SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 14
Fabric Knowledge
for Merchandisers
Chhavi | Roopas |Ritu
Scientifically known as Hibiscus
Cannabinus have commercial
applications
Tall and slender, resembling
bamboo or jute, and is related to
okra and cotton
This is a 4,000-year-old crop,
originating from Africa
About Kenaf Fibre
KENAF PLANT
Mechanical
The Fibre is 1.4 g/cm3
dense
Tensile Strength is 283-800
MPa
Moisture absorption rate is
0%
Flammable in nature
Properties
Durability
Degrades at high
temperature
The tensile strength
decreases when kept at 180
degrees Celsius for an hour
Hydrophilic in nature
Aesthetics
Pleasing, lightweight, and
have a soft feel
Most sustainable and ability
to replenish
Fibre cells are about 2–6 mm
long
Pale yellow in colour
About Piña
Fibre
Pina is also known as
pineapple fibre.
Obtained from the large
leaves of the pineapple
plant.
It is commonly used in
Philippines.
It is sometimes
combined with silk and
polyester to create a
textile fabric. Layered Piña cloth
Properties
Mechanical
 Pina fibre is 15.26 g/cm3.
 The strength of tensile is 170
Mpa.
 It is resistant to moisture .
 It’s specific strength is 110 Mpa.
Cross-Section of PALF
Aesthetics
 Soft and lustrous.
 Long and light weight .
 White or ivory in color.
 Similar in appearance to linen.
 Blends well with other fibres.
Extraction of Pina Fibre
Pineapple fibre yarn
Durability
 Highly susceptible to
acids.
 Elongation at break is
3 %.
 Strong and highly
resilient strands.
Cloth made from Pina
About Milkweed Fibre
Milkweed Plant
Cross-sectional view
 Soft, buoyant, lustrous floss is
yellowish white in colour.
 About 1 to 3 cm (0.375 to 1.12 inches)
in length and 20 to 50 microns (0.0008
to 0.002 inch) in diameter.
It is a natural seed fibre mostly
composed of Cellulose.
Used as fiberfill in comforters,
personal flotation devices and
upholstery.
(n.d.). Retrieved September 10, 2016, from http://textilevaluechain.com/index.php/article/technical/item/268-futureistic-
Properties
Durability
 The alkali treatment of fibre results in a change of colour
from off-white to brownish yellow.
 Develops convolutions after alkali treatment.
 The bundle fibre strength and elongation of milkweed
fibres is lower due to the absence of convolutions or crimp
like structure.
 The moisture regain of milkweed fibres is higher than
cotton.
 The milkweed fibre elongation is lower and short fibre
percentage is higher compared to cotton.
 The raw milkweed fibres start degrading at around 180°C .
Aesthetics
 The milkweed fibres are finer,
less dense and yellowish in colour
when compared to cotton.
Lightweight, soft, hollow,
buoyant, poor aging resistance.
Stain-resistance, and easy wash
ability.
 It itself cannot be spun but can
be mixed with other fibres.
 It is fire-resistant due to the
high silica content of the fibre.
Comfort
It is a very shiny, slippery fibre with
poor clinging ability.
It has poor dye acceptation capacity.
Poor elasticity.
THANK YOU!

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Fiber properties
Fiber propertiesFiber properties
Fiber properties
 
Kenaf plant
Kenaf plantKenaf plant
Kenaf plant
 
Kenaf spinning
Kenaf spinningKenaf spinning
Kenaf spinning
 
Ppt banana fiber new
Ppt banana fiber newPpt banana fiber new
Ppt banana fiber new
 
Thesis-paper-edited
Thesis-paper-editedThesis-paper-edited
Thesis-paper-edited
 
Paper Production from banana pseudostem (biowaste) with lab scale production ...
Paper Production from banana pseudostem (biowaste) with lab scale production ...Paper Production from banana pseudostem (biowaste) with lab scale production ...
Paper Production from banana pseudostem (biowaste) with lab scale production ...
 
Chemical and Physical Structures of Natural Polymer Fibers
Chemical and Physical Structures of Natural Polymer FibersChemical and Physical Structures of Natural Polymer Fibers
Chemical and Physical Structures of Natural Polymer Fibers
 
Fabric & fibres
Fabric & fibresFabric & fibres
Fabric & fibres
 
kapok fibre
kapok fibrekapok fibre
kapok fibre
 
Natural fibers
Natural fibersNatural fibers
Natural fibers
 
Classification Of Textile Fibers
Classification Of Textile FibersClassification Of Textile Fibers
Classification Of Textile Fibers
 
Cellulosic Textile Fibres _ A Review_Hämäläinen Anu
Cellulosic Textile Fibres _ A Review_Hämäläinen AnuCellulosic Textile Fibres _ A Review_Hämäläinen Anu
Cellulosic Textile Fibres _ A Review_Hämäläinen Anu
 
Fibre extraction
Fibre extractionFibre extraction
Fibre extraction
 
KENAF
KENAF KENAF
KENAF
 
Linen fabric
Linen fabricLinen fabric
Linen fabric
 
classification of textile fibre
classification of textile fibre classification of textile fibre
classification of textile fibre
 
Silk Glossary
Silk GlossarySilk Glossary
Silk Glossary
 
Plant fibers
Plant  fibersPlant  fibers
Plant fibers
 
7. natural fibers
7. natural fibers7. natural fibers
7. natural fibers
 
Flax
FlaxFlax
Flax
 

Viewers also liked

Case study 2 merchandising.
Case study 2 merchandising.Case study 2 merchandising.
Case study 2 merchandising.Chhavi Sharma
 
Fashion Subcultures-Goth
Fashion Subcultures-GothFashion Subcultures-Goth
Fashion Subcultures-GothChhavi Sharma
 
Organizational Behavior-Foundations of Group Behavior
Organizational Behavior-Foundations of Group BehaviorOrganizational Behavior-Foundations of Group Behavior
Organizational Behavior-Foundations of Group BehaviorChhavi Sharma
 
Economics-Theories of International Trade.
Economics-Theories of International Trade.Economics-Theories of International Trade.
Economics-Theories of International Trade.Chhavi Sharma
 
Export Scenario of Indian Home Textile Martket
Export Scenario of Indian Home Textile MartketExport Scenario of Indian Home Textile Martket
Export Scenario of Indian Home Textile MartketKundan Ganvir
 
Transactional analysis and Life Positions
Transactional analysis and Life PositionsTransactional analysis and Life Positions
Transactional analysis and Life PositionsKundan Ganvir
 
Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.
Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.
Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.Chhavi Sharma
 
Export sector of home textiles in india
Export sector of home textiles in indiaExport sector of home textiles in india
Export sector of home textiles in indiasushant lulla
 
Six months Hypothetical buying plan of H &M.
Six months Hypothetical buying plan of  H &M.Six months Hypothetical buying plan of  H &M.
Six months Hypothetical buying plan of H &M.Chhavi Sharma
 
Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)
Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)
Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)Chhavi Sharma
 
Properties of fibers
Properties of  fibersProperties of  fibers
Properties of fibersLily Bhagat
 

Viewers also liked (13)

Case study 2 merchandising.
Case study 2 merchandising.Case study 2 merchandising.
Case study 2 merchandising.
 
Fashion Subcultures-Goth
Fashion Subcultures-GothFashion Subcultures-Goth
Fashion Subcultures-Goth
 
E-Marketing
E-Marketing E-Marketing
E-Marketing
 
Fashion brands
Fashion brandsFashion brands
Fashion brands
 
Organizational Behavior-Foundations of Group Behavior
Organizational Behavior-Foundations of Group BehaviorOrganizational Behavior-Foundations of Group Behavior
Organizational Behavior-Foundations of Group Behavior
 
Economics-Theories of International Trade.
Economics-Theories of International Trade.Economics-Theories of International Trade.
Economics-Theories of International Trade.
 
Export Scenario of Indian Home Textile Martket
Export Scenario of Indian Home Textile MartketExport Scenario of Indian Home Textile Martket
Export Scenario of Indian Home Textile Martket
 
Transactional analysis and Life Positions
Transactional analysis and Life PositionsTransactional analysis and Life Positions
Transactional analysis and Life Positions
 
Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.
Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.
Merchandising mix of H & M.;Also Pricing,Innovation and Marketing.
 
Export sector of home textiles in india
Export sector of home textiles in indiaExport sector of home textiles in india
Export sector of home textiles in india
 
Six months Hypothetical buying plan of H &M.
Six months Hypothetical buying plan of  H &M.Six months Hypothetical buying plan of  H &M.
Six months Hypothetical buying plan of H &M.
 
Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)
Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)
Organizational Behavior-Power and politics (Case Study)
 
Properties of fibers
Properties of  fibersProperties of  fibers
Properties of fibers
 

Similar to About Fibers- Kenaf,Milkweed and Pina

Properties Of Textile Fibers
Properties Of Textile FibersProperties Of Textile Fibers
Properties Of Textile Fibersshahzaib yousuf
 
Steps taken to go green in appareal industry
Steps taken to go green in appareal industrySteps taken to go green in appareal industry
Steps taken to go green in appareal industrypriyangaraja1
 
Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their Properties
Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their PropertiesDifferent Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their Properties
Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their PropertiesPandaSilk
 
Classification of fibre
Classification of fibreClassification of fibre
Classification of fibrekaniks4
 
textile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptx
textile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptxtextile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptx
textile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptxMezgebuTesfaye4
 
Textile fibers and yarns editabl
Textile fibers and yarns editablTextile fibers and yarns editabl
Textile fibers and yarns editablNeeraj Sinha
 
Natural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textiles
Natural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textilesNatural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textiles
Natural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textilesshindhe1098cv
 
chapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdf
chapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdfchapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdf
chapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdfMariyambibiMandarawa1
 
Primary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organism
Primary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organismPrimary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organism
Primary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organismMegha Shah
 
Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...
Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...
Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...Jamilur Rahman Efaz
 
textile fibres [compatibility mode]
 textile fibres [compatibility mode] textile fibres [compatibility mode]
textile fibres [compatibility mode]Today Fasion ware
 

Similar to About Fibers- Kenaf,Milkweed and Pina (20)

FIBERCRAFTPPT.pptx
FIBERCRAFTPPT.pptxFIBERCRAFTPPT.pptx
FIBERCRAFTPPT.pptx
 
FIBERCRAFTPPT.pptx
FIBERCRAFTPPT.pptxFIBERCRAFTPPT.pptx
FIBERCRAFTPPT.pptx
 
Properties Of Textile Fibers
Properties Of Textile FibersProperties Of Textile Fibers
Properties Of Textile Fibers
 
Steps taken to go green in appareal industry
Steps taken to go green in appareal industrySteps taken to go green in appareal industry
Steps taken to go green in appareal industry
 
Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their Properties
Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their PropertiesDifferent Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their Properties
Different Types Of Fibers With Pictures & Their Properties
 
Classification of fibre
Classification of fibreClassification of fibre
Classification of fibre
 
Jute fiber
Jute fiberJute fiber
Jute fiber
 
Fibres drugs
Fibres drugsFibres drugs
Fibres drugs
 
textile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptx
textile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptxtextile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptx
textile fiber lecture material for level 2.pptx
 
Textile fibers and yarns editabl
Textile fibers and yarns editablTextile fibers and yarns editabl
Textile fibers and yarns editabl
 
Jute
JuteJute
Jute
 
81177264 textile-fibres
81177264 textile-fibres81177264 textile-fibres
81177264 textile-fibres
 
Natural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textiles
Natural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textilesNatural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textiles
Natural Fibres in interiors use of clothing textiles
 
chapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdf
chapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdfchapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdf
chapter5fibres-drugs-181002121549 (2).pdf
 
Primary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organism
Primary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organismPrimary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organism
Primary metabolites, Fibers, Teratogens, Marine organism
 
Fibers cotton
Fibers   cottonFibers   cotton
Fibers cotton
 
Abaca fibre
Abaca fibreAbaca fibre
Abaca fibre
 
Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...
Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...
Physical and Chemical properties of Pineapple leaf Fiber ,Linen fiber and Ban...
 
textile fibres [compatibility mode]
 textile fibres [compatibility mode] textile fibres [compatibility mode]
textile fibres [compatibility mode]
 
Fibre,yarn,fabric
Fibre,yarn,fabricFibre,yarn,fabric
Fibre,yarn,fabric
 

Recently uploaded

IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...MerlizValdezGeronimo
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptxJonalynLegaspi2
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17Celine George
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 

Recently uploaded (20)

IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 

About Fibers- Kenaf,Milkweed and Pina

  • 2. Scientifically known as Hibiscus Cannabinus have commercial applications Tall and slender, resembling bamboo or jute, and is related to okra and cotton This is a 4,000-year-old crop, originating from Africa About Kenaf Fibre KENAF PLANT
  • 3. Mechanical The Fibre is 1.4 g/cm3 dense Tensile Strength is 283-800 MPa Moisture absorption rate is 0% Flammable in nature Properties
  • 4. Durability Degrades at high temperature The tensile strength decreases when kept at 180 degrees Celsius for an hour Hydrophilic in nature
  • 5. Aesthetics Pleasing, lightweight, and have a soft feel Most sustainable and ability to replenish Fibre cells are about 2–6 mm long Pale yellow in colour
  • 6. About Piña Fibre Pina is also known as pineapple fibre. Obtained from the large leaves of the pineapple plant. It is commonly used in Philippines. It is sometimes combined with silk and polyester to create a textile fabric. Layered Piña cloth
  • 7. Properties Mechanical  Pina fibre is 15.26 g/cm3.  The strength of tensile is 170 Mpa.  It is resistant to moisture .  It’s specific strength is 110 Mpa. Cross-Section of PALF
  • 8. Aesthetics  Soft and lustrous.  Long and light weight .  White or ivory in color.  Similar in appearance to linen.  Blends well with other fibres. Extraction of Pina Fibre Pineapple fibre yarn
  • 9. Durability  Highly susceptible to acids.  Elongation at break is 3 %.  Strong and highly resilient strands. Cloth made from Pina
  • 10. About Milkweed Fibre Milkweed Plant Cross-sectional view  Soft, buoyant, lustrous floss is yellowish white in colour.  About 1 to 3 cm (0.375 to 1.12 inches) in length and 20 to 50 microns (0.0008 to 0.002 inch) in diameter. It is a natural seed fibre mostly composed of Cellulose. Used as fiberfill in comforters, personal flotation devices and upholstery. (n.d.). Retrieved September 10, 2016, from http://textilevaluechain.com/index.php/article/technical/item/268-futureistic-
  • 11. Properties Durability  The alkali treatment of fibre results in a change of colour from off-white to brownish yellow.  Develops convolutions after alkali treatment.  The bundle fibre strength and elongation of milkweed fibres is lower due to the absence of convolutions or crimp like structure.  The moisture regain of milkweed fibres is higher than cotton.  The milkweed fibre elongation is lower and short fibre percentage is higher compared to cotton.  The raw milkweed fibres start degrading at around 180°C .
  • 12. Aesthetics  The milkweed fibres are finer, less dense and yellowish in colour when compared to cotton. Lightweight, soft, hollow, buoyant, poor aging resistance. Stain-resistance, and easy wash ability.  It itself cannot be spun but can be mixed with other fibres.  It is fire-resistant due to the high silica content of the fibre.
  • 13. Comfort It is a very shiny, slippery fibre with poor clinging ability. It has poor dye acceptation capacity. Poor elasticity.