SlideShare a Scribd company logo
A Brief History of
Western Education
Since Antiquity
Athens, 5th-4th Century
BCE
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at low-cost private schools for
citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical
decision-making.
Athens, 5th-4th Century
BCE
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at low-cost private schools for
citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical
decision-making.
Education focused on the mind, the body, and
the sense of aesthetics.
Athens, 5th-4th Century
BCE
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at low-cost private schools for
citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical
decision-making.
Education focused on the mind, the body, and
the sense of aesthetics.
Students learned the “seven liberal arts”:
Athens, 5th-4th Century
BCE
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at low-cost private schools for
citizenship, democracy, and ethical decision-
making.
Education focused on the mind, the body, and
the sense of aesthetics.
Students learned the “seven liberal arts”:
First grammar, logic, and rhetoric (later called the
trivium);
Athens, 5th-4th Century
BCE
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at low-cost private schools for
citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical
decision-making.
Education focused on the mind, the body
(athletics), and the sense of aesthetics.
Students learned the “seven liberal arts”:
First grammar, logic, and rhetoric (later called the
trivium);
Then arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy
(later called the quadrivium).
Athens, 5th-4th Century
BCE
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at low-cost private schools for citizenship,
democracy, oratory, and ethical decision-making.
Education focused on the mind, the body, and the
sense of aesthetics.
Students learned the “seven liberal arts”:
First grammar, logic, and rhetoric (later called the
trivium);
Then arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy (later
called the quadrivium).
They could then continue with the study of philosophy
or one of the “practical arts,” such as medicine or
architecture.
The Roman Empire
The Romans continued the Greek tradition,
focusing chiefly on athletics, rhetoric, and
oratory.
The Roman Empire
The Romans continued the Greek tradition,
focusing chiefly on athletics, rhetoric, and
oratory.
Romans referred to the Greek tradition as a
“liberal” education, meaning education for free
men (cf. liberty).
The Early Middle Ages
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at monastic and cathedral schools to
become members of the clergy and scribes.
The Early Middle Ages
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at monastic and cathedral schools to
become members of the clergy and scribes.
In contrast to the Greeks and Romans, students
prepared not for this life (rhetoric, politics), but for
life after death.
The Early Middle Ages
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at monastic and cathedral schools to
become members of the clergy and scribes.
In contrast to the Greeks and Romans, students
prepared not for this life (rhetoric, politics), but for
life after death.
They copied Church writings, learned basic
mathematics, and practiced singing.
The Early Middle Ages
The primary goal of education was to prepare
students at monastic and cathedral schools to
become members of the clergy or scribes.
In contrast to the Greeks and Romans, they
prepared not for this life (rhetoric, politics), but for
life after death.
They copied Church writings, learned basic
mathematics, and practiced singing.
Physical exercise was not part of the curriculum.
The High Middle Ages
The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th
centuries.
The High Middle Ages
The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th
centuries.
The goal of education was to understand God
through both theology and this world.
The High Middle Ages
The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th
centuries.
The goal of education was to understand God
through both theology and this world.
Students studied first the trivium (language) and
then the quadrivium (numbers).
The High Middle Ages
The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th
centuries.
The goal of education was to understand God
through both theology and this world.
Students studied first the trivium (language) and
then the quadrivium (numbers).
One could also receive a chivalric education at
noble and court homes that included physical
training, battle skills, poetry, history, and music.
The Renaissance
The goal of education was to develop one’s
physical, spiritual, and intellectual capacities as a
human being (humanism).
The Renaissance
The goal of education was to develop one’s
physical, spiritual, and intellectual capacities as a
human being (humanism).
Education returned to the ancient Greek model,
with less emphasis on theology than during the
Middle Ages.
The Renaissance
The goal of education was to develop one’s
physical, spiritual, and intellectual capacities as a
human being (humanism).
Education returned to the ancient Greek model,
with less emphasis on theology than during the
Middle Ages.
Students also began to study classical languages
and literature, as well as the natural sciences.
The Reformation
Students studied chiefly reading, writing, and
religion in vernacular schools, first established in
16th-century Germany.
The 17th and 18th Centuries
As a result of the Counter-Reformation, in
Catholic Europe the classical curriculum
continued to predominate, and Latin remained
the language of instruction, although it was no
longer used in Europe. The teaching of science
was temporarily banned.
The 17th and 18th Centuries
As a result of the Counter-Reformation, in
Catholic Europe the classical curriculum
continued to predominate, and Latin remained
the language of instruction, although it was no
longer used in Europe. The teaching of science
was temporarily banned.
The first schools in the U.S. were established in
the 17th century, emphasizing reading, writing,
arithmetic, and religion.
The 17th and 18th Centuries
As a result of the Counter-Reformation, in Catholic
Europe the classical curriculum continued to
predominate, and Latin remained the language of
instruction, although it was no longer used in Europe.
The teaching of science was temporarily banned.
The first schools in the U.S. were established in the
17th century, emphasizing reading, writing, arithmetic,
and religion.
Harvard College, founded in 1636, had a liberal arts
curriculum that included classical languages and
literature, ancient history, rhetoric, geometry, logic,
and ethics.
18th-Century U.S.
Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a
more diverse and practical curriculum, including
modern history and languages, geography,
accounting, surveying, agriculture, and
navigation.
18th-Century U.S.
Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a
more diverse and practical curriculum, including
modern history and languages, geography,
accounting, surveying, agriculture, and
navigation.
Franklin also promoted the idea of a residential
college, where students would learn from
discussions outside of classes as well as in
class.
18th-Century U.S.
Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a
more diverse and practical curriculum, including
modern history and languages, geography,
accounting, surveying, agriculture, and
navigation.
Franklin also promoted the idea of a residential
college, where students would learn from
discussions outside of classes as well as in
class.
Thomas Jefferson promoted greater secularism,
science, and preparation for citizenship in a
democracy.
18th-Century U.S.
Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a more
diverse and practical curriculum, including modern
history and languages, geography, accounting,
surveying, agriculture, and navigation.
Franklin also promoted the idea of a residential
college, where students would learn from discussions
outside of classes as well as in class.
Thomas Jefferson promoted greater secularism,
science, and preparation for citizenship in a
democracy.
These trends became influential particularly in the
19th century.
19th-Century U.S.
Curricula broadened to include many additional
disciplines.
19th-Century U.S.
Curricula broadened to include many additional
disciplines.
Science became more popular than the study of
classical languages and literature.
19th-Century U.S.
Curricula broadened to include many additional
disciplines.
Science became more popular than the study of
classical languages and literature.
Education gradually shifted from an emphasis on
memorization of facts to a focus on direct
observation and individual development.
20th-Century U.S.
Curricula came to stress general skills,
realization of students’ full potential, and
preparation of students for citizenship. Students
were encouraged to take a wide range of
courses (a liberal arts education).
20th-Century U.S.
Curricula came to stress general skills,
realization of students’ full potential, and
preparation of students for citizenship. Students
were encouraged to take a wide range of
courses (a liberal arts education).
Higher education became more secular, with a
greater choice of disciplines, including scientific
and vocational training.
20th-Century U.S.
Curricula came to stress general skills,
realization of students’ full potential, and
preparation of students for citizenship. Students
were encouraged to take a wide range of
courses (a liberal arts education).
Higher education became more secular, with a
greater choice of disciplines, including scientific
and vocational training.
The student body and teaching methods also
became more diverse, as women and minorities
were gradually permitted to enter institutions of
higher education.
20th-Century U.S.
Curricula came to stress general skills, realization of
students’ full potential, and preparation of students for
citizenship. Students were encouraged to take a wide
range of courses (a liberal arts education).
Higher education became more secular, with a greater
choice of disciplines, including scientific and vocational
training.
The student body and teaching methods also became
more diverse, as women and minorities were gradually
permitted to enter institutions of higher education.
By the 1950s universities were offering a wide array of
programs in both the humanities and the sciences.
Select Bibliography
Kaufman, Clare. “The History of Higher
Education in the United States.”
WorldWideLearn. 2015. Web. 6 Sept 2015.
Guisepi, Robert, ed. “The History of Education.”
International World History Project. Jan 2006.
Web. 6 Sept 2015.
Zakaria, Fareed. In Defense of a Liberal Arts
Education. New York: W. W. Norton & Company,
2015. Print.

More Related Content

What's hot

Islamic Philosophy and Education
Islamic Philosophy and EducationIslamic Philosophy and Education
Islamic Philosophy and Education
Sahin Sahari
 
Islamic perspective of education
Islamic perspective of educationIslamic perspective of education
Islamic perspective of education
Sukkur IBA
 
Idealism and realism (educ. 301)
Idealism and realism (educ. 301)Idealism and realism (educ. 301)
Idealism and realism (educ. 301)
Divine Dizon
 
Islamic Education
Islamic EducationIslamic Education
Islamic Education
Delgin Rubavathy
 
Philosophy of Realism in Education
Philosophy of Realism in EducationPhilosophy of Realism in Education
Philosophy of Realism in Education
Ann Vitug
 
Branches of philosophy
Branches of philosophyBranches of philosophy
Branches of philosophy
Arma_Sheikh
 
Islamic philosophy of edn ppt
Islamic philosophy of edn pptIslamic philosophy of edn ppt
Islamic philosophy of edn ppt
Nisar Ahmad
 
Naturalism in education
Naturalism in educationNaturalism in education
Naturalism in education
srmica
 
Foundation of education
Foundation of educationFoundation of education
Foundation of education
SagarAlngrat
 
Historical foundations
Historical foundationsHistorical foundations
Historical foundations
Romblon State University
 
Karl Popper's Theory of Falsification
Karl Popper's Theory of FalsificationKarl Popper's Theory of Falsification
Karl Popper's Theory of Falsification
Career Point University - Kota Rajasthan
 
Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of EducationIslamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
Umiie MaLik
 
Concept of philosophy
Concept of philosophyConcept of philosophy
Concept of philosophy
shveta arya
 
Philisophy of Naturalism
Philisophy of NaturalismPhilisophy of Naturalism
Philisophy of Naturalism
Nanelyn Bontoyan
 
The functions of education
The functions of educationThe functions of education
The functions of education
Misbah Ishaq
 
Philosophy.pptx
Philosophy.pptxPhilosophy.pptx
Philosophy.pptx
Dr. Harpal Kaur
 
Education In Ancient Rome
Education In Ancient RomeEducation In Ancient Rome
Education In Ancient Rome
guesta460e54
 
Muslim Thinkers of Education
Muslim Thinkers of EducationMuslim Thinkers of Education
Muslim Thinkers of Education
Dr. DANIYAL MUSHTAQ
 
The concepts of Islamic education curriculum
The concepts of Islamic education curriculumThe concepts of Islamic education curriculum
The concepts of Islamic education curriculum
Kaiyisah Yusof
 
Indian philosophy
Indian philosophyIndian philosophy
Indian philosophy
Jansher Chakkittammal
 

What's hot (20)

Islamic Philosophy and Education
Islamic Philosophy and EducationIslamic Philosophy and Education
Islamic Philosophy and Education
 
Islamic perspective of education
Islamic perspective of educationIslamic perspective of education
Islamic perspective of education
 
Idealism and realism (educ. 301)
Idealism and realism (educ. 301)Idealism and realism (educ. 301)
Idealism and realism (educ. 301)
 
Islamic Education
Islamic EducationIslamic Education
Islamic Education
 
Philosophy of Realism in Education
Philosophy of Realism in EducationPhilosophy of Realism in Education
Philosophy of Realism in Education
 
Branches of philosophy
Branches of philosophyBranches of philosophy
Branches of philosophy
 
Islamic philosophy of edn ppt
Islamic philosophy of edn pptIslamic philosophy of edn ppt
Islamic philosophy of edn ppt
 
Naturalism in education
Naturalism in educationNaturalism in education
Naturalism in education
 
Foundation of education
Foundation of educationFoundation of education
Foundation of education
 
Historical foundations
Historical foundationsHistorical foundations
Historical foundations
 
Karl Popper's Theory of Falsification
Karl Popper's Theory of FalsificationKarl Popper's Theory of Falsification
Karl Popper's Theory of Falsification
 
Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of EducationIslamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
 
Concept of philosophy
Concept of philosophyConcept of philosophy
Concept of philosophy
 
Philisophy of Naturalism
Philisophy of NaturalismPhilisophy of Naturalism
Philisophy of Naturalism
 
The functions of education
The functions of educationThe functions of education
The functions of education
 
Philosophy.pptx
Philosophy.pptxPhilosophy.pptx
Philosophy.pptx
 
Education In Ancient Rome
Education In Ancient RomeEducation In Ancient Rome
Education In Ancient Rome
 
Muslim Thinkers of Education
Muslim Thinkers of EducationMuslim Thinkers of Education
Muslim Thinkers of Education
 
The concepts of Islamic education curriculum
The concepts of Islamic education curriculumThe concepts of Islamic education curriculum
The concepts of Islamic education curriculum
 
Indian philosophy
Indian philosophyIndian philosophy
Indian philosophy
 

Viewers also liked

History Of The Western
History Of The WesternHistory Of The Western
History Of The Western
Rachel Jones
 
Michal Ajvaz, The Other City
Michal Ajvaz, The Other CityMichal Ajvaz, The Other City
Michal Ajvaz, The Other City
Kirsten Lodge
 
Thérèse Kuo-Moukoury
Thérèse Kuo-MoukouryThérèse Kuo-Moukoury
Thérèse Kuo-Moukoury
Kirsten Lodge
 
Prague: The Jewish Town and the Castle
Prague: The Jewish Town and the CastlePrague: The Jewish Town and the Castle
Prague: The Jewish Town and the Castle
Kirsten Lodge
 
Dayanita Singh
Dayanita SinghDayanita Singh
Dayanita Singh
Kirsten Lodge
 
Prague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic Soul
Prague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic SoulPrague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic Soul
Prague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic Soul
Kirsten Lodge
 
Alfred Kubin
Alfred KubinAlfred Kubin
Alfred Kubin
Kirsten Lodge
 
Félicien Rops
Félicien RopsFélicien Rops
Félicien Rops
Kirsten Lodge
 
Shirin Neshat
Shirin NeshatShirin Neshat
Shirin Neshat
Kirsten Lodge
 
Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)
Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)
Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)
Kirsten Lodge
 
Zeus and Hera in art
Zeus and Hera in artZeus and Hera in art
Zeus and Hera in art
Kirsten Lodge
 
Naguib Mahfouz
Naguib MahfouzNaguib Mahfouz
Naguib Mahfouz
Kirsten Lodge
 
The Call of the Wild
The Call of the WildThe Call of the Wild
The Call of the Wild
Kirsten Lodge
 
Titans in Art
Titans in ArtTitans in Art
Titans in Art
Kirsten Lodge
 
J. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
J. M. Coetzee's DisgraceJ. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
J. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
Kirsten Lodge
 
Seduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech Decadence
Seduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech DecadenceSeduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech Decadence
Seduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech Decadence
Kirsten Lodge
 
Edvard Munch
Edvard MunchEdvard Munch
Edvard Munch
Kirsten Lodge
 
Introduction of western education
Introduction of western educationIntroduction of western education
Introduction of western education
Chitwandeep Kaur
 
Postmodernism
PostmodernismPostmodernism
Postmodernism
Kirsten Lodge
 
Art Nouveau
Art NouveauArt Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Kirsten Lodge
 

Viewers also liked (20)

History Of The Western
History Of The WesternHistory Of The Western
History Of The Western
 
Michal Ajvaz, The Other City
Michal Ajvaz, The Other CityMichal Ajvaz, The Other City
Michal Ajvaz, The Other City
 
Thérèse Kuo-Moukoury
Thérèse Kuo-MoukouryThérèse Kuo-Moukoury
Thérèse Kuo-Moukoury
 
Prague: The Jewish Town and the Castle
Prague: The Jewish Town and the CastlePrague: The Jewish Town and the Castle
Prague: The Jewish Town and the Castle
 
Dayanita Singh
Dayanita SinghDayanita Singh
Dayanita Singh
 
Prague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic Soul
Prague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic SoulPrague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic Soul
Prague: Presentation to Accompany Karasek's A Gothic Soul
 
Alfred Kubin
Alfred KubinAlfred Kubin
Alfred Kubin
 
Félicien Rops
Félicien RopsFélicien Rops
Félicien Rops
 
Shirin Neshat
Shirin NeshatShirin Neshat
Shirin Neshat
 
Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)
Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)
Edogawa Rampo's "Caterpillar" by Suehiro Maruo (2009)
 
Zeus and Hera in art
Zeus and Hera in artZeus and Hera in art
Zeus and Hera in art
 
Naguib Mahfouz
Naguib MahfouzNaguib Mahfouz
Naguib Mahfouz
 
The Call of the Wild
The Call of the WildThe Call of the Wild
The Call of the Wild
 
Titans in Art
Titans in ArtTitans in Art
Titans in Art
 
J. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
J. M. Coetzee's DisgraceJ. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
J. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
 
Seduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech Decadence
Seduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech DecadenceSeduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech Decadence
Seduction, Sin, and Sickness: Vampires in Czech Decadence
 
Edvard Munch
Edvard MunchEdvard Munch
Edvard Munch
 
Introduction of western education
Introduction of western educationIntroduction of western education
Introduction of western education
 
Postmodernism
PostmodernismPostmodernism
Postmodernism
 
Art Nouveau
Art NouveauArt Nouveau
Art Nouveau
 

Similar to A Brief History of Western Education

The history of education by Prof. M.M. Pant
The history of education by Prof. M.M. PantThe history of education by Prof. M.M. Pant
The history of education by Prof. M.M. Pant
thenetworkcampus
 
roman educational system with humanism
roman educational system with humanismroman educational system with humanism
roman educational system with humanism
Marie Olaguera
 
Dr. Harnett Article(3)
Dr. Harnett Article(3)Dr. Harnett Article(3)
Dr. Harnett Article(3)
William Kritsonis
 
Dr. Harnett Article
Dr. Harnett ArticleDr. Harnett Article
Dr. Harnett Article
William Kritsonis
 
Historical foundations
Historical foundationsHistorical foundations
Historical foundations
William Kritsonis
 
_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education
_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education
_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education
Ria Lopez (Reservist)(ms.Education)
 
Foundation of education
Foundation of educationFoundation of education
Foundation of education
joel tayag
 
THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...
THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...
THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...
Faga1939
 
History of education ppt
History of education pptHistory of education ppt
History of education ppt
Silvia Nanda Putri Erito
 
Historical development of education and pedagogy
Historical development of education and pedagogyHistorical development of education and pedagogy
Historical development of education and pedagogy
SebastianPrez17
 
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGY
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGYHISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGY
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGY
DenysLozanoGuaillas
 
Historical foundation of education
Historical foundation of educationHistorical foundation of education
Historical foundation of education
Ignatius Joseph Estroga
 
Key Periods in Educational History .pptx
Key Periods in Educational History .pptxKey Periods in Educational History .pptx
Key Periods in Educational History .pptx
justinemariepar
 
Historical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptx
Historical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptxHistorical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptx
Historical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptx
RameshprasadLamichha
 
Historical development of education and pedagoogy
Historical development of education and pedagoogyHistorical development of education and pedagoogy
Historical development of education and pedagoogy
AnaElizabethMacasCas
 
Internationalization
InternationalizationInternationalization
Internationalization
mpt001
 
The renaissance
The renaissanceThe renaissance
The renaissance
Tarek Benamer
 
FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))
FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))
FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))
YssaBarbs
 
PEDAGOGY - Michelle Salazar
PEDAGOGY -  Michelle SalazarPEDAGOGY -  Michelle Salazar
PEDAGOGY - Michelle Salazar
MichelleSalazar52
 
Freemasonry 101 the seven liberal arts
Freemasonry 101 the seven liberal artsFreemasonry 101 the seven liberal arts
Freemasonry 101 the seven liberal arts
ColinJxxx
 

Similar to A Brief History of Western Education (20)

The history of education by Prof. M.M. Pant
The history of education by Prof. M.M. PantThe history of education by Prof. M.M. Pant
The history of education by Prof. M.M. Pant
 
roman educational system with humanism
roman educational system with humanismroman educational system with humanism
roman educational system with humanism
 
Dr. Harnett Article(3)
Dr. Harnett Article(3)Dr. Harnett Article(3)
Dr. Harnett Article(3)
 
Dr. Harnett Article
Dr. Harnett ArticleDr. Harnett Article
Dr. Harnett Article
 
Historical foundations
Historical foundationsHistorical foundations
Historical foundations
 
_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education
_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education
_Historical-Aspect: Contributions-of-Ancient-Philosophers-to-Education
 
Foundation of education
Foundation of educationFoundation of education
Foundation of education
 
THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...
THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...
THE CLIMB OF EDUCATION IN THE WORLD FROM PREHISTORY TO THE CONTEMPORARY ERA (...
 
History of education ppt
History of education pptHistory of education ppt
History of education ppt
 
Historical development of education and pedagogy
Historical development of education and pedagogyHistorical development of education and pedagogy
Historical development of education and pedagogy
 
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGY
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGYHISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGY
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGY
 
Historical foundation of education
Historical foundation of educationHistorical foundation of education
Historical foundation of education
 
Key Periods in Educational History .pptx
Key Periods in Educational History .pptxKey Periods in Educational History .pptx
Key Periods in Educational History .pptx
 
Historical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptx
Historical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptxHistorical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptx
Historical Foundation of education- By Ramesh pd Lamichhane.pptx
 
Historical development of education and pedagoogy
Historical development of education and pedagoogyHistorical development of education and pedagoogy
Historical development of education and pedagoogy
 
Internationalization
InternationalizationInternationalization
Internationalization
 
The renaissance
The renaissanceThe renaissance
The renaissance
 
FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))
FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))
FECED (Foundation of Early Childhood Education (Introduction))
 
PEDAGOGY - Michelle Salazar
PEDAGOGY -  Michelle SalazarPEDAGOGY -  Michelle Salazar
PEDAGOGY - Michelle Salazar
 
Freemasonry 101 the seven liberal arts
Freemasonry 101 the seven liberal artsFreemasonry 101 the seven liberal arts
Freemasonry 101 the seven liberal arts
 

More from Kirsten Lodge

Ukraine.pptx
Ukraine.pptxUkraine.pptx
Ukraine.pptx
Kirsten Lodge
 
The Apocalyptic Sublime
The Apocalyptic SublimeThe Apocalyptic Sublime
The Apocalyptic Sublime
Kirsten Lodge
 
The Western Perception of Animals: Landmark Moments
The Western Perception of Animals: Landmark MomentsThe Western Perception of Animals: Landmark Moments
The Western Perception of Animals: Landmark Moments
Kirsten Lodge
 
Mark Dion's Tate Thames Dig
Mark Dion's Tate Thames DigMark Dion's Tate Thames Dig
Mark Dion's Tate Thames Dig
Kirsten Lodge
 
Christian Boltanski
Christian BoltanskiChristian Boltanski
Christian Boltanski
Kirsten Lodge
 
Des Esseintes's Flowers
Des Esseintes's FlowersDes Esseintes's Flowers
Des Esseintes's Flowers
Kirsten Lodge
 
Gustave Moreau
Gustave MoreauGustave Moreau
Gustave Moreau
Kirsten Lodge
 
Rodolphe Bresdin and Jan Luyken
Rodolphe Bresdin and Jan LuykenRodolphe Bresdin and Jan Luyken
Rodolphe Bresdin and Jan Luyken
Kirsten Lodge
 
Odilon Redon
Odilon RedonOdilon Redon
Odilon Redon
Kirsten Lodge
 
Women and/as Death
Women and/as DeathWomen and/as Death
Women and/as Death
Kirsten Lodge
 
Mysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent Painting
Mysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent PaintingMysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent Painting
Mysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent Painting
Kirsten Lodge
 
Sadomasochism
SadomasochismSadomasochism
Sadomasochism
Kirsten Lodge
 
The Pre-Raphaelites
The Pre-RaphaelitesThe Pre-Raphaelites
The Pre-Raphaelites
Kirsten Lodge
 

More from Kirsten Lodge (13)

Ukraine.pptx
Ukraine.pptxUkraine.pptx
Ukraine.pptx
 
The Apocalyptic Sublime
The Apocalyptic SublimeThe Apocalyptic Sublime
The Apocalyptic Sublime
 
The Western Perception of Animals: Landmark Moments
The Western Perception of Animals: Landmark MomentsThe Western Perception of Animals: Landmark Moments
The Western Perception of Animals: Landmark Moments
 
Mark Dion's Tate Thames Dig
Mark Dion's Tate Thames DigMark Dion's Tate Thames Dig
Mark Dion's Tate Thames Dig
 
Christian Boltanski
Christian BoltanskiChristian Boltanski
Christian Boltanski
 
Des Esseintes's Flowers
Des Esseintes's FlowersDes Esseintes's Flowers
Des Esseintes's Flowers
 
Gustave Moreau
Gustave MoreauGustave Moreau
Gustave Moreau
 
Rodolphe Bresdin and Jan Luyken
Rodolphe Bresdin and Jan LuykenRodolphe Bresdin and Jan Luyken
Rodolphe Bresdin and Jan Luyken
 
Odilon Redon
Odilon RedonOdilon Redon
Odilon Redon
 
Women and/as Death
Women and/as DeathWomen and/as Death
Women and/as Death
 
Mysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent Painting
Mysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent PaintingMysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent Painting
Mysticism and Satanism in Symbolist and Decadent Painting
 
Sadomasochism
SadomasochismSadomasochism
Sadomasochism
 
The Pre-Raphaelites
The Pre-RaphaelitesThe Pre-Raphaelites
The Pre-Raphaelites
 

Recently uploaded

How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
Celine George
 
Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...
Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...
Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...
Diana Rendina
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
History of Stoke Newington
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
iammrhaywood
 
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching AptitudeUGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
S. Raj Kumar
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
WaniBasim
 
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docxAdvanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
adhitya5119
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
PECB
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
AyyanKhan40
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
Dr. Shivangi Singh Parihar
 
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
RAHUL
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
Academy of Science of South Africa
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
TechSoup
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
haiqairshad
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
Celine George
 
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview TrainingBBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
Katrina Pritchard
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
 
Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...
Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...
Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
 
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching AptitudeUGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
 
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docxAdvanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
 
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
BÀI TẬP DẠY THÊM TIẾNG ANH LỚP 7 CẢ NĂM FRIENDS PLUS SÁCH CHÂN TRỜI SÁNG TẠO ...
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
 
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
 
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview TrainingBBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
 

A Brief History of Western Education

  • 1. A Brief History of Western Education Since Antiquity
  • 2. Athens, 5th-4th Century BCE The primary goal of education was to prepare students at low-cost private schools for citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical decision-making.
  • 3. Athens, 5th-4th Century BCE The primary goal of education was to prepare students at low-cost private schools for citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical decision-making. Education focused on the mind, the body, and the sense of aesthetics.
  • 4. Athens, 5th-4th Century BCE The primary goal of education was to prepare students at low-cost private schools for citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical decision-making. Education focused on the mind, the body, and the sense of aesthetics. Students learned the “seven liberal arts”:
  • 5. Athens, 5th-4th Century BCE The primary goal of education was to prepare students at low-cost private schools for citizenship, democracy, and ethical decision- making. Education focused on the mind, the body, and the sense of aesthetics. Students learned the “seven liberal arts”: First grammar, logic, and rhetoric (later called the trivium);
  • 6. Athens, 5th-4th Century BCE The primary goal of education was to prepare students at low-cost private schools for citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical decision-making. Education focused on the mind, the body (athletics), and the sense of aesthetics. Students learned the “seven liberal arts”: First grammar, logic, and rhetoric (later called the trivium); Then arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy (later called the quadrivium).
  • 7. Athens, 5th-4th Century BCE The primary goal of education was to prepare students at low-cost private schools for citizenship, democracy, oratory, and ethical decision-making. Education focused on the mind, the body, and the sense of aesthetics. Students learned the “seven liberal arts”: First grammar, logic, and rhetoric (later called the trivium); Then arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy (later called the quadrivium). They could then continue with the study of philosophy or one of the “practical arts,” such as medicine or architecture.
  • 8. The Roman Empire The Romans continued the Greek tradition, focusing chiefly on athletics, rhetoric, and oratory.
  • 9. The Roman Empire The Romans continued the Greek tradition, focusing chiefly on athletics, rhetoric, and oratory. Romans referred to the Greek tradition as a “liberal” education, meaning education for free men (cf. liberty).
  • 10. The Early Middle Ages The primary goal of education was to prepare students at monastic and cathedral schools to become members of the clergy and scribes.
  • 11. The Early Middle Ages The primary goal of education was to prepare students at monastic and cathedral schools to become members of the clergy and scribes. In contrast to the Greeks and Romans, students prepared not for this life (rhetoric, politics), but for life after death.
  • 12. The Early Middle Ages The primary goal of education was to prepare students at monastic and cathedral schools to become members of the clergy and scribes. In contrast to the Greeks and Romans, students prepared not for this life (rhetoric, politics), but for life after death. They copied Church writings, learned basic mathematics, and practiced singing.
  • 13. The Early Middle Ages The primary goal of education was to prepare students at monastic and cathedral schools to become members of the clergy or scribes. In contrast to the Greeks and Romans, they prepared not for this life (rhetoric, politics), but for life after death. They copied Church writings, learned basic mathematics, and practiced singing. Physical exercise was not part of the curriculum.
  • 14. The High Middle Ages The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th centuries.
  • 15. The High Middle Ages The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th centuries. The goal of education was to understand God through both theology and this world.
  • 16. The High Middle Ages The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th centuries. The goal of education was to understand God through both theology and this world. Students studied first the trivium (language) and then the quadrivium (numbers).
  • 17. The High Middle Ages The rise of universities began in the 12th-13th centuries. The goal of education was to understand God through both theology and this world. Students studied first the trivium (language) and then the quadrivium (numbers). One could also receive a chivalric education at noble and court homes that included physical training, battle skills, poetry, history, and music.
  • 18. The Renaissance The goal of education was to develop one’s physical, spiritual, and intellectual capacities as a human being (humanism).
  • 19. The Renaissance The goal of education was to develop one’s physical, spiritual, and intellectual capacities as a human being (humanism). Education returned to the ancient Greek model, with less emphasis on theology than during the Middle Ages.
  • 20. The Renaissance The goal of education was to develop one’s physical, spiritual, and intellectual capacities as a human being (humanism). Education returned to the ancient Greek model, with less emphasis on theology than during the Middle Ages. Students also began to study classical languages and literature, as well as the natural sciences.
  • 21. The Reformation Students studied chiefly reading, writing, and religion in vernacular schools, first established in 16th-century Germany.
  • 22. The 17th and 18th Centuries As a result of the Counter-Reformation, in Catholic Europe the classical curriculum continued to predominate, and Latin remained the language of instruction, although it was no longer used in Europe. The teaching of science was temporarily banned.
  • 23. The 17th and 18th Centuries As a result of the Counter-Reformation, in Catholic Europe the classical curriculum continued to predominate, and Latin remained the language of instruction, although it was no longer used in Europe. The teaching of science was temporarily banned. The first schools in the U.S. were established in the 17th century, emphasizing reading, writing, arithmetic, and religion.
  • 24. The 17th and 18th Centuries As a result of the Counter-Reformation, in Catholic Europe the classical curriculum continued to predominate, and Latin remained the language of instruction, although it was no longer used in Europe. The teaching of science was temporarily banned. The first schools in the U.S. were established in the 17th century, emphasizing reading, writing, arithmetic, and religion. Harvard College, founded in 1636, had a liberal arts curriculum that included classical languages and literature, ancient history, rhetoric, geometry, logic, and ethics.
  • 25. 18th-Century U.S. Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a more diverse and practical curriculum, including modern history and languages, geography, accounting, surveying, agriculture, and navigation.
  • 26. 18th-Century U.S. Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a more diverse and practical curriculum, including modern history and languages, geography, accounting, surveying, agriculture, and navigation. Franklin also promoted the idea of a residential college, where students would learn from discussions outside of classes as well as in class.
  • 27. 18th-Century U.S. Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a more diverse and practical curriculum, including modern history and languages, geography, accounting, surveying, agriculture, and navigation. Franklin also promoted the idea of a residential college, where students would learn from discussions outside of classes as well as in class. Thomas Jefferson promoted greater secularism, science, and preparation for citizenship in a democracy.
  • 28. 18th-Century U.S. Benjamin Franklin founded an academy with a more diverse and practical curriculum, including modern history and languages, geography, accounting, surveying, agriculture, and navigation. Franklin also promoted the idea of a residential college, where students would learn from discussions outside of classes as well as in class. Thomas Jefferson promoted greater secularism, science, and preparation for citizenship in a democracy. These trends became influential particularly in the 19th century.
  • 29. 19th-Century U.S. Curricula broadened to include many additional disciplines.
  • 30. 19th-Century U.S. Curricula broadened to include many additional disciplines. Science became more popular than the study of classical languages and literature.
  • 31. 19th-Century U.S. Curricula broadened to include many additional disciplines. Science became more popular than the study of classical languages and literature. Education gradually shifted from an emphasis on memorization of facts to a focus on direct observation and individual development.
  • 32. 20th-Century U.S. Curricula came to stress general skills, realization of students’ full potential, and preparation of students for citizenship. Students were encouraged to take a wide range of courses (a liberal arts education).
  • 33. 20th-Century U.S. Curricula came to stress general skills, realization of students’ full potential, and preparation of students for citizenship. Students were encouraged to take a wide range of courses (a liberal arts education). Higher education became more secular, with a greater choice of disciplines, including scientific and vocational training.
  • 34. 20th-Century U.S. Curricula came to stress general skills, realization of students’ full potential, and preparation of students for citizenship. Students were encouraged to take a wide range of courses (a liberal arts education). Higher education became more secular, with a greater choice of disciplines, including scientific and vocational training. The student body and teaching methods also became more diverse, as women and minorities were gradually permitted to enter institutions of higher education.
  • 35. 20th-Century U.S. Curricula came to stress general skills, realization of students’ full potential, and preparation of students for citizenship. Students were encouraged to take a wide range of courses (a liberal arts education). Higher education became more secular, with a greater choice of disciplines, including scientific and vocational training. The student body and teaching methods also became more diverse, as women and minorities were gradually permitted to enter institutions of higher education. By the 1950s universities were offering a wide array of programs in both the humanities and the sciences.
  • 36. Select Bibliography Kaufman, Clare. “The History of Higher Education in the United States.” WorldWideLearn. 2015. Web. 6 Sept 2015. Guisepi, Robert, ed. “The History of Education.” International World History Project. Jan 2006. Web. 6 Sept 2015. Zakaria, Fareed. In Defense of a Liberal Arts Education. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2015. Print.