SlideShare a Scribd company logo
51SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54
Lak{ksfidk
bUnkSj 'kgj esa ;krk;kr lsok ds :Ik esa flVh osu dk
egRoiw.kZ LFkku gSA 'kgj dh de nwjh ,oa e/;LFk nwjh ds lQj
ds fy;s flVh osu dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA lkekU;r;k ukSdjh
is'kk oxZ] fo|kFkhZ vkSj xjhc oxZ ds yksx bldk iz;ksx
cgqrk;kr ls djrs gSA 'kgj dh 550 flVh osu pkydks dh
fLFkfr dk fo'ys"k.k fd;k x;k gsA bUnkSj esa tks ;qfu;u dk;Z
dj jgh gS] oks pkydks ds fgr esa gSA yxHkx 70 izfr'kr pkyd
vius dk;Z ls larq"V gSA pkydks dh vkfFkZd mUufr ds fy;s
ljdkjh ;kstuk,sa] f'k{kk dh tkx:drk] lkekftd O;oLFkk
esa ifjorZu egRoiw.kZ gSA
dfBu 'kCn& fo'ys"k.k] cgqrk;kr] ;qfu;u] ;krk;kr] pkydA
'kgj esa ;krk;kr ds fofHkUu lk/ku miyC/k gS] tks 'kgj
dh turk ds }kjk iz;ksx fd;s tkrs gS] ftuesa eq[; :Ik ls
vkWVks fjD'kk] flVh osu] flVh cl gSA ;s lHkh ;krk;kr dh
O;oLFkk rks djrs gh gS] lkFk gh vkfFkZd mUufr dk fgLlk
Hkh curs gSaA ,d vPNh ;krk;kr O;oLFkk lqn`<+ vkfFkZd fodkl
iznku djrh gS lkFk gh Lojkstxkj ;k jkstxkj ds voljks
ls csjkstxkjh dh leL;k dks nwj djrh gSA bUnkSj ,d
vkS|ksfxd 'kgj gS tgkW fujUrj fodkl gks jgk gSA jkstxkj]
f'k{kk ,oa vkRefuHkZjrk esa fujUrj o`f/n gks jgh gSA ,slh n'kk
esa ,sls jkgxhj tks Lo;a dk okgu ugha [kjhn ldrs os 'kgj
esa miyC/k ;krk;kr ds lk/kuksa dk iz;ksx dj viuh eafty
rd igq¡prs gSA buesa eq[; :Ik ls flVh cl dk uke vkrk
gS] D;ksafd ;s 'kgj ds gj dksus esa vklkuh ls igq¡pus okyh lsok
gS ftlls jkgxhj larq"V gksrs gSA ;g v/;;u 'kgj esa flVh
osu dh mi;ksfxrk ,oa mlesa dk;Zjr okgu pkydksa dh fLFkrh
dk irk yxkus ls lacaf/kr gSA v/;;u dh n`f"V ls fuEu mn~ns';
gS &
01- flVh osu O;olk; esa jkstxkj ds voljA
02- pkydks ;k okgu ekfydksa dh vk;] thou Lrj] dk;Z]
larqf"V dk v/;;uA
03- flVh osu O;olk; dh dfe;ksa dks nqj djus ds lq>koA
v/;;u fof/k
;g v/;;u dsoy bUnkSj 'kgj rd lhfer gSA v/;;u ls
lacaf/kr vkdM+ksa dk ladyu izkFkfed ,oa f}rh;d leadksa ls
fd;k tkrk gSA izkFkfed leadksa dk ladyu 'kgj esa iathd`r
flVh osu /kkjdksa ,oa pkydksa ls tkudkjh izkIr dj fd;k x;kA
July,2013
bl gsrq 1000 okgu pkydksa ls lk{kkRdkj ,oa O;fDrxr :Ik
ls tkudkjh izkIr dj rkfydk ds ek/;e ls n'kkZ;k x;k gSA
f}rh;d leadksa dk ladyu flVh osu gsrq izdkf'kr izys[kksa ds
ek/;e ls fd;k x;k gSA
flVh osu ;krk;kr lsok orZeku le; esa bUnkSj 'kgj esa
550 flVh osu iathd`r gS vkSj yxHkx 1000 pkyd bl flVh
osu dks pykus ds dk;Z ls tqM+s gq, gSA lkekU;r;k bu okguksa
dk iz;ksx fo|kfFkZ;ksa] turk ,oa ukSdjh is'kk oxZ ds yksxks ds
}kjk fd;k tkrk gS] D;ksafd ;g vU; ;krk;kr lk/ku dh rqyuk
esa lLrk jgrk gSA ftldk Hkkj lkekU; turk ds }kjk vklkuh
ls mBk;k tk ldrk gSA
rkfydk 01% flVh osu pkydks dh vk;q
vk;q Pkkydks dh la[;k Ikzfr'kr
18&30 600 60
31&40 200 20
41-50 100 10
51-70 100 10
dqy 1]000 100
L=ksr% losZ
mijksDr rkfydk ls ;g Kkr gksrk gS fd 90% pkyd 50 o"kZ
ls de vk;q ds gSA 31&40 o"kZ dh vk;q okys pkydks dk izfr'kr
ek= 20% gS] tcfd 41&50 o"kZ dh vk;q okys pkydks dk
izfr'kr ek= 10% gh gSA blls ;g Li"V gksrk gS fd ;qok
oxZ ds yksx bl is'ks dh vksj vf/kd vkdf"kZr gksrs gSA
lnL;rk bUnkSj 'kgj esa flVh osu pkydksa dks viuk LosfPNd
iath;u nsoh vfgY;k VsEiksa ,lksfl,'ku ,oa bUnkSj VsEiksa
;qfu;u esa djokuk gksrk gSA ftldk lnL;rk 'kqYd ek= 2
:- ;k 5 :- izfrekg dk gksrk gSA orZeku esa 200 lnL; blesa
iathd`r gSA
;qfu;u ds dk;Z
bUnkSj 'kgj esa iwoZ esa ;krk;kr dk izeq[k lk/ku VsEiksa gksrs
Fks] ysfdu 'kklu }kjk iznw"k.k gksus ds dkj.k bUgsa izfrcaf/kr
dj fn;k x;kA ,sls /kkjd ftuds ikl VsEiksa dk ijfeV Fkk
mUgsa flVh osu dk ijfeV iznku fd;k x;kA bl gsrq tks VsEiksa
;qfu;u ds uke ls iathd`r ;qfu;u Fkh ogh flVh osu ;qfu;u
dk dk;Z djrh gSA orZeku esa nks ;qfu;u iathd`r gSa&
* nsoh vfgY;k VsEiksa ,lksfl,'kuA
* bUnkSj VsEiksa ;qfu;uA
52
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54
nksuks gh ;qfu;u flVh osu pkydks ds fgrks dh j{kk djrh gS
,oa 'kklu ds fu;eksa dks ekU; djrs gSA
x;k gS&
rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd flVh osu pkydksa ds ikl jgus ds fy,
Lo;a ds edku dsoy 22.5% gh gS] tcfd fdjk;s ls jgus
okyks dk izfr'kr 77-5 yxHkx gSA mlh izdkj pkyd fodflr
{ks= dh txg vfodflr {ks= esa jgus dk izfr'kr 53% gSA
bu pkydks ds ikl ifjokj lfgr jgus ds edkuks esa dejs
Hkh vf/kdrj ,d gh dejk gksrk gS ;k T;knk ls T;knk nks
dejs gks ldrs gSA brus lhfer LFkku esa ;s ifjokj ds lkFk
jgrs gS vkSj ogha xqtj clj djrs gSA
dk;Z ls larqf"V
flVh osu pkydksa esa ls vf/kdrj dh mez 18 o"kZ ls ysdj
30 o"kZ gksrh gS ;k fQj blls Hkh de mez esa okgu pykus yxrs
gSA 'kgj dh izd`fr ls ifjfpr gksus ds dkj.k bUgsa okgu pykus
esa egkjr gkfly gksrh gSA ;g {ks= buds }kjk Lo;a p;u fd;k
tkrk gSA bUgsa feyus okyh larqf"V dks fuEu rkfydk }kjk
iznf'kZr fd;k x;k gS&
rkfydk 02% okgu dh izd`fr
Okkgu dh izd`fr la[;k izfr'kr
Lo;a dk okgu 120 21-81
fdjk;s dk okgu 430 78-19
dqy 550 100
L=ksr% losZ
rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd 'kgj esa pyus okyh flVh osu esa fdjk;s
ls pykbZ xbZ flVh dk izfr'kr 78.19% Lo;a ds okgu dh
rqyuk esa dgha vf/kd gSA ,sls Lokeh ftudh Lo;a dh flVh
osu gS os ;k rks fdjk;s ls pyokrs gS ;k fuf'pr jkf'k ij pykus
dk vf/kdkj pkydks dks ns nsrs gSA
dk;Z'khy le;
flVh osu pkyd U;wure 10 ?kaVs vkSj vf/kdre 14 ?kaVs
izfrfnu ds fglkCk ls okgu pykrs gSA lkFk gh ;fn dksbZ fo'ks"k
ioZ ;k R;kSgkj gks rks buesa o`f/n Hkh dj nsrs gS ysfdu okgu
pkyd fuf'pr le; ls T;knk le; ds fy, rS;kj ugha gksrs]
D;ksafd fdjk;s ds okgu pykus ds dkj.k mudh vkenuh dk
cM+k fgLlk Lokeh dks pyk tkrk gSa vkSj mUgsa fuf'pr ixkj
gh feyrh gSA
ekfld vk; ,oa [kpsZ
'kgj esa pyus okyh 550 flVh osu esa ls fdjk;s ls pyk;h
tkus okyh flVh osu dh la[;k T;knk gSA fdjk;s ls pykus
okys pkydks dh ekfld vk; yxHkx dqy vk; dk 60-45
izfr'kr gksrh gS] ftls fuEu rkfydk esa n'kkZ;k x;k gS&
rkfydk 03% ekfld vk; ,oa [kpsZ
Pkkydks dh la[;k
vk; lewg Lo;a dk izfr'kr fdjk;s izfr'kr
okgu dk okgu
5000 rd & & 348 39-55
5000-10]000 27 22-5 532 60-45
10]000-15]000 93 77-5 & &
15000 ls T;knk & & & &
dqy 120 100 880 100
L=ksr% losZ
rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd ,sls pkyd ftudk Lo;a dk okgu
gS mudh vk; esa ls [kpsZ de djus ds ckn Hkh 10]000 ls 15]000
:- izfrekg gksrh gS tks yxHkx 77-5% gS] tcfd fdjk;s
dh flVh osu pkydks dh vk; vf/kdre 5]000 ls 10]000 :-
izfrekg gksrh gSSA blls ;g fofnr gksrk gS fd fdjk;s ls pykus
okys pkydks dks lokjh T;knk ;k de gksus ls dksbZ vlj ugha
gksrk gS] mUgsa rks izfrekg fuf'pr jkf'k ekfyd ls izkIr gkrh
gS] tcfd ekfyd dk Lo;a dk okgu gksus ls mUgsa vfrfjDr
vk; Hkh izkIr gksrh gSA
thou Lrj
flVh osu pkydksa esa ls vf/kdrj pkyd fdjk;s ds edku
esa jgrs gS] muds thou Lrj dks rkfydk ds ek/;e ls n'kkZ;k
rkfydk 04% thou Lrj
fooj.k izdkj Lak[;k izfr'kr
Ekdku Lo;a dk 225 22-5
fdjk;s dk 775 77-5
clkgV cLrh 420 42-00
fodflr 50 5-00
fodkl'khy 530 53-00
dejksa dh ,d dejk 495 49-50
la[;k nks dejk 335 33-50
Rkhu ;k T;knk 170 17-00
dejk
L=ksr% losZ
rkfydk 05% dk;Z larqf"V
dk;Z larqf"V Pkkydks dh la[;k izfr'kr
vR;ar larq"V 750 75-00
jk; ugha nh 100 10-00
vlarq"V 150 15-00
dqy 1]000 100
L=ksr% losZ
rkfydk 06% dk;Z ls vlarqf"V
vlarqf"V ds dkj.k Pkkydks izfr'kr
dh la[;k
iqfyl }kjk izrkfM+r 30 20-00
T;knk mez 25 16-67
de vkenuh 30 20-00
vU; dkj.k 65 43-33
dqy 150 100
L=ksr% losZ
rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd yxHkx 75% okgu pkyd vius dk;Z
53SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54
ls larq"V gS] 10% pkydks us viuh dksbZ jk; O;Dr ugha dh
gSA yxHkx 10% okgu pkyd iqfyl }kjk izrkM+uk] de
vkenuh] T;knk mez ;k vius vuqlkj fdjk;s u feyus ls
vlarq"V FksA
fu"d"kZ ,oa lq>ko
v/;;u ls Li"V gqvk fd okgu pkydks dks viuh uhfr;ksa
esa ifjorZu dj Lo;a dk fodkl djuk gksxk] ftlls ifjokj
dks ,oa ns'k dks LoLFk okrkoj.k iznku dj ik;saxsA
• "nsoh vfgY;k ,lksfl,'ku ds }kjk okgu pkydks ds fy;s
fpfdRlk f'kfoj] jDrnku] lk{kjrk ,oa ok;q iznw"k.k dh
tkudkjh ds fy;s f'kfojksa dk vk;kstu fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
1) Bajaj s.p. 1997. A study of working and living condition as 100 scooter drivers in delhi CSR New Delhi (unpublished
dissertation )
2) Chandrasekhariah M.C. 1975. Marginal impact of employment schemes. Commerce. pp. 119-120.
3) Bertranel T & squire Lyn. 1980. The relevance of the dual economy model. A use study of thailanel. Oxford Eonomic
papers. pp. 480-511.
4) Beena C & B sushma.2003 Woman entrepreneurs managing petty business. Southern Economist. pp.5-7.
5) Jayalatha. 2003. Important of commercial banks schemes on grauth of entrepreneurship. Southern Economist. p.19
6) Maiti AK. 1980. Socio-economic study of 100 hand rickshouw pullers in colcutta, ICSR New Delhi computerized
dissertation.
7) Ankita Anand and Rajendra Ray. 2003. Autorikshow drivers in Delhi efficiency of diologue with service providers.
Economical and political weekly. Vol. XXXVIII. P.3544
R E F E R E N C E
• 'kgj dh ;krk;kr O;oLFkk dks lqpk: :Ik ls pykus ds
fy;s okgu pkydks dks tkudkjh ,oa izf'k{k.k fn;k tkuk
pkfg,A
• 'kgj dh iqfyl }kjk vuko';d :Ik ls okgu pkydks
dks izrkfM+r u fd;k tk;sA
• 'kgj esa 'kklu ds }kjk flVh osu ds fy; LVS.M dh txg
fu/kkZfjr dh tk;sA
• Lkjdkjh uhfr;ksa ds rgr ifjokj fu;kstu] f'k{kk ,oa
LokLFk lsokvksa dh tkudkjh ls pkydks dks voxr fd;k
tk;sA
• lHkh flVh osu pkydks dks ,lksfl,'ku esa vfuok;Z
lnL;rk ds fy;s ck/; fd;k tk;sA

More Related Content

What's hot

Enc Times - June 19,2016
Enc Times - June 19,2016Enc Times - June 19,2016
Enc Times - June 19,2016
ENC
 
Trouble shooting
Trouble shootingTrouble shooting
Trouble shooting
Ankur Bhatnagar
 
Atankvaad ka sach randhir singh suman
Atankvaad ka sach randhir singh sumanAtankvaad ka sach randhir singh suman
Atankvaad ka sach randhir singh suman
Randhir Singh Suman
 
Satya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagran
Satya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagranSatya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagran
Satya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagran
Reshu Advertising Pvt Ltd
 
Haryana police station record & all registers
Haryana police station record & all registersHaryana police station record & all registers
Haryana police station record & all registers
Prime Guards Security Services
 
Teleconferenceing 2
Teleconferenceing 2Teleconferenceing 2
Teleconferenceing 2
Suresh Kumar
 
Reiki (kruti dev)
Reiki (kruti dev)Reiki (kruti dev)
Reiki (kruti dev)
Om Verma
 
Meri awaz suno biography of mohammad rafi
Meri awaz suno   biography of mohammad rafiMeri awaz suno   biography of mohammad rafi
Meri awaz suno biography of mohammad rafi
Medi Media-PR and Media Consultancy Agency
 
Article 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamani
Article 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamaniArticle 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamani
Article 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamani
AYUSH - adivasi yuva shakti
 
दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16
दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16
दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16
Ahemad Qureshi
 
Ihss201
Ihss201Ihss201
Aura Healing
Aura  HealingAura  Healing
Aura Healing
Om Verma
 

What's hot (20)

Enc Times - June 19,2016
Enc Times - June 19,2016Enc Times - June 19,2016
Enc Times - June 19,2016
 
79 80
79 8079 80
79 80
 
Trouble shooting
Trouble shootingTrouble shooting
Trouble shooting
 
119 120
119 120119 120
119 120
 
Atankvaad ka sach randhir singh suman
Atankvaad ka sach randhir singh sumanAtankvaad ka sach randhir singh suman
Atankvaad ka sach randhir singh suman
 
Child health
Child healthChild health
Child health
 
Satya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagran
Satya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagranSatya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagran
Satya parakash reshu wrote a letter to dainik jagran
 
Haryana police station record & all registers
Haryana police station record & all registersHaryana police station record & all registers
Haryana police station record & all registers
 
international indexed,refereed, Monthly, Multilingual, Interdisciplainery,res...
international indexed,refereed, Monthly, Multilingual, Interdisciplainery,res...international indexed,refereed, Monthly, Multilingual, Interdisciplainery,res...
international indexed,refereed, Monthly, Multilingual, Interdisciplainery,res...
 
49 50
49 5049 50
49 50
 
Teleconferenceing 2
Teleconferenceing 2Teleconferenceing 2
Teleconferenceing 2
 
103 104
103 104103 104
103 104
 
Reiki (kruti dev)
Reiki (kruti dev)Reiki (kruti dev)
Reiki (kruti dev)
 
Meri awaz suno biography of mohammad rafi
Meri awaz suno   biography of mohammad rafiMeri awaz suno   biography of mohammad rafi
Meri awaz suno biography of mohammad rafi
 
Demand power point presentation
Demand power point presentationDemand power point presentation
Demand power point presentation
 
Article 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamani
Article 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamaniArticle 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamani
Article 14 march on kumari mata at zari jamani
 
दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16
दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16
दैनिक सोशल डायरी 11-03-16
 
Ihss201
Ihss201Ihss201
Ihss201
 
Aura Healing
Aura  HealingAura  Healing
Aura Healing
 
135 136
135 136135 136
135 136
 

Viewers also liked

72 75
72 7572 75
68 71 A
68 71 A68 71 A
1 3
1 31 3
6 8
6 86 8

Viewers also liked (8)

72 75
72 7572 75
72 75
 
68 71 A
68 71 A68 71 A
68 71 A
 
Research Paper 117 119
Research Paper     117 119Research Paper     117 119
Research Paper 117 119
 
44 46
44 4644 46
44 46
 
85 88
85 8885 88
85 88
 
1 3
1 31 3
1 3
 
6 8
6 86 8
6 8
 
143 145
143 145143 145
143 145
 

More from INTERNATIONAL INDEXED,REFERRED,MULTILINGUAL,INTERDISCIPLINARY, MONTHLY RESEARCH JOURNAL

Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...
Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...
Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED,REFERRED,MULTILINGUAL,INTERDISCIPLINARY, MONTHLY RESEARCH JOURNAL
 
The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan : From The Past to The Present...
The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan :  From The Past to The Present...The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan :  From The Past to The Present...
The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan : From The Past to The Present...
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED,REFERRED,MULTILINGUAL,INTERDISCIPLINARY, MONTHLY RESEARCH JOURNAL
 
Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...
Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...
Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED,REFERRED,MULTILINGUAL,INTERDISCIPLINARY, MONTHLY RESEARCH JOURNAL
 
Goel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
Goel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERGoel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

More from INTERNATIONAL INDEXED,REFERRED,MULTILINGUAL,INTERDISCIPLINARY, MONTHLY RESEARCH JOURNAL (20)

Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...
Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...
Effect of Pesticide 'Companion' on the Nutritional Composition and Certain Me...
 
The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan : From The Past to The Present...
The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan :  From The Past to The Present...The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan :  From The Past to The Present...
The Geo-Strategic Significance of Afghanistan : From The Past to The Present...
 
Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...
Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...
Acculturation And Diasporic Influence In Uma Parmeswaran's "What Was Always H...
 
Goel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
Goel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERGoel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
Goel-INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPERINTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 

51 53

  • 1. 51SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54 Lak{ksfidk bUnkSj 'kgj esa ;krk;kr lsok ds :Ik esa flVh osu dk egRoiw.kZ LFkku gSA 'kgj dh de nwjh ,oa e/;LFk nwjh ds lQj ds fy;s flVh osu dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA lkekU;r;k ukSdjh is'kk oxZ] fo|kFkhZ vkSj xjhc oxZ ds yksx bldk iz;ksx cgqrk;kr ls djrs gSA 'kgj dh 550 flVh osu pkydks dh fLFkfr dk fo'ys"k.k fd;k x;k gsA bUnkSj esa tks ;qfu;u dk;Z dj jgh gS] oks pkydks ds fgr esa gSA yxHkx 70 izfr'kr pkyd vius dk;Z ls larq"V gSA pkydks dh vkfFkZd mUufr ds fy;s ljdkjh ;kstuk,sa] f'k{kk dh tkx:drk] lkekftd O;oLFkk esa ifjorZu egRoiw.kZ gSA dfBu 'kCn& fo'ys"k.k] cgqrk;kr] ;qfu;u] ;krk;kr] pkydA 'kgj esa ;krk;kr ds fofHkUu lk/ku miyC/k gS] tks 'kgj dh turk ds }kjk iz;ksx fd;s tkrs gS] ftuesa eq[; :Ik ls vkWVks fjD'kk] flVh osu] flVh cl gSA ;s lHkh ;krk;kr dh O;oLFkk rks djrs gh gS] lkFk gh vkfFkZd mUufr dk fgLlk Hkh curs gSaA ,d vPNh ;krk;kr O;oLFkk lqn`<+ vkfFkZd fodkl iznku djrh gS lkFk gh Lojkstxkj ;k jkstxkj ds voljks ls csjkstxkjh dh leL;k dks nwj djrh gSA bUnkSj ,d vkS|ksfxd 'kgj gS tgkW fujUrj fodkl gks jgk gSA jkstxkj] f'k{kk ,oa vkRefuHkZjrk esa fujUrj o`f/n gks jgh gSA ,slh n'kk esa ,sls jkgxhj tks Lo;a dk okgu ugha [kjhn ldrs os 'kgj esa miyC/k ;krk;kr ds lk/kuksa dk iz;ksx dj viuh eafty rd igq¡prs gSA buesa eq[; :Ik ls flVh cl dk uke vkrk gS] D;ksafd ;s 'kgj ds gj dksus esa vklkuh ls igq¡pus okyh lsok gS ftlls jkgxhj larq"V gksrs gSA ;g v/;;u 'kgj esa flVh osu dh mi;ksfxrk ,oa mlesa dk;Zjr okgu pkydksa dh fLFkrh dk irk yxkus ls lacaf/kr gSA v/;;u dh n`f"V ls fuEu mn~ns'; gS & 01- flVh osu O;olk; esa jkstxkj ds voljA 02- pkydks ;k okgu ekfydksa dh vk;] thou Lrj] dk;Z] larqf"V dk v/;;uA 03- flVh osu O;olk; dh dfe;ksa dks nqj djus ds lq>koA v/;;u fof/k ;g v/;;u dsoy bUnkSj 'kgj rd lhfer gSA v/;;u ls lacaf/kr vkdM+ksa dk ladyu izkFkfed ,oa f}rh;d leadksa ls fd;k tkrk gSA izkFkfed leadksa dk ladyu 'kgj esa iathd`r flVh osu /kkjdksa ,oa pkydksa ls tkudkjh izkIr dj fd;k x;kA July,2013 bl gsrq 1000 okgu pkydksa ls lk{kkRdkj ,oa O;fDrxr :Ik ls tkudkjh izkIr dj rkfydk ds ek/;e ls n'kkZ;k x;k gSA f}rh;d leadksa dk ladyu flVh osu gsrq izdkf'kr izys[kksa ds ek/;e ls fd;k x;k gSA flVh osu ;krk;kr lsok orZeku le; esa bUnkSj 'kgj esa 550 flVh osu iathd`r gS vkSj yxHkx 1000 pkyd bl flVh osu dks pykus ds dk;Z ls tqM+s gq, gSA lkekU;r;k bu okguksa dk iz;ksx fo|kfFkZ;ksa] turk ,oa ukSdjh is'kk oxZ ds yksxks ds }kjk fd;k tkrk gS] D;ksafd ;g vU; ;krk;kr lk/ku dh rqyuk esa lLrk jgrk gSA ftldk Hkkj lkekU; turk ds }kjk vklkuh ls mBk;k tk ldrk gSA rkfydk 01% flVh osu pkydks dh vk;q vk;q Pkkydks dh la[;k Ikzfr'kr 18&30 600 60 31&40 200 20 41-50 100 10 51-70 100 10 dqy 1]000 100 L=ksr% losZ mijksDr rkfydk ls ;g Kkr gksrk gS fd 90% pkyd 50 o"kZ ls de vk;q ds gSA 31&40 o"kZ dh vk;q okys pkydks dk izfr'kr ek= 20% gS] tcfd 41&50 o"kZ dh vk;q okys pkydks dk izfr'kr ek= 10% gh gSA blls ;g Li"V gksrk gS fd ;qok oxZ ds yksx bl is'ks dh vksj vf/kd vkdf"kZr gksrs gSA lnL;rk bUnkSj 'kgj esa flVh osu pkydksa dks viuk LosfPNd iath;u nsoh vfgY;k VsEiksa ,lksfl,'ku ,oa bUnkSj VsEiksa ;qfu;u esa djokuk gksrk gSA ftldk lnL;rk 'kqYd ek= 2 :- ;k 5 :- izfrekg dk gksrk gSA orZeku esa 200 lnL; blesa iathd`r gSA ;qfu;u ds dk;Z bUnkSj 'kgj esa iwoZ esa ;krk;kr dk izeq[k lk/ku VsEiksa gksrs Fks] ysfdu 'kklu }kjk iznw"k.k gksus ds dkj.k bUgsa izfrcaf/kr dj fn;k x;kA ,sls /kkjd ftuds ikl VsEiksa dk ijfeV Fkk mUgsa flVh osu dk ijfeV iznku fd;k x;kA bl gsrq tks VsEiksa ;qfu;u ds uke ls iathd`r ;qfu;u Fkh ogh flVh osu ;qfu;u dk dk;Z djrh gSA orZeku esa nks ;qfu;u iathd`r gSa& * nsoh vfgY;k VsEiksa ,lksfl,'kuA * bUnkSj VsEiksa ;qfu;uA
  • 2. 52 International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54 nksuks gh ;qfu;u flVh osu pkydks ds fgrks dh j{kk djrh gS ,oa 'kklu ds fu;eksa dks ekU; djrs gSA x;k gS& rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd flVh osu pkydksa ds ikl jgus ds fy, Lo;a ds edku dsoy 22.5% gh gS] tcfd fdjk;s ls jgus okyks dk izfr'kr 77-5 yxHkx gSA mlh izdkj pkyd fodflr {ks= dh txg vfodflr {ks= esa jgus dk izfr'kr 53% gSA bu pkydks ds ikl ifjokj lfgr jgus ds edkuks esa dejs Hkh vf/kdrj ,d gh dejk gksrk gS ;k T;knk ls T;knk nks dejs gks ldrs gSA brus lhfer LFkku esa ;s ifjokj ds lkFk jgrs gS vkSj ogha xqtj clj djrs gSA dk;Z ls larqf"V flVh osu pkydksa esa ls vf/kdrj dh mez 18 o"kZ ls ysdj 30 o"kZ gksrh gS ;k fQj blls Hkh de mez esa okgu pykus yxrs gSA 'kgj dh izd`fr ls ifjfpr gksus ds dkj.k bUgsa okgu pykus esa egkjr gkfly gksrh gSA ;g {ks= buds }kjk Lo;a p;u fd;k tkrk gSA bUgsa feyus okyh larqf"V dks fuEu rkfydk }kjk iznf'kZr fd;k x;k gS& rkfydk 02% okgu dh izd`fr Okkgu dh izd`fr la[;k izfr'kr Lo;a dk okgu 120 21-81 fdjk;s dk okgu 430 78-19 dqy 550 100 L=ksr% losZ rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd 'kgj esa pyus okyh flVh osu esa fdjk;s ls pykbZ xbZ flVh dk izfr'kr 78.19% Lo;a ds okgu dh rqyuk esa dgha vf/kd gSA ,sls Lokeh ftudh Lo;a dh flVh osu gS os ;k rks fdjk;s ls pyokrs gS ;k fuf'pr jkf'k ij pykus dk vf/kdkj pkydks dks ns nsrs gSA dk;Z'khy le; flVh osu pkyd U;wure 10 ?kaVs vkSj vf/kdre 14 ?kaVs izfrfnu ds fglkCk ls okgu pykrs gSA lkFk gh ;fn dksbZ fo'ks"k ioZ ;k R;kSgkj gks rks buesa o`f/n Hkh dj nsrs gS ysfdu okgu pkyd fuf'pr le; ls T;knk le; ds fy, rS;kj ugha gksrs] D;ksafd fdjk;s ds okgu pykus ds dkj.k mudh vkenuh dk cM+k fgLlk Lokeh dks pyk tkrk gSa vkSj mUgsa fuf'pr ixkj gh feyrh gSA ekfld vk; ,oa [kpsZ 'kgj esa pyus okyh 550 flVh osu esa ls fdjk;s ls pyk;h tkus okyh flVh osu dh la[;k T;knk gSA fdjk;s ls pykus okys pkydks dh ekfld vk; yxHkx dqy vk; dk 60-45 izfr'kr gksrh gS] ftls fuEu rkfydk esa n'kkZ;k x;k gS& rkfydk 03% ekfld vk; ,oa [kpsZ Pkkydks dh la[;k vk; lewg Lo;a dk izfr'kr fdjk;s izfr'kr okgu dk okgu 5000 rd & & 348 39-55 5000-10]000 27 22-5 532 60-45 10]000-15]000 93 77-5 & & 15000 ls T;knk & & & & dqy 120 100 880 100 L=ksr% losZ rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd ,sls pkyd ftudk Lo;a dk okgu gS mudh vk; esa ls [kpsZ de djus ds ckn Hkh 10]000 ls 15]000 :- izfrekg gksrh gS tks yxHkx 77-5% gS] tcfd fdjk;s dh flVh osu pkydks dh vk; vf/kdre 5]000 ls 10]000 :- izfrekg gksrh gSSA blls ;g fofnr gksrk gS fd fdjk;s ls pykus okys pkydks dks lokjh T;knk ;k de gksus ls dksbZ vlj ugha gksrk gS] mUgsa rks izfrekg fuf'pr jkf'k ekfyd ls izkIr gkrh gS] tcfd ekfyd dk Lo;a dk okgu gksus ls mUgsa vfrfjDr vk; Hkh izkIr gksrh gSA thou Lrj flVh osu pkydksa esa ls vf/kdrj pkyd fdjk;s ds edku esa jgrs gS] muds thou Lrj dks rkfydk ds ek/;e ls n'kkZ;k rkfydk 04% thou Lrj fooj.k izdkj Lak[;k izfr'kr Ekdku Lo;a dk 225 22-5 fdjk;s dk 775 77-5 clkgV cLrh 420 42-00 fodflr 50 5-00 fodkl'khy 530 53-00 dejksa dh ,d dejk 495 49-50 la[;k nks dejk 335 33-50 Rkhu ;k T;knk 170 17-00 dejk L=ksr% losZ rkfydk 05% dk;Z larqf"V dk;Z larqf"V Pkkydks dh la[;k izfr'kr vR;ar larq"V 750 75-00 jk; ugha nh 100 10-00 vlarq"V 150 15-00 dqy 1]000 100 L=ksr% losZ rkfydk 06% dk;Z ls vlarqf"V vlarqf"V ds dkj.k Pkkydks izfr'kr dh la[;k iqfyl }kjk izrkfM+r 30 20-00 T;knk mez 25 16-67 de vkenuh 30 20-00 vU; dkj.k 65 43-33 dqy 150 100 L=ksr% losZ rkfydk ls Li"V gS fd yxHkx 75% okgu pkyd vius dk;Z
  • 3. 53SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54 ls larq"V gS] 10% pkydks us viuh dksbZ jk; O;Dr ugha dh gSA yxHkx 10% okgu pkyd iqfyl }kjk izrkM+uk] de vkenuh] T;knk mez ;k vius vuqlkj fdjk;s u feyus ls vlarq"V FksA fu"d"kZ ,oa lq>ko v/;;u ls Li"V gqvk fd okgu pkydks dks viuh uhfr;ksa esa ifjorZu dj Lo;a dk fodkl djuk gksxk] ftlls ifjokj dks ,oa ns'k dks LoLFk okrkoj.k iznku dj ik;saxsA • "nsoh vfgY;k ,lksfl,'ku ds }kjk okgu pkydks ds fy;s fpfdRlk f'kfoj] jDrnku] lk{kjrk ,oa ok;q iznw"k.k dh tkudkjh ds fy;s f'kfojksa dk vk;kstu fd;k tkuk pkfg,A 1) Bajaj s.p. 1997. A study of working and living condition as 100 scooter drivers in delhi CSR New Delhi (unpublished dissertation ) 2) Chandrasekhariah M.C. 1975. Marginal impact of employment schemes. Commerce. pp. 119-120. 3) Bertranel T & squire Lyn. 1980. The relevance of the dual economy model. A use study of thailanel. Oxford Eonomic papers. pp. 480-511. 4) Beena C & B sushma.2003 Woman entrepreneurs managing petty business. Southern Economist. pp.5-7. 5) Jayalatha. 2003. Important of commercial banks schemes on grauth of entrepreneurship. Southern Economist. p.19 6) Maiti AK. 1980. Socio-economic study of 100 hand rickshouw pullers in colcutta, ICSR New Delhi computerized dissertation. 7) Ankita Anand and Rajendra Ray. 2003. Autorikshow drivers in Delhi efficiency of diologue with service providers. Economical and political weekly. Vol. XXXVIII. P.3544 R E F E R E N C E • 'kgj dh ;krk;kr O;oLFkk dks lqpk: :Ik ls pykus ds fy;s okgu pkydks dks tkudkjh ,oa izf'k{k.k fn;k tkuk pkfg,A • 'kgj dh iqfyl }kjk vuko';d :Ik ls okgu pkydks dks izrkfM+r u fd;k tk;sA • 'kgj esa 'kklu ds }kjk flVh osu ds fy; LVS.M dh txg fu/kkZfjr dh tk;sA • Lkjdkjh uhfr;ksa ds rgr ifjokj fu;kstu] f'k{kk ,oa LokLFk lsokvksa dh tkudkjh ls pkydks dks voxr fd;k tk;sA • lHkh flVh osu pkydks dks ,lksfl,'ku esa vfuok;Z lnL;rk ds fy;s ck/; fd;k tk;sA