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Do
Socio-Economic, Residential and
Educational factors
influence
the stress and intonation
in the language of the people?
Sociolinguistics
Resource Person: -
Prof. Nazir Ahmad Malik Sb.
Presented by: -
Maqsood Ahmad
ID # 12011084006 M.S (Applied linguistics)
University of Management and Technology
Johar Town Lahore, Pakistan.
What is language?
Language is not only a linguistic
but also
A political cultural, social and
historical term
Sapir Whorf hypothesis
People’s habitual thought patterns
and ways of perceiving the world
are conditioned
by the categories and distinctions
available to them in their native language
Speakers of different languages have different
world-views
Depending on how different the languages are
Semantically and Grammatically
Introduction
Language is a sensitive issue in Pakistan
There are problems of administration,
education, higher commerce, media and
domains of power in state and in civil society
Use of English favours the Westernized elite
while the use of other languages would bring in
other candidates for power
Cont.
This may be called the class question
Way in which language relates to Socio-
economic class in Pakistan
Constitutes individual level of empowerment
Individuals seek to empower themselves
By learning the languages of the domains of
power, civil and military bureaucracy, judiciary,
education, commerce and media
Questions for the Research
How much do the socio-economic, residential
and educational factors influence the stress
and intonation in the language of the people
of Tehsil Lahore cantt rural area?
Which group in the region uses language
without any code switching?
Which group in the region uses language with
code switching?
Literature Review
Social class is defined as "a group of people within a
society who possess the same socio-economic
status
Every society has a communal layering, which is
known as social stratification
Sociolects are group dependent similarities in
language
Distinctive speech characteristics of the people
belonging to assorted social groups
Linguistic variables have a significant role in society
Cont.
Overt prestige is a community's widespread
positive social evaluation of the linguistic forms
employed by a high status group
Covert prestige is the positive evaluation of a
"socially stigmatized variety at a smaller, more
local level
Notions of overt and covert prestige
fluctuate amid speakers of different regions
and communal groups
Now the Language has become an Identity
symbol and Empowerment in Pakistan
Methodology
The study is qualitative
Data was collected through interviews
The results are presented descriptively
For data collection, I restricted myself only for
Tehsil Lahore cantonment rural area
Observance paradox technique was used to
observe the students during interviews
Data analysis
I observed that all students used entirely
different stress and intonation patterns
Each and every utterance was telling about
their social status, educational level and
locality or village, they belong to
Stress and intonation patterns of the students
of Kahna Nau town were entirely different
from those of village side students
Cont.
Students of Kahna nau town were mixing the
code of Urdu with their mother tongue Punjabi
My university colleagues were also mixing and
switching the codes from Punjabi to Urdu and
Urdu to English.
Their use of vocabulary items and syntactic
patterns were quite different from village side
students.
Every utterance was telling about their
possession of a higher social status and class
Conclusion
According to my opinion these students were
represented three social classes
First, who belong to villages were using only
Punjabi with entirely different stress and
intonation patterns according to their village
and locality
Second, who belong to proper kahna town
were using different stress and intonation
patterns
They were also mixing the code of Urdu with
Punjabi
Cont.
Third, my university colleagues were
mixing and switching the codes from
Punjabi to Urdu and Urdu to English
And using and showing differences in
stress and intonation patterns
So I concluded that locality, educational
and social-economic levels play a vital
role in social class marking of an
individual
This the End from my side
Thank you very much
Have a nice day
Questions Please

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Role of Stress and Intonation in Class Stratification in a Society

  • 1. Do Socio-Economic, Residential and Educational factors influence the stress and intonation in the language of the people?
  • 2. Sociolinguistics Resource Person: - Prof. Nazir Ahmad Malik Sb. Presented by: - Maqsood Ahmad ID # 12011084006 M.S (Applied linguistics) University of Management and Technology Johar Town Lahore, Pakistan.
  • 3. What is language? Language is not only a linguistic but also A political cultural, social and historical term
  • 4. Sapir Whorf hypothesis People’s habitual thought patterns and ways of perceiving the world are conditioned by the categories and distinctions available to them in their native language Speakers of different languages have different world-views Depending on how different the languages are Semantically and Grammatically
  • 5. Introduction Language is a sensitive issue in Pakistan There are problems of administration, education, higher commerce, media and domains of power in state and in civil society Use of English favours the Westernized elite while the use of other languages would bring in other candidates for power
  • 6. Cont. This may be called the class question Way in which language relates to Socio- economic class in Pakistan Constitutes individual level of empowerment Individuals seek to empower themselves By learning the languages of the domains of power, civil and military bureaucracy, judiciary, education, commerce and media
  • 7. Questions for the Research How much do the socio-economic, residential and educational factors influence the stress and intonation in the language of the people of Tehsil Lahore cantt rural area? Which group in the region uses language without any code switching? Which group in the region uses language with code switching?
  • 8. Literature Review Social class is defined as "a group of people within a society who possess the same socio-economic status Every society has a communal layering, which is known as social stratification Sociolects are group dependent similarities in language Distinctive speech characteristics of the people belonging to assorted social groups Linguistic variables have a significant role in society
  • 9. Cont. Overt prestige is a community's widespread positive social evaluation of the linguistic forms employed by a high status group Covert prestige is the positive evaluation of a "socially stigmatized variety at a smaller, more local level Notions of overt and covert prestige fluctuate amid speakers of different regions and communal groups Now the Language has become an Identity symbol and Empowerment in Pakistan
  • 10. Methodology The study is qualitative Data was collected through interviews The results are presented descriptively For data collection, I restricted myself only for Tehsil Lahore cantonment rural area Observance paradox technique was used to observe the students during interviews
  • 11. Data analysis I observed that all students used entirely different stress and intonation patterns Each and every utterance was telling about their social status, educational level and locality or village, they belong to Stress and intonation patterns of the students of Kahna Nau town were entirely different from those of village side students
  • 12. Cont. Students of Kahna nau town were mixing the code of Urdu with their mother tongue Punjabi My university colleagues were also mixing and switching the codes from Punjabi to Urdu and Urdu to English. Their use of vocabulary items and syntactic patterns were quite different from village side students. Every utterance was telling about their possession of a higher social status and class
  • 13. Conclusion According to my opinion these students were represented three social classes First, who belong to villages were using only Punjabi with entirely different stress and intonation patterns according to their village and locality Second, who belong to proper kahna town were using different stress and intonation patterns They were also mixing the code of Urdu with Punjabi
  • 14. Cont. Third, my university colleagues were mixing and switching the codes from Punjabi to Urdu and Urdu to English And using and showing differences in stress and intonation patterns So I concluded that locality, educational and social-economic levels play a vital role in social class marking of an individual
  • 15. This the End from my side Thank you very much Have a nice day Questions Please