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A matter of scales. The management
of marine recreational fisheries
(MRF) in the EU
8th WRFC. Victoria, 16-20 July 2017
PABLO PITA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE, PEDRO GOMES, HARRY STREHLOW,
PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, KIERAN HYDER
Background
• Marine Recreational Fisheries (MRF)
management have been traditionally
neglected in favor of commercial fisheries.
• Complex adaptive socioecological
system.
Objectives
• We present a critical review of the current
management that affects MRF in Europe.
• We analyzed how these regulations on MRF
support the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries
(EAF) in different geographic areas.
• We assume that the EAF is a good approach
for the sustainable management of complex
socioecological systems.
Methodology
• Selected EU, national, and regional legislation from
Spain and the UK (Portugal is ongoing, Germany?).
• Westlaw (next), EUR-Lex: e.g., "recreational fishing" or
"sport fishing" or "spear fishing" or "spearfishing" or "rod
and line fishing“ or "marine recreational fishing" or "sport
marine fishing" or "angling".
• Policy Component Scores (PCS) by 5 components:
social, economic, environmental–ecological and
institutional.
• Integrated Policy Legal Index (IPLI) by country (and EU)
was calculated checking 57 criteria: biophysical
attributes, social drivers and attributes of the governance
systems (Castillo et al. 2016).
Results
Administration
Search
1 2 Used
Spain 512 32 231
UK 57 197 41
EU 91 31 27
Up to two different search engines and lists of keywords were used
What’s in?
Subject
Administration
Spain United Kingdom European Union
N % N % N %
Coastal activities 5 2.2 1 2.4 3 11.1
Conservation 5 2.2 0 0.0 0 0.0
Disease control 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 3.7
Fish imports 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 7.4
Marine fishing 33 14.3 7 17.1 12 44.4
Minimum sizes 3 1.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
MPA 108 46.8 0 0.0 0 0.0
Navigation 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
Ports 2 0.9 1 2.4 0 0.0
Public and animal health 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 3.7
Recreational fishing 40 17.3 4 9.8 0 0.0
Restrictions by species 18 7.8 25 61.0 8 29.6
Sports 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
Transfer fishing
competences
13 5.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
Turism 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
Weapons 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
Welfare of animals 0 0.0 3 7.3 0 0.0
Total 231 100.0 41 100.0 27 100.0
Word diving
Spain UK EU
Word diving
Zone
(0.87%)
Salmon
(0.88%)
Vessel
(1.53%)
Spain UK EU
Word diving
Spain
Word diving
Spain
Word diving
UK
Word diving
UK
Word diving
EUzone
Word diving
EUzone
PCS and IPLI
IPLI=0.88
IPLI=0.80
IPLI=0.87
Are these legal frameworks suited for sustainable
management of common resources in complex
adaptive socioecological environments?
• Shortcomings
– Castillo et al. (2016) approach developed for freshwater.
– EAF developed for commercial fisheries.
– Adaptive management needs precautionary approach and
resilience.
• High IPLI in general.
• Social sustainability is not a priority.
• Spain: higher IPLI, many regulations.
• UK: lower IPLI, specially in social component.
• EU: good balance, but covering a few species
(migratory, endangered).
Thank you!
Email: pablo.pita@usc.es

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A matter of scales. The management of marine recreational fisheries in the EU

  • 1. A matter of scales. The management of marine recreational fisheries (MRF) in the EU 8th WRFC. Victoria, 16-20 July 2017 PABLO PITA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE, PEDRO GOMES, HARRY STREHLOW, PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, KIERAN HYDER
  • 2. Background • Marine Recreational Fisheries (MRF) management have been traditionally neglected in favor of commercial fisheries. • Complex adaptive socioecological system.
  • 3. Objectives • We present a critical review of the current management that affects MRF in Europe. • We analyzed how these regulations on MRF support the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) in different geographic areas. • We assume that the EAF is a good approach for the sustainable management of complex socioecological systems.
  • 4. Methodology • Selected EU, national, and regional legislation from Spain and the UK (Portugal is ongoing, Germany?). • Westlaw (next), EUR-Lex: e.g., "recreational fishing" or "sport fishing" or "spear fishing" or "spearfishing" or "rod and line fishing“ or "marine recreational fishing" or "sport marine fishing" or "angling". • Policy Component Scores (PCS) by 5 components: social, economic, environmental–ecological and institutional. • Integrated Policy Legal Index (IPLI) by country (and EU) was calculated checking 57 criteria: biophysical attributes, social drivers and attributes of the governance systems (Castillo et al. 2016).
  • 5. Results Administration Search 1 2 Used Spain 512 32 231 UK 57 197 41 EU 91 31 27 Up to two different search engines and lists of keywords were used
  • 6. What’s in? Subject Administration Spain United Kingdom European Union N % N % N % Coastal activities 5 2.2 1 2.4 3 11.1 Conservation 5 2.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 Disease control 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 3.7 Fish imports 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 7.4 Marine fishing 33 14.3 7 17.1 12 44.4 Minimum sizes 3 1.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 MPA 108 46.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 Navigation 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Ports 2 0.9 1 2.4 0 0.0 Public and animal health 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 3.7 Recreational fishing 40 17.3 4 9.8 0 0.0 Restrictions by species 18 7.8 25 61.0 8 29.6 Sports 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Transfer fishing competences 13 5.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 Turism 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Weapons 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Welfare of animals 0 0.0 3 7.3 0 0.0 Total 231 100.0 41 100.0 27 100.0
  • 16. Are these legal frameworks suited for sustainable management of common resources in complex adaptive socioecological environments? • Shortcomings – Castillo et al. (2016) approach developed for freshwater. – EAF developed for commercial fisheries. – Adaptive management needs precautionary approach and resilience. • High IPLI in general. • Social sustainability is not a priority. • Spain: higher IPLI, many regulations. • UK: lower IPLI, specially in social component. • EU: good balance, but covering a few species (migratory, endangered).

Editor's Notes

  1. SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE, PEDRO GOMES, HARRY STREHLOW , PEDRO VEIGA , JOSÉ VINGADA , KIERAN HYDER
  2. Lack of socioecological criteria in the management frameworks?
  3. EAF=Ecosystem approach to fisheries EAF is a good approach to achieve ecological sustainability; therefore to perform adaptive management of complex socioecological systems (there are other: precautionary approach and resilience).
  4. From North to South, from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean. Policy Component Scores by using a framework of 5 components (social, economic, environmental–ecological and institutional) with 57 criteria. Integrated Policy Legal Index by administrative región (mean of PCS).
  5. Spain: 80% from the regional governments. UK: 35% from the countries included in the UK.
  6. Frecuencies Spain = Zone 0.87% UK = Salmon 0.88% (worth pointing out that the UK legislation surround access to fish for salmon & sea trout in estuaries) EU = Vessel 1.53
  7. Zone is related with MPA and with laws that regulate marine fishing
  8. Salmon is related with regulations by authorities
  9. Vessel is linked to member states Regulations on fish species is reltated to different geographical areas
  10. Spain: higher IPLI, higher scores in Fishing and Environmental-Ecolocial scores, lower score in Economic component. UK: lower IPLI, higher score in Economic component, low score in social component (lower tan 50%). EU: Medium IPLI, balanced PCSs.
  11. Limitations of the study: The Castillo et al approach was developed for freshwater (we adapted). EAF was developed in a commercial fisheries context and this concept is still undeveloped in MRF. EAF does not embrace all needs to perform adaptive management to promote sustainability of complex SES. It is just one of 3 main legs; the other: precautionary approach and resilience. On the other hand, the questionnaire that we used following Castillo et al, actually goes beyond EAF and is similar to other frameworks derived from Ostrom to deal with holistic management of SES. In general: Yes, IPLIs are not too bad, although social component is not the higher priority (contrast with article 17 of the CFP that specifies that environmental, social and economic criteria should be used to determine access to fishing rights). Spain: overregulated framework? Too difficult for users? 40 regulations in MRF. 108 regulating MRF in MPAs. Lower interest in the promotion of economic development of MRF, and this is related with blue growth innitiatives and development of local, sustainable economies. UK: When Brexit, need to develope social regulations, now partially covered by EU legislation. High regulation on Salmon (not fish and chips!), not other species, which are partially covered by EU (Brexit again). UK care about economic development of MRF. EU: what about the other species? Need for a specific regulation taking care of the different management scales in Europe?
  12. SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE, PEDRO GOMES, HARRY STREHLOW , PEDRO VEIGA , JOSÉ VINGADA , KIERAN HYDER