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OBSERVATION
IN STATISTICS
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP
AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
HTTPS://ECON.BIEM.SUMDU.EDU.UA/
GENERAL MEANING OF
GENERAL MEANING OF
GENERAL MEANING OF
OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS
OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS
OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS
AN OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS IS A VALUE
OF SOMETHING OF INTEREST YOU’RE
MEASURING OR COUNTING DURING A STUDY
OR EXPERIMENT: A PERSON’S HEIGHT, A
BANK ACCOUNT VALUE AT A CERTAIN POINT
IN TIME, OR NUMBER OF ANIMALS.
“OBSERVATION UNIT” MEANS THE SAME
THING IN THIS CONTEXT. FOR EXAMPLE,
YOU ARE MEASURING HOW WELL YOUR
SAVINGS PERFORM OVER THE PERIOD OF
ONE YEAR. YOU RECORD ONE
MEASUREMENT (YOUR BANK ACCOUNT
BALANCE) EVERY THREE MONTHS FOR A
TOTAL OF FOUR OBSERVATIONS
1
2
NON VERBAL ANALYSIS LIKE BODY
MOVEMENT. EYE MOVEMENT.
3
LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS WHICH INCLUDES
OBSERVING SOUNDS LIKE OHS! AND ABS!
SPATIAL ANALYSIS ABOUT HOW PEOPLE
RELATE TO EACH OTHER.
Observation refers to the monitoring and
recording of behavioral and non behavioral
activities and conditions in a systematic manner
to obtain information about the phenomena of
interest, 'Behavioral Observation' is:
EXTRA LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS WHICH
OBSERVES THE PITCH TIMBRE, RATE OF
SPEAKING ETC.
4
THE NON BEHAVIORAL OBSERVATION IS AN ANALYSIS OF
RECORDS E.G. NEWSPAPER ARCHIVES, PHYSICAL CONDITION
ANALYSIS SUCH AS CHECKING THE QUALITY OF GRAINS IN
GUNNY BAGS AND PROCESS ANALYSIS WHICH INCLUDES
OBSERVING ANY PROCESS. OBSERVATION CAN BE CLASSIFIED
INTO VARIOUS, CATEGORIES.
TYPE OF
OBSERVATION
Structured Vs. Unstructured
Observation
Disguised Vs. Undisguised
Observation
Participant vs. Non-Participant
Observation
Natural vs. Contrived Observation
Classification on the Basis of Mode of
Administration
THANKS
FOR ATTENTION

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5.pdf

  • 1. OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION HTTPS://ECON.BIEM.SUMDU.EDU.UA/
  • 2. GENERAL MEANING OF GENERAL MEANING OF GENERAL MEANING OF OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS AN OBSERVATION IN STATISTICS IS A VALUE OF SOMETHING OF INTEREST YOU’RE MEASURING OR COUNTING DURING A STUDY OR EXPERIMENT: A PERSON’S HEIGHT, A BANK ACCOUNT VALUE AT A CERTAIN POINT IN TIME, OR NUMBER OF ANIMALS. “OBSERVATION UNIT” MEANS THE SAME THING IN THIS CONTEXT. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU ARE MEASURING HOW WELL YOUR SAVINGS PERFORM OVER THE PERIOD OF ONE YEAR. YOU RECORD ONE MEASUREMENT (YOUR BANK ACCOUNT BALANCE) EVERY THREE MONTHS FOR A TOTAL OF FOUR OBSERVATIONS
  • 3. 1 2 NON VERBAL ANALYSIS LIKE BODY MOVEMENT. EYE MOVEMENT. 3 LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS WHICH INCLUDES OBSERVING SOUNDS LIKE OHS! AND ABS! SPATIAL ANALYSIS ABOUT HOW PEOPLE RELATE TO EACH OTHER. Observation refers to the monitoring and recording of behavioral and non behavioral activities and conditions in a systematic manner to obtain information about the phenomena of interest, 'Behavioral Observation' is: EXTRA LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS WHICH OBSERVES THE PITCH TIMBRE, RATE OF SPEAKING ETC. 4
  • 4. THE NON BEHAVIORAL OBSERVATION IS AN ANALYSIS OF RECORDS E.G. NEWSPAPER ARCHIVES, PHYSICAL CONDITION ANALYSIS SUCH AS CHECKING THE QUALITY OF GRAINS IN GUNNY BAGS AND PROCESS ANALYSIS WHICH INCLUDES OBSERVING ANY PROCESS. OBSERVATION CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO VARIOUS, CATEGORIES.
  • 5. TYPE OF OBSERVATION Structured Vs. Unstructured Observation Disguised Vs. Undisguised Observation Participant vs. Non-Participant Observation Natural vs. Contrived Observation Classification on the Basis of Mode of Administration