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THERE ARE TWO SPECIAL
FORMS OF VERBS :
• The subject of the sentence performs the action expressed in the verb.
• Here “the teacher” is the subject of the sentence and she is doing the
action of giving the homework.
• Hence this sentence is in active voice.
ACTIVE VOICE
For example:
The teacher gave homework to Ram.
• The subject does not perform the action expressed in the verb.
• It receives the action named in the verb.
• Here “Ram” is the subject but he is not giving the homework.
• “Ram” here is receiving the homework.
• Hence this sentence is in Passive voice.
PASSIVE VOICE
For example:
Ram was given homework by the teacher.
So much
homewor
k to do…
COMMON RULES FOR CHANGING A SENTENCE FROM
ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE:
1) The subject of the Active voice
sentence becomes the object of the
passive voice sentence and vice
versa.
2) According to the tense of the
active voice use auxiliary verb of
passive voice.
3) Always put the main verb into past
participle form.
SENTENCES TO PRACTICE
The Pronouns (when these act as subject)
are changed as given below:
Subject Object
I becomes me
We becomes us
You becomes you
She becomes her
He becomes him
They becomes them
It becomes it
Who becomes whom
Note: Sentences given in the following tenses cannot be
changed into passive voice:
1. Present Perfect Continuous.
2. Past Perfect Continuous.
3. Future Continuous.
4. Future Perfect Continuous.
The following table gives the form of the verb ‘see’ in Passive
Voice in the various Tenses:
Tense Chart (Passive Voice’)
Tense Indefinite Continuous Perfect
Present
is/am/are + verb in third form
is seen
am seen
are seen
is/am/are + being + verb in third
form
is being seen
am being seen
are being seen
has/have + been + verb in third form
has been seen
have been seen
Past
was/were + verb in third form
was seen
were seen
was/were + being + verb in third
form
was being seen
were being seen
had + been + verb in third form
had been seen
Future
will/shall + be + verb in third form
will be seen
shall be seen
— No change
will/shall + have been + verb in third form
will have been seen
shall have been seen
EXERCISE:
1. We teach Maths.
2. Do you keep a cat?
3. She doesn’t ring the bell.
4. I am cooking the beans.
5. You are not watching TV.
6. Are they selling books?
7. We have solved the sums.
8. He has not fed the cow.
9. Have we learnt the lessons?
10. Bell invented the phone.

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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE - ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • 1. THERE ARE TWO SPECIAL FORMS OF VERBS :
  • 2. • The subject of the sentence performs the action expressed in the verb. • Here “the teacher” is the subject of the sentence and she is doing the action of giving the homework. • Hence this sentence is in active voice. ACTIVE VOICE For example: The teacher gave homework to Ram.
  • 3.
  • 4. • The subject does not perform the action expressed in the verb. • It receives the action named in the verb. • Here “Ram” is the subject but he is not giving the homework. • “Ram” here is receiving the homework. • Hence this sentence is in Passive voice. PASSIVE VOICE For example: Ram was given homework by the teacher. So much homewor k to do…
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. COMMON RULES FOR CHANGING A SENTENCE FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE: 1) The subject of the Active voice sentence becomes the object of the passive voice sentence and vice versa.
  • 8. 2) According to the tense of the active voice use auxiliary verb of passive voice.
  • 9. 3) Always put the main verb into past participle form.
  • 10.
  • 12. The Pronouns (when these act as subject) are changed as given below: Subject Object I becomes me We becomes us You becomes you She becomes her He becomes him They becomes them It becomes it Who becomes whom
  • 13. Note: Sentences given in the following tenses cannot be changed into passive voice: 1. Present Perfect Continuous. 2. Past Perfect Continuous. 3. Future Continuous. 4. Future Perfect Continuous.
  • 14. The following table gives the form of the verb ‘see’ in Passive Voice in the various Tenses: Tense Chart (Passive Voice’) Tense Indefinite Continuous Perfect Present is/am/are + verb in third form is seen am seen are seen is/am/are + being + verb in third form is being seen am being seen are being seen has/have + been + verb in third form has been seen have been seen Past was/were + verb in third form was seen were seen was/were + being + verb in third form was being seen were being seen had + been + verb in third form had been seen Future will/shall + be + verb in third form will be seen shall be seen — No change will/shall + have been + verb in third form will have been seen shall have been seen
  • 15. EXERCISE: 1. We teach Maths. 2. Do you keep a cat? 3. She doesn’t ring the bell. 4. I am cooking the beans. 5. You are not watching TV. 6. Are they selling books? 7. We have solved the sums. 8. He has not fed the cow. 9. Have we learnt the lessons? 10. Bell invented the phone.