of t h emissionaries; they are weak and worthless men of the village  M R . BROWN – The w h i t emissionary  R E V E R E N D JAMES SMITH - CHARACTERS:
  • 30.   V O L AT I L E – Liable to change rapidly a n dunpredictably , especially for the worse  A P T – Having a tendency to do something PROVOCATION – Action or speech that makes someone annoyed or angry, especially deliberately  E X I L E – Expel, banish, drive out, throw o u t ;to be away from one’s home V O C A B U L A R Y :
  • 31.   K I N S M A N – A man who is one of p e r s o n ’ s blood relations  M A C H E T E - A broad knife used as an implement or weapon  B E H E A D S – Form of execution  C L A N S M A N – A male member of a clan  O R A C L E – Authority, mentor, and a d v i s e r  S Q U A N D E R E D – Waste something i na reckless and foolish V O C A B U L A R Y :
  • 32.   U M U O F I A – Located in eastern nigeria  M B A N T A – Native v i l l a g e of okonkwo’s mother SETTING: