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Northern Plains of INDIA
By
GROUP-2
Class IX-D
DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL, SONEPAT
group Leader
JATIN BISHLA
Shashwat, Harshit, Rachit, Sidharth,
Sanyam & Aditya
Group members
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Importance of Northern Plain
3. Extension of Northern Plain
4. Features of Northern Plain
5. Divisions of Northern Plain
6. Composition of Northern Plain
7. Important Facts on Northern Plain
1. Introduction
The Northern Fertile Plain lies to the south of Himalayan Region. It is
also called the Gangetic Plain. It is a vast plain and level land between
the Himalayas in the North and Deccan Plateau in the South. From
Punjab in the West to Assam in the East, this plain is about 2400 km.
long and its width varies from 150 km. in the East to about 300 km. in
the West. It includes the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh,
Bihar, West Bengal, some parts of Assam and the Union Territory of
Delhi.
The soil of this plain is built of the sediments brought down by the
rivers from Himalayas. Such plain is called an alluvial plain and is very
fertile. This plain is one of the largest and most fertile plains of the
World. It is the most thickly populated plain. This is also the major crop
growing area in India.
2. Importance of northern plain
This plain is very important to India in many ways:
1. This plain is made up of the alluvial soil brought down by the
rivers. This soil is very soft and fertile. Major crops such as
wheat, rice, sugarcane, pulses, oil seeds and jute are grown
here. This plain is the 'food bowl1 of India.
2. The land of this plain is soft, level and flat. Therefore wells,
tube-wells and canals can be dug for irrigation. Due to proper
irrigation it is the largest producer of food grains in India.
2. Importance of northern plain
3. This plain gets sufficient rainfall. There are many rivers, streams and lakes.
There is also rich vegetation. These factors affect the climate and make it
tolerable.
4. This is one of the most thickly populated plain of the world. The most
thickly populated States of India — Uttar Pradesh and Bihar — lie in this
plain.
5. This plain is very important for the economic development of India. The
land being even, the transportation and communication is easy. This plain
has a network of railways and roads.
3. Extension of northern plain
The Plains of Northern India, also known as the Gangetic
Plains, is situated in the southern Himalayan Region.
The Northern Plains spreading from Assam to Punjab has a
length of around 2400 km and the width ranges between 150
km to 300 km, varying in different regions. It can be found in
Bihar, Punjab, Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, parts
of Delhi and Haryana.
4. features of northern plain
The plains of Northern India are consistently level plains without any interruption
except for a few outliers of the Aravalli Mountain Range, such as, in the environs
of Delhi. Formerly deep trenches of around 6 to 8 km in depth, these plains outline
the isolated low hills or ridges and come out of the adjacent alluvium as islands in the
ocean. The trench was formed as a fore deep, when the Himalayas rose as fold
mountains. This east-west depression received drainage from the Himalaya
Mountains in the north and the plateau in the south.
Owing to continued silting, the depression was filled up with sediments. Stability in
the level of these plains is mainly due to two basic facts. Firstly, no earth movement
disturbed their flatness later and secondly the deposition took place in water. The
watershed that divides the Sutlej Plain from the Ganga Plain is low as one enters the
Haryana-Punjab Plain from the Uttar Pradesh Plain.
5. divisions of northern plain
The Plains of Northern India are generally divided into 2 river systems-
* The Indus in the west, and
* The Ganga-Brahmaputra in the east.
Indus Basin
Less than 1/3rd of the Indus basin is situated in India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal
Pradesh and Punjab). It is approximately 2900 km long and its primary tributaries include
the Sutlej River, Beas River, Ravi River, Chenab River and Jhelum River. A glimpse into
the map of India will show how these rivers unite together before finally merging the in
the Indus River.
Ganga Basin
Ganga River has two primary origins in the Himalaya the Bhagirathi River and
the Alaknanda River. Both merge in Dev Prayag and flow as the Ganga afterward. It
enters the northern plains at Haridwar. Yamuna River joins it in Allahabad. It is believed
that Ganga has originated from the jota or head gear of Shiva according to the mythical
references.
Chambal River, Sindh River, Betwa River and Ken River in turn join the Yamuna River.
They all stream through the Malwa Plateau before entering into the northern plains.
5. divisions of northern plain
Brahmaputra Valley
Brahmaputra initiates in Tibet near the source of the Indus River and Sutlej
River. Brahmaputra River is longer compared to the Indus, most of its course lying in
Tibet. It streams parallel to the Himalaya Mountains in Tibet, where it is referred to
as Tsangpo.
In Arunachal Pradesh it is called Dihang.
6. composition of northern plain
The northern plains of India are composed of the excellent silt - alluvium. The main rivers of the
region bring it down from the Himalayas in the north and the peninsular plateau in the south.
Such a plain is also termed as alluvial plain that is rich in alluvial soil. The rivers being heavily
charged with boulders, sand and mud unexpectedly loosen in speed as they debouch on these
plains depositing their load in the form of gravel fans along the foot of the Himalayan ranges.
The southern edge of the Gangetic Plain is broken by
several gorges turning the productive alluvial land into
unusable barren waste lands. In states of Punjab,
Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, which is fed by deficient
rain, the main rivers of the region have been tapped
for irrigational purposes.
The Plains of Northern India are very essential and have their great contribution in the
economic development of the country.
Some of the major industries that have developed, evenly, over the whole region include Iron
and Steel, Jute, Cement, Sugar and Textile Industries.
7. Important facts of northern plain
1. The Northern Plains lie to the south of the Himalayas extending 2,500 km in length from East
to West.
2. It consists of two river basins-the Indus and the Ganga-Brahmaputra. It is made up of fertile
alluvial soil. These support very dense population.
3. The Northern Plains can be divided into four parts:
(a) The Rajasthan Plains
(b) Indus Plain
(c) Ganga Plain
(d) Brahmaputra Plain
4. The Northern Plains are important because :
(а) They are the largest alluvial plains in the world formed by the deposition of silt by the
major rivers of the plain.
(b) The rivers are navigable and have water in them throughout the year (Perennial).
(c) Flat land helps in the construction of roads and railways.
(d) Irrigation facilities have made the plains the largest wheat growing areas.
(e) A number of H.E.P. Projects have been constructed which have helped in irrigation and
generation of power.
Thanks
From :-
group-2

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A topic on northern plain rev

  • 1. Have a Discussion on Northern Plains of INDIA By GROUP-2 Class IX-D DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL, SONEPAT
  • 2. group Leader JATIN BISHLA Shashwat, Harshit, Rachit, Sidharth, Sanyam & Aditya Group members
  • 3. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Importance of Northern Plain 3. Extension of Northern Plain 4. Features of Northern Plain 5. Divisions of Northern Plain 6. Composition of Northern Plain 7. Important Facts on Northern Plain
  • 4. 1. Introduction The Northern Fertile Plain lies to the south of Himalayan Region. It is also called the Gangetic Plain. It is a vast plain and level land between the Himalayas in the North and Deccan Plateau in the South. From Punjab in the West to Assam in the East, this plain is about 2400 km. long and its width varies from 150 km. in the East to about 300 km. in the West. It includes the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, some parts of Assam and the Union Territory of Delhi. The soil of this plain is built of the sediments brought down by the rivers from Himalayas. Such plain is called an alluvial plain and is very fertile. This plain is one of the largest and most fertile plains of the World. It is the most thickly populated plain. This is also the major crop growing area in India.
  • 5. 2. Importance of northern plain This plain is very important to India in many ways: 1. This plain is made up of the alluvial soil brought down by the rivers. This soil is very soft and fertile. Major crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, pulses, oil seeds and jute are grown here. This plain is the 'food bowl1 of India. 2. The land of this plain is soft, level and flat. Therefore wells, tube-wells and canals can be dug for irrigation. Due to proper irrigation it is the largest producer of food grains in India.
  • 6. 2. Importance of northern plain 3. This plain gets sufficient rainfall. There are many rivers, streams and lakes. There is also rich vegetation. These factors affect the climate and make it tolerable. 4. This is one of the most thickly populated plain of the world. The most thickly populated States of India — Uttar Pradesh and Bihar — lie in this plain. 5. This plain is very important for the economic development of India. The land being even, the transportation and communication is easy. This plain has a network of railways and roads.
  • 7. 3. Extension of northern plain The Plains of Northern India, also known as the Gangetic Plains, is situated in the southern Himalayan Region. The Northern Plains spreading from Assam to Punjab has a length of around 2400 km and the width ranges between 150 km to 300 km, varying in different regions. It can be found in Bihar, Punjab, Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, parts of Delhi and Haryana.
  • 8. 4. features of northern plain The plains of Northern India are consistently level plains without any interruption except for a few outliers of the Aravalli Mountain Range, such as, in the environs of Delhi. Formerly deep trenches of around 6 to 8 km in depth, these plains outline the isolated low hills or ridges and come out of the adjacent alluvium as islands in the ocean. The trench was formed as a fore deep, when the Himalayas rose as fold mountains. This east-west depression received drainage from the Himalaya Mountains in the north and the plateau in the south. Owing to continued silting, the depression was filled up with sediments. Stability in the level of these plains is mainly due to two basic facts. Firstly, no earth movement disturbed their flatness later and secondly the deposition took place in water. The watershed that divides the Sutlej Plain from the Ganga Plain is low as one enters the Haryana-Punjab Plain from the Uttar Pradesh Plain.
  • 9. 5. divisions of northern plain The Plains of Northern India are generally divided into 2 river systems- * The Indus in the west, and * The Ganga-Brahmaputra in the east. Indus Basin Less than 1/3rd of the Indus basin is situated in India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab). It is approximately 2900 km long and its primary tributaries include the Sutlej River, Beas River, Ravi River, Chenab River and Jhelum River. A glimpse into the map of India will show how these rivers unite together before finally merging the in the Indus River. Ganga Basin Ganga River has two primary origins in the Himalaya the Bhagirathi River and the Alaknanda River. Both merge in Dev Prayag and flow as the Ganga afterward. It enters the northern plains at Haridwar. Yamuna River joins it in Allahabad. It is believed that Ganga has originated from the jota or head gear of Shiva according to the mythical references. Chambal River, Sindh River, Betwa River and Ken River in turn join the Yamuna River. They all stream through the Malwa Plateau before entering into the northern plains.
  • 10. 5. divisions of northern plain Brahmaputra Valley Brahmaputra initiates in Tibet near the source of the Indus River and Sutlej River. Brahmaputra River is longer compared to the Indus, most of its course lying in Tibet. It streams parallel to the Himalaya Mountains in Tibet, where it is referred to as Tsangpo. In Arunachal Pradesh it is called Dihang.
  • 11. 6. composition of northern plain The northern plains of India are composed of the excellent silt - alluvium. The main rivers of the region bring it down from the Himalayas in the north and the peninsular plateau in the south. Such a plain is also termed as alluvial plain that is rich in alluvial soil. The rivers being heavily charged with boulders, sand and mud unexpectedly loosen in speed as they debouch on these plains depositing their load in the form of gravel fans along the foot of the Himalayan ranges. The southern edge of the Gangetic Plain is broken by several gorges turning the productive alluvial land into unusable barren waste lands. In states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, which is fed by deficient rain, the main rivers of the region have been tapped for irrigational purposes. The Plains of Northern India are very essential and have their great contribution in the economic development of the country. Some of the major industries that have developed, evenly, over the whole region include Iron and Steel, Jute, Cement, Sugar and Textile Industries.
  • 12. 7. Important facts of northern plain 1. The Northern Plains lie to the south of the Himalayas extending 2,500 km in length from East to West. 2. It consists of two river basins-the Indus and the Ganga-Brahmaputra. It is made up of fertile alluvial soil. These support very dense population. 3. The Northern Plains can be divided into four parts: (a) The Rajasthan Plains (b) Indus Plain (c) Ganga Plain (d) Brahmaputra Plain 4. The Northern Plains are important because : (а) They are the largest alluvial plains in the world formed by the deposition of silt by the major rivers of the plain. (b) The rivers are navigable and have water in them throughout the year (Perennial). (c) Flat land helps in the construction of roads and railways. (d) Irrigation facilities have made the plains the largest wheat growing areas. (e) A number of H.E.P. Projects have been constructed which have helped in irrigation and generation of power.