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@celTatis
@OER_Hub
OPEN
EDUCATION
RESEARCH
HUB
A Tale of Two Globes:
Exploring the North/South
Divide in Use of OER
Beatriz de los Arcos
Rob Farrow
Beck Pitt
Martin Weller
The Open University, UK
#opened15
Project Co-PILOT
OERRH Survey Data: 7,700 responses from 175 countries
bit.ly/OERRH_SurveyData
CCBY-NCRichardhttps://flic.kr/p/daKBTG
CCBY-NDWesDickinsonhttps://flic.kr/p/q7tS35
divide?
N=7635 Global South 24% Global North 76%
Role
38% informal learners
29% formal learners
32% educators
45% informal learners
28.4% formal learners
23.2% educators
Gender
62% male
36.6% female
44% male
55% female
Age 28% 25-34 years-old 22.3% 25-34 years-old
Educational Qualification
38% postgraduate
32% undergraduate
34.5% postgraduate
26% undergraduate
Employment status
48.3% full-time
13% part-time
47.2% full-time
17.7% part-time
English native speakers 31% 75%
Internet Access
56% mobile
49% home broadband
70% mobile
89% home broadband
Educators Global South Global North
Gender
58% male
42% female
48% male
52% female
Age 28% 35-44 years-old 26% 45-54 years-old
Educational Qualification
60% postgraduate
24% undergraduate
64% postgraduate
20% undergraduate
Employment status
67% full-time
16% part-time
61% full-time
23% part-time
English native speakers 39% 76%
Teaching experience 49% >10 years 57% >10 years
89.5
83.6
74.5
76.7
60.8
61.3
18.1
19
60.4
76
49.8
64.5
51.4
41.9
10.5
32.9
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Shopped online
Used spreadsheet software
Used a VLE to teach
Used cloud-based storage
Shared an image online
Downloaded a podcast
Recorded and uploaded a podcast
Downloaded a file using a torrent client
South
North
Digital literacies*
80
39.8
16.2
28.8
23.2
13.8
76.1
38.1
12.7
22.8
24.3
14.6
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
I have adapted open educational resources to fit my
needs
I have created open educational resources for study or
teaching
I have created resources myself and published them on
an open license
I have added a resource to a repository
I have added comments to a repository regarding the
quality of a resource
I have added comments to a repository suggesting ways
of using a resource
South
North
Engagement with OER
The OER Engagement Ladder (Wild, 2012)
http://www.open.ac.uk/score/files/score/file/OER%20Engagement%20Study%20Joanna%20Wild_full%20research%20report.pdf
“[Wild’s] model does not allow for consideration of
contextual factors enabling and inhibiting OER use
in development contexts”. (Perryman & Seal, 2015)
Open educational practices and attitudes to openness across India: reporting the findings
of the OER Research Hub pan-India survey. OER15, 14-15 April 2015, Cardiff.
34.9
62
59.7
36.2
17.1
31.1
23.7
20.1
24.9
46.5
48.6
50.8
26.9
50.7
30
32.4
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment
Finding suitable resources in my subject area
Finding resources of sufficiently high quality
Finding resources that are relevant to my local context
Not being skilled enough to edit resources
Overcoming technology problems when downloading
resources
Not having connections with OER-using peers
Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use
of OER
South
North
Challenges in using OER*
Global South Global North
I have adapted OER to fit
my needs
80.2% 87.8%
I have created resources
for teaching
34% 42%
I have created resources
and published them under
an open license*
8.9% 17.6%
Educators + technology as challenge =
?
CCBY-NC-NDTigerPixelhttps://flic.kr/p/dE5mzu
42
62.3
59
75.4
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
I have improved my skills in ICT
OER allow me to better
accommodate diverse learner
needs
South
North
Technology
barriers
Not relevant to
local context
Impact of OER on teaching
challengechallenge
34.9
62
59.7
36.2
17.1
31.1
23.7
20.1
24.9
46.5
48.6
50.8
26.9
50.7
30
32.4
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment
Finding suitable resources in my subject area
Finding resources of sufficiently high quality
Finding resources that are relevant to my local context
Not being skilled enough to edit resources
Overcoming technology problems when downloading
resources
Not having connections with OER-using peers
Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use
of OER
South
North
Challenges in using OER*
CCBYMattBrownhttps://flic.kr/p/qPkG8v
connecting
Open Education Research Hub
• Research into open education and strategies for building
worldwide open education research capacity
• Available for research & consultancy (short & long term)
• Current projects include:
•

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A Tale of Two Globes: Exploring the North/South Divide in Use of OER

  • 1. @celTatis @OER_Hub OPEN EDUCATION RESEARCH HUB A Tale of Two Globes: Exploring the North/South Divide in Use of OER Beatriz de los Arcos Rob Farrow Beck Pitt Martin Weller The Open University, UK #opened15
  • 3. OERRH Survey Data: 7,700 responses from 175 countries
  • 5.
  • 7. N=7635 Global South 24% Global North 76% Role 38% informal learners 29% formal learners 32% educators 45% informal learners 28.4% formal learners 23.2% educators Gender 62% male 36.6% female 44% male 55% female Age 28% 25-34 years-old 22.3% 25-34 years-old Educational Qualification 38% postgraduate 32% undergraduate 34.5% postgraduate 26% undergraduate Employment status 48.3% full-time 13% part-time 47.2% full-time 17.7% part-time English native speakers 31% 75% Internet Access 56% mobile 49% home broadband 70% mobile 89% home broadband
  • 8. Educators Global South Global North Gender 58% male 42% female 48% male 52% female Age 28% 35-44 years-old 26% 45-54 years-old Educational Qualification 60% postgraduate 24% undergraduate 64% postgraduate 20% undergraduate Employment status 67% full-time 16% part-time 61% full-time 23% part-time English native speakers 39% 76% Teaching experience 49% >10 years 57% >10 years
  • 9. 89.5 83.6 74.5 76.7 60.8 61.3 18.1 19 60.4 76 49.8 64.5 51.4 41.9 10.5 32.9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Shopped online Used spreadsheet software Used a VLE to teach Used cloud-based storage Shared an image online Downloaded a podcast Recorded and uploaded a podcast Downloaded a file using a torrent client South North Digital literacies*
  • 10. 80 39.8 16.2 28.8 23.2 13.8 76.1 38.1 12.7 22.8 24.3 14.6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 I have adapted open educational resources to fit my needs I have created open educational resources for study or teaching I have created resources myself and published them on an open license I have added a resource to a repository I have added comments to a repository regarding the quality of a resource I have added comments to a repository suggesting ways of using a resource South North Engagement with OER
  • 11. The OER Engagement Ladder (Wild, 2012) http://www.open.ac.uk/score/files/score/file/OER%20Engagement%20Study%20Joanna%20Wild_full%20research%20report.pdf
  • 12. “[Wild’s] model does not allow for consideration of contextual factors enabling and inhibiting OER use in development contexts”. (Perryman & Seal, 2015) Open educational practices and attitudes to openness across India: reporting the findings of the OER Research Hub pan-India survey. OER15, 14-15 April 2015, Cardiff.
  • 13. 34.9 62 59.7 36.2 17.1 31.1 23.7 20.1 24.9 46.5 48.6 50.8 26.9 50.7 30 32.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment Finding suitable resources in my subject area Finding resources of sufficiently high quality Finding resources that are relevant to my local context Not being skilled enough to edit resources Overcoming technology problems when downloading resources Not having connections with OER-using peers Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use of OER South North Challenges in using OER*
  • 14. Global South Global North I have adapted OER to fit my needs 80.2% 87.8% I have created resources for teaching 34% 42% I have created resources and published them under an open license* 8.9% 17.6% Educators + technology as challenge =
  • 16. 42 62.3 59 75.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 I have improved my skills in ICT OER allow me to better accommodate diverse learner needs South North Technology barriers Not relevant to local context Impact of OER on teaching challengechallenge
  • 17.
  • 18. 34.9 62 59.7 36.2 17.1 31.1 23.7 20.1 24.9 46.5 48.6 50.8 26.9 50.7 30 32.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment Finding suitable resources in my subject area Finding resources of sufficiently high quality Finding resources that are relevant to my local context Not being skilled enough to edit resources Overcoming technology problems when downloading resources Not having connections with OER-using peers Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use of OER South North Challenges in using OER*
  • 20. Open Education Research Hub • Research into open education and strategies for building worldwide open education research capacity • Available for research & consultancy (short & long term) • Current projects include: •