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IDRC Davos 2016
Davos, Switzerland
29 August, 2016
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment
Framework to Address Fire Hazards at
the Wildland-Urban Interface
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center
Introduction
• Objective: advocate for longer term,
proactive, coupled hazard perspective.
• Rationale for the LCHA.
• Discuss the current state of the “multi-
hazard” concept.
• Discuss the life cycle assessment.
approach and its adaptation to hazards.
• Southwest Idaho (and beyond) as an
exemplar.
• Next steps and more questions.
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center
Rationale
• Need for longer term perspective on wildfires
and related hazards, based on observation.
• WUI in southwest Idaho is often in the foothills
(desirable location).
• Increased development pressure, creating
vulnerability in spite of signals (CA fires, LA
flooding).
• Disaster cycle – closed loop, “wildfire season.”
• We treat wildfires as discrete (manageable)
events, increasing vulnerability.
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center
“Multi-hazards” where are we now?
• Generally 1-2 connections, short time frame.
• Cascading, domino, triggering, primary and
secondary, “mutating” disasters.
• Disaster cycle – (prepare, respond, recover,
mitigate) closed loop, “wildfire season”
emergency management approach.
• Systems approach is more complex – “suite” of
potential hazards in a unit of analysis.
• Hazardscapes, riskscapes- landscape scale (social
and natural dimensions).
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center
Adapting the life cycle assessment concept
• Based on business models of product life cycle.
• Adapted for environmental impacts of products.
• Currently being applied for biodiversity and
ecosystems impacts.
• Add the “hazard” and consider fire as the
“product” within ecological, societal, and bio-
physical domains, and natural and tech hazards.
• Platform for integrating disciplines and
approaches to consider fire impact over time.
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center
LCHA and Southwest Idaho
• Tale of three wildfires.
• Soda Fire - 2015 - 280,000 acres, contentious post
fire recovery and restoration issues
• Pioneer Fire – 2016 – 100,000 acres and growing
• Boise WUI fires – 2016 – human caused
• Boise basin as a unit of analysis: fire, flood,
smoke/dust, earthquake, infrastructure failure.
• Administrative jurisdictions and decision making.
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST
Next steps for the LCHA and questions
• Temporal and spatial implications? Slow versus
rapid secondary hazard interactions (Gill and
Malamud).
• What are the implications for regional scale
governance? Competing jurisdictions and
resources.
• Challenging research on the science – policy
nexus = transdisciplinarity is the key.
• Need integrative disaster theory to address the
current situations.
Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director,
Public Policy Research Center

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A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment (LCHA) Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-urban Interface, Eric LINDQUIST

  • 1. IDRC Davos 2016 Davos, Switzerland 29 August, 2016 A Life Cycle Hazard Assessment Framework to Address Fire Hazards at the Wildland-Urban Interface Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center
  • 2. Introduction • Objective: advocate for longer term, proactive, coupled hazard perspective. • Rationale for the LCHA. • Discuss the current state of the “multi- hazard” concept. • Discuss the life cycle assessment. approach and its adaptation to hazards. • Southwest Idaho (and beyond) as an exemplar. • Next steps and more questions. Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center
  • 3. Rationale • Need for longer term perspective on wildfires and related hazards, based on observation. • WUI in southwest Idaho is often in the foothills (desirable location). • Increased development pressure, creating vulnerability in spite of signals (CA fires, LA flooding). • Disaster cycle – closed loop, “wildfire season.” • We treat wildfires as discrete (manageable) events, increasing vulnerability. Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center
  • 4. “Multi-hazards” where are we now? • Generally 1-2 connections, short time frame. • Cascading, domino, triggering, primary and secondary, “mutating” disasters. • Disaster cycle – (prepare, respond, recover, mitigate) closed loop, “wildfire season” emergency management approach. • Systems approach is more complex – “suite” of potential hazards in a unit of analysis. • Hazardscapes, riskscapes- landscape scale (social and natural dimensions). Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center
  • 5. Adapting the life cycle assessment concept • Based on business models of product life cycle. • Adapted for environmental impacts of products. • Currently being applied for biodiversity and ecosystems impacts. • Add the “hazard” and consider fire as the “product” within ecological, societal, and bio- physical domains, and natural and tech hazards. • Platform for integrating disciplines and approaches to consider fire impact over time. Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center
  • 6. LCHA and Southwest Idaho • Tale of three wildfires. • Soda Fire - 2015 - 280,000 acres, contentious post fire recovery and restoration issues • Pioneer Fire – 2016 – 100,000 acres and growing • Boise WUI fires – 2016 – human caused • Boise basin as a unit of analysis: fire, flood, smoke/dust, earthquake, infrastructure failure. • Administrative jurisdictions and decision making. Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center
  • 14. Next steps for the LCHA and questions • Temporal and spatial implications? Slow versus rapid secondary hazard interactions (Gill and Malamud). • What are the implications for regional scale governance? Competing jurisdictions and resources. • Challenging research on the science – policy nexus = transdisciplinarity is the key. • Need integrative disaster theory to address the current situations. Eric Lindquist, Ph.D., Director, Public Policy Research Center