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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 762
A Review on Safety Management System in School Bus
Anusha M M1
, Chandana K2, Lasya V H3, Lavanya S4, Yashwanth J5
1Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India
2Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India
3Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India
4Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India
5 Asst. Professor, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India
---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------
Abstract - An essential component of providing children
with a quality education is ensuring their safety as they
move between school and home. With crime and accidents
occurring frequently, parents are worried about their
children going to school. In this paper, a detailed review of
latest works that were implemented in the arena of smart
school bus management system is presented. The paper
briefs about the different sensors used, use of recent
technologies, its working and future work.
Key Words: RFID (Radio Frequency Identification), SMS
(Short Message Service), GPS(GlobalPositioningSystem), GSM
(Global System of Mobile Communication), VANET (Vehicular
ad hoc Network), API (Application Programming Interface),
IOT (Internet of Things), VBBS (Vehicle Black Box System).
1. INTRODUCTION
In the modern world, ensuring safety and well-being is a
crucial issue. For students, school transportationshouldbea
reliable means of communication. An appropriate solution
for the secured transportation of children has become a
crucial concern since the implementation of the School
Transport Security, the Executives Act in 2012, which
focuses on the engine transport, drivers, and other issues.
There have been numerous accounts of children
experiencing difficulties while moving. Kids' safety is
typically the top concern for parents and school staff,
especially while they are apart from their children. They are
constantly concerned to make sure that all necessary safety
precautions are being performed. For instance, parents are
frequently concerned about their child's arrival.
1.1 Safety Management System
The proposed framework shows that the RFID following
innovation is a functional choice for observingandfollowing
the students during their transportation to and from school,
on school transport. The framework will inform guardians
by SMS at whatever point youngsters entersorleavesschool
transport, this will guarantee guardians that kids are
securely reached to objective. GPS and Google maps are
utilized for route and show benefits separately. GSMutilized
for sending ready message. The framework trackstheschool
transport by the GPS Module and furthermore gives a
caution in the event that the transport crosses as far as
possible. The GPS Module is utilized for live following of the
School Transports and alarming on the off chance that fire
mishap happens and send an alarm message to the
guardians, school and furthermore for the fire motor and
moreover we can likewise screen the ailments of the driver
and caution the authorities in the event of any unfortunate
behavior.Alarmingtheconcernedpeoplewhenthetransport
faces any mishap is additionally made conceivable.
2. Literature Review
S Malathy et.al [1] developed a design in which a Sensible
bus tracking system was created. The requirements for a
general sensible bus trailingsystem are stated. It informsthe
general public, students, faculty, and school service
corporations about the accurate placement of the mobile
school service vehicle.Forthedevelopmentoftheapplication
package, the planned system makes use of both internet and
mobile platforms, as well as currenttechnologies.Themobile
application simplifies access for children/students and their
faculty, and parents can easily track their children's buses.
The utility corporations can register new students and
confirm bus routes. The benefits of this system include cost
efficiency, protection, and ensuring the safety of children.
Raja Godwin D et.al [2]developedasystemwhichensures
the safety of children in school bus duringthetransportation.
The system consists of RFID Reader which is located in the
bus and it detects the tags of the child. Once the tag is
detected the notification along with the data is sent to the
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 763
relevant authorities. They have created an applicationwhere
the parents can log into it and obtain the details about their
children and also track the location of the bus. The system
also includes a feature where the admin can add one or more
of stops and generate a route and also track the live location
of the bus. The future work mentioned is to enhance the
system by implementing Parking Management System using
VANET and also to extendthesystemforfull-timemonitoring
with minimum cost.
Ilker Korkmaz and Alp Camci [3] used a variety of open,
cutting-edge technologies to design and construct an
architecture that encompasses both web and mobile
platforms. Kids and students can use the smartphone
application to make use of school serviceswiser,andparents
can quickly track their children's transportation.
Additionally, bus service providers can quickly register new
kids and choose the school buses' itineraries on a dynamic
basis. Scalability, flexibility, affordability, security, and
dependability are all features of the system. The use case
scenarios are created for various system actors. Onthebasis
of the design criteria, a prototype system is putintopractice.
When developing system software, open software
frameworks are preferred. Integrated third-party open API
services are employed inthe routingprocessforthedynamic
establishment of the routes. With several test scenarios, the
entire system is tested. For the tested prototype, some run-
time output screenshots of the graphical user interfaces of
the mobile application are displayed. These sample user
interfaces show how user-friendly the program is given that
the system works automatically in the background.
According to the test findings, the application met all the
criteria needed to be a successful smart bus trackingsystem.
The focus can be on potential improvements to the creation
of routes using various API services as the next stage to be
taken into account for the upcoming development.
The approach, which was proposed by Khaled Mohfouz
and S. Mohammad Rameshi [4] intends to improve school
community safety by lowering and eliminating instances of
leaving pupils behind on school buses by keeping track of
their attendance in the vehicles. The produced route
guarantees that bus drivers will arrive at the home address
of a student who is present, and in the event of severe errors
or manipulation, this might signal a situation of a student
going missing, allowing authorities to take urgent action to
protect the student's safety. The suggested method assumes
the usage of an Android app that makes handling processes
connected to attendance simple. The proposed system was
successfully deployed, and it was further able to track
student attendance using face or fingerprint recognition
technology and build routes based on the attended classes.
Mona Kumari, Ajitesh Kumar and Arbaz Khan [5]
designed a Real Time Tracking system which constantly
tracks the bus location in real time. The GPS module is
installed in the bus to read the location of the bus. Once the
data is read it is passed to microprocessorandisstoredinthe
server. The stored real time data can be fetched by the user.
RFID technology is been implemented in order to obtain the
information regarding the number of students in the busand
it also provides information about the vacant seats. Since the
user can track the live location of the bus it helps him to
decide whether he have to wait for the bus or not. This
reduces the waiting time of the passenger or traveler. Along
with current location the estimated arrival time is also
provided and the calculated arrival time is provided through
an application built.
Jafrul Islam Sojol et.al [6] designed and implemented the
Smart schoolbusconsistingofvarioussub-modulestoensure
the safety of the children. The seat occupation sensing
module used to indicate the presence of child on the seat is
done using the pressure pad. The passenger safety state
sensing module detects if the seat belt is plugged or not. The
received data from both the modules is displayed in Real-
timeseating data display module and in the ParentAlertsub-
module the alert message is sent whenever the student
fastens the best. In the future the intend to add live video
streaming so the parents and the school authorities can
watch the live video which shows the condition inside the
bus. Theyalso planned to improve the sensitivity and quality
of pressure pad devices. Along with these improvements the
intend to develop web-basedinterfacesothattheparentscan
log into the system from any part of the world.
Tarneem M. Hamadto et.al [7] proposed a system which
also describes method to track school buses and provide
interaction in more efficientand effectiveway.Itcanresultin
greater reliability to providereal-time updated of school bus
location, reduce man-made errors in check-in and check-out
operations, and can notify parents about the status of the
student on-board the school bus.
To track, monitor,and operatethe vehicleengine,Saurabh
S. Chakole et al. [8] presented a system using TMCS. To
accomplish this, a relay is connected to the vehicle's ignition
wire. It utilises a microcontroller, LCD, GPS, and GSM. It is
built and developed to have locking mode, track monitoring
mode, and control mode. It works comfortably and produces
results that are accurate and of high quality. On GMAP,
location maybequicklyfound.Positionlockingmodedelivers
alert messages and offers significant safety if the vehicle or
system changes. It functions as an anti-theft tool and can
function without internet. Future improvements to the
system are possible. The system has advanced by being able
to function with both online and offline application.
Tun Mohamad Aqil Mohamad Fadzir et.al [9] proposed
and executed a school transport security framework in light
of RFID and GSM innovations. The execution of the RFID
innovation could identify the understudy's development
entering or leaving the school transports. The warning
message is sent straightforwardly to the parent cell's phone
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 764
when their youngsters were effectively left or shown up to
the objective and give piece of brain to the guardians.
Participation checker, as an extra element will give early
warning to the guardians in the event that the youngsters
isn't ready (missing). What'smore, the proposedventurecan
be additionally made do by executing the Worldwide
Situating Framework (GPS) as the area tracker. Concerning
size and helpful, wristband with a loop on chip innovation
could give more benefit than utilizing the understudy
personality card. Be that as it may, for the long run execution
the viability of the proposed framework model can be
assessed in light of the avoidance estimation of the hijacking
wrongdoing exercises among the young kids.
Rohan Bandal and Atul Oak [10] proposed a directing
information from a hub which isfittedonthetransportwhich
sends GPS information and the RFID label peruser shows the
understudies present on the transport. MQTT convention
makes it simple to add numerous hubs to the frameworkasit
is light in weight. A portable application is convenient to use
as every one of the information is accessible on the
application about the transport area status and the quantity
of understudies as well as thespecific understudy presenton
the transport. A shut circle representative will a superior
extra to this task as the ongoing undertaking utilizes a
merchant which is public in nature.
Santhanalakshmi and Sethuraman [11] The goal of this
project is to develop a universally installable Internet of
Things (IoT) replica of the Vehicle Black Box System (VBBS).
In order to monitor activity inside the automobile, a camera
and sensors will be put there. Data and images will then be
transferred to email and short message services, while web
pages will be recorded in real-time. Medical help is
dispatched to the scene of the collision and its approximate
location. This essay primarily focuses on enhancing accident
victim care and making fraud easier to spot. In the future,
photographs will be continuously processed in the cloud,
where the image will be recognized by the claimant or
robbery, given to the police system, and located in the police
database.
Nitesh Mandal et al. [12] discuss the identification of
drunk driving and the wearer'sseatbeltstatus.Basedonhow
it works, a system is proposed and categorized into three
groups: GPS,seatbelts, and alcohol. Afterthealcoholpart,itis
checked to see if the driver was intoxicated while operating
the vehicle by looking at the seat belt portion, which
determines if the seat belt is worn or not. The ignition state,
or the ON and OFF state, of the vehicle iscontrolledbybothof
these components. Using the GPS, get the e Topics discussed
by Nitesh Mandal et al. include the identification of drunk
driving and seat belt usage. GSM can be utilised to establish
this system by sendingamessagetothenearbypolicestation,
hospital, and ambulance whenever an accident occurs. This
system can be implemented utilising a technique where, in
the event of an accident, GSM sends a message to the local
ambulance, hospital, and police station in order to save the
injured. In addition to recording events so that we can
identify causes in addition to accidents, we can also
incorporate a camera that could function as a "black box"
(much like the one in an aeroplane). Using cutting-edge
machinelearningalgorithms,wecananalysedrivingabilities.
This system can be achieved using a method in which GSM
transmits a message whenever an accident occurs to the
adjacent police station, the hospital, and also the ambulance
that is positioned nearby.
Rambabu Vatti [13] created and deployed a low-cost bus
tracking system that enables commuters to view seat
occupancy levels, specific bus locations, and estimated
arrival times on their smartphones. This eliminates several
issues, including thefts, accidents,andcrowdingatbusstops.
It also cuts down on waiting times. This prototype
technology, which is now being used to track buses on a
single route, can be used on all lines. Thissystemcomeswith
a low-coverage frequency RFID reader, however a high-
coverage frequency RFID reader can also be used to
implement it.
An RFID and GSM system was proposed by Hasmah
Mansor et al. [14]. The Klang Valley region was the focus
since it has stable and available GSM technology, and the
majority of working parents rely on school bus services for
their kids. If the kids aren't on board, the RFID technology's
added feature has alerted the parents in advance (absent).
The adoption of this gadget and system on all Malaysian
school buses, particularly those in the Klang Valley, could
lower the number of cases of kidnapping, missing, and
truancy among schoolchildren. Instead of using a frame
method, the Global Positioning System (GPS) can be
suggested as an enhancement for a future project's location
tracker. Another choice is to utilise a bracelet using coil-on-
chip technology in place of an RFID card.
3. CONCLUSIONS
Despite the fact that there have been many good safety
management systems, the research field is still difficultsince
the proposed system is meant to increase the safety of
children during daily transportation. This survey of recent
research provides an overview of efforts made by
researchers to develop intelligent, energy-efficient
monitoring systems that will enable continuous monitoring
and prompt alerts and notifications. A better monitoring
system for kid safety management will undoubtedly be
created with the help of IoT, wireless communication
standards, and the latest sensors for detecting various
quality criteria.
Successfully implemented to detect the student‟s
movement while they were entering or exiting t he school
buses. Using GSM technology, notification message has
been sucesfully sent to parent mobile‟s phone as soon as
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 765
their children were successfully departed or arrived at the
destination. Attendance checke
REFERENCES
[1] S. Malathy, P. Ambarish, S. D. Kumar and G. A. Gokul
Prashanth, "Smart School Bus: To Ensure the Safety of
Children," 2021 7th International Conference on Advanced
Computing and Communication Systems(ICACCS),2021,pp.
923-927, doi: 10.1109/ICACCS51430.2021.9442044.
[2] Godwin, Raja and E Abishablessy. “SMART SCHOOL BUS
MONITORING SYSTEM USING IOT.” (2018).
[3] I. Korkmaz, A. Camci, C. Cengiz, D. Dirik, E. Cekci and F. M.
Akbaba, "A Smart School Bus Tracking System," 2019
International Symposium on Networks, Computers and
Communications (ISNCC), 2019, pp. 1-6, doi:
10.1109/ISNCC.2019.8909188.
[4] K. Mahfouz, S. M. Rameshi, M. Rafat, M. Elsayed, M.Sheikh
and H. Zidan, "Route Mapping and Biometric Attendance
System in School Buses," 2020 Advances in Science and
Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET),
2020, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ASET48392.2020.9118199.
[5] M. Kumari, A. Kumar and A. Khan, "IoT Based Intelligent
Real-Time System for Bus Tracking and Monitoring," 2020
International Conference on Power Electronics & IoT
Applications in Renewable Energy and its control (PARC)
2020, pp.226-230, doi:10.1109/PARC49193.2020.246240.
[6] Sojol, Jafrul & Alam, Md & Hossain, Nazmul & Motahar,
Tamanna (2019). Smart School Bus: EnsuringSafetyonroad
for school going children 10.23919/ICACT.2019.8701918.
[7] T. M. Hamadto, Z. A. Adam and M. H.Elsayed,"AnAndroid
Application of School Bus Tracker Based on RFID
Technology," 2020 International Conference on Computer,
Control, Electrical, and Electronics Engineering (ICCCEEE)
2021 pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ICCCEEE49695.2021.9429629.
[8] S. S. Chakole, N. A. Ukani and S. Sheikh, "GPS and GSM
Enable Tracking, Monitoring andControl systemforMultiple
Application," 2019 International Conference on Smart
Systems and Inventive Technology (ICSSIT),2019,pp.1027-
1030, doi: 10.1109/ICSSIT46314.2019.8987753.
[9] T. M. A. M. Fadzir, H. Mansor, T. S. Gunawan and Z. Janin,
"Development of School Bus Security System Based on RFID
and GSM Technonologies for Klang Valley Area," 2018 IEEE
5th International Conference on Smart Instrumentation,
Measurement and Application (ICSIMA), 2018, pp. 1-5, doi:
10.1109/ICSIMA.2018.8688783.
[10] R. Bandal and A. Oak, "Managing Location Identification
and Chain SMS for Smart School Transport System using
IoT," 2019 International Conference on Computer
Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), 2019, pp. 1-6, doi:
10.1109/ICCCI.2019.8821865.
[11] S. Sethuraman and S. Santhanalakshmi, "Implementing
Vehicle Black Box System by IoT based approach," 2020 4th
International Conference on Trends in Electronics and
Informatics (ICOEI) (48184), 2020, pp. 390-395, doi:
10.1109/ICOEI48184.2020.9142906.
[12] N. Mandal, A. Sainkar, O. Rane and M. Vibhute, "Vehicle
Tracking with Alcohol Detection&SeatBeltControl System,"
2020 International Conference for Emerging Technology
(INCET),2020,pp.1-5,doi:
10.1109/INCET49848.2020.9154093.
[13] Kamble, Pravin & Vatti, Rambabu. (2017). Bus tracking
and monitoring using RFID. 1-6. 10.1109 /
ICIIP.2017.8313748.
[14] Mansor, Hasmah & Fadzir, Tun & Gunawan, Teddy &
Janin, Zuriati. (2020). Safety and security solution for school
bus through RFID and GSM technologies. Indonesian Journal
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A Review on Safety Management System in School Bus

  • 1. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 762 A Review on Safety Management System in School Bus Anusha M M1 , Chandana K2, Lasya V H3, Lavanya S4, Yashwanth J5 1Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India 2Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India 3Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India 4Student, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India 5 Asst. Professor, Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Vidyavardhaka college of Engineering, Karnataka, India ---------------------------------------------------------------------***--------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract - An essential component of providing children with a quality education is ensuring their safety as they move between school and home. With crime and accidents occurring frequently, parents are worried about their children going to school. In this paper, a detailed review of latest works that were implemented in the arena of smart school bus management system is presented. The paper briefs about the different sensors used, use of recent technologies, its working and future work. Key Words: RFID (Radio Frequency Identification), SMS (Short Message Service), GPS(GlobalPositioningSystem), GSM (Global System of Mobile Communication), VANET (Vehicular ad hoc Network), API (Application Programming Interface), IOT (Internet of Things), VBBS (Vehicle Black Box System). 1. INTRODUCTION In the modern world, ensuring safety and well-being is a crucial issue. For students, school transportationshouldbea reliable means of communication. An appropriate solution for the secured transportation of children has become a crucial concern since the implementation of the School Transport Security, the Executives Act in 2012, which focuses on the engine transport, drivers, and other issues. There have been numerous accounts of children experiencing difficulties while moving. Kids' safety is typically the top concern for parents and school staff, especially while they are apart from their children. They are constantly concerned to make sure that all necessary safety precautions are being performed. For instance, parents are frequently concerned about their child's arrival. 1.1 Safety Management System The proposed framework shows that the RFID following innovation is a functional choice for observingandfollowing the students during their transportation to and from school, on school transport. The framework will inform guardians by SMS at whatever point youngsters entersorleavesschool transport, this will guarantee guardians that kids are securely reached to objective. GPS and Google maps are utilized for route and show benefits separately. GSMutilized for sending ready message. The framework trackstheschool transport by the GPS Module and furthermore gives a caution in the event that the transport crosses as far as possible. The GPS Module is utilized for live following of the School Transports and alarming on the off chance that fire mishap happens and send an alarm message to the guardians, school and furthermore for the fire motor and moreover we can likewise screen the ailments of the driver and caution the authorities in the event of any unfortunate behavior.Alarmingtheconcernedpeoplewhenthetransport faces any mishap is additionally made conceivable. 2. Literature Review S Malathy et.al [1] developed a design in which a Sensible bus tracking system was created. The requirements for a general sensible bus trailingsystem are stated. It informsthe general public, students, faculty, and school service corporations about the accurate placement of the mobile school service vehicle.Forthedevelopmentoftheapplication package, the planned system makes use of both internet and mobile platforms, as well as currenttechnologies.Themobile application simplifies access for children/students and their faculty, and parents can easily track their children's buses. The utility corporations can register new students and confirm bus routes. The benefits of this system include cost efficiency, protection, and ensuring the safety of children. Raja Godwin D et.al [2]developedasystemwhichensures the safety of children in school bus duringthetransportation. The system consists of RFID Reader which is located in the bus and it detects the tags of the child. Once the tag is detected the notification along with the data is sent to the
  • 2. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 763 relevant authorities. They have created an applicationwhere the parents can log into it and obtain the details about their children and also track the location of the bus. The system also includes a feature where the admin can add one or more of stops and generate a route and also track the live location of the bus. The future work mentioned is to enhance the system by implementing Parking Management System using VANET and also to extendthesystemforfull-timemonitoring with minimum cost. Ilker Korkmaz and Alp Camci [3] used a variety of open, cutting-edge technologies to design and construct an architecture that encompasses both web and mobile platforms. Kids and students can use the smartphone application to make use of school serviceswiser,andparents can quickly track their children's transportation. Additionally, bus service providers can quickly register new kids and choose the school buses' itineraries on a dynamic basis. Scalability, flexibility, affordability, security, and dependability are all features of the system. The use case scenarios are created for various system actors. Onthebasis of the design criteria, a prototype system is putintopractice. When developing system software, open software frameworks are preferred. Integrated third-party open API services are employed inthe routingprocessforthedynamic establishment of the routes. With several test scenarios, the entire system is tested. For the tested prototype, some run- time output screenshots of the graphical user interfaces of the mobile application are displayed. These sample user interfaces show how user-friendly the program is given that the system works automatically in the background. According to the test findings, the application met all the criteria needed to be a successful smart bus trackingsystem. The focus can be on potential improvements to the creation of routes using various API services as the next stage to be taken into account for the upcoming development. The approach, which was proposed by Khaled Mohfouz and S. Mohammad Rameshi [4] intends to improve school community safety by lowering and eliminating instances of leaving pupils behind on school buses by keeping track of their attendance in the vehicles. The produced route guarantees that bus drivers will arrive at the home address of a student who is present, and in the event of severe errors or manipulation, this might signal a situation of a student going missing, allowing authorities to take urgent action to protect the student's safety. The suggested method assumes the usage of an Android app that makes handling processes connected to attendance simple. The proposed system was successfully deployed, and it was further able to track student attendance using face or fingerprint recognition technology and build routes based on the attended classes. Mona Kumari, Ajitesh Kumar and Arbaz Khan [5] designed a Real Time Tracking system which constantly tracks the bus location in real time. The GPS module is installed in the bus to read the location of the bus. Once the data is read it is passed to microprocessorandisstoredinthe server. The stored real time data can be fetched by the user. RFID technology is been implemented in order to obtain the information regarding the number of students in the busand it also provides information about the vacant seats. Since the user can track the live location of the bus it helps him to decide whether he have to wait for the bus or not. This reduces the waiting time of the passenger or traveler. Along with current location the estimated arrival time is also provided and the calculated arrival time is provided through an application built. Jafrul Islam Sojol et.al [6] designed and implemented the Smart schoolbusconsistingofvarioussub-modulestoensure the safety of the children. The seat occupation sensing module used to indicate the presence of child on the seat is done using the pressure pad. The passenger safety state sensing module detects if the seat belt is plugged or not. The received data from both the modules is displayed in Real- timeseating data display module and in the ParentAlertsub- module the alert message is sent whenever the student fastens the best. In the future the intend to add live video streaming so the parents and the school authorities can watch the live video which shows the condition inside the bus. Theyalso planned to improve the sensitivity and quality of pressure pad devices. Along with these improvements the intend to develop web-basedinterfacesothattheparentscan log into the system from any part of the world. Tarneem M. Hamadto et.al [7] proposed a system which also describes method to track school buses and provide interaction in more efficientand effectiveway.Itcanresultin greater reliability to providereal-time updated of school bus location, reduce man-made errors in check-in and check-out operations, and can notify parents about the status of the student on-board the school bus. To track, monitor,and operatethe vehicleengine,Saurabh S. Chakole et al. [8] presented a system using TMCS. To accomplish this, a relay is connected to the vehicle's ignition wire. It utilises a microcontroller, LCD, GPS, and GSM. It is built and developed to have locking mode, track monitoring mode, and control mode. It works comfortably and produces results that are accurate and of high quality. On GMAP, location maybequicklyfound.Positionlockingmodedelivers alert messages and offers significant safety if the vehicle or system changes. It functions as an anti-theft tool and can function without internet. Future improvements to the system are possible. The system has advanced by being able to function with both online and offline application. Tun Mohamad Aqil Mohamad Fadzir et.al [9] proposed and executed a school transport security framework in light of RFID and GSM innovations. The execution of the RFID innovation could identify the understudy's development entering or leaving the school transports. The warning message is sent straightforwardly to the parent cell's phone
  • 3. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 764 when their youngsters were effectively left or shown up to the objective and give piece of brain to the guardians. Participation checker, as an extra element will give early warning to the guardians in the event that the youngsters isn't ready (missing). What'smore, the proposedventurecan be additionally made do by executing the Worldwide Situating Framework (GPS) as the area tracker. Concerning size and helpful, wristband with a loop on chip innovation could give more benefit than utilizing the understudy personality card. Be that as it may, for the long run execution the viability of the proposed framework model can be assessed in light of the avoidance estimation of the hijacking wrongdoing exercises among the young kids. Rohan Bandal and Atul Oak [10] proposed a directing information from a hub which isfittedonthetransportwhich sends GPS information and the RFID label peruser shows the understudies present on the transport. MQTT convention makes it simple to add numerous hubs to the frameworkasit is light in weight. A portable application is convenient to use as every one of the information is accessible on the application about the transport area status and the quantity of understudies as well as thespecific understudy presenton the transport. A shut circle representative will a superior extra to this task as the ongoing undertaking utilizes a merchant which is public in nature. Santhanalakshmi and Sethuraman [11] The goal of this project is to develop a universally installable Internet of Things (IoT) replica of the Vehicle Black Box System (VBBS). In order to monitor activity inside the automobile, a camera and sensors will be put there. Data and images will then be transferred to email and short message services, while web pages will be recorded in real-time. Medical help is dispatched to the scene of the collision and its approximate location. This essay primarily focuses on enhancing accident victim care and making fraud easier to spot. In the future, photographs will be continuously processed in the cloud, where the image will be recognized by the claimant or robbery, given to the police system, and located in the police database. Nitesh Mandal et al. [12] discuss the identification of drunk driving and the wearer'sseatbeltstatus.Basedonhow it works, a system is proposed and categorized into three groups: GPS,seatbelts, and alcohol. Afterthealcoholpart,itis checked to see if the driver was intoxicated while operating the vehicle by looking at the seat belt portion, which determines if the seat belt is worn or not. The ignition state, or the ON and OFF state, of the vehicle iscontrolledbybothof these components. Using the GPS, get the e Topics discussed by Nitesh Mandal et al. include the identification of drunk driving and seat belt usage. GSM can be utilised to establish this system by sendingamessagetothenearbypolicestation, hospital, and ambulance whenever an accident occurs. This system can be implemented utilising a technique where, in the event of an accident, GSM sends a message to the local ambulance, hospital, and police station in order to save the injured. In addition to recording events so that we can identify causes in addition to accidents, we can also incorporate a camera that could function as a "black box" (much like the one in an aeroplane). Using cutting-edge machinelearningalgorithms,wecananalysedrivingabilities. This system can be achieved using a method in which GSM transmits a message whenever an accident occurs to the adjacent police station, the hospital, and also the ambulance that is positioned nearby. Rambabu Vatti [13] created and deployed a low-cost bus tracking system that enables commuters to view seat occupancy levels, specific bus locations, and estimated arrival times on their smartphones. This eliminates several issues, including thefts, accidents,andcrowdingatbusstops. It also cuts down on waiting times. This prototype technology, which is now being used to track buses on a single route, can be used on all lines. Thissystemcomeswith a low-coverage frequency RFID reader, however a high- coverage frequency RFID reader can also be used to implement it. An RFID and GSM system was proposed by Hasmah Mansor et al. [14]. The Klang Valley region was the focus since it has stable and available GSM technology, and the majority of working parents rely on school bus services for their kids. If the kids aren't on board, the RFID technology's added feature has alerted the parents in advance (absent). The adoption of this gadget and system on all Malaysian school buses, particularly those in the Klang Valley, could lower the number of cases of kidnapping, missing, and truancy among schoolchildren. Instead of using a frame method, the Global Positioning System (GPS) can be suggested as an enhancement for a future project's location tracker. Another choice is to utilise a bracelet using coil-on- chip technology in place of an RFID card. 3. CONCLUSIONS Despite the fact that there have been many good safety management systems, the research field is still difficultsince the proposed system is meant to increase the safety of children during daily transportation. This survey of recent research provides an overview of efforts made by researchers to develop intelligent, energy-efficient monitoring systems that will enable continuous monitoring and prompt alerts and notifications. A better monitoring system for kid safety management will undoubtedly be created with the help of IoT, wireless communication standards, and the latest sensors for detecting various quality criteria. Successfully implemented to detect the student‟s movement while they were entering or exiting t he school buses. Using GSM technology, notification message has been sucesfully sent to parent mobile‟s phone as soon as
  • 4. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 10 Issue: 02 | Feb 2023 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2023, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 765 their children were successfully departed or arrived at the destination. Attendance checke REFERENCES [1] S. Malathy, P. Ambarish, S. D. Kumar and G. A. Gokul Prashanth, "Smart School Bus: To Ensure the Safety of Children," 2021 7th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems(ICACCS),2021,pp. 923-927, doi: 10.1109/ICACCS51430.2021.9442044. [2] Godwin, Raja and E Abishablessy. “SMART SCHOOL BUS MONITORING SYSTEM USING IOT.” (2018). [3] I. Korkmaz, A. Camci, C. Cengiz, D. Dirik, E. Cekci and F. M. Akbaba, "A Smart School Bus Tracking System," 2019 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC), 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ISNCC.2019.8909188. [4] K. Mahfouz, S. M. Rameshi, M. Rafat, M. Elsayed, M.Sheikh and H. Zidan, "Route Mapping and Biometric Attendance System in School Buses," 2020 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET), 2020, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ASET48392.2020.9118199. [5] M. Kumari, A. Kumar and A. Khan, "IoT Based Intelligent Real-Time System for Bus Tracking and Monitoring," 2020 International Conference on Power Electronics & IoT Applications in Renewable Energy and its control (PARC) 2020, pp.226-230, doi:10.1109/PARC49193.2020.246240. [6] Sojol, Jafrul & Alam, Md & Hossain, Nazmul & Motahar, Tamanna (2019). Smart School Bus: EnsuringSafetyonroad for school going children 10.23919/ICACT.2019.8701918. [7] T. M. Hamadto, Z. A. Adam and M. H.Elsayed,"AnAndroid Application of School Bus Tracker Based on RFID Technology," 2020 International Conference on Computer, Control, Electrical, and Electronics Engineering (ICCCEEE) 2021 pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ICCCEEE49695.2021.9429629. [8] S. S. Chakole, N. A. Ukani and S. Sheikh, "GPS and GSM Enable Tracking, Monitoring andControl systemforMultiple Application," 2019 International Conference on Smart Systems and Inventive Technology (ICSSIT),2019,pp.1027- 1030, doi: 10.1109/ICSSIT46314.2019.8987753. [9] T. M. A. M. Fadzir, H. Mansor, T. S. Gunawan and Z. Janin, "Development of School Bus Security System Based on RFID and GSM Technonologies for Klang Valley Area," 2018 IEEE 5th International Conference on Smart Instrumentation, Measurement and Application (ICSIMA), 2018, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICSIMA.2018.8688783. [10] R. Bandal and A. Oak, "Managing Location Identification and Chain SMS for Smart School Transport System using IoT," 2019 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ICCCI.2019.8821865. [11] S. Sethuraman and S. Santhanalakshmi, "Implementing Vehicle Black Box System by IoT based approach," 2020 4th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI) (48184), 2020, pp. 390-395, doi: 10.1109/ICOEI48184.2020.9142906. [12] N. Mandal, A. Sainkar, O. Rane and M. Vibhute, "Vehicle Tracking with Alcohol Detection&SeatBeltControl System," 2020 International Conference for Emerging Technology (INCET),2020,pp.1-5,doi: 10.1109/INCET49848.2020.9154093. [13] Kamble, Pravin & Vatti, Rambabu. (2017). Bus tracking and monitoring using RFID. 1-6. 10.1109 / ICIIP.2017.8313748. [14] Mansor, Hasmah & Fadzir, Tun & Gunawan, Teddy & Janin, Zuriati. (2020). Safety and security solution for school bus through RFID and GSM technologies. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. 17. 804. 10.11591/ijeecs.v17.i2.pp804-814.